Watchman Willie Martin Archive

Book of Enoch

Section I. Chapters I‑XXXVI


I‑V. Parable of Enoch on the Future Lot of the Wicked and the Righteous.


1 The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be

2 living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said ‑‑ Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is

3 for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them: The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,

4 And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, [And appear from His camp] And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.

5 And all shall be smitten with fear And the Watchers shall quake, And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.

6 And the high mountains shall be shaken, And the high hills shall be made low, And shall melt like wax before the flame.

7 And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).

8 But with the righteous He will make peace, And will protect the elect, And mercy shall be upon them. And they shall all belong to God, And they shall be prospered, And they shall all be blessed. And He will help them all, And light shall appear unto them, And He will make peace with them.

9 And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy all the ungodly: And to convict all flesh Of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.


1 Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven, how they do not change their orbits, and the luminaries which are in the heaven, how they all rise and set in order each in its season, and

2 transgress not against their appointed order. Behold ye the earth, and give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, how steadfast they are, how none of the things upon earth

3 change, but all the works of God appear to you. Behold the summer and the winter, how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds and dew and rain lie upon it.


Observe and see how (in the winter) all the trees seem as though they had withered and shed all their leaves, except fourteen trees, which do not lose their foliage but retain the old foliage from two to three years till the new comes.


And again, observe ye the days of summer how the sun is above the earth over against it. And you seek shade and shelter by reason of the heat of the sun, and the earth also burns with glowing heat, and so you cannot tread on the earth, or on a rock by reason of its heat.


1 Observe ye how the trees cover themselves with green leaves and bear fruit: wherefore give ye heed and know with regard to all His works, and recognize how He that liveth for ever hath made them so.

2 And all His works go on thus from year to year for ever, and all the tasks which they accomplish for Him, and their tasks change not, but according as God hath ordained so is it done.

3 And behold how

the sea and the rivers in like manner accomplish and change

not their tasks from His commandments'.

4 But ye ‑‑ye have not been steadfast, nor done the

commandments of the Lord,

But ye have turned away and spoken proud and hard words

With your impure mouths against His greatness.

Oh, ye hard‑hearted, ye shall find no peace.

5 Therefore shall ye execrate your days,

And the years of your life shall perish,

And the years of your destruction shall be multiplied in

eternal execration,

And ye shall find no mercy.

6a In those days ye shall make your names an eternal

execration unto all the righteous,

b And by you shall all who curse, curse,

And all the sinners and godless shall imprecate by you,

7c And for you the godless there shall be a curse.

6d And all the ... shall rejoice,

e And there shall be forgiveness of sins,

f And every mercy and peace and forbearance:

g There shall be salvation unto them, a goodly light.

i And for all of you sinners there shall be no salvation,

j But on you all shall abide a curse.

7a But for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace,

b And they shall inherit the earth.

8 And then there shall be bestowed upon the elect wisdom,

And they shall all live and never again sin,

Either through ungodliness or through pride:

But they who are wise shall be humble.

9 And they shall not again transgress,

Nor shall they sin all the days of their life,

Nor shall they die of (the divine) anger or wrath,

But they shall complete the number of the days of their life.

And their lives shall be increased in peace,

And the years of their joy shall be multiplied,

In eternal gladness and peace,

All the days of their life.

VI‑XI. The Fall of the Angels: the Demoralization of

Mankind: the

Intercession of the Angels on behalf of Mankind. The


pronounced by God on the Angels of the Messianic

Kingdom‑‑ (a

Noah fragment).


1 And it came to pass when the children of men had

multiplied that in those days were born unto 2

them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the

children of the heaven, saw and lusted after

them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives

from among the children of men 3 and

beget us children.' And Semjz, who was their leader, said

unto them: 'I fear ye will not 4 indeed

agree to do this deed, and I alone shall have to pay the

penalty of a great sin.' And they all answered

him and said: 'Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves

by mutual imprecations 5 not to abandon

this plan but to do this thing.' Then sware they all together

and bound themselves 6 by mutual

imprecations upon it. And they were in all two hundred; who

descended in the days of Jared on the

summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon,

because they had sworn 7 and bound

themselves by mutual imprecations upon it. And these are

the names of their leaders: Samazz, their

leader, Arkba, Rml, Kkabl, Tml, Rml, Dnl,

zql, Barqjl, 8 Asl, Armrs,

Batrl, Annl, Zaql, Samspl, Satarl, Trl, Jmjl,

Saril. These are their chiefs of tens.


1 And all the others together with them took unto themselves

wives, and each chose for himself one,

and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves

with them, and they taught them charms 2

and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them

acquainted with plants. And they 3

became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height

was three thousand ells: Who consumed 4

all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer

sustain them, the giants turned against 5

them and devoured mankind. And they began to sin against

birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and 6 fish,

and to devour one another's flesh, and drink the blood. Then

the earth laid accusation against the

lawless ones.


1 And Azzl taught men to make swords, and knives, and

shields, and breastplates, and made

known to them the metals of the earth and the art of working

them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and

the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and

all kinds of costly stones, and all 2

colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and

they committed fornication, and they 3

were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways.

Semjz taught enchantments, and

root‑cuttings, 'Armrs the resolving of enchantments,

Barqjl (taught) astrology, Kkabl the

constellations, zql the knowledge of the clouds, Araqil

the signs of the earth, Shamsil the signs

of the sun, and Saril the course of the moon. And as men

perished, they cried, and their cry went up

to heaven...


1 And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down

from heaven and saw much blood

being 2 shed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being

wrought upon the earth. And they said one to

another: 'The earth made without inhabitant cries the voice of

their cryingst up to the gates of heaven.

3 And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls of men

make their suit, saying, "Bring our cause

4 before the Most High."' And they said to the Lord of the

ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of

kings, and God of the ages, the throne of Thy glory (standeth)

unto all the generations of the 5 ages,

and Thy name holy and glorious and blessed unto all the

ages! Thou hast made all things, and power

over all things hast Thou: and all things are naked and open in

Thy sight, and Thou seest all 6 things,

and nothing can hide itself from Thee. Thou seest what Azzl

hath done, who hath taught all

unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets

which were (preserved) in heaven, which 7

men were striving to learn: And Semjz, to whom Thou hast

given authority to bear rule over his

associates. And they have gone to the daughters of men

upon the earth, and have slept with the 9

women, and have defiled themselves, and revealed to them

all kinds of sins. And the women have 10

borne giants, and the whole earth has thereby been filled with

blood and unrighteousness. And now,

behold, the souls of those who have died are crying and

making their suit to the gates of heaven, and

their lamentations have ascended: and cannot cease because

of the lawless deeds which are 11

wrought on the earth. And Thou knowest all things before

they come to pass, and Thou seest these

things and Thou dost suffer them, and Thou dost not say to us

what we are to do to them in regard to



1 Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and

sent Uriel to the son of Lamech, 2

and said to him: 'Go to Noah and tell him in my name "Hide

thyself!" and reveal to him the end that is

approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a

deluge is about to come 3 upon the whole

earth, and will destroy all that is on it. And now instruct him

that he may escape 4 and his seed may be

preserved for all the generations of the world.' And again the

Lord said to Raphael: 'Bind Azzl hand

and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an

opening 5 in the desert, which is in Ddl, and

cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks,

and cover him with darkness, and let

him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may 6,7

not see light. And on the day of the great

judgement he shall be cast into the fire. And heal the earth

which the angels have corrupted, and

proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may heal the

plague, and that all the children of men may

not perish through all the secret things that the 8 Watchers

have disclosed and have taught their sons.

And the whole earth has been corrupted 9 through the works

that were taught by Azzl: to him

ascribe all sin.' And to Gabriel said the Lord: 'Proceed against

the bastards and the reprobates, and

against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children

of fornication and] the children of the

Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]:

send them one against the other that they

may destroy each other in 10 battle: for length of days shall

they not have. And no request that they

(i.e. their fathers) make of thee shall be granted unto their

fathers on their behalf; for they hope to live

an eternal life, and 11 that each one of them will live five

hundred years.' And the Lord said unto

Michael: 'Go, bind Semjz and his associates who have

united themselves with women so as to have

defiled themselves 12 with them in all their uncleanness. And

when their sonshave slain one another,

and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones,

bind them fast for seventy generations in the

valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their

consummation, till the judgement that is

13 for ever and ever is consummated. In those days they

shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and 14 to

the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for

ever. And whosoever shall be

condemned and destroyed will from thenceforth be bound

together with them to the end of all 15

generations. And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and

the children of the Watchers, because 16

they have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face

of the earth and let every evil work

come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth

appear: and it shall prove a blessing; the

works of righteousness and truth' shall be planted in truth and

joy for evermore.

17 And then shall all the righteous escape,

And shall live till they beget thousands of children,

And all the days of their youth and their old age

Shall they complete in peace.

18 And then shall the whole earth be tilled in righteousness,

and shall all be planted with trees and 19 be

full of blessing. And all desirable trees shall be planted on it,

and they shall plant vines on it: and the

vine which they plant thereon shall yield wine in abundance,

and as for all the seed which is sown

thereon each measure (of it) shall bear a thousand, and each

measure of olives shall yield 20 ten

presses of oil. And cleanse thou the earth from all

oppression, and from all unrighteousness, and from

all sin, and from all godlessness: and all the uncleanness that

is wrought upon the earth 21 destroy from

off the earth. And all the children of men shall become

righteous, and all nations 22 shall offer

adoration and shall praise Me, and all shall worship Me. And

the earth shall be cleansed from all

defilement, and from all sin, and from all punishment, and

from all torment, and I will never again send

(them) upon it from generation to generation and for ever.


1 And in those days I will open the store chambers of

blessing which are in the heaven, so as to send 2

them down upon the earth over the work and labour of the

children of men. And truth and peace shall

be associated together throughout all the days of the world

and throughout all the generations of men.'

XII‑XVI. Dream‑Vision of Enoch: his Intercession for

Azzl and

the Fallen Angels: and his Announcement of their first

and final



1 Before these things Enoch was hidden, and no one of the

children of men knew where he was 2

hidden, and where he abode, and what had become of him.

And his activities had to do with the

Watchers, and his days were with the holy ones. 3 And I

Enoch was blessing the Lord of majesty and

the King of the ages, and lo! the Watchers 4 called me ‑‑Enoch

the scribe‑‑ and said to me: 'Enoch,

thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the Watchers of

the heaven who have left the high heaven,

the holy eternal place, and have defiled themselves with

women, and have done as the children of

earth do, and have taken unto themselves 5 wives: "Ye have

wrought great destruction on the earth:

And ye shall have no peace nor forgiveness 6 of sin: and

inasmuch as they delight themselves in their

children, The murder of their beloved ones shall they see,

and over the destruction of their children

shall they lament, and shall make supplication unto eternity,

but mercy and peace shall ye not attain."'


1 And Enoch went and said: 'Azzl, thou shalt have no

peace: a severe sentence has gone forth 2

against thee to put thee in bonds: And thou shalt not have

toleration nor request granted to thee,

because of the unrighteousness which thou hast taught, and

because of all the works of godlessness 3

and unrighteousness and sin which thou hast shown to men.'

Then I went and spoke to them all 4

together, and they were all afraid, and fear and trembling

seized them. And they besought me to draw

up a petition for them that they might find forgiveness, and to

read their petition in the presence 5 of

the Lord of heaven. For from thenceforward they could not

speak (with Him) nor lift up their 6 eyes

to heaven for shame of their sins for which they had been

condemned. Then I wrote out their petition,

and the prayer in regard to their spirits and their deeds

individually and in regard to their 7 requests

that they should have forgiveness and length. And I went off

and sat down at the waters of Dan, in the

land of Dan, to the south of the west of Hermon: I read their

petition till I fell 8 asleep. And behold a

dream came to me, and visions fell down upon me, and I saw

visions of chastisement, and a voice

came bidding (me) to tell it to the sons of heaven, and

reprimand them. 9 And when I awaked, I came

unto them, and they were all sitting gathered together,

weeping in 10 'Abelsjl, which is between

Lebanon and Snsr, with their faces covered. And I

recounted before them all the visions which I

had seen in sleep, and I began to speak the words of

righteousness, and to reprimand the heavenly



1 The book of the words of righteousness, and of the

reprimand of the eternal Watchers in

accordance 2 with the command of the Holy Great One in that

vision. I saw in my sleep what I will

now say with a tongue of flesh and with the breath of my

mouth: which the Great One has given to

men to 3 converse therewith and understand with the heart.

As He has created and given to man the

power of understanding the word of wisdom, so hath He

created me also and given me the power of

reprimanding 4 the Watchers, the children of heaven. I wrote

out your petition, and in my vision it

appeared thus, that your petition will not be granted unto you

throughout all the days of eternity, and

that judgement 5 has been finally passed upon you: yea (your

petition) will not be granted unto you.

And from henceforth you shall not ascend into heaven unto

all eternity, and in bonds of the earth the

decree 6 has gone forth to bind you for all the days of the

world. And (that) previously you shall have

seen the destruction of your beloved sons and ye shall have

no pleasure in them, but they shall fall

before 7 you by the sword. And your petition on their behalf

shall not be granted, nor yet on your

own: even though you weep and pray and speak all the

words contained in the writing which I have 8

written. And the vision was shown to me thus: Behold, in the

vision clouds invited me and a mist

summoned me, and the course of the stars and the lightnings

sped and hastened me, and the winds in

9 the vision caused me to fly and lifted me upward, and bore

me into heaven. And I went in till I drew

nigh to a wall which is built of crystals and surrounded by

tongues of fire: and it began to affright 10

me. And I went into the tongues of fire and drew nigh to a

large house which was built of crystals: and

the walls of the house were like a tesselated floor (made) of

crystals, and its groundwork was 11 of

crystal. Its ceiling was like the path of the stars and the

lightnings, and between them were 12 fiery

cherubim, and their heaven was (clear as) water. A flaming

fire surrounded the walls, and its 13 portals

blazed with fire. And I entered into that house, and it was hot

as fire and cold as ice: there 14 were no

delights of life therein: fear covered me, and trembling gat

hold upon me. And as I quaked 15 and

trembled, I fell upon my face. And I beheld a vision, And lo!

there was a second house, greater 16

than the former, and the entire portal stood open before me,

and it was built of flames of fire. And in

every respect it so excelled in splendour and magnificence

and extent that I cannot describe to 17 you

its splendour and its extent. And its floor was of fire, and

above it were lightnings and the path 18 of

the stars, and its ceiling also was flaming fire. And I looked

and saw therein a lofty throne: its

appearance was as crystal, and the wheels thereof as the

shining sun, and there was the vision of 19

cherubim. And from underneath the throne came streams of

flaming fire so that I could not look 20

thereon. And the Great Glory sat thereon, and His raiment

shone more brightly than the sun and 21

was whiter than any snow. None of the angels could enter

and could behold His face by reason 22 of

the magnificence and glory and no flesh could behold Him.

