Watchman Willie Martin Archive



There is not a single authoritative reference source which gives the

name Jesus or Iesous as the original

name of Yahshua. All of them admit that the original form of the

Name was Jehoshua or Yehoshua to


Many Hebrew names of the Old Testament prophets have been

"Hellenised" when these names were

rewritten in the Greek New Testament. Thus, Isaiah became Isaias,

Elisha became Elissaios or Elisseus

(Eliseus),and Elijah became Helias in the Greek New Testament.

The King James Version has retained

some of these Hellenised names. Since the King James Version

was published, the newer English versions

have ignored these Hellenised names of the Greek New Testament,

and have preferred , quite correctly,

to render them as they are found in the Hebrew Old Testament,

namely: Isaiah, Elisha and Elijah.

Incidentally, the similarity between the Hellenised Helias (instead

of Elijah) and the Greek Sun‑deity

Helios, gave rise to the well‑known assimilation of these two by the

Church. Dr. A.B. Cook, in his book,

Zeus ‑ A Study in Ancient Religion, vol. I p. 178 ‑ 179, elaborates on

this, quoting the comments of a 5th

century Christian poet and others, on this. Imagine it, Elijah

identified with Helios, the Greek Sun‑deity!

Returning to our discussion on the reluctance of the translators to

persist with all of the Hellenised names

in the Greek of the New Testament, one could very well ask: But

why did they persist with the Hellenised

Iesous of Yahshua's Name, and its further Latinised form Iesus? It

is accepted by all that His Hebrew

name was Yahshua. So why did the translators of the scriptures not

restore it, as they did with the names

of the Hebrew prophets? It is generally agreed that our successor

to Moses, Joshua. But "Joshua" was not

the name of the man who led Israel into the Promised Land. The

Greeks substituted the Old Testament

"Yehoshua" with Iesous, the same word they used for Yahshua in

the New Testament. Subsequently the

Latins came and substituted it with Josue (Iosue) in the Old

Testament (which became Josua in German

and Joshua in English), but used Iesus in the New Testament. In the

Hebrew Scriptures we do not find

the word "Joshua". In every place it is written: Yehoshua.

However, after the Babylonian captivity we

find the shortened form "Yeshua" in a few places ‑shortened,

because they then omitted the second and

third letters, namely: . Everyone who sees the names Yehoshua

and Iesous will agree: there is no

resemblance between the names Yehoshua and Iesous or Iesus.

