Let us now turn to the history of the other eight tribes, still left in Assyria.
Again, it may be well to state that these tribes were carried away from Canaan by the divine command and placed in the cities of the Medes on the River Gozan, on the southwest coast of the Caspian Sea, B. C. 720.
Here they became lost to the history of the world, strange as it may seem! Yet this is no less strange than true; for' in all histories, whether ancient or modern, no mention is made of these people by their own appropriate name -- "Israelites." And can anyone doubt that this is only the beginning of the working out of the divine plan by which God's Israel was to be "scattered among all nations" -- to" be sifted as wheat, vet not a kernel should fall to the ground" -- "that Israel should remain many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice," (Hosea 3:4,) but in the end "the house of Israel is to be brought up out of their graves (valley of dry bones), and they shall be brought unto their own land again; then shall ye know that I am the Lord." ( Ezek. 37:1-14.)
It is true, indeed, that historians have made mention of the Scythians, the Saccae, the Kymry, the Goths and Vandals, but who those wild tribes were or where they came from no one seems to have known, having never taken the trouble to inquire into this subject, but now, in these "ends of the world," in this latter day, some have begun hunting up this matter, and now it is found that for these 2,500 years historians have been stumbling over these "boulders" of antiquity, not dreaming that they were of any worth, having been knocked about and kicked aside as of no worth, till at length by this rough treatment one of these cast�off "boulders" is broken, when lo!. a pearl of infinite value!
Yes, now the evidence begins to dawn for the first that these Scythians, etc., are indeed the very Israelites who were carried away by Shahnaneser into Assyria, B. C. 720, and since then one and another have been working this mine of antiquities; and the further they go, the deeper they dig, the richer and more abundant is their reward, for now it is found that "Israel's wanderings" may be traced in all lands whosesoever they have been scattered.
And the wonder now is, why has this never been seen. before? Why has the world been stumbling over this evidence, clear as the noonday, but never seen it before'? The only answer is, "Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight." The "veil has been kept on all eyes" until the time for the recovery of Israel drew nigh. And, then, it cannot be all removed at once -- the light would be too great -- just as the advent of' Christ was heralded by many prophetic annunciations, these all becoming clearer and clearer as the day approached; yet when the advent actually took place, who was ready for it?
Even the heralding of the angels and the pointing of the star was not sufficient to open the blind eyes of the haughty scribes and Pharisees. Just so at the present day. The fulfillment of God's promises made to the fathers, we have all been stumbling over so long that many say, "There are no lost tribes of Israel, and hence there are none to be found." And to the history now brought forward of the veritable "Wanderings of Israel," it is said by some of our scribes--D. D's and LL. D's, "It does not appear that any of the great scholars of the world give credence to this history." Yes, that is pretty true; the great mass of them do give no credence to this history. But why?
Simply because they have not examined it. "How can they believe without a preacher?" How can one believe in the truth of a history never read with care? But this my observation has taught me: that I have never yet found the person who, having examined the story of Israel's Wanderings," and tile evidence of the fulfillment of certain prophecies, in the Anglo-Saxon race, has ever yet suggested a doubt even, as to the credibility of tile evidence.
We will, therefore, now turn to the consideration of this evidence. And first, as to the Canaanites and Kelts; in other words, the Gaels and the Gauls. It is known that when Joshua entered the land of Caiman as the leader of Israel, God's commander by special appointment to succeed Moses, his commission charged him to destroy utterly all the inhabitants of Canaan -- yet not suddenly, "lest the wild beasts might overrun the land;" but if' he should fail to do this, those inhabitants not destroyed ultimately would ever in all their dwellings "become thorns in your sides and burrs in your eves." (Joshua, 23:13).
This charge was enforced by repeated injunctions. Hence, in obedience to this command, we find Joshua faithful in executing to the letter, the very spirit of the command, as he as was practicable. But in all cases this could not be done.
For it is now known that when Jericho was destroyed, B. C. 1503, a few of the inhabitants escaped; such great fear had taken possession of all the inhabitants of the land. And these, having ships, fled far away, and made a settlement somewhere on the north shores of the Mediterranean Sea; for at that time there were very few if any inhabitants in Europe, and what few there might have been, dwelt in the extreme eastern part of Europe; all the west being a wilderness, and wholly uninhabited by man. Hence these escapers from Joshua seem to have been the pioneers in the settlement of western Europe.*
* Israel's Wanderings. By Oxonian.
