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          Holy War: Fw: ISRAEL, JUDAH AND THE Lauritz Larsen.


          Sat, 29 Dec 2001 17:03:01 ‑0500


          "John Niemela" <[email protected]>


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‑‑‑‑‑ Original Message ‑‑‑‑‑

From: John Niemela

To: [email protected] ; [email protected] ; [email protected] ; 3‑DISPATCH76 ; [email protected] ; [email protected] ;

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Sent: Saturday, December 29, 2001 5:01 PM

Subject: ISRAEL, JUDAH AND THE Lauritz Larsen.

                                  ISRAEL, JUDAH and the JEW

                                                     By Lauritz Larson


      There is a great deal of misunderstanding today in the reading and interpretation of Scripture. This confusion has been caused by the faulty comparison

      of the terms and meanings for Israel, Judah, and Jew. Many theologians and sincere Christians are convinced that these terms, which refer to specific

      peoples, are interchangeable, and refer to a single group of people known today as Jews.

      A study of the listings in any complete Bible concordance will provide convincing proof that the words Israel, Judah, and Jew are not synonymous

      terms in the Scriptures, but refer to completely different and distinct people.

      In Young's Analytical Concordance of the Bible, there are 287 references to the Jews; 802 references to Judah; and more than 2,500 references to

      Israel. Why all of the difference in these references if they are all the same and refer to the same people? In addition, in many of these references there

      are hundreds of statements about Israel and Judah. Why the use of the conjunction "and," if the two names refer to the same people?

      Surely it is obvious that all Christians need to be more aware and cognizant of the difference and distinction between Israel, Judah, and the remnant of

      Judah, known as the Jews. Each of these groups has a specific purpose and particular destiny in Cod's ultimate plan. To apply to one group those

      prophesies and purposes assigned to another of the groups is to cause confusion and total misunderstanding. Israel and Judah are in the world today,

      and they should not be confused with the Jews of today, many of whom are not, and have never been of the lineage of Abraham.

      Lauritz Larson has prepared an outstanding study with regard to the distinctions and differences of Israel, Judah and the Jews. many of the promises

      made by God to "all of Israel" have been outwardly and incorrectly claimed by the Zionist's, with support and backing of fundamentalist Christian leaders

      and groups who may be blind to the truth, or mesmerized by ungodly financial support.

      After the Assyrian captivity, Israel (all twelve tribes) never returned to Palestine. When Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem some 125 years later and

      took the captives to Babylon, only a small remnant (about 50,000) later returned to Jerusalem. Whatever happened to the millions who were removed

      from the land during the captivities and conquests? We today are being fed a Scriptural untruth by many of those to whom we look for "expert" advice. I

      hope this booklet will help you in seeing the truth.

      Chuck Kuhler, Pastor, Virginia Christian Israelites

                                                       * * * * * * *

                                  ISRAEL, JUDAH and the JEW

                                                      By Lauritz Larson

      All mere opinions expressed in the following text should be considered as tentative, since the author's purpose is to bring out that which is indicated in

      the Scriptures concerning Israel, Judah, and the Jew. When we study the history of the descendants of Jacob as it appears in the Bible, we note that

      there developed among the tribes four distinct, main groups: Israel, or House of Israel; Judah, or House of Judah; the House of David; the Jewish, or "70

      week," nation. In Palestine the tribes were temporarily grouped as the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah.

      When we read books or listen to sermons and broadcasts on Bible Prophecies, we soon discover that there are many differing interpretations and

      conflicting explanations. Even a superficial study of Bible prophecy makes it clear that such confusion is due largely to the fact that the names, Israel,

      Judah, and Jew, are being used synonymously or should we say, mis‑used. Some prophecies apply only to Israel, some only to Judah, some only to the

      House of David, and still others only to the Jews. Only by understanding that these groups are distinct and that each prophecy must be applied to the

      group to which it belongs, can we hope to find our way our of existing confusion concerning Biblical Prophecies.

                                                          POINT 1

      Abraham and Isaac were Hebrews, they were neither Israelites nor Jews. They were descendants of Noah through Shem and Heber, hence the name

      Hebrews (Genesis 10:21‑25). Jacob, son of Isaac, was the first Israelite because God changed his name to Israel (Genesis 32:27‑28). So all the sons of

      Jacob were Israelites and also Hebrews; they headed the twelve tribes of Israel, and their descendants are Israelites. Only a snail "residue" of the

      Kingdom of Judah was called "Jews," after the Babylonian captivity, about 1200 years after the birth of Judah, the patriarch of the tribe of Judah (Jeremiah

      24:8 and Jeremiah 52:28‑30).

                                                         POINT 2

      "When Israel went out of Egypt, the House of Jacob from a people of strange language; Judah was His sanctuary, and Israel His Dominion" (Psalm

      114:1,2). Here we have an explicit statement that at the time of the Exodus, there existed two distinct tribal groups: Judah, the one tribe, His Sanctuary;

      and Israel, the eleven tribes, His Dominion, or Nation. But there is another important fact contained in the passage quoted above. We perceive that the

      name "Israel" is used to denote the eleven‑tribe group at the time of the Exodus from Egypt; therefore we must look for some event prior to the Exodus in

      order to determine what caused the name Israel to be so applied. The explanation is found in Genesis 48, where we find that Jacob, shortly before his

      death, adopted Joseph's sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, as his own (Genesis 48:5). Re then blessed them (Genesis 48:20) and gave them the birthright

      (1 Chronicles 5:1,2); and conferred upon them his name, Israel (Genesis 48:16). From that time on, all the tribes except Judah were grouped under the

      leadership of Ephraim and Manasseh, and were referred to as Israel, or as the House of Israel, His Dominion.