Before we continue with our study of the word Iesous and Iesus,

we would like to point out that we have

been led to believe that the correct Name is Yahshua. He said in

John 5:43, "I have come in My Father's

Name". Again, in John 17:11 He prayed to His Father, "... keep them

through Your Name which You

have given Me" ‑according to the Nestle‑Aland Greek New

Testament, the United Bible Societies' Third

Edition, and the Majority Text ‑ all of which are over‑whelmingly

accepted today as being far more

reliable than the Textus Receptus. Therefore, in John 17:11

Yahshua states that His Father's Name had

been given to Him. Again He repeats this irrefutable fact in the next

verse, John 17:12, " you Name

which You gave Me. And I guarded them (or it)." See the footnote

on these two verses in the Revised

Authorised Version. Read also John 17:11‑12 in any of the modern

English versions. So, we have

Yahshua's clear words, in three tests, that His Father's name was

given to Him. Paul also testifies to this

in Ephesians 3:14‑15. What then is His Father's Name? Although

most scholars accept "Yahweh " and

many still cling to the older form "Yehowah" (or Jehovah), we are

convinced that the correct form is


Two factors contributed greatly to the substitution and distortion of

Yahshua's Name. The first was the

un‑Scriptural superstitious teaching of the Jews that the Father's

Name is not to be uttered, that it is

ineffable, that others will profane it when they use it, and that the

Name must be "disguised" outside of

the temple of Jerusalem.182 Because of the Father's name being in

His Son's Name, this same disastrous

suppression of the Name resulted in them (? the Greeks) giving a

Hellenised, in fact a surrogate name for

Yahshua. he did warn us in John 5:43, "I have come in My Father's

Name ... if another comes in his own

name, him you will receive." The second factor was the strong

anti‑Judaism that prevailed amongst the

Gentiles, as we have already pointed out. The Gentiles wanted a

saviour, but not a Jewish one. They

loathed the Jews, they even loathed The Mighty One of the Old

Testament. Thus, a Hellenised

Saviour was preferred. The Hellenised theological school at

Alexandria, led by the syncretising,

allegorising, philosophying, Gnostic‑indoctrinated Clement and

Origen, was the place where everything

started to become distorted and adapted to suit the Gentiles. The

Messianic Faith, and its Saviour, had to

become Hellenised to be acceptable to the Gentiles.

Where did Iesous and Iesus come from? In Bux and Schone,

Worterbuch der Antike, under "Jesus", we

read, "JESUS: really named Jehoshua. Iesous (Greek), Iesus (Latin)

is adapted from the Greek,, possibly

from the name of a Greek healing goddess Ieso (Iaso)." Like all

authoritative sources, this dictionary

admits to the real true name of Yahshua: Jehoshua (more

precisely: Yahshua). It then states, as most

others, that the commonly known substitute, non‑original, non‑real

name "Jesus" was adapted from the

Greek. We must remember that Yahshua was born from a Hebrew

virgin, not from a Greek one. His

stepfather, His half‑brothers and half‑sisters, in fact all His people,

were Hebrews, Judeans. Furthermore,

this dictionary then traces the substitute name back to the Latin

Iesus, and the Greek Iesous. It then traces

the origin of the name Iesous back as being possibly adapted from

the Greek healing goddess Ieso (Iaso).

To the uniformed I would like to point out that Iaso is the usual

Greek form, while Ieso is from the Ionic

dialect of the Greeks. This startling discovery, the connection

between Ieso (Iaso) and Iesous, is also

revealed to us by the large unabridged edition of Liddell and Scott,

Greek‑English Lexicon, p. 816, under

"Iaso". The third witness comes to us in a very scholarly article by

Hans Lamer in Philologische

Wochenschrift, No. 25, 21 June 1930, pp. 763‑765. In this article the

author recalls the fact of Ieso being

the Ionic Greek goddess of healing. Hans Lamer then postulates,

because of all the evidence, that "they

changed Ieso into a regular masculine Iesous. This was even more

welcome to the Greeks who converted

to Christianity." He then continues, "If the above is true, then the

name of our Lord which we commonly

use goes back to a long lost form of the name of a Greek goddess

of healing. But to Greeks who

venerated a healing goddess Ieso, a saviour Iesous must have

been most acceptable. The Hellenisation

was thus rather clever." This then is the evidence of three sourced

who, like us, do not hide the fact of

the Greek name Iesous being related to the Greek goddess of

healing. The Hellenisation of Yahshua's

Name was indeed most cleverly done. To repeat Yahshua's words

of warning in John 5:43, "I have come

in My Father's Name and you do not receive Me; if another comes

in his own name, him you will

receive." There is no resemblance or identifiability between the

Name, Yahshua, and the Greek substitute

for it, Iesous. The Father's Name, Yah‑ or Yahu‑, cannot be seen in

the Greek Iesous or in the Latin

Iesus, neither in the German Jesus, nor in the English Jesus.

President Reagan's name remains the same in

all languages. Hitler's name remains the same in all languages.

Even Satan has seen to it that all nations

know him by his name: Satan. Satan has seen to it that his own

name has been left unmolested!

