Watchman Willie Martin Archive

Who Killed Jesus Christ

                     and His Disciples

       Luke Chapter 19:14 (Monsignor Knox translation) speaks of Jesus' Jewish

      enemies, "But his fellow‑citizens hated Him, and sent ambassadors after Him to

                   say, 'We will not have this man for our King.'

     Matthew 2:16

     16. Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was

     exceeding angry, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in

     Bethlehem, and in all its districts, from two years old and under, according to the

     time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.

     Note:‑ The Edomite Herod

          Easton's Bible Dictionary

          Topics: Her'od the Great: (Matt. 2:1‑22; Luke 1:5; Acts 23:35),

          the son of Antipater, an Idumaean, and Cypros, an Arabian of

          noble descent. In the year B.C. 47 Julius Caesar made Antipater, a

          "wily Idumaean," procurator of Judea, who divided his territories

          between his four sons, Galilee falling to the lot of Herod, who was

          afterwards appointed tetrarch of Judea by Mark Antony (B.C. 40),

          and also king of Judea by the Roman senate. He was of a stern and

          cruel disposition. "He was brutish and a stranger to all humanity."

          Alarmed by the tidings of one "born King of the Jews," he

          sent forth and "slew all the children that were in

          Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years

          old and under" (Matt. 2:16). He was fond of splendour, and

          lavished great sums in rebuilding and adorning the cities of his

          empire. He rebuilt the city of Caesarea (q.v.) on the coast, and also

          the city of Samaria (q.v.), which he called Sebaste, in honour of

          Augustus. He restored the ruined temple of Jerusalem, a work

          which was begun B.C. 20, but was not finished till after Herod's

          death, probably not till about A.D. 50 (John 2:20). After a troubled

          reign of thirty‑seven years, he died at Jericho amid great agonies

          both of body and mind, B.C. 4, i.e., according to the common

          chronology, in the year in which Jesus was born. After his death his

          kingdom was divided among three of his sons. Of these, Philip had

          the land east of Jordan, between Caesarea Philippi and Bethabara,

          Antipas had Galilee and Peraea, while Archelaus had Judea and


     Matthew 16:21

     21. From that time forth Jesus began to show to His disciples, that He must go

     to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and

     scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third (3rd) day.

     Matthew 17:22 and 23

     22. And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of man shall

     be betrayed into the hands of men:

     23 And they shall kill Him, and the third (3rd) day He shall be raised again. And

     they were exceedingly sorrowful.

     Matthew 20:18 and 19

     18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed to the

     chief priests and to the scribes, and they shall condemn Him to death,

     19 And shall deliver Him to the Gentiles (Nations) to mock, and to scourge, and

     to crucify [Him]: and the third (3rd) day He shall rise again.

          See the Parable of: ‑ The Wicked Husbandmen ‑ Matthew

          Chapter 21:33 ‑46, Mark Chapter 12:1 ‑ 12 and Luke Chapter

          20:9 ‑ 19

          See the Parable of: ‑  The Wedding Feast ‑ Matthew

          Chapter 22:1 ‑ 14

          See the Parable of:‑ The Nobleman (King Jesus Christ)

          Gone to a Far Country (Heaven) ‑ Luke Chapter 19:11 ‑ 27

     Matthew 23:1 ‑ 37

     1. Then Jesus spoke to the multitude, and to His disciples,

     2 Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in the seat of Moses:

     3 All therefore whatever they bid you observe, [that] observe and do; but do not

     ye according to their works: for they say, and do not.

     4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay [them] on men's

     shoulders; but they [themselves] will not move them with one of their fingers.

     5 But all their works they do to be seen by men: they make broad their

     phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, {phylacteries: pieces of

     parchment containing sentences of the law}

     6 And love the uppermost places at feasts, and the best seats in the synagogues,

     7 And greetings in the markets, and to be called by men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

     8 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, [even] Christ; and all ye

     are brethren.

     9 And call no [man] your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, who is

     in heaven.

     10 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, [even] Christ.

     11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.

     12 And whoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble

     himself shall be exalted.

     13. But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom

     of heaven against men: for ye neither go in [yourselves], neither allow ye them

     that are entering to go in.

     14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses,

     and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater


     15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye travel sea and land to

     make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child

     of hell than yourselves.

     16 Woe to you, [ye] blind guides, who say, Whoever shall swear by the temple,

     it is nothing; but whoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor!

     17 [Ye] fools and blind: for which is greater, the gold, or the temple that

     sanctifieth the gold?

     18 And, Whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever sweareth by

     the gift that is upon it, he is bound. {guilty: or, debtor, or, bound}

     19 [Ye] fools and blind: for which [is] greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth

     the gift?

     20 Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things

     upon it.

     21 And whoever shall swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that

     dwelleth in it.

     22 And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by

     Him that sitteth upon it.

     23 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and

     anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier [matters] of the law, justice,

     mercy, and faith: these ye ought to have done, and not to leave the others

     undone. {anise: Gr. dill}

     24 [Ye] blind guides, who strain out a gnat, and swallow a camel.

     25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside

     of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess.

     26 [Thou] blind Pharisee, cleanse first that [which is] within the cup and platter,

     that the outside of them may be clean also.

     27 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like whitewashed

     sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead

     [men's] bones, and of all uncleanness.

     28 Thus ye also outwardly appear righteous to men, but within ye are full of

     hypocrisy and iniquity.

     29 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of

     the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous,

     30 And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been

     partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.

     31 Wherefore ye are witnesses against yourselves, that ye are the children of

     them who killed the prophets.

     32 Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

     33 [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of


     34. Wherefore, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and

     [some] of them ye shall kill and crucify; and [some] of them ye shall scourge in

     your synagogues, and persecute [them] from city to city:

     35 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from

     the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zachariah son of Barachias, whom ye

     slew between the temple and the altar.

     36 Verily I say to you, All these things shall come upon this generation.

     37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them

     who are sent to thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together,

     even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!

     Matthew 24:7 ‑ 9

     7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there

     shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in various places

     8 All these [are] the beginning of sorrows.

     9 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be

     hated by all nations for My name's sake.

     Note:‑ Disciples of Jesus Christ SHALL BE hated by all nations for being


     Matthew 26:2 ‑ 4

     2 Ye know that after two (2) days is the passover, and the Son of man is

     betrayed to be crucified.

     3 Then assembled the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people,

     in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

     4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [Him].

     Matthew 27:11 ‑ 54

     11. And Jesus stood before the governor: and (Pilate) the governor asked Him,

     saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said to him, Thou sayest.

     12 And when He was accused by the chief priests and elders, He

     answered nothing.

     13 Then saith Pilate to Him, Hearest Thou not how many things they testify

     against thee?

     14 And He answered him to not a word; so that the governor marvelled greatly.

     15 Now at [that] feast the custom of the governor was to release to the people a

     prisoner, whom they would.

     16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.

     17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, Whom will

     ye that I release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?

     18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered Him.

     19 When he (Pilate) was seated on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him,

     saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many

     things this day in a dream because of Him.

     20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask

     Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.

     21 The governor answered and said to them, Which of the two (2) will ye that I

     release to you? They said, Barabbas.

     22 Pilate saith to them, What shall I do then with Jesus who is called Christ?

     [They (the chief priests, elders and the multitude)] all say to him, Let Him be


     23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath He done? But they cried out the

     more, saying, Let Him be crucified.

     Note:‑ No reason for their hatred, just kill Jesus Christ (GOD). No reason to kill

     Christians, just kill Christians.

     24 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail at all, but [that] rather a

     tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude,

     saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it].

     25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be]

     on us, and on our children.

     Note:‑ The chief priests, elders and multitude of jews pronounced their own


     26. Then he released Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he

     delivered [Him] to be crucified.