In process of time, Joshua, having conquered the most of Canaan and assigned to the various tribes their lot, Israel began to spread abroad also, seeking for the enlargement of his borders; hence the colony of Dan in the extreme north, near the foot of Lebanon. Dan also being a mariner, "abiding in his ships," pursued his wanderings on the sea in search of new lands; but this he did in company with the Phoenicians, who were those very Canaanites whom Joshua had not destroyed. These, together with Dan and other of his Israelitish brethren, are said to have made settlements in Spain and in France, and even outside the pillars of Hercules.
These settlements, made at first on the coasts, soon began to penetrate into the interior, so that in process of time they reached not only the northern boundary of Spain, but France also was occupied by them wholly, and these were known by the different names -- Gaels, Gauls, and Kelts, this latter name being appropriated by the Israelites and the two former chiefly by the Canaanites.
The final termini of these people, after penetrating through Spain and France, were made, the one in the south of Ireland, ;tie other in England. From these Canaanites came the Gads, the present inhabitants of the south of Ireland, who have ever spoken the Phoenician language, with but sixteen letters in its alphabet; while the Kelts settled in England, which was uninhabited, save by the wild beasts. And here and thus came the original inhabitants of England.
From these came the "Druids," those mighty builders of "Stonehenge" and other like remains believed to have been their temples of worship, where sacrifices were offered, in some instances even human sacrifices, which latter, it is believed, the Israelites adopted from the Phoenicians, for it is a welt-known that that these offered human sacrifices to their gods in Baal worship, and also that other services, most licentious, were enjoined in the Baal ritual, viz., every female was bound to offer herself in prostitution, publicly, before the altar of Baal, as a prerequisite to acceptance of all the rites of Baalism, and other things equally abominable.
How many of these peculiar sacrifices of Baalism were adopted by the Druids is not now certainly known, but it is to be feared they were not entirely innocent. Yet when their whole ritual is examined, it is found, that it seemed to have been copied directly from the Mosaic ritual. The points of resemblance have been specified by several authors, and shown to be numerous, and in several of the more important to be identical.
Let us now refer to the eight tribes left in Assyria, and learn, if possible, what became of them.
In reading Rawlinson's "Seven Great Monarchies," one often stumbles on the names "Scythians, " "Sacae-Suni," "Khumri," etc., but no mention is made as to who they were, save that they were barbarians, coming from the far north, and a very powerful, savage horde. But Rawlinson might, for he certainly had the means, have learned the meaning of every one of these terms -- their origin, and who these wild tribes were, and where they came from. But it seems the time had not yet come for this work to be done. The divine plan was not yet sufficiently developed. But since that time there are now found men who have solved this whole riddle.
The term Scythian is said to be properly written Scuth, and this derived from the Hebrew word Succoth, meaning booths, in which the children of Israel were commanded to dwell during the feast of ingathering, seven days. (See Lev. 23:39-44.)
Sacae-Suni is a Hebrew term, meaning in English The Sons of Isaac -- In Isaac shall thy seed be called." (Gen. 21:12.) Khumri = Beth-Khumri = "The house of Omri," the name applied by the Assyrian inscription to the kingdom of Israel. Cimmerians, made directly from Sammaria. Engel, Ephraim was called an "heifer." (Hosea, 10: 11.) Hence the term Anglo-Saxon in English means the "Ephraim-Issaac people."
With this definition of terms we are now ready to proceed, bearing in mind that the term Scuth is put often for Israelites, and Sacae = Isaac; "Engel," = Ephraim; hence Anglo-Saxons may be translated the "Ephraim-Isaac people."
It has before been stated that the Kingdom of Israel was carried away captive into Assyria by Shalmaneser, B. C. 720, and placed in the cities of the Medes on the River Gozan, on the southwest coast of the Caspian Sea, about eight hundred miles northeast from Jerusalem.
This place they retained as their home for at least one hundred years. But they were by no means silent spectators. Dr. Moore, in his history of this people, has traced them in all their wanderings during the time of their sojourn, in Assyria; so that, if we credit his statements, we have a very readable and most intensely interesting account of what these Israelites did in that first hundred years of their captivity.