However, let us further investigate the names Ieso (Iaso) and

Iesous. According to ancient Greek religion,

Apollo, their great Sun‑deity, had a son by  the name of Asclepius,

the deity of healing, but also identified

with the Sun. This Asclepius had daughters, and one of them was

Iaso (Ieso),183 the Greek goddess of

healing. Because of her father's and grandfather's identities as

Sun‑deities, she too is in the same family of

Sun‑deities. Therefore, the name Iesous, which is possibly derived

from Ieso, can be traced back to


We find other related names, all of them variants of the same name,

Iasus, Iasion, Iasius, in ancient Greek

religion, as being sons of Zeus.184 Even in India we find a similar

name Issa or Issi, as surnames for their

deity Shiva.185 Quite a few scholars have remarked on the

similarity between the names of the Indian

Issa or Issi, the Egyptian Isis and the Greek Iaso.186 In our research

on the deity Isis we made two

startling discoveries. The one was that the son of Isis was called

Isu187 by some. However, the second

discovery yielded even further light: The learned scholar of

Egyptian religion, Hans Bonnet, reveals to us

in his Reallexikon der Agyptischen Religionsgeschichte, p. 326, that

the name of Isis appears in the

hieroglyphic inscriptions as ESU or ES. No wonder it has been

remarked, "Between Isis and Jesus as

names confusion could arise."187 This Isis also had a child, which

was called Isu by some.187 This Isu

and Esu sound exactly like the "Jesu" that we find the Saviour

called in the translated Scriptures of many

languages, e.g. many African languages. Rev. Alexander Hislop,

The Two Babylons, p. 164, also

remarked on the similarity of Jesus and Isis, "IHS ‑ Iesus Hominum

Salvator ‑ But let a Roman

worshipper of Isis (for in the age of the emperors there were

innumerable worshippers of Isis in Rome)

cast his eyes upon them, and how will he read them, or course,

according to his won well‑known system

of idolatry: Isis, Horus, Seb." He then continues with a similar

example of "skillful planning" by "the very

same spirit, that converted the festival of the Pagan Oannes is not

the feast of the Christians Joannes."

(The Hebrew name of the baptizer, and that of the apostle as well,

was Yochanan or Yehochanan).

Thus, by supplanting the Name of Yahshua with that of the

Hellenised Iesous (in capitals: IHSOUS),

which became the Latinised Iesus, it was easy to make the pagans

feel welcome ‑ those pagans who

worshipped the Greek Ieso (Iaso), of which he masculine

counterpart is Iesous (in capitals: IHSOUS), as

well as those who worshipped the Egyptian Esu (Isis). further

evidence of syncretism withe the

Isis‑system is found in A. Kircher, Oedipus Aegypticus, wherein the

name of the son of Isis is revealed to

us as "Iessus, which signifies Issa, whom they also called Christ in

Greek." Another pagan group of

worshippers could also be made to feel at home with the

introduction of this surrogate name Iesous

(IHSOUS) or Iesus, namely the worshippers of Esus. Jan de Vries

hold that Esus was a Gallic deity

comparable to the Scandinavian Odin.188 Odin, of course, was the

Scandinavian Sky‑deity. This Gallic

or Celtic deity, Esus, has also been identified189 with Mars, and by

others with Mercury, and was

regarded to by the special deity of Paris.189 Just as Iaso, Ieso,

Iesous are derived fro m the Greek word

for healing, iasis, we similarly find Isis (more correctly: Esu) and

her son Horus (more correctly: Her),

regarded as deities of healing as well as cosmic deities,190 or

Sun‑deities, by others.

The most disturbing evidence is yet to follow. The abbreviated

form of the name Iesous is: Ies or in

capitals: IHS, or in Greek the capital for "e" id "H". This is to be

found on many inscriptions made by the

Church during the dark Middle Ages. This fact is also well

documented and is generally admitted by

scholarly sources and ordinary English dictionaries.191 These

dictionaries bear witness to the fact if IHS

(Ies) being an abbreviated form of IHSOUS (Iesous).

Furthermore, the shocking fact has also been recorded for us that

IHS was a mystery surname of

Bacchus, and was afterwards taken as initials for Iesous, capitals:

IHSOUS.192 We discovered this in a

dictionary of mythology and in an encyclopedia of religion.192 This

revelation was confirmed by a third

witness, Dr. E.W. Bullinger, The Apocalypse, footnote p. 396,

"Whatever meanings of ... IHS may be

given, the fact remains that it was part of the name of Bacchus ..."

