Watchman Willie Martin Archive



Forfeiture Endangers American RightsFederal Statutes: Offenses that trigger federal forfeiture

Automobiles --

18 U.S.C. Section 1324, Forfeiture of vehicles used to transport illegal aliens

18 U.S.C. Section 512, Forfeiture of automobiles and parts with altered VIN numbers

18 U.S.C. Section 981, Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 511, altering or removing automobile VIN numbers

18 U.S.C. Section 553, importation or exportation of stolen vehicles, vessels or aircraft

18 U.S.C. Section 2119, carjacking

18 U.S.C. Section 2312, transportation of stolen vehicles 18 U.S.C. Section 2313. sale or receipt of stolen vehicles

18 U.S.C. Section 982, Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981

49 U.S.C. Section 782 Forfeiture of vehicles used to facilitate transportation of contraband

Banking regulations and FIRREA (Financial Institutions Reform and Recovery Enforcement Act)

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 215, corruptly giving or receiving a commission or gift for procuring loan

18 U.S.C. Section 656, theft, embezzlement or misapplication by bank officer or employee

18 U.S.C. Section 657, theft, embezzlement or misapplication by officer or employee or FDIC or other bank regulator or receiver

18 U.S.C. Section 1005, false or fraudulent statement by officer or employee of bank

18 U.S.C. Section 1006, false or fraudulent statement by agent or employee or FDIC, RTC or other banking regulator or receiver

18 U.S.C. Section 1007, false or fraudulent statement to FDIC

18 U.S.C. Section 1014, false or fraudulent statement to loan officer

18 U.S.C. Section 1029, fraud in connection with bank account access device

18 U.S.C. Section 1032, concealment of assets from receiver or liquidating agent of financial institution

18 U.S.C. Section 1344, bank fraud

18 U.S.C. Section 1956, money laundering of proceeds of specified federal crimes

18 U.S.C. Section 1957, engaging in monetary transaction with proceeds of specified federal crimes

31 U.S.C. Section 5313(a), Violation of reporting requirements for domestic currency transactions

31 U.S.C. Section 5324(a), Structuring transactions to avoid reporting requirements

18 U.S.C. Section 982 Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981 plus the following:

18 U.S.C. Section 1960, conducting illegal money transmitting business

31 U.S. C. Section 5316, reporting requirements for importing and exporting monetary instruments.

18 U.S.C. Section 3322 Information obtained by grand jury may be disclosed to U.S. Attorney for FIRREA forfeiture purposes

Copyright and Trademark Infringement

17 U.S.C. Section 509 Phonorecords manufactured, distributed, etc. in violation of copyright laws

Counterfeiting

18 U.S.C. Section 492 Forfeiture of counterfeit money, securities, and counterfeiting devices

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 471, counterfeiting, altering, or forgery of U.S. obligation or security

18 U.S.C. Section 472, uttering (passing or selling) counterfeit obligations or securities of U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 473, dealing in counterfeit obligations or securities of U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 474, possession of plates for counterfeiting obligations or securities of U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 476, taking impression of tools used for counterfeiging obligations or securities of U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 477, possessing or selling impression of tools used for counterfeiging obligations or securities of U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 478, forging or counterfeiting obligations or securities of foreign countries

18 U.S.C. Section 479, uttering (passing or selling) counterfeit obligations or securities of foreign countries

18 U.S.C. Section 480, possession of counterfeit obligations or securities of foreign countries

18 U.S.C. Section 481, possession of plates for counterfeiting obligations or securities of foreign countries

18 U.S.C. Section 485, counterfeiting, uttering or possession of counterfeit coins or silver or gold bars 18 U.S.C. Section 486, making, uttering or passing counterfeit coins

18 U.S.C. Section 487, making or possessing dies used for counterfeiting coins of U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 488, making or possessing dies used for counterfeiting coins of foreign countries

18 U.S.C. Section 501, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged U.S. postage stamp, or postage meter stamp