                                                   POINT 3 ‑ His Sanctuary

      Immediately after blessing Ephraim and Manasseh, Jacob called his twelve sons to him and blessed them. To Judah he said: "The Sceptre shall not

      depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from beneath his feet (Genesis 49:10). This distinctive blessing constituted the tribe of Judah, His Sanctuary. Tn due

      time the royal House of David was set up and separated from the tribe of Judah (see: 2 Samuel 7). To this House of David the throne and the sceptre

      were given, but the house or tribe of Judah still remained as God's Sanctuary, and the temple and religious services were established in the midst of the

      latter tribe. Later the Jewish Nation, formed from a small "residue" of the Kingdom of Judah who returned from the Babylonian captivity, formed the

      background and surroundings for the coming of the Messiah; and "Unto them were committed the oracles of God" (Romans 3:2). These oracles of God

      were, of course, the books of the Old Testament which were the only Scriptures until after the coming of Christ Jesus.

                                                  POINT 4 ‑ God's Battle Axe

      Among other things, Israel was to be God's battle axe and weapon of war (Jeremiah 51:20‑23). In verses 24‑26, it is stated that retribution should

      overtake Babylon and Chaldea for that which they had done to Israel and to the captives of Judah. Assyria ruled over Chaldea, and therefore was included

      in the threatened retribution. From history it is evident that the Israelites participated in the destruction of Nineveh; also as soldiers in the army of Cyrus,

      they helped in the capture of Babylon. Later known by various names (particularly Goths), given them by the Greek and Roman historians, they collided

      with, and broke Imperial Rome.

                                          POINT 5 ‑ Distinction Between Israel and Judah

      The important thing to note here is that Israel, the eleven‑tribe group, and Judah, the one‑tribe group, have different tasks to perform. But nowhere in the

      Bible is there anything to indicate that either group has the right to assume the prerogative of the other, and the distinction between these two groups is

      maintained scrupulously throughout the Bible. They are always referred to separately as Israel and Judah, or as House of Israel and House of Judah; the

      distinction being shown clearly in any Bible passages. Other passages indicate that the term "all Israel" means the "eleven‑tribe" group. The following are

      a few of many such passages:

            1 Samuel 11:8

            1 Samuel 15:4

            1 Samuel 17:1‑52

            1 Samuel 18:16

            2 Samuel 2:9,10

            2 Samuel 5:1‑5

            2 Samuel 11:11

            2 Samuel 18:14

            2 Samuel 19:40‑43

            1 Kings 12:16‑20

            1 Kings 22:17

            2 Chronicles 10:1‑3

            2 Chronicles 11:3

            2 Chronicles 13:3‑5

            Jeremiah 12:14

            Jeremiah 30:3

                                                  POINT 6 ‑ Clay and Crockery

      The 18th and 19th chapters of Jeremiah contain a remarkable comparison of the eleven‑tribed Israel and the one‑tribe Judah. Potter's clay is used to

      symbolize Israel, while a burned bottle (crockery) is used to denote Judah. Israel, the tractable, plastic‑like clay can be molded into the desired shape by

      the potter; Judah, the rigid, unyielding crockery which breaks but cannot bend. Qualities more dis‑similar cannot well be imagined.

      After observing that Jeremiah devotes two entire chapters to making clear this vital distinction between Israel and Judah, how can anyone fancy that the

      Jews, who are a very small fraction of the tribe of Judah, can possibly take the place of Israel, the eleven tribes?

                                                 POINT 7 ‑ The House of David

      When Samuel anointed David king he did not make him king either of Israel or Judah; rather it was the occasion when the authority hitherto vested in the

      Judges was transferred to the Royal House of David (1 Samuel 16:1‑3,13). Later, David was accepted by the men of Judah as King of Judah. After

      reigning seven and one‑half years in Hebron as King of Judah, he was chosen by the elders of Israel to be King of Israel, also; thus he became King of

      both Israel and Judah, separate nations under one ruler (2 Samuel 2:4 and 5:1‑5).

      By these acts, the Royal House of David was established and became heir to the promise made to Judah: "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah"

      (Genesis 49:10). The establishment of the House of David is further attested to in 2 Samuel 7:11‑16, and it is recorded in 1 Chronicles 21:18‑25 that

      David bought and paid for the site on which the temple later stood That the House of David holds a title deed to the temple site is a tremendously

      important fact, the implications of which cannot be considered at this time. It is said that the reason the Mohammedans do not repair the Mosque of

     Omar is that they have a rule not to repair any structure located on land to which they hold no title.

                                            POINT 8 ‑ Independent Identity Maintained

      The establishment of the Monarchy of Israel did not alter the tribal distinction. David was anointed King over Judah and over Israel at different times and

      places. No man was ever king in Israel by virtue of being king in Judah, and vice versa. Solomon was anointed king over Israel at Gehon, while Rehoboam

      went to Shechem for "all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king" (1 Kings 12:1).