We then realised, most painfully, that

our beloved Messiah was identified with the Greek deity Bacchus,

by giving Yahshua the surname or

other name of Bacchus, namely: IHS or Ies! Bacchus was well

known to be a Sun‑deity. Bacchus was

also a commonly known name for Tammuz among classical

writers.193 Tammuz, as you will remember,

was known to be the young returning Sun‑deity,194 returning in

spring. Bacchus, also known as

Dionysus, was expressly identified with the Egyptian Osiris,195 the

well‑known Egyptian Sun‑deity.

Bacchus was also called Ichthus, the Fish.196 So, yet another

group, the worshippers of Bacchus, the

Sun‑deity, alias Ies (IHS), were conciliated, were made welcome,

with the foreign‑to‑the‑Hebrew name of

Iesous (IHSOUS) or Iesus. This most appalling revelation startled

us, indeed. After being enlightened

about the solar origin of the word IHS and its fuller form IHSOUS

(Iesous), we are no longer surprised to

find the ecclesiastical emblem, IHS, encircled by sunrays,

commonly displayed on church windows:

 No wonder that we read the testimony of the learned Christian

advocate, M. Turretin, in describing the

state of Christianity in the 4th century, saying "that it was not so

much the (Roman) Empire that was

brought over to the Faith, as the Faith that was brought over to the

Empire; not the Pagans who were

converted to Christianity, but Christianity that was converted to

Paganism."197 A further witness to this

paganization of the Messianic Faith is that of emperor Hadrian, who,

in a letter to the Consul Servianus,

wrote, "There are there (in Egypt) Christians who worship Serapis;

and devoted to Serapis are those who

call themselves 'Bishops of Christ.'"198 Another testimony comes

to us from the letter of Faustus, writing

to Augustine, "You have substituted your love‑feasts for the

sacrifices of the Pagans; for their idols your

martyrs, whom you serve with the very same honours. You

appease the shades of the dead with wine

and feasts; you celebrate the solemn festivals of the Gentiles, their

calends, and their solstices; and as to

their manners, those you have retained without any alteration.

Nothing distinguishes you from the Pagans,

except that you hold your assemblies apart from them."199

Yahshua, in His final message to us, the book of Revelation, has

warned us of this in Rev. 17, Rev. 18,

Rev. 19, and also in Rev. 13, Rev. 14, and Rev. 16 ‑Babylon, Mystery

Babylon. The Great Harlot has

made "the inhabitants of the earth drunk with the wine of her

fornication," out of the "golden cup" in her

hand, "full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication,"

Rev. 17:1‑5. This is also described as

"sitting on a scarlet beast, full of names of blasphemy," verse 3.

Tammuz, alias Bacchus, had a surname:

Ies or IHS. He was also known as the fish (Ichthus), and had the

Tau, the cross, as his sign. These three

things have survived, and are still with us!

In Acts 4:12 we read, "Nor is there salvation in any other, for there

is no other name under heaven given

among men by which we must be saved." This verse clearly tell us

that there is only one Name whereby

we can be saved ‑ there is none other. It cannot be Yahshua as well

as Jesus, Iesous, Iesus, or Ies

(Bacchus). There is no resemblance between the names of

Yahshua and Jesus. The one is correct and the

other one a substitute. The one contains our Father's Name and the

other one not. Yahshua has said that

He came in His Father's name, John 5:43. In the newer translations

of the Scriptures, we read in two

places, John 17:11 and 12, that Yahshua said that His Father's Name

was given to Him. If we believe the

Scriptures, if we believe our Messiah, if we believe what Peter said

in Acts 4:12, we cannot be satisfied

with any substitute name. We must believe, accept, and be

baptized into the only saving Name: Yahshua.