     27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and

     gathered to Him the whole band [of soldiers]. {common hall: or, governor's


     28 And they stripped Him, and put on Him a scarlet robe.

     29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put [it] upon His head,

     and a reed in His right hand: and they bowed the knee before Him, and mocked

     Him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!

     30 And they spat upon Him, and took the reed, and struck Him on the head.

     31 And after that they had mocked Him, they took (the soldiers of the

     governor) the robe off from Him, and put His own raiment on Him, and led Him

     away to crucify [Him].

     32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they

     (the soldiers of the governor) compelled to bear His cross.

     33. And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place

     of a skull,

     34 They gave Him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when He had tasted

     [it], He would not drink.

     35 And they (the soldiers of the governor) crucified Him, and parted His

     garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the

     prophet, They parted My garments among them, and upon My vesture they cast


     36 And sitting down they watched Him there;

     37 And set up over His head His accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE


     38 Then were there two (2) thieves crucified with Him, one on the right hand,

     and another on the left.

     39 And they that passed by reviled Him, wagging their heads,

     40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three (3)

     days, save Thyself. If Thou art the Son of God, come down from the cross.

     41 Likewise also the chief priests mocking [Him], with the scribes and elders,


     42 He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is King of Israel, let Him now

     come down from the cross, and we will believe Him.

     Note:‑ They openly admit Jesus Save others from death.

     43 He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now, if He (YHWH/GOD) will have

     Him (Jesus Christ): for He (Jesus Christ) said, I am the Son of God.

     44 The thieves also, who were crucified with Him, cast the same in His teeth.

     45 Now from the sixth (6th) hour there was darkness over all the land to the

     ninth (9th) hour.

     46 And about the ninth (9th) hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli,

     lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?

     47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard [that], said, This [man]

     calleth for Elijah.

     48 And immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled [it] with

     vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave Him to drink.

     49 The rest said, Forbear, let us see whether Elijah will come to save Him.

     50. Jesus, when He had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the spirit.

     51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two (2) from the top to the

     bottom; and the earth shook, and the rocks were split;

     52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of saints who slept were


     53 And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the holy city,

     and appeared to many.

     54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with Him, watching Jesus, saw

     the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying,

     Truly this was the Son of God.

          Easton's Bile Dictionary

          Topics: Centu'rion: a Roman officer in command of a hundred

          men (Mark 15:39, 44, 45). Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a

          centurion (Acts 10:1, 22). Other centurions are mentioned in Matt.

          8:5, 8, 13; Luke 7:2, 6; Acts 21:32; 22:25, 26; 23: 17, 23; 24:23; 27:1,

          6, 11, 31, 43; 28:16. A centurion watched the crucifixion of our Lord

          (Matt. 27: 54; Luke 23:47), and when he saw the wonders attending

          it, exclaimed, "Truly this man was the Son of God." "The centurions

          mentioned in the New Testament are uniformly spoken of in terms

          of praise, whether in the Gospels or in the Acts. It is interesting to

          compare this with the statement of Polybius (vi. 24), that the

          centurions were chosen by merit, and so were men remarkable not

          so much for their daring courage as for their deliberation, constancy,

          and strength of mind.", Dr. Maclear's N. T. Hist.

     Mark 8:31

     31 And He (Jesus Christ) began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer

     many things, and be rejected by the elders, and the chief priests, and scribes,

     and be killed, and after three (3) days rise again.

     Mark 9:31

     31 For He taught His disciples, and said to them, The Son of man is delivered

     into the hands of men, and they shall kill Him; and after that He is killed, He

     shall rise the third (3rd) day.

     Mark 10:33 ‑ 34

     33 [Saying], Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be

     delivered to the chief priests, and to the scribes; and they shall

     condemn Him to death, and shall deliver Him to the Gentiles (Nations):

     34 And they shall mock Him, and shall scourge Him, and shall spit upon Him,

     and shall kill Him: and the third (3rd) day He shall rise again.

          See the Parable of: ‑ The Wicked Husbandmen ‑ Matthew

          Chapter 21:33 ‑46, Mark Chapter 12:1 ‑ 12 and Luke Chapter

          20:9 ‑ 19

     Mark 14:10 ‑ 11

     10 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests, to betray Him

     (Jesus Christ) to them.

     Note:‑ The only disciple who was not from Galilee was Judas Iscariot

          Easton's Bible Dictionary

          Topics: Judas Iscariot: Son of Simon (John 6:71; 13:2, 26),

          surnamed Iscariot, i.e., a man of Kerioth (Josh. 15:25). His name is

          uniformly the last in the list of the apostles, as given in the synoptic

          (i.e., the first three) Gospels. The evil of his nature probably

          gradually unfolded itself till "Satan entered into him" (John 13:27),

          and he betrayed our Lord (18:3). Afterwards he owned his sin with

          "an exceeding bitter cry," and cast the money he had received as the

          wages of his iniquity down on the floor of the sanctuary, and

         "departed and went and hanged himself" (Matt. 27:5). He perished

          in his guilt, and "went unto his own place" (Acts 1:25). The

          statement in Acts 1:18 that he "fell headlong and burst asunder in

          the midst, and all his bowels gushed out," is in no way contrary to

          that in Matt. 27:5. The suicide first hanged himself, perhaps over the

          valley of Hinnom, "and the rope giving way, or the branch to which

          he hung breaking, he fell down headlong on his face, and was

          crushed and mangled on the rocky pavement below." Why such a

          man was chosen to be an apostle we know not, but it is written that

          "Jesus knew from the beginning who should betray Him" (John

          6:64). Nor can any answer be satisfactorily given to the question as

          to the motives that led Judas to betray his Master. "Of the motives

          that have been assigned we need not care to fix on any one as that

          which simply led him on. Crime is, for the most part, the result of a

          hundred motives rushing with bewildering fury through the mind of

          the criminal.".

          Topics: Ker'ioth: cities. (1.) A town in the south of Judah

          (Josh. 15:25). Judas the traitor was probably a native of this place,

          and hence his name Iscariot. It has been identified with the ruins of

          el‑Kureitein, about 10 miles south of Hebron. (See HAZOR [4]). (2.)

          A city of Moab (Jer. 48:24, 41), called Kirioth (Amos 2:2).

     Mark Chapter 14 continued:‑

     11 And when they heard [it], they (the chief priests) were glad, and promised to

     give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray Him (Jesus


     Luke 9:22

     22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the

     elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third (3rd)


     Luke 11:37 ‑ 54

     37. And as He (Jesus Chris) was speaking, a certain Pharisee besought Him to

     dine with him: and He went in, and sat down to eat.

     38 And when the Pharisee saw [it], he marvelled that He had not first washed

     before dinner.

     39 And the Lord said to him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the

     cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of greed and wickedness.

     40 [Ye] fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is

     within also?

     41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are

     clean to you. {of...: or, as you are able}

     42 But woe to you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs,

     and pass over justice and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not

     to leave the others undone.

     43 Woe to you, Pharisees! for ye love the best seats in the synagogues, and

     greetings in the markets.

     44 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which

     appear not, and the men that walk over [them] are not aware [of them].

     45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said to Him, Master, Thus saying

     Thou reproachest us also.

     Note:‑ Jesus was told that He offended the lawyers, response of Jesus Christ


     46 And He said, Woe to you also, [ye] lawyers! for ye load men with burdens

     grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your


     47 Woe to you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers

     killed them.

     48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed

     killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.

     49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and

     apostles, and [some] of them they shall slay and persecute:

     50 That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the

     world, may be required of this generation;

     51 From the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the

     altar and the temple: verily I say to you, It shall be required of this generation.

     52 Woe to you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye have

     not entered in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.

     {hindered: or, forbad}

     Note:‑ See the lack of repentance on the part of our Savior, GOD and King to

     offending the lawyers eve more. Contrast this with Falwell Vows To Tone

     Down Rhetoric Against Gays ‑ It is the duty of men not to offend GOD. It is not the

     responsibility of GOD or His servants to "be nice" to the transgressors of GOD's Law.