                                               POINT 9 ‑ Ancestry of Christ Jesus

      According to 1 Samuel 16:12 and 1 Samuel 17:42, David was fair and ruddy, a description that fits a ruddy Scotchman but does not fit the present day

      Jew. We know that Ruth, David's great‑grandmother, possessed a wonderful quality of loyalty. Ruth evidently possessed certain superior qualities which,

      being infused into this family, produced marked biological differences between the House of David and the rest of the tribe of Judah. Since the ancestry of

      Christ was contained in the House of David, it is likely that his house was affected by other favorable biological factors. Jesus was a descendant of the

      House of David, not of the Jew, who did not come into existence until nearly 450 years after the establishment of the House of David.

                                                DIVISION of the KINGDOM

                                                 POINT 10 ‑ Israel's Rebellion

      The union of Israel and Judah under David and Solomon was a political union. At the time of the division, during the reign of Rehoboam, there was no

      difficulty between Israel and Judah, the quarrel was between Israel and the House of David over the vexing question of taxation: "So Israel rebelled against

      the House of David unto this day.. .there was none that followed the House of David but the tribe of Judah only" (1 Kings 12:17‑20). For the complete

      story of this division, read 1 Kings, chapters 11 and 19, and 2 Chronicles 10 and 11.

                                             POINT 11 ‑ Benjamin Becomes a Light

      The tribe of Benjamin, one of the eleven, was promised to the House of David as a light in Jerusalem (1 Kings 11:13,32,36). So we read in 1 Kings 12:21

      that Benjamin was aligned with Judah after the division. We well may wonder about Benjamin being a "light for the House of David. What sort of Light

      was required in Jerusalem that Judah could not supply? What did Benjamin possess that Judah lacked? However absorbing these questions may be,

      they shall have to go un‑answered for the present.

                                           POINT 12 ‑ The Two Kingdoms Independent

      After the division, the ten tribes continued as the nation of Israel, the Lord's Dominion, with Jeroboan as king. The tribes of Judah and Benjamin, part of

      Levi, and the children of Israel who dwelt in the cities of Judah (1 Kings 12:17) became the Kingdom of Judah, with Rehoboan as their king. Some of the

      Israel people joined Rehoboam for religious reasons, but stayed with him for three years only (2 Chronicles 11:16‑17). During the reign of Asa, king of

      Judah, many Israelites joined him for religious reasons, (2 Chronicles 15:9), but it does not follow that these Israelites moved into the Kingdom of Judah.

      Later on we shall see that the children of Israel who dwelt in the cities of Judah and those who had joined Asa and Rehoboam for religious reasons did

      not become a part of the Jewish nation when that nation was established about 450 years later.

                                                THE ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY

                                             POINT 13 ‑ History of the Two Kingdoms

      Following the division between Israel and Judah, the vicissitudes of fortune which befell these Hebrew Kingdoms were much the same, except that the

      Kingdom of Judah did not have the dynastic difficulties which plagued the Kingdom of Israel. The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah were at war with each

      other most of the time, but we shall not here consider their histories other than to tell of their break‑up.

                                              POINT 14 ‑ Israel Goes Into Captivity

      "Within three score and five years shall Ephraim (Israel) be broken that it be not a nation" (Isaiah 7:8). This happened literally during the 65 years

      between 741 and 676 B.C. when the Assyrian kings, Tiglath‑pilneser, Shalmaneser, and Esar‑haddon, carried away the ten tribes to Media (1 Chronicles

      5:26). The final captivity by Esar‑haddon is not recorded in the Bible.

                                              POINT 15 ‑ Men of Judah Taken Away

      "In the fourteenth year of Hezekiah did Sennacherib, king of Assyria, come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them" (2 Kings 18:13). We

      have from Sennacherib's own records the following. "As for Hezekiah, the Jew who did not submit to my yoke, forty‑eight of his strong walled cities, as

      well as the small cities of their escalade and bringing up siege engines, by attacking and storming on foot, by mines, tunnels and

      breaches, I took 200,150 people, great and small, male and female; horses, mules, asses, camels, cattle and sheep without number, I brought from

      them as spoil. Himself, like a caged bird, I shut up in his royal city of Jerusalem."

                                           POINT 16 ‑ Only Inhabitants of Jerusalem Left

      This event occurred early in the reign of Sennacherib, who came to the Assyrian throne in 705 B.C. It is evident that he carried away all the people of the

      Kingdom of Judah except those who were shut up within the walls of Jerusalem.

                                                BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY

                                                 POINT 17 ‑ Jehoiakim Killed

      After the fall of Nineveh (612 B.C.), the Babylonians rapidly displaced the Assyrian power. When the victorious Babylonian king marched on Jerusalem,

      there was little that the then reigning king, Jehoiakim, could do but submit, which he did in 606 B.C. After three years, Jehoiakim rebelled, surrendered,

      and was killed; 3,025 of the people were then removed to Babylon (2 Kings 24:1‑6; Jeremiah 22:18,19; Jeremiah 36:30; Jeremiah 52:28; Josephus, Book

      10, Chapter 6). The prophet Ezekial was among these captives.

                                                 POINT 18 ‑ Jehoiakin Deposed

      Following the death of Jehoiakim, his son, Jehoiakin (also called Jeconiah or Coniah) was placed on the throne by Nebuchadnezzar. After a reign of three

      months and ten days, Jeconiab was deposed and exiled with the better element of his people (Josephus, Book 10, Chapter 7). "And he carried away all

      Jerusalem and all the princes and all the mighty men of valor, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths; none remained save the

      poorest sort of people of the land" (2 Kings 24:12‑16; Jeremiah 24:8).