The flaming fire was round about Him, and

a great fire stood before Him, and none around could draw

nigh Him: ten thousand times 23 ten

thousand (stood) before Him, yet He needed no counselor.

And the most holy ones who were 24 nigh

to Him did not leave by night nor depart from Him. And until

then I had been prostrate on my face,

trembling: and the Lord called me with His own mouth, and

said to me: 'Come hither, 25 Enoch, and

hear my word.' And one of the holy ones came to me and

waked me, and He made me rise up and

approach the door: and I bowed my face downwards.


1 And He answered and said to me, and I heard His voice:

'Fear not, Enoch, thou righteous 2 man

and scribe of righteousness: approach hither and hear my

voice. And go, say to the Watchers of

heaven, who have sent thee to intercede for them: "You

should intercede" for men, and not men 3 for

you: Wherefore have ye left the high, holy, and eternal

heaven, and lain with women, and defiled

yourselves with the daughters of men and taken to

yourselves wives, and done like the children 4 of

earth, and begotten giants (as your) sons? And though ye

were holy, spiritual, living the eternal life,

you have defiled yourselves with the blood of women, and

have begotten (children) with the blood of

flesh, and, as the children of men, have lusted after flesh and

blood as those also do who die 5 and

perish. Therefore have I given them wives also that they

might impregnate them, and beget 6 children

by them, that thus nothing might be wanting to them on earth.

But you were formerly 7 spiritual, living

the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the world.

And therefore I have not appointed

wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of the heaven, in

heaven is their dwelling. 8 And now, the

giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be

called evil spirits upon 9 the earth, and on

the earth shall be their dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded

from their bodies; because they are born

from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and

primal origin; 10 they shall be evil spirits

on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called. [As for the

spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their

dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born

upon the earth, on the earth shall be their

dwelling.] And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress,

destroy, attack, do battle, and work

destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no

food, but nevertheless 12 hunger and thirst,

and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up against the

children of men and against the women,

because they have proceeded from them.


1 From the days of the slaughter and destruction and death of

the giants, from the souls of whose flesh

the spirits, having gone forth, shall destroy without incurring

judgement ‑‑thus shall they destroy until

the day of the consummation, the great judgement in which

the age shall be 2 consummated, over the

Watchers and the godless, yea, shall be wholly

consummated." And now as to the watchers who

have sent thee to intercede for them, who had been aforetime

in heaven, (say 3 to them): "You have

been in heaven, but all the mysteries had not yet been

revealed to you, and you knew worthless ones,

and these in the hardness of your hearts you have made

known to the women, and through these

mysteries women and men work much evil on earth." 4 Say

to them therefore: "You have no peace."'

XVII‑XXXVI. Enoch's Journeys through the Earth and


XVII‑XIX. The First Journey.


1 And they took and brought me to a place in which those

who were there were like flaming fire, 2

and, when they wished, they appeared as men. And they

brought me to the place of darkness, and to

a mountain the point of whose summit reached to heaven.

And I saw the places of the luminaries and

the treasuries of the stars and of the thunder and in the

uttermost depths, where were 4 a fiery bow

and arrows and their quiver, and a fiery sword and all the

lightnings. And they took 5 me to the living

waters, and to the fire of the west, which receives every

setting of the sun. And I came to a river of

fire in which the fire flows like water and discharges itself into

the great sea towards 6 the west. I saw

the great rivers and came to the great river and to the great

darkness, and went 7 to the place where

no flesh walks. I saw the mountains of the darkness of winter

and the place 8 whence all the waters of

the deep flow. I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the earth

and the mouth of the deep.


1 I saw the treasuries of all the winds: I saw how He had

furnished with them the whole creation 2 and

the firm foundations of the earth. And I saw the corner‑stone

of the earth: I saw the four 3 winds

which bear [the earth and] the firmament of the heaven. And I

saw how the winds stretch out the

vaults of heaven, and have their station between heaven and

earth: these are the pillars 4 of the

heaven. I saw the winds of heaven which turn and bring the

circumference of the sun and 5 all the stars

to their setting. I saw the winds on the earth carrying the

clouds: I saw the paths 6 of the angels. I saw

at the end of the earth the firmament of the heaven above.

And I proceeded and saw a place which

burns day and night, where there are seven mountains of

magnificent stones, 7 three towards the east,

and three towards the south. And as for those towards the

east, one was of coloured stone, and one

of pearl, and one of jacinth, and those towards the south of

red stone. 8 But the middle one reached

to heaven like the throne of God, of alabaster, and the summit

of the 9,10 throne was of sapphire. And

I saw a flaming fire. And beyond these mountains Is a region

the end of the great earth: there the

heavens were completed. And I saw a deep abyss, with

columns of heavenly fire, and among them I

saw columns of fire fall, which were beyond measure alike

towards 12 the height and towards the

depth. And beyond that abyss I saw a place which had no

firmament of the heaven above, and no

firmly founded earth beneath it: there was no water upon it,

and no 13 birds, but it was a waste and

horrible place. I saw there seven stars like great burning

mountains, 14 and to me, when I inquired

regarding them, The angel said: 'This place is the end of

heaven and 15 earth: this has become a prison

for the stars and the host of heaven. And the stars which roll

over the fire are they which have

transgressed the commandment of the Lord in the beginning

of 16 their rising, because they did not

come forth at their appointed times. And He was wroth with

them, and bound them till the time when

their guilt should be consummated (even) for ten thousand



1 And Uriel said to me: 'Here shall stand the angels who have

connected themselves with women, and

their spirits assuming many different forms are defiling

mankind and shall lead them astray into

sacrificing to demons as gods, (here shall they stand,) till the

day of the great judgement in 2 which

they shall be judged till they are made an end of. And the

women also of the angels who 3 went astray

shall become sirens.' And I, Enoch, alone saw the vision, the

ends of all things: and no man shall see

as I have seen.

XX. Names and Functions of the Seven Archangels.


1,2 And these are the names of the holy angels who watch.

Uriel, one of the holy angels, who is 3 over

the world and over Tartarus. Raphael, one of the holy angels,

who is over the spirits of men. 4,5

Raguel, one of the holy angels who takes vengeance on the

world of the luminaries. Michael, one 6 of

the holy angels, to wit, he that is set over the best part of

mankind and over chaos. Saraql, 7 one of

the holy angels, who is set over the spirits, who sin in the

spirit. Gabriel, one of the holy 8 angels, who

is over Paradise and the serpents and the Cherubim. Remiel,

one of the holy angels, whom God set

over those who rise.

XXI‑XXXVI. The Second Journey of Enoch.

XXI. Preliminary and final Place of Punishment of the

fallen Angels (stars).


1,2 And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. And I saw

there something horrible: I saw neither 3

a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place

chaotic and horrible. And there I saw 4 seven

stars of the heaven bound together in it, like great mountains

and burning with fire. Then 5 I said: 'For

what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been

cast in hither?' Then said Uriel, one of

the holy angels, who was with me, and was chief over them,

and said: 'Enoch, why 6 dost thou ask,

and why art thou eager for the truth? These are of the number

of the stars of heaven, which have

transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and are bound

here till ten thousand years, 7 the time

entailed by their sins, are consummated.' And from thence I

went to another place, which was still

more horrible than the former, and I saw a horrible thing: a

great fire there which burnt and blazed,

and the place was cleft as far as the abyss, being full of great

descending columns of 8 fire: neither its

extent or magnitude could I see, nor could I conjecture. Then I

said: 'How 9 fearful is the place and

how terrible to look upon!' Then Uriel answered me, one of

the holy angels who was with me, and

said unto me: 'Enoch, why hast thou such fear and affright?'

And 10 I answered: 'Because of this

fearful place, and because of the spectacle of the pain.' And

he said unto me: 'This place is the prison

of the angels, and here they will be imprisoned for ever.'

XXII. Sheol or the Underworld.


1 And thence I went to another place, and he mountain [and]

of hard rock. 2 And there was in it four

hollow places, deep and wide and very smooth. How smooth

are the hollow places and deep and

dark to look at. 3 Then Raphael answered, one of the holy

angels who was with me, and said unto

me: 'These hollow places have been created for this very

purpose, that the spirits of the souls of the

dead should 4 assemble therein, yea that all the souls of the

children of men should assemble here.

And these places have been made to receive them till the day

of their judgement and till their

appointed period [till the period appointed], till the great

judgement (comes) upon them.' I saw (the

spirit of) a dead man making suit, 5 and his voice went forth to

heaven and made suit. And I asked

Raphael the angel who was 6 with me, and I said unto him:

'This spirit which maketh suit, whose is it,

whose voice goeth forth and maketh suit to heaven?' 7 And

he answered me saying: 'This is the spirit

which went forth from Abel, whom his brother Cain slew, and

he makes his suit against him till his

seed is destroyed from the face of the earth, and his seed is

annihilated from amongst the seed of

men.' 8 The I asked regarding it, and regarding all the hollow

places: 'Why is one separated from the

other?' 9 And he answered me and said unto me: 'These

three have been made that the spirits of the

dead might be separated. And such a division has been make

(for) the spirits of the righteous, in

which there is the bright spring of 10 water. And such has

been made for sinners when they die and

are buried in the earth and judgement has not been executed

on them in their 11 lifetime. Here their

spirits shall be set apart in this great pain till the great day of

judgement and punishment and torment

of those who curse for ever and retribution for their spirits.

There 12 He shall bind them for ever. And

such a division has been made for the spirits of those who

make their suit, who make disclosures

concerning their destruction, when they were slain in the

days 13 of the sinners. Such has been made

for the spirits of men who were not righteous but sinners,

who were complete in transgression, and of

the transgressors they shall be companions: but their spirits

shall not be slain in the day of judgement

nor shall they be raised from thence.' 14 The I blessed the

Lord of glory and said: 'Blessed be my

Lord, the Lord of righteousness, who ruleth for ever.'

XXIII. The fire that deals with the Luminaries of



1,2 From thence I went to another place to the west of the

ends of the earth. And I saw a burning 3 fire

which ran without resting, and paused not from its course day

or night but (ran) regularly. And 4 I

asked saying: 'What is this which rests not?' Then Raguel,

one of the holy angels who was with me,

answered me and said unto me: 'This course of fire which

thou hast seen is the fire in the west which

persecutes all the luminaries of heaven.'

XXIV‑XXV. The Seven Mountains in the North‑West and

the Tree of Life.


1 And from thence I went to another place of the earth, and he

showed me a mountain range of 2 fire

which burnt day and night. And I went beyond it and saw

seven magnificent mountains all differing

each from the other, and the stones (thereof) were

magnificent and beautiful, magnificent as a whole,

of glorious appearance and fair exterior: three towards the

east, one founded on the other, and three

towards the south, one upon the other, and deep rough

ravines, no one of which 3 joined with any

other. And the seventh mountain was in the midst of these,

and it excelled them 4 in height, resembling

the seat of a throne: and fragrant trees encircled the throne.

And amongst them was a tree such as I

had never yet smelt, neither was any amongst them nor were

others like it: it had a fragrance beyond

all fragrance, and its leaves and blooms and wood wither not

for ever: 5 and its fruit is beautiful, and

its fruit n resembles the dates of a palm. Then I said: 'How

beautiful is this tree, and fragrant, and its

leaves are fair, and its blooms very delightful in appearance.'

6 Then answered Michael, one of the

holy and honoured angels who was with me, and was their



1 And he said unto me: 'Enoch, why dost thou ask me

regarding the fragrance of the tree, 2 and why

dost thou wish to learn the truth?' Then I answered him

saying: 'I wish to 3 know about everything, but

especially about this tree.' And he answered saying: 'This

high mountain which thou hast seen, whose

summit is like the throne of God, is His throne, where the

Holy Great One, the Lord of Glory, the

Eternal King, will sit, when He shall come down to visit 4 the

earth with goodness. And as for this

fragrant tree no mortal is permitted to touch it till the great

judgement, when He shall take vengeance

on all and bring (everything) to its consummation 5 for ever. It

shall then be given to the righteous and

holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be

transplanted to the holy place, to the temple of

the Lord, the Eternal King.

6 Then shall they rejoice with joy and be glad,

And into the holy place shall they enter;

And its fragrance shall be in their bones,

And they shall live a long life on earth,

Such as thy fathers lived:

And in their days shall no sorrow or plague

Or torment or calamity touch them.'

7 Then blessed I the God of Glory, the Eternal King, who hath

prepared such things for the righteous,

and hath created them and promised to give to them.

XXVI. Jerusalem and the Mountains, Ravines, and



1 And I went from thence to the middle of the earth, and I saw

a blessed place in which there were 2

trees with branches abiding and blooming [of a dismembered

tree]. And there I saw a holy mountain,

3 and underneath the mountain to the east there was a stream

and it flowed towards the south. And I

saw towards the east another mountain higher than this, and

between them a deep and narrow 4

ravine: in it also ran a stream underneath the mountain. And

to the west thereof there was another

mountain, lower than the former and of small elevation, and a

ravine deep and dry between 5 them:

and another deep and dry ravine was at the extremities of the

three mountains. And all the ravines

were deep rand narrow, (being formed) of hard rock, and

trees were not planted upon 6 them. And I

marveled at the rocks, and I marveled at the ravine, yea, I

marveled very much.