     53 And as He said these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees

     began to oppose [Him] vehemently, and to provoke Him to speak of

     many things:

     54 Laying wait for Him, and seeking to catch something from His mouth, that

     they might accuse Him.

     Luke 13:31 ‑ 35

     31. The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying to Him, Go away,

     and depart from here: for Herod will kill Thee.

     32 And He said to them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out demons, and

     I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third (3rd) [day] I shall be perfected.

     33 Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the [day] following: for

     it cannot be that a prophet should perish out of Jerusalem.

     34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that killest the prophets, and stonest them that are

     sent to thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen

     [gathereth] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!

     35 Behold, your house is left to you desolate: and verily I say to you, Ye shall not

     see Me, until [the time] shall come when ye shall say, Blessed [is] He that

     cometh in the name of YHWH.

     Falwell Vows To Tone Down Rhetoric Against Gays ‑ It is the duty of men

     not to offend GOD. It is not the responsibility of GOD to "be nice" to the transgressors of GOD's


          See the Parable of:‑ The Nobleman (King Jesus Christ)

          Gone to a Far Country (Heaven) ‑ Luke Chapter 19:11 ‑ 27

          See the Parable of: ‑ The Wicked Husbandmen ‑ Matthew

          Chapter 21:33 ‑46, Mark Chapter 12:1 ‑ 12 and Luke Chapter

          20:9 ‑ 19

     Luke 22:2 ‑ 6

     2 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill Him; for they

     feared the people.

     3 Then Satan entered into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the


     4 And he went his way, and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how

     he might betray Him (Jesus Christ) to them.

     5 And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.

     6 And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray Him to them in the

     absence of the multitude. {in the...: or, without tumult}

     Luke 22:70 ‑ 23:47

     70 Then said they all, Art Thou then the Son of God? And he said to them, Ye

     say that I am.

     71 And they said, What need have we of any further testimony? for we ourselves

     have heard from His own mouth.

     Luke 23: 1. And the whole multitude of them arose, and led Him (Jesus Christ)

     to Pilate.

     2 And they began to accuse Him, saying, We found this [man] perverting the

     nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that He Himself is Christ

     a King.

     3 And Pilate asked Him, saying, Art Thou the King of the Jews? And He

     answered him and said, Thou sayest [it].

     4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and [to] the people, I find no fault in

     this man.

     Note:‑ If there were the least bit of truth in this charge, of forbidding to pay

     tribute, taxes, to Caesar: Pilate or Herod would have given the order to killed

     Jesus Christ without any pressure on the part of the jews.

     5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching

     throughout all Judaea, beginning from Galilee to this place.

     6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man was a Galilaean.

     7 And as soon as he (Pilate) knew that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction (of

     Galilee), he sent Him to Herod, who himself was also at Jerusalem at that time.

     8 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he had been for a long

     time, desirous to see him, because he had heard many things of him; and he

     hoped to see some miracle done by him.

     9 Then he questioned with Him in many words; but He (Jesus Christ) answered

     him (Herod) nothing.

     10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him.

     11 And Herod with his soldiers treated Him (Jesus Christ) with contempt, and

     mocked [Him], and arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him again to


     12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before

     they were at enmity between themselves.

     13. And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and

     the people,

     14 Said to them, Ye have brought this man to me, as one that perverteth the

     people: and, behold, I, having examined [Him] before you, have found no fault in

     this man concerning those things of which ye accuse Him:

     15 .No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is

     done to Him

     16 I will therefore chastise Him, and release [Him].

     17 (For of necessity he must release one to them (the chief priests and the rulers

     and the people) at the feast.)

     18 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this [man], and release to

     us Barabbas <912>:

          Strong's Number:‑ 912 Barabbas {bar‑ab‑bas'} of Aramaic origin

          01247 and 05;; n pr m

          AV ‑ Barabbas 11; 11 Barabbas = "son of a father or master"

              1) the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release

          instead of Christ

              Strong's Number:‑ 05 'Abagtha' {ab‑ag‑thaw'} of

               foreign origin;; n pr m

               AV ‑ Abagtha 1; 1 Abagtha = "God‑given"

                   1) one of the seven eunuchs in the Persian court of


              Strong's Number:‑ 01247 bar (Aramaic) {bar}

              corresponding to 01121; TWOT ‑ 2639; n m

               AV ‑ son 7, about 1; 8

                   1) son

          Mark Chapter 15:7

          7 And there was [one] named Barabbas, [which lay] bound with

          them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed

          murder in the insurrection.

          Question? Does Barabbas mean son of a master or son of a rabbi?

     Luke Chapter 23 continued:‑

     19 (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into


     20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spoke again to them.

     21 But they cried, saying, Crucify, crucify Him.

     22 And he said to them the third (3rd) time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have

     found no cause of death in Him: I will therefore chastise Him, and let [Him

     (Jesus Christ)] go.

     23 And they were insistent with loud voices, requiring that He might be

     crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

     24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they (them and of the chief

     priests) required <155>. {gave...: or, assented}

          Strong's Number:‑ 155 aitema {ah'‑ee‑tay‑mah} from 154; TDNT

          ‑ 1:193,30; n n

          AV ‑ require 1, request 1, petition 1; 3

              1) petition, request, required

     Luke Chapter 23 continued:‑

     25 And he released to them him (Barrabbas) that for sedition and murder

     had been cast into prison, whom they (the chief priests and the rulers and

     the people) had desired; but he (Pilate) delivered Jesus to their will.

     26. And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian,

     coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear [it]

     after Jesus.

     27 And there followed Him a great company of people, and of women, who also

     bewailed and lamented Him.

     28 But Jesus turning to them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for Me,

     but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

     29 For, behold, the days are coming, in which they shall say, Blessed [are] the

     barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts which never nursed.

     30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills,

     Cover us.

     31 For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

     32. And two (2) others, who were malefactors, were led with Him to be put to


     33 And when they had come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they

     crucified Hm, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the

     left. {Calvary: or, The place of a skull}

     34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And

     they parted His raiment, and cast lots.

     35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided

     [Him], saying, He saved others; let Him save Himself, if He is Christ, the chosen

     of God.

     36 And the soldiers also mocked Him, coming to Him, and offering Him vinegar,

     37 And saying, If thou art the king of the Jews, save Thyself.

     38 And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin,

     and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

     39 And one of the malefactors who were hanged railed on Him, saying, If thou

     art Christ, save Thyself and us.

     40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing

     thou art in the same condemnation?

     41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this

     man hath done nothing amiss.

     42 And he said to Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy


     43 And Jesus said to him, Verily I say to thee, This day shalt thou be with me in


     44. And it was about the sixth (6th) hour, and there was a darkness over all the

     land until the ninth (9th) hour. {earth: or, land}

     45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in the midst.

     46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, He said, Father, into Thy hands

     I commend My spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

     47 Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying,

     Certainly this was a righteous man.

     Luke 24:6 ‑ 8

     6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how He spoke to you when He was yet

     in Galilee,

     7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be

     crucified, and the third (3rd) day rise again.

     8 And they remembered His words,

     Luke 24:20

     20 And how the chief priests and our (Israel's) rulers delivered Him to be

     condemned to death, and crucified Him.

     John 5:16 ‑ 18

     16 And therefore the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to slay Him,

     because He had done these things on the sabbath.

     17. But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh until now, and I work.

     18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill Him, because He not only

     had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was His Father, making

     Himself equal with God.

     John 7:1 ‑ 53

     1. After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for He would not walk in Judaea,

     because the Jews sought to kill Him.

     2 Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand.

     3 His brethren therefore said to Him, Depart from here, and go into Judaea, that

     thy disciples also may see the works that thou doest.