                                             POINT 19 ‑ Zedekiah Last King of Judah

      Zedekiah followed Jeconiah on the throne, but he too rebelled. During the siege that followed, 832 captives were exiled; and sometime after the fall of

      Jerusalem, 745 captives were deported (Jeremiah 52:29,30). The total number of captives exiled from Jerusalem was only 4600, as recorded by

      Jeremiah. Note that the 10,000 exiled with Jehoichin are not included in the list in Jeremiah 52.

                                            POINT 20 ‑ Residue of Judah Flee to Egypt

      After the fall of Jerusalem and the exile of 4600 captives, there remained in that city a residue over which Gedeliah was placed as Governor Gedeliah was

      soon murdered, and the people, in fear of the Babylonians, disregarded the advice of Jeremiah and fled to Egypt, taking with them Jeremiah and the

      daughters of Zedekiah. Later Nebuchadnezzar conquered Egypt, made captives of the Jews there and sent them to Babylon (see: Jeremiah 39 to 45

      inclusive. Note that chapters 44 and 45 are particularly important).

                                             POINT 21 ‑ Fugitives Taken to Babylon

      "In 581 B.C., the few remaining Jews in Palestine allied themselves with the Moabites and made a last wild stand for independence. A final defeat

      followed by a final exile brought them to irretrievable ruin" (Passing Empires by Maspero). How many were exiled at this time and how many exiled from

      Egypt we do not know. Note here that there were two groups of Jews in Egypt at the time that Nebuchadnezzar conquered that country; those who dwelt

      in Egypt prior to the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, and those who had fled to Egypt after the murder of Gedeliah. It was the descendants of these captives

      from Egypt and of the 4600 deported from Jerusalem, who returned from Babylon and established themselves as the Jewish Nation in Palestine, about

      520 B.C.

                                              POINT 22 ‑ Jews Increase in Babylon

      If the "residue" removed to Babylon numbered 15,000, as one writer estimates, they could have increased easily during their captivity, to the number

      indicated by Ezra (about 50,000). They were urged to marry and raise large families (Jeremiah 29:5,6); and they added further to their number by

      inter‑marriage with the Babylonians. The Jews were severely criticized for this practice (Ezra 9:1,2; 10:10,13,14; Nehemiah 13:23,26). How much of an

      alien ad‑mixture the Jews received from this source is not known, but it must have been considerable judging from the drastic action taken in the matter

      by Ezra and Neheniah.

                                           POINT 23 ‑ Jews Who Returned to Jerusalem

      In Ezra 2:64,65, we are told that 42,460 of the congregation and 7,337 servants returned from Babylon; later arrivals brought the total to about 55,000.

      The servants were, of course, of alien or doubtful ancestry, otherwise they would have been numbered with the congregation. No doubt these servants

      were eventually absorbed and thus the Jews, in this manner alone, received an alien admixture of about one‑seventh. The Jews inter‑married with the

      Babylonians, Syrians and other races also, as previously pointed out, and such mixture with alien races seems to have been sufficient to change the

      physiognomy indicated in Isaiah 3:9.

                                               POINT 24 ‑ Effects of Inter‑marriage

      The mention of the fact that the Jews are of a mixed race is not intended as an aspersion on them. It should be noted that it is a biological virtue to keep

      the race pure. The Israelites were instructed, time and again, not to mix with other races. Both Jews and non‑Jews were offenders in this.

                                              POINT 25 ‑ Historians and Public Misled

      Today it is quite generally held that the ten tribes were "lost" by being absorbed by other races, The popular belief seems to be that Benjamin, part of

      Levi, the children of Israel who dwelt in the fenced cities of Judah, and those who joined Asa and Rehoboam for religious reasons, have long since

      amalgamated with the tribes of Judah, and that now ‑all Israel is represented in the present‑day Jew. Perhaps this is the reason why the names Israel,

      Judah, and Jew are held to be synonymous, although no basis for such a belief is to be found in the Scriptures. Compilers of Encyclopedias and

      Dictionaries seem naively unaware of the fact‑ that these names denote distinct groups among the descendants of Jacob (Israel). Once the error is

      accepted that the terms Israel and Jew are synonymous, the flood‑gates of error are wide open and there is nothing to hinder prophecies intended for

      Israel being applied to the Jews, even though the Holy Word says plainly "Israel."

                                                POINT 26 ‑ Sennacherib's Raid

      Those who hold to this idea should remember that Sennacherib carried away all the people of the Kingdom of Judah except those who were shut up in

      the city of Jerusalem. Most of these captives were Judah‑ites, but among them were Bejaminites, Levites, and elements of the other tribes. These

      captives were carried away one hundred years before the Babylonian captivity and were "lost" in the same manner as the ten tribes are supposed to

      ‑have been lost. It matters little whether these children of Israel who dwelt in the cities of Judah were few or many in number; they simply could not have

      been any part of the ancestry of the Jewish nation which was established after the Babylonian captivity.

                                               THE GOOD AND BAD FIGS

                                                 POINT 27 ‑ The Two Baskets

      In the 24th chapter of Jeremiah, we read about a final division in which the tribe of Judah was involved. Two baskets of figs, one bad, the other good, are

      used to symbolize two groups of Jews into which the Kingdom was divided at the time of the Babylonian captivity.