18 U.S.C. Section 502, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged foreign postage stamp, or revenue stamp

Currency Transaction Reporting Violations

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

31 U.S.C. Section 5313(a), Violation of reporting requirements for domestic currency transactions

31 U.S.C. Section 5324(a), Structuring transactions to avoid reporting requirements

18 U.S.C. Section 982 Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981 plus the following:

31 U.S. C. Section 5316, reporting requirements for importing and exporting monetary instruments.

31 U.S.C. Section 5311, Monetary Transaction Reporting Requirements ‑ purpose of subchapter

31 U.S.C. Section 5312, Definitions for subchapter

31 U.S.C. Section 5313, Requirement that reports be filed for monetary transactions (including bank deposits exceeding a certain dollar value, the amount set by regulations of Secretary of the Treasury)

31 U.S.C. Section 5314 Requirement that reports be filed for monetary transactions with foreign financial institutions

31 U.S.C. Section 5315 Requirement that reports be filed on foreign currency transactions

31 U.S.C. Section 5316 Requirement that reports be filed on import and export of monetary instruments

31 U.S.C. Section 5317 Search and seizures for monetary instruments (no warrant required at border) and forfeiture provisions for failure to file reports

31 U.S.C. Section 5321 Civil penalties for Monetary Transaction Reports

Customs and Import/Export violations

18 U.S.C. Section 545 Smuggling Goods Into the United States

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 542, entry of goods by means of false statements

18 U.S.C. Section 545, smuggling goods into the U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 553, importation or exportation of stolen vehicles, vessels or aircraft

18 U.S.C. Section 982, Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981 plus the following:

31 U.S.C. Section 5316, Requirement that reports be filed on import and export of monetary instruments

19 U.S.C. Section 1497 Penalties for failure to declare imported goods to customs upon entry (including forfeiture of such goods)

19 U.S.C. Section 1584 Penalties for false or no customs manifests (including forfeiture)

19 U.S.C. Section 1594 Forfeiture of conveyances for Customs violations

19 U.S.C. Section 1595a Forfeiture for aiding unlawful importation

19 U.S.C. Section 1600 Application of customs laws of customs procedures set out in sections 1602 through 1619

22 U.S.C. Section 401 Exportation of arms or munitions of war

Drug Offenses

18 U.S.C. Section 3554Order of criminal forfeiture after drug criminal forfeiture verdicts under (21 U.S.C. Section 853)

21 U.S.C. Section 334 Seizure of articles of food and drug for FDA violations

21 U.S.C. Section 844a Civil penalty for possession of small amounts of certain controlled substances

21 U.S.C. Section 848 Continuing Criminal Enterprise

21 U.S.C. Section 853 Criminal Forfeiture for Drug Violations

21 U.S.C. Section 862 Denial of Federal Benefits To Drug Traffickers and Possessors

21 U.S.C. Section 881 Civil Forfeiture for Drug Violations

21 U.S.C. Section 888 Expedited procedures for vehicles seized for drug related offenses

Environmental crimes

*18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 1956 money laundering the proceeds of specific federal crimes

18 U.S.C. Section 1957 engaging in transactions with the proceeds of federal crimes listed under 18 U.S.C. Section 1956

18 U.S.C. Section 1956 money laundering the proceeds of these federal crimes:

33 U.S.C. Section 1251, pollution of U.S. waterways

33 U.S.C. Section 1401, ocean dumping

33 U.S.C. Section 1901, pollution from ships

42 U.S.C. Section 300f, pollution of drinking water supply

42 U.S.C. Section 6901, solid waste disposal violations

Explosives

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 842, importing or dealing in explosives without a license 18 U.S.C. Section 844, penalties for explosives violations

18 U.S.C. Section 982, Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981

Firearms

18 U.S.C. Section 924 Penalties for firearms importation violations

Forgery

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 471, counterfeiting, altering, or forgery of U.S. obligation or security

18 U.S.C. Section 478, forging or counterfeiting obligations or securities of foreign countries

18 U.S.C. Section 501, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged U.S. postage stamp, or postage meter stamp 18 U.S.C. Section 502, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged foreign postage stamp, or revenue stamp

18 U.S.C. Section 510, forging endorsements on Treasury checks, bonds or U.S. securities

18 U.S.C. Section 982 Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981

Fraud

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 1001, false or fraudulent statement to government agency