First, it is stated that the Scuths wandered off into the country east of the Caspian Sea, where they held unlimited sway, and that from these fastnesses they sallied down upon the Kingdoms of' Media and Persia in triumph wherever they went. Indeed, they are said to have held possession of all the country for a time, all the way from their then home in the north, clear down to the farther India. And B.C. 623 a child was born in India of this very people,* named "Saca-Muni."
* "The Lost Tribes and the Saxons of the East and the West, with new views of Buddhism and Translations of Rock Records in India," by George Moore, M. D.
This child made early manifestations of wonderful mental and moral characteristics; that he early gained supreme ascendancy among his own people; that he taught his people religiously for forty years, and established a system of religion in which was taught the very principles of the "Decalogue."
This system of religion was called Buddhaism, after his own name, which was Buddha; that this system taught a pure monotheism, and also the expectation, or, rather, I should say, "He foretold the future coming of the Lord of the world, who, destroying the serpent, should bring peace, and who should spring from the Sakyan race." "In Isaac shall thy seed be called"!
Further east, amongst that ancient nation the Chinese, and almost contemporaneously with Sakya, Budah, another great reformer, arose, who, it seems to me, must have been of the elect generations. This was Confucius, born B. C. 584, the preacher of a purer religion to China and the denouncer of the vice and immorality of the times -- "to treat others according to the treatment which they themselves would desire at their hands, to guard their secret thoughts; that true renown consists in straightforward and honest sincerity, in the love of justice, in the knowledge of mankind, and in humility. "He advocated the "law of retaliation," so prominent in the Mosaic code; and he is called at the present day "the most holy teacher of ancient times."
Now, into whatever portion of the world these Israelitish wanderers may have penetrated, it is certain that they could not be utterly lost, but that their descendants must still survive, for thus saith the Lord: "Lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not a grain fall upon the earth." (Amos, 9:9,10.)
From this we may know that absorption is impossible; that God has his eye upon every one of his people Israel, in all their wanderings. "I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you." (Jer. 29:14.) And further, we may consider this most striking fact in connection with Confucius, "that though only a single descendant survived Confucius, the succession has continued through sixty-seven or sixty-eight generations to the present day, in the very district where their great ancestor was born. Various honors and privileges have always distinguished the family. *
What then, is the teaching of these two examples, derived from the works of Israel in ages long ago? The work done by Buddha, B. C. 623, extended over a vast area of country, and became the established religion throughout all India.
And to our great wonder, British Israel today holds under its benign sway more than 200,000,000 of the descendants of Saca-Muni of old!! So wonderful are the providences of God, and so certain are all his promises made to Abraham to be fulfilled!
Man may oppose, and Satan use his deepest machinations to thwart the promises of God, yet He that ruleth over all will laugh at them; He will bring all their counsels to naught, or make them, in the end, to conspire for the accomplishment of the very thing they had purposed to destroy.
After the work of the "wanderers" in India and in China was established, we find these Scuths (for that seems to be the leading tribe) back in Persia pursuing their conquests, until they finally held possession of all the country for twenty years. And Herodotus says, "The Scuths, having invaded Media, were opposed by the Medes, who gave them battle, but being defeated, lost their empire. The Scuths became masters of Asia. Thence they marched against Egypt, conquering wherever they went.
The dominion of the Scuths over Asia lasted twenty-eight years, during which time their insolence and oppression spread ruin on every side; they scoured the country and plundered every one of whatever they could."
Now the time drew near when they were to be led out of Asia; led by that same unseen hand that led their fathers out of Egypt.
We quote from the Apocrypha: "And whereas thou sawest that he gathered another peaceable multitude unto him; those are the ten tribes which were carried away prisoners out of their own land in the time of Osea, the king, whom Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, led away captive; and he carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land.
But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt, that they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land. And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow passages of the river; for tile Most High then showed signs for them, and held still the flood till they were passed over. For through that country there was a great way to go, namely, of a year and a half; and the same region is called Arsareth. Then dwelt they there till the latter time," (II Esdras, 13:39-48): that is until the age of the Messiah.
In addition to this, we have the testimony of Herodotus (Israel's Wanderings," by 0xonian, pp. 50, 51.) Herodotus, in his histories, confirms the account given by Esdras in every particular. And this Herodotus, who is he? Oxonlan makes it appear that he was himself an Israelite of the tribe of Dan. (Israel's Wanderings," p. 50, note.)