                                                  POINT 28 ‑ The Good Figs

      Jeconiah and the 10,000 exiled with him are the good figs, and there is good reason that Sennacherib's captives (200,150) also belong to the good figs.

      The promise to this group called "good figs" was that they shall be returned to Palestine and after being returned they shall not again be plucked up

      (Jeremiah 24.6).

                                                   POINT 29 ‑ The Bad Figs

      Zedekiah, and his princes, the residue left in Jerusalem, together with those who dwelt in Egypt, were the bad figs. In 2 Kings 24:14, they are called the

      "poorest sort" of the people of the land. It is this group that formed the nucleus of the Jewish Nation (Jeremiah 24:8). Below we quote without comment

      the last two verses of Jeremiah 24:

            "And I will deliver them to be removed into all the Kingdoms of the earth for their hurt, to be a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a

            curse, in all places whither I shall drive them. And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence among them until they be

            consumed from off the land that I gave unto their fathers."

                                              POINT 30 ‑ The Return to Jerusalem

      The group symbolized as good figs did not return to Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity. Had they returned, they would be there still, as they were

      promised that when they return, it would be permanent. Those who did return were the bad figs. The Babylonian captivity was not the dispersion spoken

      of in Jeremiah 24:9. The Jews were taken to Babylon, but they were not scattered; their dispersion dates from 70 A.D. The judgments pronounced upon

      the Jews in Jeremiah 24:9 and 10 are still in effect.

                                               POINT 31 ‑ Racial Ancestry of Jews

      We have already considered the tribal composition of the Kingdom of Judah, and we can readily believe that this remained essentially the same to the

      time of the Babylonian captivity. It seems also, that the residue left in Jerusalem under Zedekiah was substantially the same as to tribal composition;

      and we learn from Ezra 1:5 that it was these same tribal elements that participated in the return to Jerusalem. We learn from Nehemiah 7:73 and 11:3,4

      that some of the children of Israel were among those who first returned to Jerusalem, and that they were placed in cities by themselves but whatever the

      exact tribal composition may have been the "Residue" remained the same during the captivity, except for the alien elements absorbed in Babylon. The

      bad figs remained regardless of tribal origin.

                                            POINT 32 ‑ Jews Are A Remnant of Judah

      There may be some question about the Jews being wholly of the tribe of Judah. Of the 48,607 who first returned from Babylon, one writer estimates that

      about 30,000 were of the tribe of Judah. This indicates that 60% were Judah, taking no account of the alien admixture In the days of Jesus Christ, the

      Benjaminites (Galileans) lived apart from, and were considered to be poor relations by the Jews; and it is evident that they fled from Jerusalem before the

      Romans captured it in 70 A.D. as was prophesied they would do (Jeremiah 6:1; Hosea 5:8; Luke 21:20,21). Whether or not the Israelites who

      participated in the return from Babylon also segregated themselves from the Jews, is not known; however, it seems that today the Jews are

      predominantly of Judah and alien elements, the latter most likely in the majority.

                                             PALESTINE AND POPULATION

                                              POINT 33 ‑ Emigration from Palestine

      After the Israelites under Joshua's leadership entered Palestine, that country, which is roughly 160 miles long and 50 miles wide could not long continue

      to hold the rapidly increasing population. The 450 years from the time of David to the breaking‑up of the Kingdoms of Israel, was also the formative period

      for Medo‑Persia, Greece and Rome. Much of Europe was a wilderness, and it was natural for the people of Palestine to emigrate to these vacant areas

      away from their war‑torn world where several Empires contended for mastery.

                                          POINT 34 ‑ What Became of These Immigrants?

      In the days of the Judges, the people of Dan and Asher were sea‑faring folk (Judges 5:17). Dan is called a trader in Ezekial 27:19. It seems reasonable to

      believe that in this period, from the early days of Judges to the Babylonian and Assyrian captivities, the Israelites were leaving Palestine for Greece and

      other lands, individually, by family, and in larger groups. Here in the United States we are so close to the trekking of our immediate fore‑fathers to vacant

      land, that it is easy for us to understand why the Israelites of old left their troubled and crowded land to make new hones on virgin soil nearby. This

      seems to be the only logical explanation of what became of the millions of Israelites who once occupied Palestine.

                                            POINT 35 ‑ Population at the Time of David

      According to David's census, the ten tribes had 1,100,000 men of military age, and Judah had 470,000. Benjamin and Levi were not included in this

      census (1 Chronicles 21:5,6). Assuming that one‑eighth of the population were of military age, the people of Judah, Benjamin and the portion of Levi

      totaled about five million in the time of David.

                                                  POINT 36 ‑ Increase Natural

      During a period of about fifty years, from David's enumeration of the tribes to the death of Solomon, there was prosperity and comparative peace in

      Palestine. Under such circumstances, there must have been considerable increase in population. However, since we are using these figures for

      comparison, and wishing to be conservative, we shall use the figures given in the census of David.

                                                POINT 37 ‑ Israelites in Greece

      It is easily proven that much of Greece's early population was of Hebrew extraction. Dan left his name in many places as a marker; the name "Danai"

      occurs in Homer's Illiad and Odessey at least 147 times. The presence of Israelites in Greece was but a natural outgrowth of the existing conditions in

      that part of the world. To indicate that there is more than mere assertion to the claim that Israelites took an active part in the early life of Greece, we shall

      here incorporate an epistle from the Lacedemonian king to the High Priest in Jerusalem, also the High Priest 's reply.