     4 For [there is] no man [that] doeth any thing in secret, and he himself seeketh

     to be known openly. If thou doest these things, show thyself to the world.

     5 For neither did His brethren (the other Children of Mary and Joseph) believe in


     6 Then Jesus said to them, My time is not yet come: but your time is always


     7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify concerning

     it, that its works are evil.

     8 Go ye up to this feast: I go not up yet to this feast; for My time is not yet full


     9 When He had said these words to them, He abode [still] in Galilee.

     10 But when His brethren had gone up, then He went also to the feast, not

     openly, but as it were in secret.

     11 Then the Jews sought Him at the feast, and said, Where is He?

     12 And there was much murmuring among the people concerning Him: for some

     said, He is a good man: others said, Nay; but He deceiveth the people.

     13 Yet no man spoke openly of Him for fear of the Jews.

     14. Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.

     15 And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never

     learned? {letters: or, learning}

     16 Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not Mine, but His (YHWH's)

     that sent Me.

     17 If any man will do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether it

     is from God, or [whether] I speak from Myself.

     18 He that speaketh from Himself seeketh His own glory: but He that seeketh

     His glory that sent Him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in Him.

     19 Did not Moses give you the law, and [yet] none of you keepeth the law? Why

     go ye about to kill Me?

     Note:‑ Moses gave the law to Israel. Moses gave the law to those who killed

     Jesus Christ. Therefore: Israelites were responsible for the death of Jesus Christ.

     20 The people answered and said, Thou hast a demon: who goeth about to kill


     Note:‑ The answer of the enemies of YHWH, you are crazy and have a demon.

     21 Jesus answered and said to them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel.

     22 Moses therefore gave to you circumcision; (not because it is from Moses, but

     from the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath circumcise a man.

     23 If a man on the sabbath receiveth circumcision, that the law of Moses should

     not be broken; are ye angry at Me, because I have restored a man to sound

     health on the sabbath? {that...: or, without breaking the law of Moses}

     24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.

     25 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this He, whom they seek to kill?

     26 But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing to Him. Do the rulers know

     indeed that this is the very Christ?

     27 But we know this man where He is from: but when Christ cometh, no man

     knoweth where He is from.

     28 Then cried Jesus in the temple as He taught, saying, Ye both know Me, and

     ye know where I am from: and I am not come of Myself, but He (YHWH) that

     sent Me is true, whom ye know not.

     29 But I know Him: for I am from Him, and He hath sent Me.

     30 Then they sought to take Him: but no man laid hands on Him, because His

     hour was not yet come.

     31 And many of the people believed on Him, and said, When Christ cometh, will

     He do more miracles than these which this [man] hath done?

     32 The Pharisees heard that the people murmured such things concerning Him;

     and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take Him.

     33 Then said Jesus to them, Yet a little while am I with you, and [then] I go to

     Him that sent Me.

     34 Ye shall seek Me, and shall not find [me]: and where I am, [there] ye cannot


     35 Then said the Jews among themselves, Where will He go, that we shall not

     find him? will he go to the dispersed among the Gentiles (Greeks) <1672>, and

     teach the Gentiles (Nations)? {Gentiles: or, Greeks}

          Strong's Number:‑ 1672 Hellen {hel'‑lane} from 1671; TDNT ‑

          2:504,227; n m

          AV ‑ Greek 20, Gentile 7; 27

              1) a Greek either by nationality, whether a native of the main

          land or of the Greek islands or colonies

              2) in a wider sense the name embraces all nations not Jews that

          made the language, customs, and learning of the Greeks their own;

          the primary reference is to a difference of religion and worship

     John Chapter 7 continued:‑

     36 What [manner of] saying is this that He said, Ye shall seek Me, and shall not

     find [Me]: and where I am, [there] ye cannot come?

     37. In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If

     any man thirsteth, let him come to Me, and drink.

     38 He that believeth on Me, as the scripture hath said, out of his heart shall flow

     rivers of living water.

     39 (But this He spoke of the Spirit, which they that believe on Him should

     receive: for the Holy Spirit was not yet [given]; because Jesus was not yet


     40 Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, In truth this

     is the Prophet.

     41 Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of


     42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh from the seed of David, and

     out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

     43 So there was a division among the people because of Him.

     44 And some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands on Him.

     45. Then came the officers to the chief priests and Pharisees; and they said to

     them, Why have ye not brought Him?

     46 The officers answered, Never man spoke like this man.

     47 Then the Pharisees answered them, Are ye also deceived?

     48 Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed on Him?

     49 But this people who know not the law are cursed.

     50 Nicodemus saith to them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of

     them,) {to Jesus: Gr. to him}

     51 Doth our law judge [any] man, before it heareth him, and knoweth what he


     52 They answered and said to him, Art thou also from Galilee? Search, and look:

     for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet.

     53 And every man went to his own house.

     John 8:20 ‑ 59

     20 These words Jesus spoke in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no

     man laid hands on Him; for His hour was not yet come.

     21. Then said Jesus again to them, I am going away, and ye shall seek Me, and

     shall die in your sins: where I go, ye cannot come.

     22 Then said the Jews, Will He kill Himself? because He saith, Where I go, ye

     cannot come.

     23 And He said to them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this

     world; I am not of this world.

     24 I said therefore to you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I

     am [He], ye shall die in your sins.

     25 Then said they to Him, Who art Thou? And Jesus saith to them, Even [the

     same] that I said to you from the beginning.

     26 I have many things to say and to judge of you: but He (YHWH) that sent Me

     is true; and I speak to the world those things which I have heard from Him.

     27 They understood not that He spoke to them concerning the Father.

     28 Then said Jesus to them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall

     ye know that I am [He], and [that] I do nothing of Myself; but as My Father hath

     taught Me, I speak these things.

     29 And He that sent Me is with Me: the Father hath not left Me alone; for I do

     always those things that please Him.

     Note:‑ The Spirit of YHWH was with Jesus Christ.

     30 As He spoke these words, many believed on Him.

     31. Then said Jesus to those Jews who believed on Him, If ye continue in My

     Word, ye are My disciples indeed;

     32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

     33 They answered Him, We are Abraham's offspring, and were never in bondage

     to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?

     Note:‑ Not all of the children of Abraham had been in bondage, but the children

     of Jacob/Israel had been in bondage. These jews were in effect admitting they

     were not the blood decendents of Jacob/Israel. The Edomites, the chidren of

     Esau were never in bondage to any mwn.

     34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Whoever committeth sin is

     the servant of sin.

     35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: [but] the Son abideth for


     36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

     37 I know that ye (the jews of verse 31) are Abraham's offspring; but ye seek to

     kill Me, because My word hath no place in you.

     Note: Abraham had other children who were not of Jacob/Israel.

     Question? Are they the offspring of Isaac and Jacob/Israel?


     Question? Who does Jesus Christ say seek to kill Him?

     Answer:‑ The jews He was speaking to at this time.

     38. I speak that which I have seen with My Father: and ye do that which ye have

     seen with your father.

     Question? Who is their father?


     39 They answered and said to Him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith to them,

     If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham.

     40 But now ye seek to kill Me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have

     heard from God: this did not Abraham.

     41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to Him, We are not born of

     fornication; we have one Father, [even] God.

     42 Jesus said to them, If God were your Father, ye would love Me: for I

     proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of Myself, but He sent Me.

     43 Why do ye not understand My speech? [even] because ye cannot hear My


     44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He

     was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is

     no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar,

     and the father of it. {of his own: or, from his own will or disposition}

     Again the Question? Who is their father?

     Answer:‑ The Devil.

     45 And because I tell [you] the truth, ye believe Me not.

     46. Which of you convicteth Me of sin? And if I speak the truth, why do ye not

     believe Me?

     47 He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear [them] not, because

     ye are not of God.

     48 Then answered the Jews, and said to Him, Say we not well that Thou art a

     Samaritan, and hast a demon?