In the end‑time, according to Joel 2:32, calling on the Name of

Yahweh will be necessary for salvation

and deliverance. By believing on, calling on, and being baptized in

the Name of Yahshua, we do "call on

the Name of Yahweh " , through His Son, "Who had His Father's

Name given to Him, by His Father. "I

have come in My Father's Name, and you do not receive Me; if

another comes in his own name, him you

will receive," John 5:43. The writer of Proverbs challenges us in

Prov. 30:4, "What is His Name, and

what is His Son's Name, if thou canst tell?" KJV. a very interesting

alternate rendering for Psalm 72:17 is

given to us in the centre column of the Reference King James

Version, speaking about he promised

Messiah, "His Name shall be as a Son to continue His Father's

Name for ever."

As I have stated, there is no resemblance between the Name

Yahshua and the name Jesus. neither is there

any resemblance between their meanings. Yahshua means: "the

Salvation of Yah or Yahu." "Jesus" is

derived from Iesus, derived from Iesous (IHSOUS) derived, most

probably, from the Greek goddess of

healing, Ieso or Iaso. her name was derived from iasis ,which

means "healing". Further, the short form, or

original source of the name Iesous (IHSOUS) is Ies (IHS), the very

surname of Bacchus, the Sun‑deity.

Therefore, the two names differ completely in their origin, and in

their meaning. And more important:

Yahshua's name contains the Name of His Father, which the

substitute name does not. Further proof of

the Father's Name being in the Son's Name is found in Eph. 3:14‑15,

"For this reason I bow my knees to

the Father ... from Whom the whole family in heaven and earth is

named." Surely, if His family received

His Name, His only begotten Son will also have His Name.

Another proof is Rev. 14:1, but this should be read in the newer

translations, because the King James

Version and the Revised Authorised Version have it both wrong.

Rev. 14:1‑5, in the NASB reads, "And I

looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with

Him one hundred and forty‑four

thousand, having His Name and the Name of His Father written on

their foreheads ... These are the ones

who have not been defiled ... These are the ones who follow the

Lamb where ever He goes. These have

been purchased ... as firstfruits ... And no lie was found in their

mouth; they are blameless." The

translators of the King James version must have realized the

meaning of this passage in Rev. 14:1,

namely, the similarity between the Lamb's Name and His Father's

Name. Therefore they took the liberty ,

even if wrongfully, to omit the words "His Name and". The King

James Version therefore only speaks

about the Father's Name, while the Greek Text reads, "having His

Name and the Name of His Father

written on their foreheads." Do we wish to be part of this first fruit

company? Then we are to make quite

certain that we have the Father's Name and the Lamb's Name on (or

in) our Foreheads. The similarity

between their Names is obvious. Whether it will be just one Name,

Yah, or whether it will be both

Yahweh and Yahshua, is not clearly indicated, and is less important

‑ as long as we have the essential part

of the Name, Yah, which transmits its etymological concept of life,

everlasting life. Verses 4‑5 warn us

against defilement, spiritual defilement ‑ the lies that we have

inherited, including the lies about the

Names. "O Yahweh , ... the Gentile shall come to You from the ends

of the earth and say, 'Surely our

fathers have inherited lies ...' Therefore behold, I will this once

cause them to know ... ; and they shall

know My Name is Yahweh ," Jer. 16:19‑21, a prophecy for the

end‑time. "Therefore My people shall

know My Name," Isa. 52:6. "I will bring the one‑third through the

fire, will refine them as silver is

refined, and test them as gold is tested. They will call on My Name,

and I will answer them. I will say,

'This is My people'; and each one will say, 'Yahweh is my Mighty

One,'" Zech. 13:9. "For then will I

restore to the peoples a pure language, that they all may call on the

Name of Yahweh , to serve Him with

one accord," Zeph. 3:9. "And Yahweh shall be King over all the

earth. In that day it shall be ‑ 'Yahweh is

one,' and His Name one," Zech. 14:9. he will no longer be called by

all those hundreds of names, by

which He is known today. His Name will be "one". And His Son, in

Whose Name the Father's Name is

contained, will subject Himself to His Father in that day, 1 Cor.


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