                                           POINT 38 ‑ Letter from the Lacedemonian King

      "Areus, King of the Lacedemonians, to Oneus sendeth greetings. We have met with certain writings whereby we have discovered that both Jew and

      Lacedemonians are of one stock, and are derived from the kindred of Abraham. It is but just, therefore, that you who are brethren should send to us about

      any of your concern as you please. We will also do the same thing and esteem your concern as our own, and will look upon our concern as in common

      with yours.

                                               POINT 39 ‑ The High Priest's Reply

      When in former times an epistle was brought to Oneas who was our High Priest, from Areus, who was at that time your king, by Demoteles, concerning

      the kindred that was between us and you, a copy of which is hereby enjoined, we both joyfully received the epistle, and were well pleased with Areus and

      Demoteles, although we did not need a demonstration, because we were well satisfied about it from the sacred writings" (from Josephus, Book 12,

      chapter 6).

                                                   POINT 40 ‑ Comparisons

      We shall now summarize the figures given regarding the census of David and of the captivities, in order to show the relatively small number of the

      "residue" which was the nucleus of the Jewish Nation.

            5,000,000 ‑ Estimated population at time of David's census (see Point 35).

            200,150 ‑ Captives carried away by Sennacherib (see Point 15).

            4,699 ‑ Exiled by Nebuchadnezzar (see Points 17,19)

            15,000 ‑ The above 4699 plus captives in Egypt (see Point 20).

            55,000 ‑ Number of "residue" returned to Palestine (see Points 21,22,23)

                                              POINT 41 ‑ Jews Are Not All of Judah

      We have traced the origin of the Jewish Nation to a minor fraction of the tribe of Judah, some elements of the other Israel tribes, and a goodly portion of

      alien admixture. This residue, which developed into the Jewish nation, cannot rightly be said to be the tribe of Judah, any more than a fragment of a

      broken plate can be called the plate. True, the Jews came partly from Judah, but do not constitute the Tribe of Judah and cannot rightfully claim the

      prophecies for that tribe or for any other Israel tribe. It is evident that the writer of Acts thought of the Jews as distant from the tribe of Judah (Acts 26:7).

      This is clearer still in James, where we find that James addressed his epistle to the "twelve tribes scattered abroad" (James 1:1). The Jews were not

      scattered at the time James wrote this epistle, but the twelve tribes, including Judah, were scattered. Thus the Scriptures do not recognize the Jews as

      the whole tribe of Judah.

                                             POINT 42 ‑ Charter for "Jewish Nation"

      The ninth chapter of Daniel contains the charter for the Jewish Nation: A nation destined to endure for seventy prophetic weeks; on a scale of a day for a

      year, or 490 years (Ezekial 4:5,6). This nation was chosen of God to supply the background and surroundings for the coming of Messiah (Daniel

      9:24‑27). When those purposes were accomplished, the Jews rejected Christ as their Saviour when they cried, "Crucify Him, Crucify Him. His blood be

      on us and on our children" (Matthew 27:22‑25). They rejected Christ as King, also by declaring, "We have no king but Caesar" (John 19:15), thus

      violating their own law, according to which they should not acknowledge a king who was not of their own race (Deuteronomy 17). The legitimate mission

      of the Jewish Nation thus ended, and by their own actions they terminated their national charter even as Christ had previously told them: "The Kingdom of

      God shall be taken from you..." (Matthew 21:43). Note in this connection the marginal rendering of one line in Daniel 9:26, "The Jews they shall be no

      more His People." The dispersion of the Jews began when the Romans captured Jerusalem in 70 A.D. The dispersions and judgments pronounced upon

      the "residue" (Jews) in Jerusalem, as found in Jeremiah 24:8‑10, have continued down through the centuries, and the end is not yet.

                                               POINT 43 ‑ The Jews Were Never Lost

      Most people consider the ten tribes of Israel to be "lost." In like manner the tribes of Benjamin and Judah are lost, except for the Jews, a small fraction of

      the Kingdom of Judah. The Jews are not lost and have never been lost; the world has never been permitted to forget them. To write in detail of the Jews

      would be to write a history of the world; yet it may be well to point out here a few events in their history.

                                           POINT 44 ‑ Troubled Times for Jewish Nation

      Immediately after their return from Babylon, the Jews had "troublous" times while building the temple and walls about Jerusalem. Their condition was

      tolerable while they remained under the rather mild rule of Medo‑Persia; but after the fall of that Empire, the Jews were almost continually subject to

      persecution. Their condition became rather trying after the death of Alexander the Great, and was particularly bad after the battle of Ipsus (301 B.C.),

      when the Ptolemys became firmly established in Egypt, and when a few years later the Selucids became masters of Syria: These powers becoming

      respectively the "King of the South" and the "King of the North" mentioned in Daniel. These two nations were at war with each other most of the time, and

      Palestine, a strip of land bound on the west by the Mediterranean and on the east by the Jordan River and desert beyond, was a natural highway over

      which the contending forces of Egypt and Syria frequently moved. So Jerusalem became sort of a football between the contending armies, the Jews

      having to exist under ever changing rulership.