XXVII. The Purpose of the Accursed Valley.


1 Then said I: 'For what object is this blessed land, which is

entirely filled with trees, and this 2

accursed valley between?' Then Uriel, one of the holy angels

who was with me, answered and said:

'This accursed valley is for those who are accursed for ever:

Here shall all the accursed be gathered

together who utter with their lips against the Lord unseemly

words and of His glory speak hard things.

Here shall they be gathered together, and here 3 shall be their

place of judgement. In the last days

there shall be upon them the spectacle of righteous

judgement in the presence of the righteous for

ever: here shall the merciful bless the Lord of glory, the

Eternal King. 4 In the days of judgement over

the former, they shall bless Him for the mercy in accordance

with 5 which He has assigned them (their

lot).' Then I blessed the Lord of Glory and set forth His glory

and lauded Him gloriously.

XXVIII‑XXXIII. Further Journey to the East.


1 And thence I went towards the east, into the midst of the

mountain range of the desert, and 2 I saw a

wilderness and it was solitary, full of trees and plants. And

water gushed forth from 3 above. Rushing

like a copious watercourse [which flowed] towards the

north‑west it caused clouds and dew to

ascend on every side.


1 And thence I went to another place in the desert, and

approached to the east of this mountain 2

range. And there I saw aromatic trees exhaling the fragrance

of frankincense and myrrh, and the trees

also were similar to the almond tree.


1,2 And beyond these, I went afar to the east, and I saw

another place, a valley (full) of water. And 3

therein there was a tree, the colour (?) of fragrant trees such

as the mastic. And on the sides of those

valleys I saw fragrant cinnamon. And beyond these I

proceeded to the east.


1 And I saw other mountains, and amongst them were groves

of trees, and there flowed forth from 2

them nectar, which is named sarara and galbanum. And

beyond these mountains I saw another

mountain to the east of the ends of the earth, whereon were

aloe‑trees, and all the trees were full 3 of

stacte, being like almond‑trees. And when one burnt it, it

smelt sweeter than any fragrant odour.


1 And after these fragrant odours, as I looked towards the

north over the mountains I saw seven

mountains full of choice nard and fragrant trees and cinnamon

and pepper. 2 And thence I went over

the summits of all these mountains, far towards the east of

the earth, and passed above the Erythraean

sea and went far from it, and passed over the angel Zotiel.

And I came to the Garden of

Righteousness, 3 I and from afar off trees more numerous

than I these trees and great‑two trees there,

very great, beautiful, and glorious, and magnificent, and the

tree of knowledge, whose holy fruit they

eat and know great wisdom. 4 That tree is in height like the fir,

and its leaves are like (those of) the

Carob tree: and its fruit 5 is like the clusters of the vine, very

beautiful: and the fragrance of the tree

penetrates afar. Then 6 I said: 'How beautiful is the tree, and

how attractive is its look!' Then Raphael

the holy angel, who was with me, answered me and said:

'This is the tree of wisdom, of which thy

father old (in years) and thy aged mother, who were before

thee, have eaten, and they learnt wisdom

and their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were

naked and they were driven out of the



1 And from thence I went to the ends of the earth and saw

there great beasts, and each differed from

the other; and (I saw) birds also differing in appearance and

beauty and voice, the one differing from

the other. And to the east of those beasts I saw the ends of

the earth whereon the heaven 2 rests, and

the portals of the heaven open. And I saw how the stars of

heaven come forth, and 3 I counted the

portals out of which they proceed, and wrote down all their

outlets, of each individual star by itself,

according to their number and their names, their courses and

their positions, and their 4 times and their

months, as Uriel the holy angel who was with me showed me.

He showed all things to me and wrote

them down for me: also their names he wrote for me, and

their laws and their companies.

XXXIV‑XXXV. Enoch's Journey to the North.


1 And from thence I went towards the north to the ends of the

earth, and there I saw a great and 2

glorious device at the ends of the whole earth. And here I saw

three portals of heaven open in the

heaven: through each of them proceed north winds: when

they blow there is cold, hail, frost, 3 snow,

dew, and rain. And out of one portal they blow for good: but

when they blow through the other two

portals, it is with violence and affliction on the earth, and they

blow with violence.


1 And from thence I went towards the west to the ends of the

earth, and saw there three portals of the

heaven open such as I had seen in the east, the same number

of portals, and the same number of


XXXVI. The Journey to the South.


1 And from thence I went to the south to the ends of the earth,

and saw there three open portals 2 of

the heaven: and thence there come dew, rain, and wind. And

from thence I went to the east to the

ends of the heaven, and saw here the three eastern portals of

heaven open and small portals 3 above

them. Through each of these small portals pass the stars of

heaven and run their course to the west on

the path which is shown to them. And as often as I saw I

blessed always the Lord of Glory, and I

continued to bless the Lord of Glory who has wrought great

and glorious wonders, to show the

greatness of His work to the angels and to spirits and to men,

that they might praise His work and all

His creation: that they might see the work of His might and

praise the great work of His hands and

bless Him for ever.

Section II. Chapters XXXVII‑LXXI

The Parables


1 The second vision which he saw, the vision of wisdom

‑which Enoch the son of Jared, the son 2 of

Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enos, the son of Seth,

the son of Adam, saw. And this is the

beginning of the words of wisdom which I lifted up my voice

to speak and say to those which dwell

on earth: Hear, ye men of old time, and see, ye that come

after, the words of the Holy 3 One which I

will speak before the Lord of Spirits. It were better to declare

(them only) to the men of old time, but

even from those that come after we will not withhold the

beginning of wisdom. 4 Till the present day

such wisdom has never been given by the Lord of Spirits as I

have received according to my insight,

according to the good pleasure of the Lord of Spirits by whom

the lot of 5 eternal life has been given

to me. Now three Parables were imparted to me, and I lifted

up my voice and recounted them to

those that dwell on the earth.

XXXVIII‑XLIV. The First Parable.

XXXVIII. The Coming Judgement of the Wicked.


1 The first Parable.

When the congregation of the righteous shall appear,

And sinners shall be judged for their sins,

And shall be driven from the face of the earth:

2 And when the Righteous One shall appear before the eyes

of the righteous,

Whose elect works hang upon the Lord of Spirits,

And light shall appear to the righteous and the elect who

dwell on the earth,

Where then will be the dwelling of the sinners,

And where the resting‑place of those who have denied the

Lord of Spirits?

It had been good for them if they had not been born.

3 When the secrets of the righteous shall be revealed and the

sinners judged,

And the godless driven from the presence of the righteous

and elect,

4 From that time those that possess the earth shall no longer

be powerful and exalted:

And they shall not be able to behold the face of the holy,

For the Lord of Spirits has caused His light to appear

On the face of the holy, righteous, and elect.

5 Then shall the kings and the mighty perish

And be given into the hands of the righteous and holy.

6 And thenceforward none shall seek for themselves mercy

from the Lord of Spirits

For their life is at an end.

XXXIX. The Abode of the Righteous and the Elect One: the

Praises of the Blessed.


1 [And it shall come to pass in those days that elect and holy

children will descend from the 2 high

heaven, and their seed will become one with the children of

men. And in those days Enoch received

books of zeal and wrath, and books of disquiet and


And mercy shall not be accorded to them, saith the Lord of


3 And in those days a whirlwind carried me off from the earth,

And set me down at the end of the heavens.

4 And there I saw another vision, the dwelling‑places of the


And the resting‑places of the righteous.

5 Here mine eyes saw their dwellings with His righteous


And their resting‑places with the holy.

And they petitioned and interceded and prayed for the

children of men,

And righteousness flowed before them as water,

And mercy like dew upon the earth:

Thus it is amongst them for ever and ever.

6a And in that place mine eyes saw the Elect One of

righteousness and of faith,

7a And I saw his dwelling‑place under the wings of the Lord of


6b And righteousness shall prevail in his days,

And the righteous and elect shall be without number before

Him for ever and ever.

7b And all the righteous and elect before Him shall be strong

as fiery lights,

And their mouth shall be full of blessing,

And their lips extolthe name of the Lord of Spirits,

And righteousness before Him shall never fail,

[And uprightness shall never fail before Him.]

8 There I wished to dwell,

And my spirit longed for that dwelling‑place:

And there heretofore hath been my portion,

For so has it been established concerning me before the Lord

of Spirits.

9 In those days I praised and extolled the name of the Lord of

Spirits with blessings and praises,

because He hath destined me for blessing and glory

according to the good pleasure of the Lord of 10

Spirits. For a long time my eyes regarded that place, and I

blessed Him and praised Him, saying:

'Blessed is He, and may He be blessed from the beginning

and for evermore. And before Him there is

no ceasing. He knows before the world was created what is

for ever and what will be from 12

generation unto generation. Those who sleep not bless Thee:

they stand before Thy glory and bless,

praise, and extol, saying: "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of

Spirits: He filleth the earth with 13 spirits."'

And here my eyes saw all those who sleep not: they stand

before Him and bless and say: 14 'Blessed

be Thou, and blessed be the name of the Lord for ever and

ever.' And my face was changed; for I

could no longer behold.

XL‑XLI. 2. The Four Archangels.


1 And after that I saw thousands of thousands and ten

thousand times ten thousand, I saw a multitude

2 beyond number and reckoning, who stood before the Lord

of Spirits. And on the four sides of the

Lord of Spirits I saw four presences, different from those that

sleep not, and I learnt their names: for

the angel that went with me made known to me their names,

and showed me all the hidden things. 3

And I heard the voices of those four presences as they

uttered praises before the Lord of glory. 4,5

The first voice blesses the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.

And the second voice I heard blessing 6

the Elect One and the elect ones who hang upon the Lord of

Spirits. And the third voice I heard pray

and intercede for those who dwell on the earth and supplicate

in the name of the Lord of Spirits. 7

And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and

forbidding them to come before the Lord 8 of

Spirits to accuse them who dwell on the earth. After that I

asked the angel of peace who went with

me, who showed me everything that is hidden: 'Who are

these four presences which I have 9 seen and

whose words I have heard and written down?' And he said to

me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful

and long‑suffering: and the second, who is set over all the

diseases and all the wounds of the children

of men, is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the

powers, is Gabriel: and the fourth, who is set

over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit eternal

life, is named Phanuel.' 10 And these are

the four angels of the Lord of Spirits and the four voices I

heard in those days.

XLI. 3‑9. Astronomical Secrets.


1 And after that I saw all the secrets of the heavens, and how

the kingdom is divided, and how the 2

actions of men are weighed in the balance. And there I saw

the mansions of the elect and the

mansions of the holy, and mine eyes saw there all the sinners

being driven from thence which deny the

name of the Lord of Spirits, and being dragged off: and they

could not abide because of the

punishment which proceeds from the Lord of Spirits. 3 And

there mine eyes saw the secrets of the

lightning and of the thunder, and the secrets of the winds,

how they are divided to blow over the

earth, and the secrets of the clouds and dew, and there 4 I

saw from whence they proceed in that

place and from whence they saturate the dusty earth. And

there I saw closed chambers out of which

the winds are divided, the chamber of the hail and winds, the

chamber of the mist, and of the clouds,

and the cloud thereof hovers over the earth from the 5

beginning of the world. And I saw the

chambers of the sun and moon, whence they proceed and

whither they come again, and their glorious

return, and how one is superior to the other, and their stately

orbit, and how they do not leave their

orbit, and they add nothing to their orbit and they take nothing

from it, and they keep faith with each

other, in accordance with the oath by which they 6 are bound

together. And first the sun goes forth

and traverses his path according to the commandment 7 of

the Lord of Spirits, and mighty is His name

for ever and ever. And after that I saw the hidden and the

visible path of the moon, and she

accomplishes the course of her path in that place by day and

by night‑the one holding a position

opposite to the other before the Lord of Spirits.

And they give thanks and praise and rest not;

For unto them is their thanksgiving rest.

8 For the sun changes oft for a blessing or a curse,

And the course of the path of the moon is light to the


And darkness to the sinners in the name of the Lord,

Who made a separation between the light and the darkness,

And divided the spirits of men,

And strengthened the spirits of the righteous,

In the name of His righteousness.

9 For no angel hinders and no power is able to hinder; for He

appoints a judge for them all and He

judges them all before Him.

XLII. The Dwelling‑places of Wisdom and of



1 Wisdom found no place where she might dwell;

Then a dwelling‑place was assigned her in the heavens.

2 Wisdom went forth to make her dwelling among the

children of men,

And found no dwelling‑place:

Wisdom returned to her place,

And took her seat among the angels.

3 And unrighteousness went forth from her chambers:

Whom she sought not she found,

And dwelt with them,

As rain in a desert

And dew on a thirsty land.

XLIII‑XLIV. Astronomical Secrets.


1 And I saw other lightnings and the stars of heaven, and I

saw how He called them all by their 2

names and they hearkened unto Him. And I saw how they are

weighed in a righteous balance

according to their proportions of light: (I saw) the width of

their spaces and the day of their appearing,

and how their revolution produces lightning: and (I saw) their

revolution according to the 3 number of

the angels, and (how) they keep faith with each other. And I

asked the angel who went 4 with me who

showed me what was hidden: 'What are these?' And he said

to me: 'The Lord of Spirits hath showed

thee their parabolic meaning (lit. 'their parable'): these are the

names of the holy who dwell on the

earth and believe in the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever

and ever.'


1 Also another phenomenon I saw in regard to the lightnings:

how some of the stars arise and become

lightnings and cannot part with their new form.

XLV‑LVII. The Second Parable.

XLV. The Lot of the Apostates: the New Heaven and the

New Earth.


1 And this is the second Parable concerning those who deny

the name of the dwelling of the holy ones

and the Lord of Spirits.

2 And into the heaven they shall not ascend,

And on the earth they shall not come:

Such shall be the lot of the sinners

Who have denied the name of the Lord of Spirits,

Who are thus preserved for the day of suffering and


3 On that day Mine Elect One shall sit on the throne of glory

And shall try their works,

And their places of rest shall be innumerable.