18 U.S.C. Section 1005, false or fraudulent statement by officer or employee of bank

18 U.S.C. Section 1006, false or fraudulent statement by agent or employee or FDIC, RTC or other banking regulator or receiver

18 U.S.C. Section 1007, false or fraudulent statement to FDIC

18 U.S.C. Section 1014, false or fraudulent statement to loan officer

18 U.S.C. Section 1029, fraud in connection with bank account access device

18 U.S.C. Section 1030, fraudulent or unauthorized access to government computer

18 U.S.C. Section 1031, major fraud against U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 1032, concealment of assets from receiver or liquidating agent of financial institution

18 U.S.C. Section 1341, mail fraud

18 U.S.C. Section 1343, wire fraud (radio or television) 18 U.S.C. Section 1344, bank fraud

18 U.S.C. Section 982, Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981

28 U.S.C. Section 2514 Forfeiture of Claims Against the U.S. for Fraud or Attempted Fraud

Gambling

15 U.S.C. Section 1177 Forfeiture of gambling devices

18 U.S.C. Section 1955 Forfeiture of property, including money, used in violation of federal gambling law

Government agencies ‑ mistatements to, etc.

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 666(a)(1), theft or bribery by employee of agency or organization receiving federal funds

18 U.S.C. Section 1001, false or fraudulent statement to government agency 18 U.S.C. Section 1006, false or fraudulent statement by agent or employee or FDIC, RTC or other banking regulator or receiver

18 U.S.C. Section 1007, false or fraudulent statement to FDIC

18 U.S.C. Section 1030, fraudulent or unauthorized access to government computer

18 U.S.C. Section 1031, major fraud against U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 1032, concealment of assets from receiver or liquidating agent of financial institution

18 U.S.C. Section 982, Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981

Immigration

8 U.S.C. Section 1324 Bringing In and Harboring Certain Aliens

Internal Revenue Service

26 U.S.C. Section 7122 Compromises

26 U.S.C. Section 7301 Property Subject to Tax

26 U.S.C. Section 7302 Forfeiture of Property Used in Violation of Internal Revenue Laws

26 U.S.C. Section 7303 Other property subject to forfeiture under IRS laws, including counterfeit tax stamps, contents of packages with fraudulent tax stamps or fraudulent bonds, permits or entries

26 U.S.C. Section 7321 Authority to Seize Property Subject To Forfeiture

26 U.S.C. Section 7322 Delivery of Seized Property to U.S. Marshal

26 U.S.C. Section 7323 Judicial Action to Enforce Forfeiture

26 U.S.C. Section 7324 Special Disposition of Perishable Goods

26 U.S.C. Section 7325 Personal Property Valued At $100,000 Or Less

26 U.S.C. Section 7327 Customs Remission/Mitigation Laws Applicable

26 U.S.C. Section 7401 Authorization to Commence Civil Action for Recovery of Taxes or Fine, Penalty or Forfeiture

Money Laundering

18 U.S.C. Section 981 Civil forfeiture for property used to facilitate, or proceeds of violations of any of the following statutes:

18 U.S.C. Section 1956 money laundering the proceeds of specific federal crimes

18 U.S.C. Section 1957 engaging in transactions with the proceeds of federal crimes listed under 18 U.S.C. Section 1956

18 U.S.C. Section 1956 money laundering the proceeds of these federal crimes:

18 U.S.C. Section 152, Concealment of assets, false oath under penalty of perjury, fraudulent claims, bankruptcy fraud

18 U.S.C. Section 215, corruptly giving or receiving a commission or gift for procuring loan

18 U.S.C. Section 500, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged money orders

18 U.S.C. Section 501, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged U.S. postage stamp, or postage meter stamp

18 U.S.C. Section 502, making, forging or possessing counterfeit or forged foreign postage stamp, or revenue stamp

18 U.S.C. Section 503, forging or counterfeiting postmarking stamps

18 U.S.C. Section 513, making, possessing or uttering (passing) forged securities

18 U.S.C. Section 542, entry of goods by means of false statements

18 U.S.C. Section 545, smuggling goods into the U.S.

18 U.S.C. Section 549, removing goods from customs, breaking customs seals or affixing false customs seals

18 U.S.C. Section 641, theft, embezzlement, etc. of government property

18 U.S.C. Section 656, theft, embezzlement or misapplication by bank officer or employee

18 U.S.C. Section 657, theft, embezzlement or misapplication by officer or employee or FDIC or other bank regulator or receiver