                                             POINT 45 ‑ Antiochus the Worst Oppressor

      The worst period for the Jews came during the rule of Antiochus Epiphanes (175‑164 B.C.). He took Jerusalem, slew 40,000 persons and plundered the

      temple. As a crowning insult to the Jews, Antiochus had a sow butchered in the "Holy of Holies" and its blood sprinkled on the sacred things in the

      temple. Antiochus sought to Helenize the Jews and was aided in that effort by some of the Jews themselves, but was stoutly opposed by the faithful.

      Evidently he planned a totalitarianism where all the people in this realm should adhere to a uniform religious practice dictated by him, with death the fate

      of the non‑conformists.

                                            POINT 46 ‑ Jews Come Under Roman Rule

      This brought on the Macabee wars, which in turn brought the Jews a short‑lived independence; but the successors of the Macabees soon promoted wars

      of their own and the fighting continued. At this time the Roman Empire was rapidly extending its rule; Syria became a Roman Province in 64 B.C., while

      Palestine and Egypt came under Roman rule soon after.

                                             POINT 47 ‑ The End of the Jewish Nation

      Seemingly the Jews did not profit by the experience of their ancestors; they rebelled in the face of hopeless odds, a mere handful of people, relatively,

      challenging Rome to battle when Rome was at the height of its power. The story of the siege and fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. contains some of the most

      horrible pages in the annals of mankind. But even this terrible drubbing did not suffice to quell the rebellious spirit of the Jews. Under the leadership of a

      supposed Messiah, one Simon Bar Cochebas, the Jews revolted once more in 132 to 135 A.D. The Romans, in exasperation, handed the Jews a worse

      drubbing than in 70 A.D. Vast numbers of the Jews were killed or sold into slavery, while those who escaped were denied access to Jerusalem, on pain

      of death, except by special permit.

                                               POINT 48 ‑ Racial Mixture of Jewry

      Some of the scattered Jews made their way to Spain, where they became mixed with the Spaniards and Moors, and are today known as the Sepharidim

      Jews. They are less than a million in number and scattered throughout Asia Minor, eastern and central Europe and Russia. Later on they were driven out

      of Constantinople, and during the Crusades had to flee from central Europe, where they were cruelly persecuted. Most of these found refuge in eastern

      Poland and Russia, where they became known as the Ashkenazim Jews. As early as 800 A.D. these Ashkenazim Jews came into contact with a nation

      in Russia known as the Khazars; many of these Khazars, including the rulers, adopted the Judaic religion, and thus were called Jews. From 1243 A.D.

      on for about 350 years, Russia was ruled by Mongol hordes, and that the Jews took on more alien admixture on account of these contacts seems


                                            POINT 49 ‑ Many Not of Israelitish Ancestry

      As we have noted, the Jews were a mixed race at the time of the return from Babylon. During the centuries which followed, down to their dispersion by

      the Romans, the Jews became further mixed with alien peoples who ruled over them. The large number of Jews scattered about the world as slaves,

      would be, of course, a source of racial blending. The Jews were always seeking proselytes, and these proselytes, being Jews in religion only, were

      eventually classed as Jews racially. Considering these factors, we can readily believe the Jewish race a thoroughly mixed one. Evidently it is a fact, as

      claimed by many, that a substantial portion of those who today call themselves Jews, are not descendants of Judah at all. Hence we can understand

      what is meant in Revelation 3:9, "of them which say they are Jews but are not...

                                             POINT 50 ‑ Prophecy Fulfilled by Jews

      Since the fall of Jerusalem, the Jews have been a people without king or country, scattered among the nations as the prophets said they would be

      (Jeremiah 24:8‑10; Ezekial 11:14‑21; Daniel 9:24‑27). These are the main prophecies in the Old Testament that deal with the Jews. See also Jeremiah

      15:4; 25:17‑18; 34:17; and chapters 13, 43, 44, 45.

                                              UNCONDITIONAL PROMISES

                                            POINT 51 ‑ Covenant of Promise to Abraham

      The following passages contain many of the unconditional promises made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob: Genesis 12:7; 15:5,14‑18; 17:2‑16; 18:18;

      22:16‑18; 26:3,4, 24; 28:13,14; 35:11; 48:4,19; Exodus 6:8.

      According to these promises, the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob should possess much land; should become as numerous as the stars in

      the heavens; should become a nation and a "company of nations." These prophecies have not been fulfilled by the Jews, who are few in number, about

      17 million at this time; and it is claimed that a majority of those who say they are Jews are not of the seed of Abraham at all. In place of being a

      "company of nations," the Jews have neither country, king nor government of their own. In the face of these facts, the claim that the Jews are God's

      "chosen people" and heirs to these unconditional promises, seems ridiculous.

                                          POINT 52 ‑ Promise to Ephraim and Mamasseh

      The unconditional promise made to Ephraim and Manasseh was that Ephraim should become a "multitude of nations;" Manasseh should become a

      "great people." Ephraim and Manasseh were the sons of Joseph, and each became a progenitor of a separate tribe in Israel. By what sort of legerdemain

      can these promises which were made to Ephraim and Manasseh be applied to the Jews?