And their souls shall grow strong within them when they see

Mine Elect Ones,

And those who have called upon My glorious name:

4 Then will I cause Mine Elect One to dwell among them.

And I will transform the heaven and make it an eternal

blessing and light

5 And I will transform the earth and make it a blessing:

And I will cause Mine elect ones to dwell upon it:

But the sinners and evil‑doers shall not set foot thereon.

6 For I have provided and satisfied with peace My righteous


And have caused them to dwell before Me:

But for the sinners there is judgement impending with Me,

So that I shall destroy them from the face of the earth.

XLVI. The Head of Days and the Son of Man.


1 And there I saw One who had a head of days,

And His head was white like wool,

And with Him was another being whose countenance had the

appearance of a man,

And his face was full of graciousness, like one of the holy


2 And I asked the angel who went with me and showed me all

the hidden things, concerning that 3

Son of Man, who he was, and whence he was, (and) why he

went with the Head of Days? And he

answered and said unto me:

This is the son of Man who hath righteousness,

With whom dwelleth righteousness,

And who revealeth all the treasures of that which is hidden,

Because the Lord of Spirits hath chosen him,

And whose lot hath the pre‑eminence before the Lord of

Spirits in uprightness for ever.

4 And this Son of Man whom thou hast seen

Shall raise up the kings and the mighty from their seats,

[And the strong from their thrones]

And shall loosen the reins of the strong,

And break the teeth of the sinners.

5 [And he shall put down the kings from their thrones and


Because they do not extol and praise Him,

Nor humbly acknowledge whence the kingdom was

bestowed upon them.

6 And he shall put down the countenance of the strong,

And shall fill them with shame.

And darkness shall be their dwelling,

And worms shall be their bed,

And they shall have no hope of rising from their beds,

Because they do not extol the name of the Lord of Spirits.

7 And these are they who judge the stars of heaven,

[And raise their hands against the Most High],

And tread upon the earth and dwell upon it.

And all their deeds manifest unrighteousness,

And their power rests upon their riches,

And their faith is in the gods which they have made with their


And they deny the name of the Lord of Spirits,

8 And they persecute the houses of His congregations,

And the faithful who hang upon the name of the Lord of


XLVII. The Prayer of the Righteous for Vengeance and their

Joy at its coming.


1 And in those days shall have ascended the prayer of the


And the blood of the righteous from the earth before the Lord

of Spirits.

2 In those days the holy ones who dwell above in the


Shallunite with one voice

And supplicate and pray [and praise,

And give thanks and bless the name of the Lord of Spirits

On behalf of the blood of the righteous which has been shed,

And that the prayer of the righteous may not be in vain before

the Lord of Spirits,

That judgement may be done unto them,

And that they may not have to suffer for ever.

3 In those days I saw the Head of Days when He seated

himself upon the throne of His glory,

And the books of the living were opened before Him:

And all His host which is in heaven above and His counselors

stood before Him,

4 And the hearts of the holy were filled with joy;

Because the number of the righteous had been offered,

And the prayer of the righteous had been heard,

And the blood of the righteous been required before the Lord

of Spirits.

XLVIII. The Fount of Righteousness: the Son of Man ‑the Stay

of the Righteous: Judgement of

the Kings and the Mighty.


1 And in that place I saw the fountain of righteousness

Which was inexhaustible:

And around it were many fountains of wisdom:

And all the thirsty drank of them,

And were filled with wisdom,

And their dwellings were with the righteous and holy and


2 And at that hour that Son of Man was named

In the presence of the Lord of Spirits,

And his name before the Head of Days.

3 Yea, before the sun and the signs were created,

Before the stars of the heaven were made,

His name was named before the Lord of Spirits.

4 He shall be a staff to the righteous whereon to stay

themselves and not fall,

And he shall be the light of the Gentiles,

And the hope of those who are troubled of heart.

5 All who dwell on earth shall fall down and worship before


And will praise and bless and celebrate with song the Lord of


6 And for this reason hath he been chosen and hidden before


Before the creation of the world and for evermore.

7 And the wisdom of the Lord of Spirits hath revealed him to

the holy and righteous;

For he hath preserved the lot of the righteous,

Because they have hated and despised this world of


And have hated all its works and ways in the name of the

Lord of Spirits:

For in his name they are saved,

And according to his good pleasure hath it been in regard to

their life.

8 In these days downcast in countenance shall the kings of

the earth have become,

And the strong who possess the land because of the works of

their hands,

For on the day of their anguish and affliction they shall not (be

able to) save themselves.

9 And I will give them over into the hands of Mine elect:

As straw in the fire so shall they burn before the face of the


As lead in the water shall they sink before the face of the


And no trace of them shall any more be found.

10 And on the day of their affliction there shall be rest on the


And before them they shall fall and not rise again:

And there shall be no one to take them with his hands and

raise them:

For they have denied the Lord of Spirits and His Anointed.

The name of the Lord of Spirits be blessed.

XLIX. The Power and Wisdom of the Elect One.


1 For wisdom is poured out like water,

And glory faileth not before him for evermore.

2 For he is mighty in all the secrets of righteousness,

And unrighteousness shall disappear as a shadow,

And have no continuance;

Because the Elect One standethbefore the Lord of Spirits,

And his glory is for ever and ever,

And his might unto all generations.

3 And in him dwells the spirit of wisdom,

And the spirit which gives insight,

And the spirit of understanding and of might,

And the spirit of those who have fallen asleep in


4 And he shall judge the secret things,

And none shall be able to utter a lying word before him;

For he is the Elect One before the Lord of Spirits according to

His good pleasure.

L. The Glorification and Victory of the Righteous: the

Repentance of the Gentiles.


1 And in those days a change shall take place for the holy and


And the light of days shall abide upon them,

And glory and honour shall turn to the holy,

2 On the day of affliction on which evil shall have been

treasured up against the sinners.

And the righteous shall be victorious in the name of the Lord

of Spirits:

And He will cause the others to witness (this)

That they may repent

And forgo the works of their hands.

3 They shall have no honour through the name of the Lord of


Yet through His name shall they be saved,

And the Lord of Spirits will have compassion on them,

For His compassion is great.

4 And He is righteous also in His judgement,

And in the presence of His glory unrighteousness also shall

not maintain itself:

At His judgement the unrepentant shall perish before Him.

5 And from henceforth I will have no mercy on them, saith the

Lord of Spirits.

LI. The Resurrection of the Dead, and the Separation by the

Judge of the Righteous and the



1 And in those days shall the earth also give back that which

has been entrusted to it,

And Sheol also shall give back that which it has received,

And hell shall give back that which it owes.

5a For in those days the Elect One shall arise,

2 And he shall choose the righteous and holy from among


For the day has drawn nigh that they should be saved.

3 And the Elect One shall in those days sit on My throne,

And his mouth shall pour forth all the secrets of wisdom and


For the Lord of Spirits hath given (them) to him and hath

glorified him.

4 And in those days shall the mountains leap like rams,

And the hills also shall skip like lambs satisfied with milk,

And the faces of [all] the angels in heaven shall be lighted up

with joy.

5b And the earth shall rejoice,

c And the righteous shall dwell upon it,

d And the elect shall walk thereon.

LII. The Seven Metal Mountains and the Elect One.


l And after those days in that place where I had seen all the

visions of that which is hidden ‑for 2 I had

been carried off in a whirlwind and they had borne me

towards the west ‑There mine eyes saw all the

secret things of heaven that shall be, a mountain of iron, and

a mountain of copper, and a mountain of

silver, and a mountain of gold, and a mountain of soft metal,

and a mountain of lead. 3 And I asked

the angel who went with me, saying, 'What things are these

which I have seen in 4 secret?' And he

said unto me: 'All these things which thou hast seen shall

serve the dominion of His Anointed that he

may be potent and mighty on the earth.' 5 And that angel of

peace answered, saying unto me: 'Wait a

little, and there shall be revealed unto thee all the secret

things which surround the Lord of Spirits.

6 And these mountains which thine eyes have seen,

The mountain of iron, and the mountain of copper, and the

mountain of silver,

And the mountain of gold, and the mountain of soft metal, and

the mountain of lead,

All these shall be in the presence of the Elect One

As wax: before the fire,

And like the water which streams down from above [upon

those mountains],

And they shall become powerless before his feet.

7 And it shall come to pass in those days that none shall be


Either by gold or by silver,

And none be able to escape.

8 And there shall be no iron for war,

Nor shall one clothe oneself with a breastplate.

Bronze shall be of no service,

And tin [shall be of no service and] shall not be esteemed,

And lead shall not be desired.

9 And all these things shall be [denied and] destroyed from

the surface of the earth,

When the Elect One shall appear before the face of the Lord

of Spirits.'

LIII‑LIV. The Valley of Judgement: the Angels of Punishment:

the Communities of the Elect One.


1 There mine eyes saw a deep valley with open mouths, and

all who dwell on the earth and sea and

islands shall bring to him gifts and presents and tokens of

homage, but that deep valley shall not

become full.

2 And their hands commit lawless deeds,

And the sinners devour all whom they lawlessly oppress:

Yet the sinners shall be destroyed before the face of the Lord

of Spirits,

And they shall be banished from off the face of His earth,

And they shall perish for ever and ever.

3 For I saw all the angels of punishment abiding (there) and

preparing all the instruments of Satan. 4

And I asked the angel of peace who went with me: 'For whom

are they preparing these Instruments?'

5 And he said unto me: 'They prepare these for the kings and

the mighty of this earth, that they may

thereby be destroyed. 6 And after this the Righteous and

Elect One shall cause the house of his

congregation to appear: henceforth they shall be no more

hindered in the name of the Lord of Spirits.

7 And these mountains shall not stand as the earth before his


But the hills shall be as a fountain of water,

And the righteous shall have rest from the oppression of



1 And I looked and turned to another part of the earth, and

saw there a deep valley with burning 2

fire. And they brought the kings and the mighty, and began to

cast them into this deep valley. 3 And

there mine eyes saw how they made these their instruments,

iron chains of immeasurable weight. 4

And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying:

'For whom are these chains being

prepared?' And he said unto me: 'These are being prepared

for the hosts of Azzl, so that they may

take them and cast them into the abyss of complete

condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws

with rough stones as the Lord of Spirits commanded.

6 And Michael, and Gabriel, and Raphael, and Phanuel shall

take hold of them on that great day, and

cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord

of Spirits may take vengeance on them

for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and

leading astray those who dwell on the


LIV.7.‑LV.2. Noachic Fragment on the first World


7 And in those days shall punishment come from the Lord of

Spirits, and he will open all the chambers

of waters which are above the heavens, and of the fountains

which are beneath the earth. 8 And all the

waters shall be joined with the waters: that which is above

the heavens is the masculine, 9 and the

water which is beneath the earth is the feminine. And they

shall destroy all who dwell 10 on the earth

and those who dwell under the ends of the heaven. And when

they have recognized their

unrighteousness which they have wrought on the earth, then

by these shall they perish.

LV.3.‑LVI.4. Final Judgement of Azazel, the Watchers and

their children.


1 And after that the Head of Days repented and said: 'In vain

have I destroyed all who dwell 2 on the

earth.' And He sware by His great name: 'Henceforth I will not

do so to all who dwell on the earth,

and I will set a sign in the heaven: and this shall be a pledge

of good faith between Me and them for

ever, so long as heaven is above the earth. And this is in

accordance with My command. 3 When I

have desired to take hold of them by the hand of the angels

on the day of tribulation and pain because

of this, I will cause My chastisement and My wrath to abide

upon them, saith 4 God, the Lord of

Spirits. Ye mighty kings who dwell on the earth, ye shall have

to behold Mine Elect One, how he sits

on the throne of glory and judges Azzl, and all his

associates, and all his hosts in the name of the

Lord of Spirits.'


1 And I saw there the hosts of the angels of punishment

going, and they held scourges and chains 2 of

iron and bronze. And I asked the angel of peace who went

with me, saying: 'To whom are 3 these

who hold the scourges going?' And he said unto me: 'To their

elect and beloved ones, that they may

be cast into the chasm of the abyss of the valley.

4 And then that valley shall be filled with their elect and


And the days of their lives shall be at an end,

And the days of their leading astray shall not thenceforward

be reckoned.

LVI.5‑8. Last Struggle of the Heathen Powers against


5 And in those days the angels shall return

And hurl themselves to the east upon the Parthians and


They shall stir up the kings, so that a spirit of unrest shall

come upon them,

And they shall rouse them from their thrones,

That they may break forth as lions from their lairs,

And as hungry wolves among their flocks.

6 And they shall go up and tread under foot the land of His

elect ones

[And the land of His elect ones shall be before them a

threshing‑floor and a highway :]

7 But the city of my righteous shall be a hindrance to their


And they shall begin to fight among themselves,

And their right hand shall be strong against themselves,

And a man shall not know his brother,

Nor a son his father or his mother,

Till there be no number of the corpses through their


And their punishment be not in vain.

8 In those days Sheol shall open its jaws,

And they shall be swallowed up therein

And their destruction shall be at an end;

Sheol shall devour the sinners in the presence of the elect.'

LVII. The Return from the Dispersion.


1 And it came to pass after this that I saw another host of

wagons, and men riding thereon, and 2

coming on the winds from the east, and from the west to the

south. And the noise of their wagons was

heard, and when this turmoil took place the holy ones from

heaven remarked it, and the pillars of the

earth were moved from their place, and the sound thereof

was heard from the one end of heaven 3 to

the other, in one day. And they shall all fall down and worship

the Lord of Spirits. And this is the end

of the second Parable.

LVIII‑LXXI. The Third Parable.

LVIII. The Blessedness of the Saints.


1 And I began to speak the third Parable concerning the

righteous and elect.

2 Blessed are ye, ye righteous and elect,

For glorious shall be your lot.

3 And the righteous shall be in the light of the sun.

And the elect in the light of eternal life:

The days of their life shall be unending,

And the days of the holy without number.

4 And they shall seek the light and find righteousness with

the Lord of Spirits:

There shall be peace to the righteous in the name of the

Eternal Lord.