In the quotation from Esdras, the account of the captivity of ten-tribed Israel is identical with that in II Kings, 17; so that we have here the testimony of three witnesses of the captivity of Israel into Assyria, of their sojourn there, and of their removal thence. Of this removal, Herodotus and Esdras use almost the same language in rehearsing the events. But we now have yet more confirmatory evidence of the removal of Israel from Assyria to the "land uninhabited by man," a year and a half's journey distant. Oxonian, in his history, has given maps in which is traced the line of the wanderings of Israel in all their journey, from their leaving the cities of the Medes on the River Gozan, and on the southwest coast of the Caspian Sea, till they reached the end of their journey at Arsareth.
On these maps, which give the true geographical position of all the lands through which Israel passed, their road is marked by dotted line, thus: ........ This line leads first from their starting-point to the crossing of the Euphrates, high up in the mountains, the only pass known in that region, which course is northwesterly. Here, Esdras says, "God kept back the waters till Israel had passed over!" Is this any more wonderful than the crossing of the Jordan on dry ground by the same Israel under the guidance of the same divine power? If we believe the one, why not the other? Or if we reject the one, why not the other also?
After crossing the Euphrates, their course is north and north�east, then west to the Black Sea; thence in a northwesterly course, following the windings of the shores, till the Crimea is reached and passed through; then on in the same general course to Arsareth, which on an old map is discovered to be on the northwest coast of the Black Sea. Here at length Israel pitched their camp, after the journeying of a year and a half, a distance of' 1,500 miles in a direct line.
The exact date of' this removal is not yet known, but from the best data now in the possession of historians, it would seem that the settlement of Israel on the northwest coast of the Black Sea must have been at least 500 years B. C. (And here let it be borne in mind, Esdras says this was a "country uninhabited by man" -- clearly teaching that Europe, at least that part of Europe, had never been occupied by human beings.)
Let us now learn, if we can, something of what transpired during their occupancy of' this land. As to the area of this country, it is said by Oxonlan to be bounded on the east by the River Don (nee Dan), on the south by the Black Sea and the River Danube, on the west by the upper waters of the Vistula, by the Carpathian mountains, and the lower course of the River Sereth, to its mouth on the Danube.
The north side was bounded by a low range of hills, parallel to the coast of the Sea of Azov and the Baltic Sea, and extending nearly to the Baltic; a country about 500 miles square, giving an area of 250,000 square miles. And this is now known to be the most fruitful country in Europe; and in this fruitful country these Israelites sojourned at least 500 years -- probably more. But, it seems, they never regarded this as their home; they were still seeking a place of rest, from which they would be no more removed till their final removal back to the land of their captivity; for they still had the impression, (by what means so ever obtained,) that their removal from Canaan and "being scattered among all the nations" was not to last forever; although they had no knowledge of the prediction uttered by Isaiah, that they were to be planted in the isles of the sea. (Isaiah 41:1, etc.; Zechariah 2:6-13.)
For this prophecy was not given till after the captivity in Assyria. But while the old men and women and children remained at home with their flocks and herds, and to till the soil whence they obtained food and raiment, the men of war --such as were able to bear arms -- many of them were found making their way into the different parts of Europe, still seeking a place to settle which they might call home. But this place was never found, until they had reached the "Isles of the West." But we shall find much to instruct and interest us in the wanderings of these tribes during this long time of habitation on the northwest coast of the Black Sea. During this period of 500 years or more, these Scuths had some twelve or thirteen battles with Rome. (There are tombstones now in the museum at St. Petersburg, which were discovered in the Crimea, and which leave no doubt on this subject. The dates on these stones are given, and the inscriptions are as follows: (1) "This is the tombstone of Buki, the son of Izchak, the priest. May his rest be in Eden at the time of the salvation of Israel. In the year 702 of our exile." (2) "Rabbi Moses Levi, died in the year 726 of our exile." (3) "Zadok the Levite, son of Moses, died 4000 after the creation, 785 of our exile." Could there be a more striking coincidence than that afforded by the evidence of these tombstones, three in number?)
Something of agriculture we will look at first. It is stated by Herodotus that "about 438 B. C., the Scuths extended their dominion to the eastern side of the Kimmeria,1 Bosphorus, or Straits of Yenckaleh. This territory they held till 304 B.C. From 393 B. C. to 353 B. C., the Seuthic corn trade rose to an unprecedented height. The ordinary trade with Athens was 600,000 bushels, and on one occasion as much as 3,150,000 bushels were shipped for the same place from one port in the Crimea.