     Note:‑ These jews called Jesus Christ crazy, nuts, mentally ill and/or insane, the

     same as they call Christians today.

          Rhetorical Question? Have you ever noticed how many jews are

          psychiatrists and psychologists?

     John Chapter 8 continued:‑

     49 Jesus answered, I have not a demon; but I honour My Father, and ye

     dishonour Me.

     50 And I seek not My own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth.

     51. Verily, verily, I say to you, If a man shall keep My saying, he shall never see


     52 Then said the Jews to Him, Now we know that Thou hast a demon.

     Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and Thou sayest, If a man shall keep My

     saying, he shall never taste of death.

     53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? and the prophets are

     dead: whom makest Thou Thyself?

     54 Jesus answered, If I honour Myself, My honour is nothing: it is My Father that

     honoureth Me; of whom ye say, that He is your God:

     55 Yet ye have not known Him; but I know Him: and if I should say, I know Him

     not, I shall be a liar like you: but I know Him, and keep His saying.

     Note:‑ The jews once again Call Jesus Christ demon possessed. Jesus responds

     by informing these jews that they are liars and their god is NOT YHWH

     56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day: and He saw [it], and was glad.

     57 Then said the Jews to Him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast Thou

     seen Abraham?

     58 Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I am.

     59 Then they took up stones to cast at Him (to ill Jesus Christ): but Jesus hid

     Himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so

     passed by.

     John 18:28 ‑ 19:37

     28. Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment: and it was early;

     and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled;

     but that they might eat the Passover. {the hall...: or, house of Pilate}

     29 Pilate then went out to them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this


     30 They answered and said to him, If He were not a malefactor, we would not

     have delivered Him up to thee.

     31 Then said Pilate to them, Take ye Him, and judge Him according to your law.

     The Jews therefore said to him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

     Note:‑ The jews had already tried and convicted Jesus Christ their going to

     Pilate was to have Jesus Christ cruelly tortured to death by crucifixion. (Shortly

     after this the jews stoned Stephen to death.) Mercy is not a word found in the

     vocabulary of the children of the devil.

          Leviticus 24:16

           16  And he that blasphemeth the name of YHWH, he shall surely be

          put to death, [and] all the congregation shall certainly stone him:

          Note:‑ Execution by stoning not crucifixion.

          as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he

          blasphemeth the name [of YHWH], shall be put to death.

          Easton's Bible Dictionary

          Topics: Crucifix'ion: a common mode of punishment among

          heathen nations in early times. It is not certain whether it was

          known among the ancient Jews; probably it was not. The modes of

          capital punishment according to the Mosaic law were, by the sword

          (Ex. 21), strangling, fire (Lev. 20), and stoning (Deut. 21). This

          (crucifixion) was regarded as the most horrible form of death, and to

          a Jew it would acquire greater horror from the curse in Deut. 21:23.

              Deuteronomy 21:22 and 23

               22 And if a man shall have committed a sin worthy of

               death, and he must be put to death, and thou shalt hang

               him on a tree:

               23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but

               thou shalt surely bury him that day; (for he that is

               hanged [is] accursed of God;) that thy land may not be

              defiled, which YHWH thy God giveth thee [for] an

              inheritance. {accursed...: Heb. the curse of God}

          This punishment began by subjecting the sufferer to scourging. In

          the case of our Lord, however, His scourging was rather before the

          sentence was passed upon him, and was inflicted by Pilate for

          the purpose, probably, of exciting pity and procuring His

          escape from further punishment (Luke 23:22; John 19:1). The

          condemned one carried his own cross to the place of execution,

          which was outside the city, in some conspicuous place set apart for

          the purpose. Before the nailing to the cross took place, a medicated

          cup of vinegar mixed with gall and myrrh (the sopor) was given, for

          the purpose of deadening the pangs of the sufferer. Our Lord refused

          this cup, that his senses might be clear (Matt. 27:34). The spongeful

          of vinegar, sour wine, posca, the common drink of the Roman

          soldiers, which was put on a hyssop stalk and offered to our Lord in

          contemptuous pity (Matt. 27:48; Luke 23:36), He tasted to allay the

          agonies of His thirst (John 19:29). The accounts given of the

          crucifixion of our Lord are in entire agreement with the customs and

          practices of the Roman in such cases. He was crucified between two

         "malefactors" (Isa. 53:12; Luke 23:32), and was watched by a party

          of four soldiers (John 19:23; Matt. 27:36, 54), with their centurion.

          The "breaking of the legs" of the malefactors was intended to hasten

          death, and put them out of misery (John 19:31); but the unusual

          rapidity of our Lord's death (19:33) was due to His previous

          sufferings and His great mental anguish. The omission of the

          breaking of His legs was the fulfilment of a type (Ex. 12:46). He

          literally died of a broken heart, a ruptured heart, and hence the

          flowing of blood and water from the wound made by the soldier's

          spear (John 19:34). Our Lord uttered seven memorable words from

          the cross, namely, (1) Luke 23:34; (2) 23:43; (3) John 19:26; (4)

          Matt. 27:46, Mark 15:34; (5) John 19:28; (6) 19:30; (7) Luke 23:46.

     John Chapter 18 continued:‑

     32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which He spoke, signifying what

     death He should die.

     33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said

     to Him, Art Thou the King of the Jews?

     34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing from thyself, or did others tell it

     thee concerning Me?

     35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thy own nation and the chief priests have

     delivered Thee to me: what hast thou done?

     36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if My kingdom were of this

     world, then would My servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the

     Jews: but now is My kingdom not from here.

     37 Pilate therefore said to Him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou

     sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the

     world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Every one that is of the truth

     heareth My voice.

     38 Pilate saith to Him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out

     again to the Jews, and saith to them, I find in Him no fault.

     39 But ye have a custom, that I should release to you one at the passover: will

     ye therefore that I release to you the King of the Jews?

     40 Then they all cried again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas

     was a robber.

     John 19:1. Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged [Him].

     2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put [it] on His head, and they

     put on Him a purple robe,

     3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote Him with their hands.

     4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith to them, Behold, I bring Him forth

     to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in Him.

     5 Then Jesus came forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And

     [Pilate] saith to them, Behold the man!

     6 When therefore the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying,

     Crucify [Him], crucify [Him]. Pilate saith to them, Take ye Him, and crucify

     [Him]: for I find no fault in Him.

     7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law He ought to die,

     because He made Himself the Son of God.

     Note:‑ Their "Talmudic" tradition of the elders law not GOD's Law.

     8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;

     Question? What was Pilate afraid of?

     Answer:‑ The jews.

     9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith to Jesus, Where art Thou

     from? But Jesus gave him no answer.

     10 Then saith Pilate to Him, Speakest thou not to me? knowest thou not that I

     have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?

     11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power against Me, except it

     were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered Me to thee

     hath the greater sin.

     Note:‑ Three times Pilate tried to free Jesus Christ, But the enemies of YHWH

     would not have it.

     12 And from then on Pilate sought to release Him: but the Jews cried

     out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: Whoever

     maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.

     13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat

     down on the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the

     Hebrew, Gabbatha.

     14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth (6th) hour: and

     he saith to the Jews, Behold your King!

     15 But they cried out, Away with [Him], away with [Him], crucify Him. Pilate

     saith to them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have

     no king but Caesar.

     Note:‑ The kings, rulers of this world, the Roman Caesars were controlled by

     the jews as the ruler of today are controlled by the jews.

     16. Then therefore he delivered Him to them (the chef priests) to be crucified.

     And they (the chef priests) took Jesus, and led [Him] away.

     17 And He bearing His cross went forth into a place called [the place] of a skull,

     which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:

     18 Where they crucified Him, and two (2) others with Him, on either side one,

     and Jesus in the midst.

     19. And Pilate wrote a title, and put [it] on the cross. And the writing was,


     20 Many of the Jews then read this title: for the place where Jesus was

     crucified was near to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, [and] Latin.