5 And after this it shall be said to the holy in heaven

That they should seek out the secrets of righteousness, the

heritage of faith:

For it has become bright as the sun upon earth,

And the darkness is past.

6 And there shall be a light that never endeth,

And to a limit (lit. 'number') of days they shall not come,

For the darkness shall first have been destroyed,

[And the light established before the Lord of Spirits]

And the light of uprightness established for ever before the

Lord of Spirits.

LIX. The Lights and the Thunder.


1 [In those days mine eyes saw the secrets of the lightnings,

and of the lights, and the judgements they

execute (lit. 'their judgement'): and they lighten for a blessing

or a curse as the Lord of 2 Spirits willeth.

And there I saw the secrets of the thunder, and how when it

resounds above in the heaven, the sound

thereof is heard, and he caused me to see the judgements

executed on the earth, whether they be for

well‑being and blessing, or for a curse according to the word

of the Lord of Spirits. 3 And after that

all the secrets of the lights and lightnings were shown to me,

and they lighten for blessing and for


Book of Noah ‑a Fragment

LX. Quaking of the Heaven: Behemoth and Leviathan:

the Elements.


1 In the year 500, in the seventh month, on the fourteenth day

of the month in the life of Enoch. In that

Parable I saw how a mighty quaking made the heaven of

heavens to quake, and the host of the Most

High, and the angels, a thousand thousands and ten thousand

times ten thousand, were 2 disquieted

with a great disquiet. And the Head of Days sat on the throne

of His glory, and the angels and the

righteous stood around Him.

3 And a great trembling seized me,

And fear took hold of me,

And my loins gave way,

And dissolved were my reins,

And I fell upon my face.

4 And Michael sent another angel from among the holy ones

and he raised me up, and when he had

raised me up my spirit returned; for I had not been able to

endure the look of this host, and the 5

commotion and the quaking of the heaven. And Michael said

unto me: 'Why art thou disquieted with

such a vision? Until this day lasted the day of His mercy; and

He hath been merciful and 6

long‑suffering towards those who dwell on the earth. And

when the day, and the power, and the

punishment, and the judgement come, which the Lord of

Spirits hath prepared for those who worship

not the righteous law, and for those who deny the righteous

judgement, and for those who take His

name in vain‑that day is prepared, for the elect a covenant,

but for sinners an inquisition. 25 When the

punishment of the Lord of Spirits shall rest upon them, it shall

rest in order that the punishment of the

Lord of Spirits may not come, in vain, and it shall slay the

children with their mothers and the children

with their fathers. Afterwards the judgement shall take place

according to His mercy and His

patience.' 7 And on that day were two monsters parted, a

female monster named Leviathan, to dwell

in the 8 abysses of the ocean over the fountains of the

waters. But the male is named Behemoth, who

occupied with his breast a waste wilderness named Duidain,

on the east of the garden where the elect

and righteous dwell, where my grandfather was taken up, the

seventh from Adam, the first 9 man

whom the Lord of Spirits created. And I besought the other

angel that he should show me the might

of those monsters, how they were parted on one day and

cast, the one into the abysses 10 of the sea,

and the other unto the dry land of the wilderness. And he said

to me: 'Thou son of man, herein thou

dost seek to know what is hidden.' 11 And the other angel

who went with me and showed me what

was hidden told me what is first and last in the heaven in the

height, and beneath the earth in the

depth, and at the ends of the 12 heaven, and on the

foundation of the heaven. And the chambers of the

winds, and how the winds are divided, and how they are

weighed, and (how) the portals of the winds

are reckoned, each according to the power of the wind, and

the power of the lights of the moon, and

according to the power that is fitting: and the divisions of the

stars according to their names, and how

all the divisions 13 are divided. And the thunders according to

the places where they fall, and all the

divisions that are made among the lightnings that it may

lighten, and their host that they may at once

obey. 14 For the thunder has places of rest (which) are

assigned (to it) while it is waiting for its peal;

and the thunder and lightning are inseparable, and although

not one and undivided, they both go

together 15 through the spirit and separate not. For when the

lightning lightens, the thunder utters its

voice, and the spirit enforces a pause during the peal, and

divides equally between them; for the

treasury of their peals is like the sand, and each one of them

as it peals is held in with a bridle, and

turned back by the power of the spirit, and pushed forward

according to the many quarters of the

earth. 16 And the spirit of the sea is masculine and strong,

and according to the might of his strength he

draws it back with a rein, and in like manner it is driven

forward and disperses amid all the mountains

17 of the earth. And the spirit of the hoar‑frost is his own

angel, and the spirit of the hail is a good 18

angel. And the spirit of the snow has forsaken his chambers

on account of his strength ‑There is a 19

special spirit therein, and that which ascends from it is like

smoke, and its name is frost. And the spirit

of the mist is not united with them in their chambers, but it

has a special chamber; for its course is

glorious both in light and in darkness, and in winter and in

summer, and in its chamber is an angel. 20

And the spirit of the dew has its dwelling at the ends of the

heaven, and is connected with the

chambers of the rain, and its course is in winter and summer:

and its clouds and the clouds of the 21

mist are connected, and the one gives to the other. And when

the spirit of the rain goes forth from its

chamber, the angels come and open the chamber and lead it

out, and when it is diffused over the

whole earth it unites with the water on the earth. And

whensoever it unites with the water on 22 the

earth... For the waters are for those who dwell on the earth;

for they are nourishment for the earth

from the Most High who is in heaven: therefore there is a

measure for the rain, 23 and the angels take

it in charge. And these things I saw towards the Garden of the

Righteous. 24 And the angel of peace

who was with me said to me: 'These two monsters, prepared

conformably to the greatness of God,

shall feed...

LXI. Angels go off to measure Paradise: the Judgement of the

Righteous by the Elect One: the

Praise of the Elect One and of God.


1 And I saw in those days how long cords were given to those

angels, and they took to themselves

wings and flew, and they went towards the north.

2 And I asked the angel, saying unto him: 'Why have those

(angels) taken these cords and gone off?'

And he said unto me: 'They have gone to measure.'

3 And the angel who went with me said unto me:

'These shall bring the measures of the righteous,

And the ropes of the righteous to the righteous,

That they may stay themselves on the name of the Lord of

Spirits for ever and ever.

4 The elect shall begin to dwell with the elect,

And those are the measures which shall be given to faith

And which shall strengthen righteousness.

5 And these measures shall reveal all the secrets of the

depths of the earth,

And those who have been destroyed by the desert,

And those who have been devoured by the beasts,

And those who have been devoured by the fish of the sea,

That they may return and stay themselves

On the day of the Elect One;

For none shall be destroyed before the Lord of Spirits,

And none can be destroyed.

6 And all who dwell above in the heaven received a command

and power and one voice and one light

like unto fire.

7 And that One (with) their first words they blessed,

And extolled and lauded with wisdom,

And they were wise in utterance and in the spirit of life.

8 And the Lord of Spirits placed the Elect one on the throne of


And he shall judge all the works of the holy above in the


And in the balance shall their deeds be weighed

9 And when he shall lift up his countenance

To judge their secret ways according to the word of the name

of the Lord of Spirits,

And their path according to the way of the righteous

judgement of the Lord of Spirits,

Then shall they all with one voice speak and bless,

And glorify and extol and sanctify the name of the Lord of


10 And He will summon all the host of the heavens, and all

the holy ones above, and the host of God,

the Cherubic, Seraphin and Ophannin, and all the angels of

power, and all the angels of principalities,

11 and the Elect One, and the other powers on the earth (and)

over the water. On that day shall raise

one voice, and bless and glorify and exalt in the spirit of faith,

and in the spirit of wisdom, and in the

spirit of patience, and in the spirit of mercy, and in the spirit of

judgement and of peace, and in the

spirit of goodness, and shall all say with one voice: "Blessed

is He, and may the name of the Lord of

Spirits be blessed for ever and ever."

12 All who sleep not above in heaven shall bless Him:

All the holy ones who are in heaven shall bless Him,

And all the elect who dwell in the garden of life:

And every spirit of light who is able to bless, and glorify, and

extol, and hallow Thy blessed name,

And all flesh shall beyond measure glorify and bless Thy

name for ever and ever.

13 For great is the mercy of the Lord of Spirits, and He is


And all His works and all that He has created He has revealed

to the righteous and elect

In the name of the Lord of Spirits.'

LXII. Judgement of the Kings and the Mighty: Blessedness

of the Righteous.


1 And thus the Lord commanded the kings and the mighty

and the exalted, and those who dwell on

the earth, and said:

'Open your eyes and lift up your horns if ye are able to

recognize the Elect One.'

2 And the Lord of Spirits seated him on the throne of His


And the spirit of righteousness was poured out upon him,

And the word of his mouth slays all the sinners,

And all the unrighteous are destroyed from before his face.

3 And there shall stand up in that day all the kings and the


And the exalted and those who hold the earth,

And they shall see and recognize How he sits on the throne of

his glory,

And righteousness is judged before him,

And no lying word is spoken before him.

4 Then shall pain come upon them as on a woman in travail,

[And she has pain in bringing forth]

When her child enters the mouth of the womb,

And she has pain in bringing forth.

5 And one portion of them shall look on the other,

And they shall be terrified,

And they shall be downcast of countenance,

And pain shall seize them,

When they see that Son of Man Sitting on the throne of his


6 And the kings and the mighty and all who possess the earth

shall bless and glorify and extol him who

rules over all, who was hidden.

7 For from the beginning the Son of Man was hidden,

And the Most High preserved him in the presence of His


And revealed him to the elect.

8 And the congregation of the elect and holy shall be sown,

And all the elect shall stand before him on that day.

9 And all the kings and the mighty and the exalted and those

who rule the earth

Shall fall down before him on their faces,

And worship and set their hope upon that Son of Man,

And petition him and supplicate for mercy at his hands.

10 Nevertheless that Lord of Spirits will so press them

That they shall hastily go forth from His presence,

And their faces shall be filled with shame,

And the darkness grow deeper on their faces.

11 And He will deliver them to the angels for punishment,

To execute vengeance on them because they have

oppressed His children and His elect

12 And they shall be a spectacle for the righteous and for His


They shall rejoice over them,

Because the wrath of the Lord of Spirits resteth upon them,

And His sword is drunk with their blood.

13 And the righteous and elect shall be saved on that day,

And they shall never thenceforward see the face of the

sinners and unrighteous.

14 And the Lord of Spirits will abide over them,

And with that Son of Man shall they eat

And lie down and rise up for ever and ever.

15 And the righteous and elect shall have risen from the


And ceased to be of downcast countenance.

And they shall have been clothed with garments of glory,

16 And these shall be the garments of life from the Lord of


And your garments shall not grow old,

Nor your glory pass away before the Lord of Spirits.

LXIII. The unavailing Repentance of the Kingsand the



1 In those days shall the mighty and the kings who possess

the earth implore (Him) to grant them a

little respite from His angels of punishment to whom they

were delivered, that they might fall 2 down

and worship before the Lord of Spirits, and confess their sins

before Him. And they shall bless and

glorify the Lord of Spirits, and say:

' Blessed is the Lord of Spirits and the Lord of kings,

And the Lord of the mighty and the Lord of the rich,

And the Lord of glory and the Lord of wisdom,

3 And splendid in every secret thing is Thy power from

generation to generation,

And Thy glory for ever and ever:

Deep are all Thy secrets and innumerable,

And Thy righteousness is beyond reckoning.

4 We have now learnt that we should glorify

And bless the Lord of kings and Him who is king over all


5 And they shall say:

'Would that we had rest to glorify and give thanks

And confess our faith before His glory!

6 And now we long for a little rest but find it not:

We follow hard upon and obtain (it) not:

And light has vanished from before us,

And darkness is our dwelling‑place for ever and ever:

7 For we have not believed before Him

Nor glorified the name of the Lord of Spirits, [nor glorified our


But our hope was in the sceptre of our kingdom,

And in our glory.

8 And in the day of our suffering and tribulation He saves us


And we find no respite for confession

That our Lord is true in all His works, and in His judgements

and His justice,

And His judgements have no respect of persons.

9 And we pass away from before His face on account of our


And all our sins are reckoned up in righteousness.'

10 Now they shall say unto themselves: 'Our souls are full of

unrighteous gain, but it does not prevent

us from descending from the midst thereof into the burden of


11 And after that their faces shall be filled with darkness

And shame before that Son of Man,

And they shall be driven from his presence,

And the sword shall abide before his face in their midst.

12 Thus spake the Lord of Spirits: 'This is the ordinance and

judgement with respect to the mighty and

the kings and the exalted and those who possess the earth

before the Lord of Spirits.'

LXIV. Vision of the Fallen Angels in the Place of



1,2 And other forms I saw hidden in that place. I heard the

voice of the angel saying: 'These are the

angels who descended to the earth, and revealed what was

hidden to the children of men and

seduced the children of men into committing sin.'

LXV. Enoch foretells to Noah the Deluge and his own



1,2 And in those days Noah saw the earth that it had sunk

down and its destruction was nigh. And he

arose from thence and went to the ends of the earth, and

cried aloud to his grandfather Enoch: 3 and

Noah said three times with an embittered voice: 'Hear me,

hear me, hear me.' And I said unto him:

'Tell me what it is that is falling out on the earth that the earth

is in such evil plight 4 and shaken, lest

perchance I shall perish with it?' And thereupon there was a

great commotion , on the earth, and a

voice was heard from heaven, and I fell on my face. And

Enoch my grandfather came and stood by

me, and said unto me: 'Why hast thou cried unto me with a

bitter cry and weeping 6 And a command

has gone forth from the presence of the Lord concerning

those who dwell on the earth that their ruin is

accomplished because they have learnt all the secrets of the

angels, and all the violence of the Satans,

and all their powers ‑the most secret ones‑ and all the power

of those who practice sorcery, and the

power of witchcraft, and the power of those who make molten

images 7 for the whole earth: And how

silver is produced from the dust of the earth, and how soft

metal 8 originates in the earth. For lead and

tin are not produced from the earth like the first: it is a

fountain 9 that produces them, and an angel

stands therein, and that angel is pre‑eminent.' And after that

my grandfather Enoch took hold of me

by my hand and raised me up, and said unto me: 'Go, for I

have 10 asked the Lord of Spirits as

touching this commotion on the earth. And He said unto me:

"Because of their unrighteousness their

judgement has been determined upon and shall not be

withheld by Me for ever. Because of the

sorceries which they have searched out and learnt, the earth

and those 11 who dwell upon it shall be

destroyed." And these ‑they have no place of repentance for

ever, because they have shown them

what was hidden, and they are the damned: but as for thee,

my son, the Lord of Spirits knows that

thou art pure, and guiltless of this reproach concerning the


12 And He has destined thy name to be among the holy,

And will preserve thee amongst those who dwell on the


And has destined thy righteous seed both for kingship and for

great honours,

And from thy seed shall proceed a fountain of the righteous

and holy without number for ever.

