St. Ignatius to the Magnesians Ignatius, also called Theophorus, to the Church at Magnesia by the Maeander, a church blessed
with the grace of God the Father through Jesus Christ our Savior, in whom I salute her. Heartiest greetings and good wishes to
her in God the Father and in Jesus Christ.
1. When I learned of your well‑ordered God‑inspired love, I was jubilant and decided to have a chat with you in the spirit of
the faith in Jesus Christ. I am privileged to bear a name radiant with divine splendor, and so in the chains which I carry about on
me, I sing the praises of the Churches and pray for union in their midst, a union based on the flesh and spirit of Jesus Christ, our
enduring life; a union based on faith and love‑‑the greatest blessing; and, most especially, a union with Jesus and the Father. If
in this union we patiently endure all the abuse of the Prince of this world and escape unscathed, we shall happily make our way
2. Now, then, it has been my privilege to have a glimpse of you all in the person of Damas, your bishop and a man of, and in
the persons of your worthy presbyters Bassus and Apollonius, and of my fellow servant, the deacon Zotion. Would that I might
enjoy the latter's company! He is obedient to the bishop as to the grace of God, and to the presbyters as to the law of Jesus
3. But for you, too, it is fitting not to take advantage of the bishop's youth, but rather, because he embodies the authority of
God the Father, to show him every mark of respect‑‑and your presbyters, so I learn, are doing just that: they do not seek to
profit by his youthfulness, which strikes the bodily eye; no, they are wise in God and therefore defer to him‑‑or, rather, not to
him, but to the Father of Jesus Christ, the bishop of all men. SO, then, for the honor of Him who has deigned to choose us, it is
proper to obey without any hypocrisy. It is not really that a man deceives this particular bishop who is visible, but tries to
overreach Him who is invisible. When this happens, his reckoning is not with man, but with God who knows what is secret.
4. The proper thing, then, is not merely to be styled Christians, but also to be such‑‑just as there are those who style a man
bishop, but completely disregard him in their conduct. Such persons do not seem to me to have a good conscience, inasmuch
as they do not assemble in the fixed order prescribed by him.
5. Now, as all things have an end, and those two issues, death and life, are set before us at one and the same time, so each man
is bound to go to his own place. It is the same as with two coinages, the one of God, the other of the world; and each of them
has its own stamp impressed upon it: the unbelievers bear the stamp of this world, while the believers, animated by love, bear
the stamp of God the Father through Jesus Christ, whose life is not in us unless we are ready of our own accord to die in order
to share in His Passion.
6. Since, then, in the persons mentioned before I have with the eyes of the faith looked upon your whole community and have
come to love it, I exhort you to strive to do all things in harmony with God: the bishop is to preside in the place of God, while
the presbyters are to function as the council of the Apostles, and the deacons, who are most dear to me, are entrusted with the
ministry of Jesus Christ, who before time began was with the Father and has at last appeared. Conform yourselves, then‑‑all of
you‑‑ to God's ways, and respect one another, and let no one regard his neighbor with the eyes of the flesh, but love one
another at all times in Jesus Christ. Let there be nothing among you tending to divide you, but be united with the bishop and
those who preside‑‑serving at once as a pattern and as a lesson of incorruptibility.
7. Just as the Lord, therefore, being one with the Father, did nothing without Him, either by Himself, or through the Apostles,
so neither must you undertake anything without the bishop and the presbyters; nor must you attempt to convince yourselves that
anything you do on your own account is acceptable. No; at your meetings there must be one prayer, one supplication, one
mind, one hope in love, in joy that is flawless, that is Jesus Christ, who stands supreme. Come together, all of you, as to one
temple and one altar, to one Jesus Christ‑‑to Him who came forth from one Father and yet remained with, and returned to,
8. Do not he led astray by those erroneous teachings and ancient fables which are utterly worthless. Indeed, if at this date we
still conform to Judaism, then we own that we have not received grace. Why, the Prophets, those men so very near to God,
lived in conformity with Christ Jesus. This, too, was the reason why they were persecuted, inspired as they were by His grace
to bring full conviction to an unbelieving world that there is one God, who manifested Himself through Jesus Christ, His
Son‑‑who, being His Word, came forth out of the silence into the world and won the full approval of Him whose Ambassador
9. Consequently, if the people who were given to obsolete practices faced the hope of a new life, and if these no longer
observe the Sabbath, but regulate their calendar by the Lord's Day, the day, too, on which our Life rose by His power and
through the medium of His death‑‑though some deny this; and if to this mystery we owe our faith and because of it submit to
sufferings to prove ourselves disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Teacher: how, then, can we possibly live apart from Him of
whom, by the working of the Spirit, even the Prophets were disciples and to whom they looked forward as their Teacher? And
so He, for whom they rightly waited, came and raised them from the dead.
10. Let us not, then, be insensible to His loving kindness. Certainly, if He were to imitate our way of acting, we should be done
for instantly. We must, therefore, prove ourselves His disciples and learn to live like Christians. Assuredly whoever is called by
a name other than this, is not of God. Hence, put away the deteriorated leaven, a leaven stale and sour, and turn to the new
leaven, that is, Jesus Christ. Be salted in Him to keep any among you from being spoiled, for by your odor you will be tested. It
is absurd to have Jesus Christ on the lips, and at the same time live like a Jew. No; Christianity did not believe in Judaism, but
Judaism believed in Christianity, and in its bosom was assembled everyone professing faith in God.
11. Now this, dearly beloved, I do not write as though I had learned that any of you were men of that description, but because,
as one who is not your superior, I merely wish to warn you betimes not to yield to the bait of false doctrine, but to believe most
steadfastly in the birth, the Passion, and the Resurrection, which took place during the procuratorship of Pontius Pilate. Facts
these are, real and established by Jesus Christ, our hope. May God grant that none of you may relinquish it!
12. May you be my joy in all respects, if indeed I deserve it! For, though I am in chains, compared with one of you who are
free, I am nothing. I know that you are not conceited, for you have Jesus Christ in you. What is more, I know that when I
praise you, you blush, just as the Scripture says: The just man is his own accuser.
13. Be zealous, therefore, to stand squarely on the decrees of the Lord and the Apostles, that in all things whatsoever you may
prosper, in body and in soul, in faith and in love, in the Son and the Father and the Spirit, in the beginning and the end, together
with your most reverend bishop and with your presbytery‑‑that fittingly woven spiritual crown! ‑‑and with your deacons, men
of God. Submit to the bishop and to each other's rights, just as did Jesus Christ in the flesh to the Father, and as the Apostles
did to Christ and the Father and the Spirit, so that there may be oneness both of flesh and of spirit.
14. Knowing that you are steeped in God, I am exhorting you but briefly. Remember me in your prayers that I may happily
make my way to God. Remember, too, the Church in Syria, of which I am an unworthy member. Yes, I do stand in need of
your God‑inspired prayer and your love. Thus the Church in Syria will be privileged through your Church to be quickened with
15. The Ephesians at Smyrna‑‑the place from which I am writing to you‑‑send their greetings. Like yourselves, they have come
here for the glory of God. They have revived my spirits in every way, as does Polycarp, the bishop of Smyrna. The rest of the
Churches, too, beg to be remembered in honor of Jesus Christ. Farewell‑‑you who, being of one mind with God, possess an
unflinching spirit‑‑which is to be like Jesus Christ.