     21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the

     Jews; but that He said, I am King of the Jews.

     22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

     23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments, and

     made four (4) parts, to every soldier a part (there were 4 soldiers); and also [His]

     coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. {woven:

     or, wrought}

     Question? Where these Roman soldiers or temple guards under the authority of

     the priests?

     Answer:‑ Roman soldiers, because there is not evidence that the execution of

     thee two other malefactors was anything but a strictly a Roman affair.

     24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it,

     whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted

     My raiment among them, and for My vesture they cast lots. These things

     therefore the soldiers did.

     25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother's sister,

     Mary the [wife] of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. {Cleophas: or, Clopas}

     Note:‑ Four (4) women

          Easton's Bible Dictionary

          Topics: Cle'ophas: (in the spelling of this word h is inserted by

          mistake from Latin MSS.), rather Cleopas, which is the Greek form

          of the word, while Clopas is the Aramaic form. In John 19:25 the

          Authorized Version reads, "Mary, the wife of Clopas." The word

         "wife" is conjecturally inserted here. If "wife" is rightly inserted, then

          Mary was the mother of James the Less, and Clopas is the same as

          Alphaeus (Matt. 10:3; 27:56).

     John Chapter 19 continued:‑

     26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple standing by, whom

     He loved (The Apostle John), He saith to His mother, Woman, behold thy son!

     27 Then saith He to the disciple (John), Behold thy mother! And from that hour

     that disciple took her to his own [home].

     Note:‑ This scene confirms the fact that Joseph the husband of Jesus mother

     was dead was dead.

     28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the

     scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

     29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with

     vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to His mouth.

     30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, He said, It is finished: and He

     bowed His head, and gave up the ghost.

     31. The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should

     not remain upon the cross on the sabbath, (for that sabbath was a great day,)

     besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken


     32 Then came the soldiers, and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who

     was crucified with Him.

     33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that He was dead already, they broke

     not His legs:

     34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side, and immediately came

     out blood and water.

     35 And He (John) that saw [it] bore witness, and his (John's) witness is true: and

     he knoweth that he speaketh truth, that ye may believe.

     36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of

     Him shall not be broken.

     37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on Him whom they


     Acts 2:22 and 23

     22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved by

     God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by Him in

     the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

     23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God,

     ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

     Note:‑ Three times Pilate tried to free Jesus Christ, But the enemies of GOD

     would not have it. Pilate openly washed his hands of the whole matter.

     Acts 2:36

     36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that

     same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

     Acts 3:12 ‑ 17

     12. And when Peter saw [it], he answered to the people, Ye men of Israel, why

     marvel ye at this? or why look ye so earnestly on us, as though by our own

     power or holiness we had made this man to walk?

     13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath

     glorified His Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied Him in the presence

     of Pilate, when he (Pilate) was determined to let [Him] go.

     14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be

     granted to you;

     15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; to which

     we are witnesses. {Prince: or, Author}

     16 And His name through faith in His name hath made this man strong, whom

     ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect

     soundness in the presence of you all.

     17 And now, brethren. I know that through ignorance ye did [it], as [did] also

     your rulers.

     Acts 4:5 ‑ 31

     5. And it came to pass on the next day, that their (Israel/Judah's) rulers, and

     elders, and scribes,

     6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as

     many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at


     7 And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by

     what name, have ye done this?

     8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, Ye rulers of the people,

     and elders of Israel,

     9 If we this day are examined concerning the good deed done to the impotent

     man, by what means he is made well;

     10 Be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of

     Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead,

     [even] by Him doth this man stand here before you in good health.

     11 This is the Stone which was rejected by you builders, which is become the

     head of the corner.

     12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is no other name under

     heaven given among men, by which we must be saved.

     13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they

     were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of

     them, that they had been with Jesus.

     14 And beholding the man who was healed standing with them, they could say

     nothing against it.

     15. But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they

     conferred among themselves,

     16 Saying, What shall we do to these men? for that indeed a notable miracle

     hath been done by them [is] apparent to all them that dwell in Jerusalem; and

     we cannot deny [it].

     Note:‑ There is that was performed is an accepted fact and not in question.

     17 But that it may spread no further among the people, let us strictly threaten

     them, that they speak henceforth to no man in this name.

     18 And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in

     the name of Jesus.

     19 But Peter and John answered and said to them, Whether it is right in the

     sight of God to hearken to you rather than to God, judge ye.

     20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.

     21 So when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding nothing

     how they might punish them, because of the people: for all [men] glorified God

     for that which was done.

     22 For the man was over forty (40) years old, on whom this miracle of healing

     was performed.

     23. And being released, they went to their own company, and reported all that

     the chief priests and elders had said to them.

     24 And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord,

     and said, YHWH, Thou [art] God, who hast made heaven, and earth, and the

     sea, and all that is in them:

     25 Who by the mouth of Thy servant David hast said, Why did the nations rage,

     and the people imagine vain things?

     26 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together

     against YHWH, and against His Christ.

     27 For in truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both

     Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were

     gathered together,

     28 To do whatever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.

     29 And now, YHWH, behold their threatenings: and grant to Thy servants, that

     with all boldness they may speak Thy Word,

     30 By stretching forth thy hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done

     by the name of thy holy child Jesus.

     31 And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were

     assembled; and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the

     Word of God with boldness.

     Acts 5:17 ‑ 42

      17. Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the

     sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, {indignation: or, envy}

      18  And laid their (the high priest, and all they that were with him) hands on the

     apostles, and put them in the common prison.

      19  But the angel of YHWH by night opened the prison doors, and brought them

     forth, and said,

      20  Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.

      21  And when they heard [that], they entered into the temple early in the

     morning, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him,

     and called the council together, and all the elders of the children of Israel, and

     sent to the prison to have them brought.

      22  But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned,

     and told,

      23  Saying, The prison truly we found shut with all safety, and the keepers

     standing outside before the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man


     24 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests

     heard these things, they were greatly perplexed about them as to what would

     come of this.

     25 Then came one and told them, saying, Behold, the men whom ye put in

     prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people.

     26. Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence:

     for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned.

     27 And when they had brought them, they set [them] before the council: and the

     high priest asked them,

     28 Saying, Did we not strictly command you that ye should not teach in this

     name? and, behold, ye (Apostles of Jesus Christ) have filled Jerusalem with your

     doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us (the council and

     the high priest).

     29 Then Peter and the [other] apostles answered and said, We ought to obey

     God rather than men.

     30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.

     31 Him hath God exalted with His right hand (power) [to be] a Prince and a

     Saviour, to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

     32 And we are His witnesses of these things; and [so is] also the Holy Spirit,

     whom God hath given to them that obey Him.

     33 When they heard [that], they were cut [to the heart], and took counsel to slay

     them (the apostles).

     34 Then stood up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a teacher of

     the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the

     apostles forth a little time;

     35 And said to them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend to

     do concerning these men.

     36 For before these days rose Theudas, boasting himself to be somebody; to

     whom a number of men, about four hundred (400), joined themselves: who was

     slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered, and brought to nothing.

     {obeyed: or, believed}

     37 After this man rose Judas of Galilee in the days of the taxing, and drew away

     many people after him: he also perished; and all, [even] as many as obeyed him,

     were dispersed. {obeyed: or, believed}

     38 And now I say to you, Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this

     counsel or this work is from men, it will come to nothing:

     39 But if it is from God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest perhaps ye be

     found even to fight against God.

     Note:‑ This work of spreading the Good News (Gospel) of Jesus Christ has not

     been overthrown!!

     40 And to him they assented: and when they had called the apostles, and

     beaten [them], they commanded that they should not speak in the name of

     Jesus, and let them go.

     41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were

     counted worthy to suffer shame for His name.

     42 And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and

     preach Jesus Christ.