LXVI. The Angels of the Waters bidden to hold them in



1 And after that he showed me the angels of punishment who

are prepared to come and let loose all

the powers of the waters which are beneath in the earth in

order to bring judgement and destruction 2

on all who [abide and] dwell on the earth. And the Lord of

Spirits gave commandment to the angels

who were going forth, that they should not cause the waters

to rise but should hold them 3 in check;

for those angels were over the powers of the waters. And I

went away from the presence of Enoch.

LXVII. God's Promise to Noah: Places of Punishment of the

Angels and of the Kings.


1 And in those days the word of God came unto me, and He

said unto me: 'Noah, thy lot has come 2

up before Me, a lot without blame, a lot of love and

uprightness. And now the angels are making a

wooden (building), and when they have completed that task I

will place My hand upon it and

preserve it, and there shall come forth from it the seed of life,

and a change shall set in so that the 3

earth will not remain without inhabitant. And I will make fast

thy sed before me for ever and ever, and

I will spread abroad those who dwell with thee: it shall not be

unfruitful on the face of the earth, but it

shall be blessed and multiply on the earth in the name of the

Lord.' 4 And He will imprison those

angels, who have shown unrighteousness, in that burning

valley which my grandfather Enoch had

formerly shown to me in the west among the mountains of

gold 5 and silver and iron and soft metal

and tin. And I saw that valley in which there was a great 6

convulsion and a convulsion of the waters.

And when all this took place, from that fiery molten metal and

from the convulsion thereof in that

place, there was produced a smell of sulphur, and it was

connected with those waters, and that valley

of the angels who had led astray (mankind) burned 7 beneath

that land. And through its valleys

proceed streams of fire, where these angels are punished

who had led astray those who dwell upon

the earth. 8 But those waters shall in those days serve for the

kings and the mighty and the exalted,

and those who dwell on the earth, for the healing of the body,

but for the punishment of the spirit; now

their spirit is full of lust, that they may be punished in their

body, for they have denied the Lord of

Spirits 9 and see their punishment daily, and yet believe not

in His name. And in proportion as the

burning of their bodies becomes severe, a corresponding

change shall take place in their spirit for ever

and ever; 10 for before the Lord of Spirits none shall utter an

idle word. For the judgement shall come

upon them, 11 because they believe in the lust of their body

and deny the Spirit of the Lord. And those

same waters will undergo a change in those days; for when

those angels are punished in these waters,

these water‑springs shall change their temperature, and

when the angels ascend, this water of the 12

springs shall change and become cold. And I heard Michael

answering and saying: ' This judgement

wherewith the angels are judged is a testimony for the kings

and the mighty who possess the 13 earth.'

Because these waters of judgement minister to the healing of

the body of the kings and the lust of their

body; therefore they will not see and will not believe that

those waters will change and become a fire

which burns for ever.

LXVIII. Michael and Raphael astonied at the Severity of

the Judgement.


1 And after that my grandfather Enoch gave me the teaching

of all the secrets in the book in the

Parables which had been given to him, and he put them

together for me in the words of the book 2 of

the Parables. And on that day Michael answered Raphael and

said: 'The power of the spirit

transports and makes me to tremble because of the severity

of the judgement of the secrets, the

judgement of the angels: who can endure the severe

judgement which has been executed, and before

3 which they melt away?' And Michael answered again, and

said to Raphael: 'Who is he whose heart

is not softened concerning it, and whose reins are not

troubled by this word of judgement 4 (that) has

gone forth upon them because of those who have thus led

them out?' And it came to pass when he

stood before the Lord of Spirits, Michael said thus to Raphael:

'I will not take their part under the eye

of the Lord; for the Lord of Spirits has been angry with them

because they do 5 as if they were the

Lord. Therefore all that is hidden shall come upon them for

ever and ever; for neither angel nor man

shall have his portion (in it), but alone they have received

their judgement for ever and ever.

LXIX. The Names and Functions of the (fallen Angels and)

Satans: the secret Oath.


1 And after this judgement they shall terrify and make them to

tremble because they have shown this

to those who dwell on the earth. 2 And behold the names of

those angels [and these are their names:

the first of them is Samjz, the second Artqf, and the third

Arm$ecirc;n, the fourth Kkabl, the

fifth Trl, the sixth Rmjl, the seventh Dnjl, the eighth

Nql, the ninth Barql, the tenth

Azzl, the eleventh Armrs, the twelfth Batarjl, the

thirteenth Busasjal, the fourteenth Hannl,

the fifteenth Trl, and the sixteenth Smpsl, the

seventeenth Jetrl, the eighteenth Tml, the

nineteenth Trl, 3 the twentieth Rml, the twenty‑first

Azzl. And these are the chiefs of their

angels and their names, and their chief ones over hundreds

and over fifties and over tens].

4 The name of the first Jeqn: that is, the one who led astray

[all] the sons of God, and brought them 5

down to the earth, and led them astray through the daughters

of men. And the second was named

Asbel: he imparted to the holy sons of God evil counsel, and

led them astray so that they defiled 6

their bodies with the daughters of men. And the third was

named Gdrel: he it is who showed the

children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve,

and showed [the weapons of death to

the sons of men] the shield and the coat of mail, and the

sword for battle, and all the weapons 7 of

death to the children of men. And from his hand they have

proceeded against those who dwell 8 on

the earth from that day and for evermore. And the fourth was

named Pnme: he taught the 9

children of men the bitter and the sweet, and he taught them

all the secrets of their wisdom. And he

instructed mankind in writing with ink and paper, and thereby

many sinned from eternity to 10 eternity

and until this day. For men were not created for such a

purpose, to give confirmation 11 to their good

faith with pen and ink. For men were created exactly like the

angels, to the intent that they should

continue pure and righteous, and death, which destroys

everything, could not have taken hold of

them, but through this their knowledge they are perishing,

and through this power 12 it is consuming

me. And the fifth was named Ksdej: this is he who showed

the children of men all the wicked

smitings of spirits and demons, and the smitings of the

embryo in the womb, that it may pass away,

and [the smitings of the soul] the bites of the serpent, and the

smitings 13 which befall through the

noontide heat, the son of the serpent named Tab'et. And this

is the task of Ksbel, the chief of the

oath which he showed to the holy ones when he dwelt high

14 above in glory, and its name is Bq.

This (angel) requested Michael to show him the hidden name,

that he might enunciate it in the oath, so

that those might quake before that name and oath who 15

revealed all that was in secret to the children

of men. And this is the power of this oath, for it is powerful

and strong, and he placed this oath Ake

in the hand of Michael.

16 And these are the secrets of this oath...

And they are strong through his oath:

And the heaven was suspended before the world was


And for ever.

17 And through it the earth was founded upon the water,

And from the secret recesses of the mountains come

beautiful waters,

From the creation of the world and unto eternity.

18 And through that oath the sea was created,

And as its foundation He set for it the sand against the time of

(its) anger,

And it dare not pass beyond it from the creation of the world

unto eternity.

19 And through that oath are the depths made fast,

And abide and stir not from their place from eternity to


20 And through that oath the sun and moon complete their


And deviate not from their ordinance from eternity to eternity.

21 And through that oath the stars complete their course,

And He calls them by their names,

And they answer Him from eternity to eternity.

22 [And in like manner the spirits of the water, and of the

winds, and of all zephyrs, and (their) paths 23

from all the quarters of the winds. And there are preserved

the voices of the thunder and the light of

the lightnings: and there are preserved the chambers of the

hail and the chambers of the 24 hoarfrost,

and the chambers of the mist, and the chambers of the rain

and the dew. And all these believe and

give thanks before the Lord of Spirits, and glorify (Him) with

all their power, and their food is in every

act of thanksgiving: they thank and glorify and extol the name

of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.]

25 And this oath is mighty over them

And through it [they are preserved and] their paths are


And their course is not destroyed.

26 And there was great joy amongst them,

And they blessed and glorified and extolled

Because the name of that Son of Man had been revealed unto


27 And he sat on the throne of his glory,

And the sum of judgement was given unto the Son of Man,

And he caused the sinners to pass away and be destroyed

from off the face of the earth,

And those who have led the world astray.

28 With chains shall they be bound,

And in their assemblage‑place of destruction shall they be


And all their works vanish from the face of the earth.

29 And from henceforth there shall be nothing corruptible;

For that Son of Man has appeared,

And has seated himself on the throne of his glory,

And all evil shall pass away before his face,

And the word of that Son of Man shall go forth

And be strong before the Lord of Spirits.

This is the third parable of Enoch.

LXX. The Final Translation of Enoch.


1 And it came to pass after this that his name during his

lifetime was raised aloft to that Son of 2 Man

and to the Lord of Spirits from amongst those who dwell on

the earth. And he was raised aloft 3 on

the chariots of the spirit and his name vanished among them.

And from that day I was no longer

numbered amongst them: and he set me between the two

winds, between the North and the 4 West,

where the angels took the cords to measure for me the place

for the elect and righteous. And there I

saw the first fathers and the righteous who from the

beginning dwell in that place.

LXXI. Two earlier Visions of Enoch.


1 And it came to pass after this that my spirit was translated

And it ascended into the heavens:

And I saw the holy sons of God.

They were stepping on flames of fire:

Their garments were white [and their raiment],

And their faces shone like snow.

2 And I saw two streams of fire,

And the light of that fire shone like hyacinth,

And I fell on my face before the Lord of Spirits.

3 And the angel Michael [one of the archangels] seized me by

my right hand,

And lifted me up and led me forth into all the secrets,

And he showed me all the secrets of righteousness.

4 And he showed me all the secrets of the ends of the


And all the chambers of all the stars, and all the luminaries,

Whence they proceed before the face of the holy ones.

5 And he translated my spirit into the heaven of heavens,

And I saw there as it were a structure built of crystals,

And between those crystals tongues of living fire.

6 And my spirit saw the girdle which girt that house of fire,

And on its four sides were streams full of living fire,

And they girt that house.

7 And round about were Seraphin, Cherubic, and Ophannin:

And these are they who sleep not

And guard the throne of His glory.

8 And I saw angels who could not be counted,

A thousand thousands, and ten thousand times ten thousand,

Encircling that house.

And Michael, and Raphael, and Gabriel, and Phanuel,

And the holy angels who are above the heavens,

Go in and out of that house.

9 And they came forth from that house,

And Michael and Gabriel, Raphael and Phanuel,

And many holy angels without number.

10 And with them the Head of Days,

His head white and pure as wool,

And His raiment indescribable.

11 And I fell on my face,

And my whole body became relaxed,

And my spirit was transfigured;

And I cried with a loud voice,

. . . with the spirit of power,

And blessed and glorified and extolled.

12 And these blessings which went forth out of my mouth

were well pleasing before that Head of 13

Days. And that Head of Days came with Michael and Gabriel,

Raphael and Phanuel, thousands and

ten thousands of angels without number.

[Lost passage wherein the Son of Man was described as

accompanying the Head of Days, and

Enoch asked one of the angels (as in xlvi. 3) concerning the

Son of Man as to who he was.]

14 And he (i.e. the angel) came to me and greeted me with

His voice, and said unto me:

'This is the Son of Man who is born unto righteousness,

And righteousness abides over him,

And the righteousness of the Head of Days forsakes him not.'

15 And he said unto me:

'He proclaims unto thee peace in the name of the world to


For from hence has proceeded peace since the creation of

the world,

And so shall it be unto thee for ever and for ever and ever.

16 And all shall walk in his ways since righteousness never

forsaketh him:

With him will be their dwelling‑places, and with him their


And they shall not be separated from him for ever and ever

and ever.

And so there shall be length of days with that Son of Man,

And the righteous shall have peace and an upright way

In the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.'

Section III.

Chapters LXXII‑LXXXII. The Book of the

Heavenly Luminaries.