18 U.S.C. Section 658, fraudulently removing or concealing property mortgaged by the government

18 U.S.C. Section 666, theft or bribery by employee of agency or organization receiving federal funds

18 U.S.C. Section 793, gathering, transmitting or losing defense information

18 U.S.C. Section 794, gathering, transmitting or losing defense information to aid foreign government

18 U.S.C. Section 798, disclosure of classified information

18 U.S.C. Section 875, interstate communication of kidnapping ransom demands or threats

18 U.S.C. Section 1005, false or fraudulent statement by officer or employee of bank 18 U.S.C. Section 1006, false or fraudulent statement by agent or employee or FDIC, RTC or other banking regulator or receiver

18 U.S.C. Section 1007, false or fraudulent statement to FDIC

18 U.S.C. Section 1014, false or fraudulent statement to loan officer

18 U.S.C. Section 1032, concealing assets from conservator, receiver or liquidator of financial institution 18 U.S.C. Section 1201, kidnapping

18 U.S.C. Section 1203, hostage taking

18 U.S.C. Section 1708, theft or receipt of stolen mail matter

18 U.S.C. Section 2113, bank robbery

18 U.S.C. Section 2114, robbery of postal worker or other person having lawful control of property of the United States

18 U.S.C. Section 2319, criminal infringement of a copyright

18 U.S.C. Section 2320, trafficking in counterfeit goods or services

19 U.S.C. Section 1590, aviation smuggling

33 U.S.C. Section 1251, pollution of U.S. waterways

33 U.S.C. Section 1401, ocean dumping

33 U.S.C. Section 1901, pollution from ships

42 U.S.C. Section 300f, pollution of drinking water supply

42 U.S.C. Section 6901, solid waste disposal violations

18 U.S.C. Section 982, Criminal Forfeiture Provisions for the same offenses as Section 981 plus the following:

18 U.S.C. Section 1960, conducting illegal money transmitting business

31 U.S.C. Section 5313(a), Violation of reporting requirements for domestic currency transactions

31 U.S.C. Section 5324(a), Structuring transactions to avoid reporting requirements

Pornography

18 U.S.C. Section 1467 Criminal Forfeiture relating to obscene materials

18 U.S.C. Section 2232 Penalties for removal of property to prevent seizure

18 U.S.C. Section 2251 Sexual exploitation of children (child pornography)

18 U.S.C. Section 2251A Parent selling or transferring custody of child for purpose of producing child pornography

18 U.S.C. Section 2252 Possession, transportation and sales of child pornography 18 U.S.C. Section 2253 Criminal forfeiture penalties for child pornography

18 U.S.C. Section 2254 Civil forfeiture for child porn

Prison‑made goods ‑‑ shipping regulations

18 U.S.C. Section 1762 Penalties for failure to mark packages containing prisoner made goods

Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations (R.I.C.O.)

18 U.S.C. Sections 1962 Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations (R.I.C.O.) criminal provisions

18 U.S.C. Section 1963 Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations (R.I.C.O.) forfeiture provisions

18 U.S.C. Section 3554 Order of criminal forfeiture for RICO (18 U.S.C. Section 1962) after drug (21 U.S.C. Section 853) convictions

Smuggling

18 U.S.C. Section 545, Smuggling goods into the U.S

Transportation Of Contraband

49 U.S.C. Section 781 Substantive offenses

49 U.S.C. Section 782 Forfeiture of faciliatating vehicle

War and National Defense

18 U.S.C. Section 793 Gathering, transmitting or losing defense information

18 U.S.C. Section 794 Gathering or delivering defense information to aid foreign government

18 U.S.C. Section 3681 Order of Special Forfeiture for violation of 18 U.S.C. Section 794

18 U.S.C. Section 3682 Notice to Victims of Order of Special Forfeiture

22 U.S.C. Section 401 Exportation of arms or munitions of war

50 U.S.C. Appendix Section 16 War and National Defense forfeiture provisions



Reference Materials