     Acts 7:51 ‑ 8:4 ‑ The First Martyr Stephen

     51. Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the

     Holy Spirit: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye.

     52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain

     them who showed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been

     now the betrayers and murderers:

     53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept


     54. When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed

     on him with [their] teeth.

     55 But he (Stephen), being full of the Holy Spirit, looked up steadfastly into

     heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,

     56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on

     the right hand of God.

     57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon

     him with one accord,

     Acts 8 1. And Saul (Paul) was consenting to his death. And at that time there

     was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they

     were all scattered throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the


      2  And devout men carried Stephen [to his burial], and made great lamentation

     over him.

      3  As for Saul, he made havoc of the church, entering into every house, and

     dragging off men and women committed [them] to prison.

      4. Therefore they that were scattered went every where preaching the Word.

     Acts 9:4 and 5

      4  And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, Saul, why

     persecutest thou Me?

      5  And he said, Who art Thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou

     persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the goads.

     Note:‑ At this time Paul was yet a Pharisee practicing the "Tradition of the

     Elders," which later became Judaism.

          Acts 22:7and 8

           7  And I fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to me, Saul,

          Saul, why persecutest thou Me?

           8  And I answered, Who art Thou, Lord? And he said to me, I am

          Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest.

          Acts 26:14 and 15

           14  And when we had all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice

          speaking to me, and saying in the Hebrew language, Saul, Saul,

          why persecutest thou Me? [it is] hard for thee to kick against the


           15  And I said, Who art Thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom

          thou persecutest.

     Acts 9:23 and 24

     23. And after many days were fulfilled, the Jews took counsel to kill him (Paul):

     24 But their laying in wait was known to Saul (Paul). And they watched the

     gates day and night to kill him (Paul). (See Second Corinthians Chapter 11:33


     Acts 10:39

     39 And we are witnesses of all things which He (Jesus Christ) did both in the

     land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; Whom they slew and hanged on a tree:

     Acts 12:1 ‑ 3

     1. Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth [his] hands to afflict

     certain of the church. {stretched...: or, began}

     2 And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

     3 And because he (Herod) saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to

     take Peter also. (Then were the days of unleavened bread.)

     Acts  13:49 ‑ 50

      49  And the Word of YHWH was proclaimed throughout all the region.

      50  But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief

     men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled

     them from their region.

     Acts 21:27 ‑ 22:30

     27. And when the seven (7) days were almost ended, the Jews who were from

     Asia, when they saw him (Paul) in the temple, stirred up all the people, and laid

     hands on him,

     28 Crying out, Men of Israel, help: This is the man, that teacheth all [men] every

     where against the people, and the law, and this place: and further hath brought

     Greeks also into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place.

     29 (For they had seen before with him in the city Trophimus an Ephesian, whom

     they supposed that Paul had brought into the temple.)

     30 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul,

     and drew him out of the temple: and immediately the doors were shut.

     31 And as they went about to kill him, tidings came to the chief captain of the

     band, that all Jerusalem was in an uproar.

     32 Who immediately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down to them: and

     when they saw the chief captain and the soldiers, they ceased beating Paul.

     33 Then the chief captain came near, and took him, and commanded [him] to

     be bound with two (2) chains; and demanded who he was, and what he had


     34 And some cried one thing, some another, among the multitude: and when he

     could not know the certainty for the tumult, he commanded him to be carried

     into the barracks.

     35 And when he came upon the stairs, so it was, that he was borne by the

     soldiers for the violence of the people.

     36 For the multitude of the people followed, crying, Away with him.

     37 And as Paul was to be led into the barracks, he said to the chief captain, May

     I speak to thee? Who said, Canst thou speak Greek?

     38 Art not thou that Egyptian, who before these days madest an uproar, and

     leddest out into the wilderness four thousand (4,000) men that were murderers?

     39 But Paul said, I am a man [who is] a Jew of Tarsus, [a city] of Cilicia, a

     citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech thee, permit me to speak to the people.

     40 And when he had given him permission, Paul stood on the stairs, and

     beckoned with the hand to the people. And when there was made a great

     silence, he spoke to [them] in the Hebrew language, saying,

     Acts 22

     1. Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence [which I make] now to you.

     2 (And when they heard that he spoke to them in the Hebrew language, they

     kept the more silence: and he saith,)

     3. I am verily a man [who is] a Jew, born in Tarsus, [a city] in Cilicia, yet

     brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, [and] taught according to the

     perfect manner of the law of the fathers, being zealous toward God, as ye all are

     this day.

     4 And I persecuted this way (Christianity) to the death, binding and delivering

     into prisons both men and women.

     5 As also the high priest doth bear me witness, and all the council of the elders:

     from whom also I received letters to the brethren (of Israel), and went to

     Damascus, to bring them who were there bound to Jerusalem, to be punished.

     6 And it came to pass, that, as I was on my journey, and had come near to

     Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light around


     7 And I fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to me, Saul, Saul, why

     persecutest thou Me?

     8 And I answered, Who art Thou, Lord? And He said to me, I am Jesus of

     Nazareth, whom thou persecutest.

     9 And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they

     heard not the voice of Him that spoke to me.

     10 And I said, What shall I do, Lord? And the Lord said to me, Arise, and go into

     Damascus; and there it shall be told thee concerning all things which are

     appointed for thee to do.

     11 And when I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by the hand of

     them that were with me, I came into Damascus.

     12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good report of

     all the Jews who dwelt [there],

     13 Came to me, and stood, and said to me, Brother Saul, receive thy sight. And

     the same hour I looked up upon him.

     14 And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest

     know His will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of His mouth.

     15 For thou shalt be his witness to all men of what thou hast seen and heard.

     16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins,

     calling on the name of YHWH.

     17 And it came to pass, that, when I had come again to Jerusalem, even while I

     prayed in the temple, I was in a trance;

     18 And saw him saying to me, Make haste, and depart quickly from Jerusalem:

     for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me.

     19 And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue

     them that believed on thee:

     20 And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by,

     and consenting to his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.

     21 And he said to me, Depart: for I will send thee far away to the Gentiles


     22. And they hearkened to him until this word, and [then] lifted up their voices,

     and said, Away with such a [fellow] from the earth: for it is not fit that he should


     23 And as they cried out, and cast off [their] clothes, and threw dust into the air,

     24 The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the barracks, and bade

     that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know for what cause

     they cried so against him.

     25 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said to the centurion that stood by,

     Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?

     26 When the centurion heard [that], he went and told the chief captain, saying,

     Take heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman.

     27 Then the chief captain came, and said to him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He

     said, Yea.

     28 And the chief captain answered, With a great sum I obtained this freedom.

     And Paul said, But I was [free] born.

     29 Then immediately they departed from him who were about to examine him:

     and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and

     because he had bound him. {examined him: or, tortured him}

     30 On the next day, because he would have known the certainty why he was

     accused by the Jews, he loosed him from [his] bands, and commanded the chief

     priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down, and set him

     before them.

     Acts 23:12 ‑ 30

     12. And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound

     themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they

     had killed Paul. {under a curse: or, with an oath of execration}

     13 And they were more than forty who had made this conspiracy.

     14 And they came to the chief priests and elders, and said, We have bound

     ourselves under a great curse, that we will eat nothing until we have slain Paul.

     15 Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring

     him down to you to morrow, as though ye would enquire something more

     perfectly concerning him: and we, before he shall come near, are ready to kill


     Note:‑ No pretext of a trial, just murder Paul.

     16 And when the son of Paul's sister heard of their lying in wait, he went and

     entered into the barracks, and told Paul.

     17 Then Paul called one of the centurions to [him], and said, Bring this young

     man to the chief captain: for he hath a certain thing to tell him.

     18 So he took him, and brought [him] to the chief captain, and said, Paul the

     prisoner called me to [him], and asked me to bring this young man to thee, who

     hath something to say to thee.