LXXII. The Sun.


1 The book of the courses of the luminaries of the heaven, the

relations of each, according to their

classes, their dominion and their seasons, according to their

names and places of origin, and

according to their months, which Uriel, the holy angel, who

was with me, who is their guide, showed

me; and he showed me all their laws exactly as they are, and

how it is with regard to all the years of

the world 2 and unto eternity, till the new creation is

accomplished which dureth till eternity. And this is

the first law of the luminaries: the luminary the Sun has its

rising in the eastern portals of the heaven, 3

and its setting in the western portals of the heaven. And I saw

six portals in which the sun rises, and

six portals in which the sun sets and the moon rises and sets

in these portals, and the leaders of the

stars and those whom they lead: six in the east and six in the

west, and all following each other 4 in

accurately corresponding order: also many windows to the

right and left of these portals. And first

there goes forth the great luminary, named the Sun, and his

circumference is like the 5 circumference

of the heaven, and he is quite filled with illuminating and

heating fire. The chariot on which he ascends,

the wind drives, and the sun goes down from the heaven and

returns through the north in order to

reach the east, and is so guided that he comes to the

appropriate (lit. 'that') portal and 6 shines in the

face of the heaven. In this way he rises in the first month in

the great portal, which 7 is the fourth [those

six portals in the cast]. And in that fourth portal from which

the sun rises in the first month are twelve

window‑openings, from which proceed a flame when they are

opened in 8 their season. When the sun

rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that fourth portal

thirty, 9 mornings in succession, and sets

accurately in the fourth portal in the west of the heaven. And

during this period the day becomes daily

longer and the night nightly shorter to the thirtieth 10

morning. On that day the day is longer than the

night by a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts

and the night to eight parts. And the sun

rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns

to the fifth portal of the east thirty

mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth 12 portal. And

then the day becomes longer by two

parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night 13 becomes

shorter and amounts to seven parts. And

it returns to the east and enters into the sixth 14 portal, and

rises and sets in the sixth portal

one‑and‑thirty mornings on account of its sign. On that day

the day becomes longer than the night,

and the day becomes double the night, and the day 15

becomes twelve parts, and the night is

shortened and becomes six parts. And the sun mounts up to

make the day shorter and the night

longer, and the sun returns to the east and enters into the 16

sixth portal, and rises from it and sets

thirty mornings. And when thirty mornings are accomplished,

17 the day decreases by exactly one

part, and becomes eleven parts, and the night seven. And the

sun goes forth from that sixth portal in

the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for

18 thirty mornings, and sets in the west

again in the fifth western portal. On that day the day

decreases by two parts, and amounts to ten parts

and the night to eight parts. And the sun goes forth from that

fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of

the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one‑ 20 and‑thirty

mornings on account of its sign, and sets

in the west. On that day the day is equalized with the night,

[and becomes of equal length], and the

night amounts to nine parts and the day to 21 nine parts. And

the sun rises from that portal and sets in

the west, and returns to the east and rises 22 thirty mornings

in the third portal and sets in the west in

the third portal. And on that day the night becomes longer

than the day, and night becomes longer

than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning,

and the night amounts exactly to ten parts

and the day to eight 23 parts. And the sun rises from that third

portal and sets in the third portal in the

west and returns to the east, and for thirty mornings rises 24

in the second portal in the east, and in like

manner sets in the second portal in the west of the heaven.

And on that day the night amounts to

eleven 25 parts and the day to seven parts. And the sun rises

on that day from that second portal and

sets in the west in the second portal, and returns to the east

into the first portal for one‑and‑thirty 26

mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the

heaven. And on that day the night becomes

longer and amounts to the double of the day: and the night

amounts exactly to twelve parts and 27 the

day to six. And the sun has (therewith) traversed the

divisions of his orbit and turns again on those

divisions of his orbit, and enters that portal thirty mornings

and sets also in the west 28 opposite to it.

And on that night has the night decreased in length by a ninth

part, and the night 29 has become eleven

parts and the day seven parts. And the sun has returned and

entered into the second portal in the

east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty

mornings, rising 30 and setting. And on that

day the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to

ten parts 31 and the day to eight. And on

that day the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the west,

and returns to the east, and rises in the

third portal for one‑and‑thirty mornings, and sets in the west

of the heaven. 32 On that day the night

decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine

parts, and the night 33 is equal to the day

and the year is exactly as to its days three hundred and

sixty‑four. And the length of the day and of

the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night

arise‑through the course 34 of the sun these

distinctions are made (lit. 'they are separated'). So it comes

that its course becomes 35 daily longer,

and its course nightly shorter. And this is the law and the

course of the sun, and his return as often as

he returns sixty times and rises, i.e. the great luminary which

is named the sun, 36 for ever and ever.

And that which (thus) rises is the great luminary, and is so

named according to 37 its appearance,

according as the Lord commanded. As he rises, so he sets

and decreases not, and rests not, but runs

day and night, and his light is sevenfold brighter than that of

the moon; but as regards size they are

both equal.

LXXIII. The Moon and its Phases.


1 And after this law I saw another law dealing with the smaller

luminary, which is named the Moon. 2

And her circumference is like the circumference of the

heaven, and her chariot in which she rides 3 is

driven by the wind, and light is given to her in (definite)

measure. And her rising and setting change

every month: and her days are like the days of the sun, and

when her light is uniform 4 (i.e. full) it

amounts to the seventh part of the light of the sun. And thus

she rises. And her first phase in the east

comes forth on the thirtieth morning: and on that day she

becomes visible, and constitutes for you the

first phase of the moon on the thirtieth day together with the

sun in the 5 portal where the sun rises.

And the one half of her goes forth by a seventh part, and her

whole circumference is empty, without

light, with the exception of one‑seventh part of it, (and) the 6

fourteenth part of her light. And when

she receives one‑seventh part of the half of her light, her light

7 amounts to one‑seventh part and the

half thereof. And she sets with the sun, and when the sun

rises the moon rises with him and receives

the half of one part of light, and in that night in the beginning

of her morning [in the commencement of

the lunar day] the moon sets with the sun, and 8 is invisible

that night with the fourteen parts and the

half of one of them. And she rises on that day with exactly a

seventh part, and comes forth and

recedes from the rising of the sun, and in her remaining days

she becomes bright in the (remaining)

thirteen parts.

LXXIV. The Lunar Year.


1 And I saw another course, a law for her, (and) how

according to that law she performs her monthly

2 revolution. And all these Uriel, the holy angel who is the

leader of them all, showed to me, and their

positions, and I wrote down their positions as he showed

them to me, and I wrote down their months

3 as they were, and the appearance of their lights till fifteen

days were accomplished. In single seventh

parts she accomplishes all her light in the east, and in single

seventh parts accomplishes all her 4

darkness in the west. And in certain months she alters her

settings, and in certain months she pursues 5

her own peculiar course. In two months the moon sets with

the sun: in those two middle portals the 6

third and the fourth. She goes forth for seven days, and turns

about and returns again through the

portal where the sun rises, and accomplishes all her light:

and she recedes from the sun, and in eight 7

days enters the sixth portal from which the sun goes forth.

And when the sun goes forth from the

fourth portal she goes forth seven days, until she goes forth

from the fifth and turns back again in

seven days into the fourth portal and accomplishes all her

light: and she recedes and enters into the 8

first portal in eight days. And she returns again in seven days

into the fourth portal from which the 9,10

sun goes forth. Thus I saw their position ‑how the moons rose

and the sun set in those days. And if

five years are added together the sun has an overplus of

thirty days, and all the days which accrue 11

to it for one of those five years, when they are full, amount to

364 days. And the overplus of the sun

and of the stars amounts to six days: in 5 years 6 days every

year come to 30 days: and the 12 moon

falls behind the sun and stars to the number of 30 days. And

the sun and the stars bring in all the years

exactly, so that they do not advance or delay their position by

a single day unto eternity; but complete

the years with perfect justice in 364 days. In 3 years there are

1,092 days, and in 5 years 1,820 days,

so that in 8 years there are 2,912 days. For the moon alone

the days amount in 3 years to 1,062

days, and in 5 years she falls 50 days behind: [i.e. to the sum

(of 1,770) there is 15 to be added

(1,000 and) 62 days.] And in 5 years there are 1,770 days, so

that for the moon the days 16 in 8

years amount to 2,832 days. [For in 8 years she falls behind to

the amount of 80 days], all the 17 days

she falls behind in 8 years are 80. And the year is accurately

completed in conformity with their

world‑stations and the stations of the sun, which rise from the

portals through which it (the sun) rises

and sets 30 days.


1 And the leaders of the heads of the thousands, who are

placed over the whole creation and over all

the stars, have also to do with the four intercalary days, being

inseparable from their office, according

to the reckoning of the year, and these render service on the

four days which are not 2 reckoned in

the reckoning of the year. And owing to them men go wrong

therein, for those luminaries truly render

service on the world‑stations, one in the first portal, one in

the third portal of the heaven, one in the

fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and the exactness of

the year is 3 accomplished through its

separate three hundred and sixty‑four stations. For the signs

and the times and the years and the days

the angel Uriel showed to me, whom the Lord of glory hath

set for ever over all the luminaries of the

heaven, in the heaven and in the world, that they should rule

on the face of the heaven and be seen on

the earth, and be leaders for the day and the night, i.e. the

sun, moon, and stars, and all the ministering

creatures which make their revolution in all the chariots 4 of

the heaven. In like manner twelve doors

Uriel showed me, open in the circumference of the sun's

chariot in the heaven, through which the rays

of the sun break forth: and from them is warmth 5 diffused

over the earth, when they are opened at

their appointed seasons. [And for the winds and 6 the spirit of

the dew when they are opened,

standing open in the heavens at the ends.] As for the twelve

portals in the heaven, at the ends of the

earth, out of which go forth the sun, moon, and stars, 7 and all

the works of heaven in the east and in

the west, There are many windows open to the left and right

of them, and one window at its

(appointed) season produces warmth, corresponding (as

these do) to those doors from which the

stars come forth according as He has commanded them, 8

and wherein they set corresponding to their

number. And I saw chariots in the heaven, running 9 in the

world, above those portals in which

revolve the stars that never set. And one is larger than all the

rest, and it is that that makes its course

through the entire world.

LXXVI. The Twelve Winds and their Portals.


1 And at the ends of the earth I saw twelve portals open to all

the quarters (of the heaven), from 2

which the winds go forth and blow over the earth. Three of

them are open on the face (i.e. the east)

of the heavens, and three in the west, and three on the right

(i.e. the south) of the heaven, and 3 three

on the left (i.e. the north). And the three first are those of the

east, and three are of the 4 north, and

three [after those on the left] of the south, and three of the

west. Through four of these come winds of

blessing and prosperity, and from those eight come hurtful

winds: when they are sent, they bring

destruction on all the earth and on the water upon it, and on

all who dwell thereon, and on everything

which is in the water and on the land. 5 And the first wind

from those portals, called the east wind,

comes forth through the first portal which is in the east,

inclining towards the south: from it come forth

desolation, drought, heat, 6 and destruction. And through the

second portal in the middle comes what

is fitting, and from it there come rain and fruitfulness and

prosperity and dew; and through the third

portal which lies toward the north come cold and drought. 7

And after these come forth the south

winds through three portals: through the first portal of 8 them

inclining to the east comes forth a hot

wind. And through the middle portal next to it there 9 come

forth fragrant smells, and dew and rain,

and prosperity and health. And through the third portal lying

to the west come forth dew and rain,

locusts and desolation. 10 And after these the north winds:

from the seventh portal in the east come

dew and rain, locusts 11 and desolation. And from the middle

portal come in a direct direction health

and rain and dew and prosperity; and through the third portal

in the west come cloud and hoar‑frost,

and snow and rain, and dew and locusts. 12 And after these

[four] are the west winds: through the first

portal adjoining the north come forth 13 dew and hoar‑frost,

and cold and snow and frost. And from

the middle portal come forth dew and rain, and prosperity and

blessing; and through the last portal

which adjoins the south come forth 14 drought and

desolation, and burning and destruction. And the

twelve portals of the four quarters of the heaven are

therewith completed, and all their laws and all

their plagues and all their benefactions have I shown to thee,

my son Methuselah.

LXXVII. The Four Quarters of the World: the Seven

Mountains, the Seven Rivers, &c.


1 And the first quarter is called the east, because it is the first:

and the second, the south, because the

Most High will descend there, yea, there in quite a special

sense will He who is blessed for ever 2

descend. And the west quarter is named the diminished,

because there all the luminaries of the 3

heaven wane and go down. And the fourth quarter, named the

north, is divided into three parts: the

first of them is for the dwelling of men: and the second

contains seas of water, and the abysses and

forests and rivers, and darkness and clouds; and the third

part contains the garden of righteousness. 4

I saw seven high mountains, higher than all the mountains

which are on the earth: and thence 5 comes

forth hoar‑frost, and days, seasons, and years pass away. I

saw seven rivers on the earth larger than

all the rivers: one of them coming from the west pours its

waters into the Great Sea. 6 And these two

come from the north to the sea and pour their waters into the

Erythraean Sea in the 7 east. And the

remaining, four come forth on the side of the north to their

own sea, two of them to the Erythraean

Sea, and two into the Great Sea and discharge themselves

there [and some say: 8 into the desert].

Seven great islands I saw in the sea and in the mainland: two

in the mainland and five in the Great Sea.

LXXVIII. The Sun and Moon: the Waxing and Waning of

the Moon.


1,2 And the names of the sun are the following: the first

Orjrs, and the second Tms. And the

moon has four names: the first name is Asnj, the second

Ebl, the third Bens, and the fourth 3

Ere. These are the two great luminaries: their circumference

is like the circumference of the 4 heaven,

and the size of the circumference of both is alike. In the

circumference of the sun there are seven

portions of light which are added to it more than to the moon,

and in definite measures it is 5

transferred till the seventh portion of the sun is exhausted.

And they set and enter the portals of the

west, and make their revolution by the north, and come forth

through the eastern portals 6 on the face

of the heaven. And when the moon rises one‑fourteenth part

appears in the heaven: 7 [the light

becomes full in her]: on the fourteenth day she accomplishes

her light. And fifteen parts of light are

transferred to her till the fifteenth day (when) her light is

accomplished, according to the sign of the

year, and she becomes fifteen parts, and the moon grows by

(the addition of) fourteenth 8 parts. And

in her waning (the moon) decreases on the first day to

fourteen parts of her light, on the second to

thirteen parts of light, on the third to twelve, on the fourth to

eleven, on the fifth to ten, on the sixth to

nine, on the seventh to eight, on the eighth to seven, on the

ninth to six, on the tenth to five, on the

eleventh to four, on the twelfth to three, on the thirteenth to

two, on the fourteenth 9 to the half of a

seventh, and all her remaining light disappears wholly on the

fifteenth. And 10 in certain months the

month has twenty‑nine days and once twenty‑eight. And Uriel

showed me another law: when light is

transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred to

her by 11 the sun. Duringall the period

during which the moon is growing in her light, she is

transferring it to herself when opposite to the sun

during fourteen days [her light is accomplished in the heaven,

12 and when she is illumined throughout,

her light is accomplished full in the heaven. And on the first

13 day she is called the new moon, for on

that day the light rises upon her. She becomes full moon

exactly on the day when the sun sets in the

west, and from the east she rises at night, and the moon

shines the whole night through till the sun rises

over against her and the moon is seen over against 14 the

sun. On the side whence the light of the

moon comes forth, there again she wanes till all the light

vanishes and all the days of the month are at

an end, and her circumference is empty, void of 15 light. And

three months she makes of thirty days,

and at her time she makes three months of twenty‑nine days

each, in which she accomplishes her

waning in the first period of time, and in the first 16 portal for

one hundred and seventy‑seven days.