                                           POINT 53 ‑ God Cannot Break His Covenants

      Has God changed His mind and abrogated His promise to the ten tribes? Has He excluded from these promises the descendants of Shelah and Zarah,

      the descendants of the 200,150 men carried away by Sennacherib (good figs) and the descendants of the millions who emigrated from Palestine:

      Emphatically NO! "By myself have I sworn, saith the Lord." (Genesis 22:16‑18; Hebrews 6:13; Luke 1:72‑73. "I will never break my covenant with you"

      (Judges 2:1: Ezekial 16:60).

                                             POINT 54 ‑ Early Jewish Claim to Palestine

      If you still believe that the Jews are heirs to Palestine, ponder well the following passage of Scripture: "Son of man, thy brethren, the men of thy kindred

      (tribe of Judah) and all the house of Israel wholly, are they unto whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem (the Jews) have said, Get you far from the Lord; unto

      us is this land given in possession. Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord God: Although I have cast them (the house of Israel wholly) far off among the

      heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be unto you a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come. Say

      therefore, Thus saith the Lord God: I will even gather you from the people, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will

      give you the land of Israel" (Ezekial 11:16‑17).

                                         POINT 55 ‑ Jews Are "the Inhabitants of Jerusalem"

      Ezekial wrote the above after Jehoichin and the 10,000 captives (good figs) were removed from Jerusalem in the second Babylonian captivity; while the

      "bad figs," who made this presumptuous claim, were still living in Jerusalem under Zedekiah. Read again Jeremiah 24, note also that Ezekial refers to the

      Jews as "inhabitants of Jerusalem," not as Judah. They were removed to Babylon during the siege and after the fall of Jerusalem, but they were not

      scattered at that time. They were later returned to Jerusalem and remained there as the Jewish Nation until 70 A.D.

                                            POINT 56 ‑ Day of Trouble for Jerusalem

                                       The descendants of these people (the "bad figs") together

      with certain alien elements (mostly atheistic) "who call themselves Jews but are not," are now gathering in Palestine as Jews. The fate of these people is

      clearly indicated in Zephaniah, first chapter: "Howl ye inhabitants of Maktesh" (a street in Jerusalem). Note that Zephaniah identifies them as

      "inhabitants," the same term used by Ezekial, and not as Judah. In verse 12 we read that the Lord "will search Jerusalem with candles and punish the

      men who are settled on their lees..." ‑ they shall also build houses but not inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards but not drink the wine thereof."

      The time of these events is the "Great Day of the Lord" (verse 14), evidently applying to the end of the age now approaching. Certainly if the Bible is true,

      these people who are now returning to Palestine as Jews will have to make way for the tribe of Judah and the house of Israel to whom the Lord said, "I

      will gather you from the people, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel."

                                                         POINT 57

      Prophetically there is no place for the Jews as a GROUP or NATION. Those who call themselves Jews "but are not" have no part in the promises made

      to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; other than the promises that apply to all NON‑Israelites: "In thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed" (Genesis

      12:3; 28:14). We have here a double promise that they nay share in the physical blessings of God's Kingdom after it is established on the earth; (Micah

      4:2‑14); and promise of personal salvation which is offered freely to every son of Adam, "out of every kindred and tongue and nation" (Revelation 5:9).

      Apart from salvation in Jesus Christ, there is now no place for the Jews, but their individual places with their brethren of the tribe of Judah, wherever it

      may be. Indeed, if the Jews as a GROUP inject themselves into the now developing World Drama, they will find themselves as terribly mistaken as were

      their progenitors 1900 years ago.

                                                        The End


      The Congregations of Israel is a confederation of individuals, families, Bible‑study groups, home and neighborhood churches, and local ministries all of

      which are autonomous and may or may not have any affiliation with other groups and organizations. The Congregations of Israel consider themselves

      to be the literal descendants of the twelve tribes of Israel through the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob‑Israel. We acknowledge the redemption of our

      people through the shed blood of our Saviour and consider ourselves to be "Christian Israelites," with "Christian" being a descriptive adjective of the term

      "Israelite." We place special emphasis on the early history, development, and migrations of the twelve tribes of the House of Israel and the House of

      Judah, from whom descended the Caucasian peoples, the Anglo‑Saxon, Celtic, Scandinavian, Germanic, and related nations. We believe God's moral,

      civil, and national law, as codified by Moses, should be the law of the land, if we wish to enjoy lasting peace, freedom, happiness, prosperity, and a close

      relationship with our Cod. The Congregations of Israel do not align with any political persuasion. We believe that our rights are guaranteed by the

      Constitution of the United States of America and the Bill of Rights, and allows us to voice our opinions on all matters which we consider are in violation of

      Cod's laws and our right to freedom of worship and expression. We are bound under the eight covenants listed in the Bible: (1) the Edenic Covenant,

      made with Adam in the Garden of Eden; (2) the Adamic Covenant, made with Adam after the fall from grace; (3) the Noahic Covenant, made with Noah

      following the flood; (4) the Abrahamic Covenant, made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob‑Israel; (5) the Mosaic Covenant, which was declared at Mount

      Sinai and is the basis for common law; (6) the Palestinian Covenant, made with Israel as they were about to enter Palestine; (7) the Davidic Covenant,

      setting forth the promises of God to the House of David; (8) the New Covenant, as brought by our Saviour, Christ Jesus. These Covenants between God

      and His people provide a summary of the total teaching and purpose of the Bible. We, as Israelites, are the recipients of the blessings of these

      Covenants His very elect and chosen, His servant people the Covenant People of God as found in the Bible.

      The End

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