     19 Then the chief captain took him by the hand, and went [with him] aside

     privately, and asked [him], What is that thou hast to tell me?

     20 And he said, The Jews have agreed to desire thee that thou wouldest bring

     down Paul to morrow into the council, as though they would enquire somewhat

     concerning him more perfectly.

     21 But do not thou yield to them: for there are of them who lie in wait for him

     (Paul) more than forty (40) men, who have bound themselves with an oath, that

     they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him: and now they are ready,

     looking for a promise from thee.

     22 So the chief captain [then] let the young man depart, and charged [him, See

     thou] tell no man that thou hast shown these things to me.

     23 And he called to [him] two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred (200)

     soldiers to go to Caesarea, and seventy horsemen, and spearmen two hundred,

     at the third hour of the night;

     24 And provide for [them] beasts, that they may set Paul on, and bring [him] safe

     to Felix the governor.

     25 And he wrote a letter after this manner:

     26 Claudius Lysias to the most excellent governor Felix [sendeth] greeting.

     27 This man was taken by the Jews, and should have been killed by them: then

     I came with a body of soldiers, and rescued him, having understood that he was

     a Roman.

     28 And when I would have known the cause for which they accused him, I

     brought him forth into their council:

     29 Whom I perceived to be accused of questions of their law, but to have

     nothing laid to his charge worthy of death or of bonds.

     30 And when it was told to me that the Jews laid wait for the man, I sent

     immediately to thee, and gave commandment to his accusers also to say before

     thee what [they had] against him. Farewell.

     Acts 25:1 ‑ 15

     1. Now when Festus had come into the province, after three days he ascended

     from Caesarea to Jerusalem.

     2 Then the high priest and the chief of the Jews informed him against Paul, and

     besought him,

     3 And desired favour against him, that he would send for him (Paul) to

     Jerusalem, laying wait in the way to kill him.

     4 But Festus answered, that Paul should be kept at Caesarea, and that he

     himself would depart shortly [there].

     5 Let them therefore, said he, who among you are able, go down with [me], and

     accuse this man, if there is any wickedness in him.

     6 And when he had tarried among them more than ten days, he went down to

     Caesarea; and the next day sitting on the judgment seat commanded Paul to be

     brought. {more...: or, as some copies read, no more than eight or ten days}

     7 And when he had come, the Jews who came down from Jerusalem stood

     around, and laid many and grievous complaints against Paul, which they could

     not prove.

     8 While he answered for himself, Neither against the law of the Jews, neither

     against the temple, nor yet against Caesar, have I committed any offence.

     9 But Festus, willing to do the Jews a favour, answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou

     go to Jerusalem, and there be judged concerning these things before me?

     10 Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be

     judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest.

     11 For if I am an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse

     not to die: but if there is none of these things of which these accuse me, no man

     may deliver me to them. I appeal to Caesar.

     12 Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, Hast thou

     appealed to Caesar? to Caesar thou shalt go.

     13. And after certain days king Agrippa and Bernice came to Caesarea to greet


     14 And when they had been there many days, Festus declared Paul's cause to

     the king, saying, There is a certain man left in bonds by Felix:

     15 About whom, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the

     Jews informed [me], desiring [to have] judgment against him.

     Acts 26:20 and 21

     20 But showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all

     the region of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and

     turn to God, and do works fit for repentance.

     21 For these causes the Jews caught me (Paul) in the temple, and went about

     to kill [me].

     First Corinthians 2:6 ‑ 8

     6. However we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom

     of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nothing:

     7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, [even] the hidden [wisdom],

     which God ordained before the world to our glory:

     8 Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known [it], they

     would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

     Second Corinthians  11:23 ‑ 33

      23  Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I (Paul) [am] more; in

     labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in

     deaths often.

      24  From the Jews five (5) times I received forty (40) [stripes] save one.

      25  Thrice (3x) was I beaten with rods, once I was stoned, thrice (3x) I suffered

     shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;

      26  [In] journeyings often, [in] perils of waters, [in] perils of robbers, [in]

     perils by [my own] countrymen, [in] perils by the heathen, [in] perils in

     the city, [in] perils in the wilderness, [in] perils in the sea, [in] perils among

     false brethren;

      27  In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in

     fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

      28  Besides those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the

     care of all the churches.

      29  Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is led into sin, and I am not


      30  If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern my infirmities.

      31  The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is blessed for evermore,

     knoweth that I lie not.

     32  In Damascus the governor under Aretas the king kept the city of the

     Damascenes with a garrison, desirous to apprehend me:

      33  And through a window in a basket I was let down by the wall, and escaped

     his hands.

     Note:‑ This was because of the jews see Acts Chapter 9:23 and 34.

     Galatians 5:11

      11  And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution?

     then hath the offence of the cross ceased.

     Question? Who would be interested in whether Paul preached circumcision or


     Answer:‑ Those of the circumcision, the jews.

     Galatians 6:12 and 13

      12  As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you to be

     circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.

      13  For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire

     to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.

     First Thessalonians 2:13 ‑ 15

     13. For this cause also we thank God without ceasing, because, when ye

     received the word of God which ye heard from us, ye received [it] not [as] the

     word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh

     also in you that believe.

     14 For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea

     are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things from your own

     countrymen, even as they [have] from the Jews:

     15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have

     persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:

     {persecuted us: or, chased us out}

     Note:‑ Nowhere in the Scripture is blame ever cast on the Romans for being

     responsible for the death of Jesus Christ. I do not know how many times I have

     heard a preacher or a TV preacher say the Romans killed or crucified Jesus

     Christ. At the best they are deceiving the sheep of Jesus Christ by their ignorant

     omission of the whole account. At worst thy are doing it to deliberately lead the

     sheep of GOD astray.

     Revelation 2:9

      9  I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and [I

     know] the blasphemy of them who say they are Jews, and are not, but [are] the

     synagogue of Satan.

     Question? What is blasphemy?

     Answer:‑ The jews Saying that they are children of the House of Judah, which

     is part of United Israel, the wife of YHWH this after the jews had killed YHWH

     on the cross.

     They were rich, in faith, and heirs of a kingdom, though poor in this world; they

     were rich with the riches of Christ, with the blessings of the covenant, with the

     graces of the Spirit, and in good works; they were kings and priests unto God,

     had a kingdom of grace here, and a right to the kingdom of glory hereafter; and

     were heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ."And [I know] the blasphemy of

     them which say they are Jews, and are not"; who asserted themselves to be the

     true Israel of God, Jews that were so inwardly, regenerate persons, or truly

     Christians; for the Christians, baptized persons, were by the Heathens called

     Jews; but these were not, they professed Christianity in words, but in works

     denied it; they were men of bad principles and practices, and both blasphemed

     the ways and doctrines of Jesus Christ themselves, and caused them to be

     blasphemed by others also; they were false Christians, and they were introducers

     of Pagan and Jewish rites into the church, and were men of flagitious lives and

     conversations, and paved the way for the man of sin: "but [are] the synagogue of

     Satan": were the children of the devil, imitated him, and were influenced by him,

     and were/are the antichrist, whose coming was after the working of Satan.

     Revelation 3:9

      9  Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, who say they are Jews,

     and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy

     feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

     Question? Who are these "Jews" who say they are Jews, and are not, but do


     Answer:‑  Those who call themselves jews today.

     Question? Is there any more Scriptural evidence

     from the

     New Testament which is missing?


     Please Email Your Additional Scriptural Evidence From The New

     Testament to Christian Bible Study

     Question? Who Killed Jesus Christ and His Disciples?

     (No cheating Father is watching)

     Write Your Answer Here:‑


     (See studies on the Antichrist for additional aid in answering.)

     See study of:‑ Who Killed the Prophets of YHWH?

     This quiz will be graded by the King upon His

     return (perhaps sooner).

Reference Materials