In their many battles with Rome, the first is said to have occurred B. C. 113. The Scuths (Elsewhere called the Kimmerians. The Kimbri is the more proper name.) are said to have wandered south till they met the Roman consul, Cn. Papirius Carbo, who on receiving the envoys of the Kimbri sent them off in a false direction, and himself went with his army and attacked these Kimbri, who were wholly unprepared for battle. "But they resisted boldly, and at length the betrayed defeated the betrayer."
Carbo lost many of his men. He would have lost his whole army but for a sudden thunder storm, which shrouded the heavens in darkness and separated the forces. The Roman army was routed and dispersed. "That storm," says Mommsen, (Israel's Wanderings," p. 79.) "alone prevented the complete annihilation of the Roman army." The Kimbri might have immediately advanced on Rome, but they were held back by the same superintending hand that had led Israel in all its wanderings hitherto. "The Fourth Empire was not yet ripe for its final doom."
Oxonian states that three years elapsed before we hear of these Kimbri again. At this time they came into Roman territory in southern Gaul, and requested the Romans to assign them land, whereon they might settle peaceably; but this request was contemptuously rejected, and the Roman general, M. Junius Silanus, attacked them, but he was utterly defeated, and the Roman camp was taken.' ( Israel's Wanderings," p. 80.) Thus a second time had "the remnants of Jacob gone through, trodden down, and torn in pieces, and there was none to deliver." (Micah, 5:8.)
But again they were kept back following up their victory. These battles, commonly ascribed to the "Goths and Vandals," together with many more by the same people, are now known to have been fought by the Anglo-Saxons, then called Scuths, Kimbri, Sacra, and Engel all of which names are appropriated solely by the "Lost ]Tribes of Israel." And it is especially remarkable, that in all these twelve or thirteen battles, Israel was triumphant in all save one, which was said to have been a "drawn battle," "the time of Rome's utter fall having not yet come." It is not necessary, therefore, to recite the history of these many battles, which Oxonian has done (Israel's Wandering," p. 65, ch. VIII, and ch. X, p.77,also ch. X[, p. 84.) having gathered them up from the many histories of Rome in her decline, but especially from Gibbon's "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."
In reviewing this subject I cannot refrain from giving a brief account of a battle of these very Israelites, called by the Romans the "Cherusi." The scene of this battle was between the headwaters of the Ems and Weser, and called Saltus Teutobergiensis. This battle has been narrated by Sir E. Creasy, "as one of the decisive battles of the world." The leaders in this battle, A. D. 9, were Quintilius Varus, of the Roman legions, and Arminius, the leader of the Cherusi (the Israelites.) This battle, which lasted two days, was so fatal to the Romans that the tidings of it filled all Rome with an agony of terror, and Caesar Augustus was so alarmed that he often beat his head against the wall and exclaimed, "Qaintilius Varius, give me back my legions." The blow struck by Arminius was never forgotten.
In remarking upon this battle the historian says' "Had Arminius been supine or unsuccessful, our Germanic ancestors would have been enslaved or exterminated, in their original seats along the Eyder and the Elbe; this island would never have borne the name of England, and we, this great English nation, whose rule and language are now overrunning the earth from one end of it to the other, would have been utterly cut off from existence."
Thus, once more are we able to lift the veil which covers those dark ages of tile world's history, and we see the "remnant of Jacob," which Jehovah had promised "should be a nation before Him forever;" again, with irresistible force and with lasting result, "treading down and tearing in pieces" the Roman, or fourth kingdom of Daniel. "There was none to deliver;" no Roman general ever avenged the destruction of the legion of Varus.
The emigration of these Israelites from their home in the northwest of the Black Sea, is not definitely known as to the time, but it was sometime as late as A. D., the first or second century,. But the track of the migration is followed till they reached the Baltic, when some, a few of the wanderers, took ship and sailed away to Dan, in Denmark; while the main body settleded in Germany, a place now called Saxony; a name now known to be the exact synonym of Saca-Suni, the old original name borne by these tribes while yet in Assyria. The whole history of' these Israelites, for the long period of their sojourn in their temporary home, is given by Oxonlan, in "Israel's Wanderings."