And in the time of her going out she appears for three months

(of) thirty days each, and for three

months she appears (of) twenty‑nine each. At night she

appears like a man for twenty days each time,

and by day she appears like the heaven, and there is nothing

else in her save her light.

LXXIX‑LXXX.1. Recapitulation of several of the Laws.


1 And now, my son, I have shown thee everything, and the

law of all the stars of the heaven is 2

completed. And he showed me all the laws of these for every

day, and for every season of bearing

rule, and for every year, and for its going forth, and for the

order prescribed to it every month 3 and

every week: And the waning of the moon which takes place

in the sixth portal: for in this 4 sixth portal

her light is accomplished, and after that there is the beginning

of the waning: (And the waning) which

takes place in the first portal in its season, till one hundred

and seventy‑seven 5 days are

accomplished: reckoned according to weeks, twenty‑five

(weeks) and two days. She falls behind the

sun and the order of the stars exactly five days in the course

of one period, and when 6 this place

which thou seest has been traversed. Such is the picture and

sketch of every luminary which Uriel the

archangel, who is their leader, showed unto me.


1 And in those days the angel Uriel answered and said to me:

'Behold, I have shown thee everything,

Enoch, and I have revealed everything to thee that thou

shouldst see this sun and this moon, and the

leaders of the stars of the heaven and all those who turn

them, their tasks and times and departures.

LXXX.2‑8. Perversion of Nature and the heavenly Bodies

due to the Sin of Men.

2 And in the days of the sinners the years shall be shortened,

And their seed shall be tardy on their lands and fields,

And all things on the earth shall alter,

And shall not appear in their time:

And the rain shall be kept back

And the heaven shall withhold (it).

3 And in those times the fruits of the earth shall be backward,

And shall not grow in their time,

And the fruits of the trees shall be withheld in their time.

4 And the moon shall alter her order,

And not appear at her time.

5 [And in those days the sun shall be seen and he shall

journey in the evening on the extremity of the

great chariot in the west]

And shall shine more brightly than accords with the order of


6 And many chiefs of thestars shall transgress the order


And these shall alter their orbits and tasks,

And not appear at the seasons prescribed to them.

7 And the whole order of the stars shall be concealed from

the sinners,

And the thoughts of those on the earth shall err concerning


[And they shall be altered from all their ways],

Yea, they shall err and take them to be gods.

8 And evil shall be multiplied upon them,

And punishment shall come upon them So as to destroy all.'

LXXXI. The Heavenly Tablets and the Mission of



1 And he said unto me:

'Observe, Enoch, these heavenly tablets,

And read what is written thereon,

And mark every individual fact.'

2 And I observed the heavenly tablets, and read everything

which was written (thereon) and

understood everything, and read the book of all the deeds of

mankind, and of all the children of flesh 3

that shall be upon the earth to the remotest generations. And

forthwith I blessed the great Lord the

King of glory for ever, in that He has made all the works of the


And I extolled the Lord because of His patience,

And blessed Him because of the children of men.

4 And after that I said:

'Blessed is the man who dies in righteousness and goodness,

Concerning whom there is no book of unrighteousness


And against whom no day of judgement shall be found.'

5 And those seven holy ones brought me and placed me on

the earth before the door of my house,

and said to me: 'Declare everything to thy son Methuselah,

and show to all thy children that no 6 flesh

is righteous in the sight of the Lord, for He is their Creator.

One year we will leave thee with thy son,

till thou givest thy (last) commands, that thou mayest teach

thy children and record (it) for them, and

testify to all thy children; and in the second year they shall

take thee from their midst.

7 Let thy heart be strong,

For the good shall announce righteousness to the good;

The righteous with the righteous shall rejoice,

And shall offer congratulation to one another.

8 But the sinners shall die with the sinners,

And the apostate go down with the apostate.

9 And those who practice righteousness shall die on account

of the deeds of men,

And be taken away on account of the doings of the godless.'

10 And in those days they ceased to speak to me, and I came

to my people, blessing the Lord of the


LXXXII. Charge given to Enoch: the four Intercalary days: the

Stars which lead the Seasons and

the Months.


1 And now, my son Methuselah, all these things I am

recounting to thee and writing down for thee!

and I have revealed to thee everything, and given thee books

concerning all these: so preserve, my

son Methuselah, the books from thy father's hand, and (see)

that thou deliver them to the generations

of the world.

2 I have given wisdom to thee and to thy children,

[And thy children that shall be to thee],

That they may give it to their children for generations,

This wisdom (namely) that passeth their thought.

3 And those who understand it shall not sleep,

But shall listen with the ear that they may learn this wisdom,

And it shall please those that eat thereof better than good


4 Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who

walk in the way of righteousness and sin not

as the sinners, in the reckoning of all their days in which the

sun traverses t he heaven, entering into

and departing from the portals for thirty days with the heads

of thousands of the order of the stars,

together with the four which are intercalated which divide the

four portions of the year, which 5 lead

them and enter with them four days. Owing to them men shall

be at fault and not reckon them in the

whole reckoning of the year: yea, men shall be at fault, and

not recognize them accurately. 6 For they

belong to the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded

(thereon) for ever, one in the first portal

and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the

sixth, and the year is completed in three

hundred and sixty‑four days. 7 And the account thereof is

accurate and the recorded reckoning

thereof exact; for the luminaries, and months and festivals,

and years and days, has Uriel shown and

revealed to me, to whom the 8 Lord of the whole creation of

the world hath subjected the host of

heaven. And he has power over night and day in the heaven

to cause the light to give light to men

‑sun, moon, and stars, 9 and all the powers of the heaven

which revolve in their circular chariots. And

these are the orders of the stars, which set in their places,

and in their seasons and festivals and

months. 10 And these are the names of those who lead them,

who watch that they enter at their times,

in their orders, in their seasons, in their months, in their

periods of dominion, and in their positions. 11

Their four leaders who divide the four parts of the year enter

first; and after them the twelve leaders of

the orders who divide the months; and for the three hundred

and sixty (days) there are heads over

thousands who divide the days; and for the four intercalary

days there are the leaders which sunder 12

the four parts of the year. And these heads over thousands

are intercalated between 13 leader and

leader, each behind a station, but their leaders make the

division. And these are the names of the

leaders who divide the four parts of the year which are

ordained: Mlk'l, Hel'emmlk, and Ml'jal,

14 and Nrl. And the names of those who lead them:

Adnr'l, and Ijssa'l, and 'Elm'l ‑these

three follow the leaders of the orders, and there is one that

follows the three leaders of the orders

which follow those leaders of stations that divide the four

parts of the year. 15 In the beginning of the

year Melkejl rises first and rules, who is named Tam'in and

sun, and 16 all the days of his dominion

whilst he bears rule are ninety‑one days. And these are the

signs of the days which are to be seen on

earth in the days of his dominion: sweat, and heat, and calms;

and all the trees bear fruit, and leaves

are produced on all the trees, and the harvest of wheat, and

the rose‑flowers, and all the flowers

which come forth in the field, but the trees of the winter

season 17 become withered. And these are

the names of the leaders which are under them: Berka'l,

Zlebs'l, and another who is added a head

of a thousand, called Hljseph: and the days of the

dominion of this (leader) are at an end. 18 The

next leader after him is Hl'emmlk, whom one names the

shining sun, and all the days 19 of his light

are ninety‑one days. And these are the signs of (his) days on

the earth: glowing heat and dryness, and

the trees ripen their fruits and produce all their fruits ripe and

ready, and the sheep pair and become

pregnant, and all the fruits of the earth are gathered in, and

everything that is 20 in the fields, and the

winepress: these things take place in the days of his

dominion. These are the names, and the orders,

and the leaders of those heads of thousands: Gd'jal, K'l,

and H'l, and the name of the head of a

thousand which is added to them, Asf'l: and the days of his

dominion are at an end.

Section IV.

Chapters LXXXIII‑XC. The Dream‑Visions.

LXXXIII‑LXXXIV. First Dream‑Vision on the Deluge.


1 And now, my son Methuselah, I will show thee all my

visions which I have seen, recounting 2 them

before thee. Two visions I saw before I took a wife, and the

one was quite unlike the other: the first

when I was learning to write: the second before I took thy

mother, (when) I saw a terrible 3 vision.

And regarding them I prayed to the Lord. I had laid me down

in the house of my grandfather

Mahalalel, (when) I saw in a vision how the heaven collapsed

and was borne off and fell to 4 the

earth. And when it fell to the earth I saw how the earth was

swallowed up in a great abyss, and

mountains were suspended on mountains, and hills sank

down on hills, and high trees were rent 5 from

their stems, and hurled down and sunk in the abyss. And

thereupon a word fell into my mouth, 6 and I

lifted up (my voice) to cry aloud, and said: 'The earth is

destroyed.' And my grandfather Mahalalel

waked me as I lay near him, and said unto me: 'Why dost thou

cry so, my son, and why 7 dost thou

make such lamentation?' And I recounted to him the whole

vision which I had seen, and he said unto

me: 'A terrible thing hast thou seen, my son, and of grave

moment is thy dream‑ vision as to the

secrets of all the sin of the earth: it must sink into the abyss

and be destroyed with 8 a great

destruction. And now, my son, arise and make petition to the

Lord of glory, since thou art a believer,

that a remnant may remain on the earth, and that He may not

destroy the whole 9 earth. My son, from

heaven all this will come upon the earth, and upon the earth

there will be great 10 destruction. After

that I arose and prayed and implored and besought, and wrote

down my prayer 11 for the generations

of the world, and I will show everything to thee, my son

Methuselah. And when I had gone forth

below and seen the heaven, and the sun rising in the east,

and the moon setting in the west, and a few

stars, and the whole earth, and everything as He had known it

in the beginning, then I blessed the

Lord of judgement and extolled Him because He had made

the sun to go forth from the windows of

the east, and he ascended and rose on the face of the

heaven, and set out and kept traversing the path

shown unto him.


1 And I lifted up my hands in righteousness and blessed the

Holy and Great One, and spake with the

breath of my mouth, and with the tongue of flesh, which God

has made for the children of the flesh of

men, that they should speak therewith, and He gave them

breath and a tongue and a mouth that they

should speak therewith:

2 'Blessed be Thou, O Lord, King,

Great and mighty in Thy greatness,

Lord of the whole creation of the heaven,

King of kings and God of the whole world.

And Thy power and kingship and greatness abide for ever

and ever,

And throughout all generations Thy dominion;

And all the heavens are Thy throne for ever,

And the whole earth Thy footstool for ever and ever.

3 For Thou hast made and Thou rulest all things,

And nothing is too hard for Thee,

Wisdom departs not from the place of Thy throne,

Nor turns away from Thy presence.

And Thouknowest and seest and hearest everything,

And there is nothing hidden from Thee [for Thou seest


4 And now the angels of Thy heavens are guilty of trespass,

And upon the flesh of men abideth Thy wrath until the great

day of judgement.

5 And now, O God and Lord and Great King,

I implore and beseech Thee to fulfil my prayer,

To leave me a posterity on earth,

And not destroy all the flesh of man,

And make the earth without inhabitant,

So that there should be an eternal destruction.

6 And now, my Lord, destroy from the earth the flesh which

has aroused Thy wrath,

But the flesh of righteousness and uprightness establish as a

plant of the eternal seed,

And hide not Thy face from the prayer of Thy servant, O Lord.'

LXXXV‑XC. Second Dream‑Vision of Enoch: the History of


World to the Founding of the Messianic Kingdom.


1,2 And after this I saw another dream, and I will show the

whole dream to thee, my son. And Enoch

lifted up (his voice) and spake to his son Methuselah: 'To

thee, my son, will I speak: hear my 3 words

‑incline thine ear to the dream‑vision of thy father. Before I

took thy mother Edna, I saw in a vision on

my bed, and behold a bull came forth from the earth, and that

bull was white; and after it came forth a

heifer, and along with this (latter) came forth two bulls, one of

them black and 4 the other red. And

that black bull gored the red one and pursued him over the

earth, and thereupon 5 I could no longer

see that red bull. But that black bull grew and that heifer went

with him, and 6 I saw that many oxen

proceeded from him which resembled and followed him. And

that cow, that first one, went from the

presence of that first bull in order to seek that red one, but

found him 7 not, and lamented with a great

lamentation over him and sought him. And I looked till that

first 8 bull came to her and quieted her,

and from that time onward she cried no more. And after that

she bore another white bull, and after

him she bore many bulls and black cows. 9 And I saw in my

sleep that white bull likewise grow and

become a great white bull, and from Him proceeded many

white bulls, and they resembled him. And

they began to beget many white bulls, which resembled

them, one following the other, (even) many.

LXXXVI. The Fall of the Angels and the Demoralization of



1 And again I saw with mine eyes as I slept, and I saw the

heaven above, and behold a star fell 2 from

heaven, and it arose and eat and pastured amongst those

oxen. And after that I saw the large and the

black oxen, and behold they all changed their stalls and

pastures and their cattle, and began 3 to live

with each other. And again I saw in the vision, and looked

towards the heaven, and behold I saw

many stars descend and cast themselves down from heaven

to that first star, and they became 4 bulls

amongst those cattle and pastured with them [amongst

them]. And I looked at them and saw, and

behold they all let out their privy members, like horses, and

began to cover the cows of the oxen, 5

and they all became pregnant and bare elephants, camels,

and asses. And all the oxen feared them

and were affrighted at them, and began to bite with their teeth

and to devour, and to gore with their 6

horns. And they began, moreover, to devour those oxen; and

behold all the children of the earth

began to tremble and quake before them and to flee from


LXXXVII. The Advent of the Seven Archangels.


1 And again I saw how they began to gore each other and to

devour each other, and the earth 2 began

to cry aloud. And I raised mine eyes again to heaven, and I

saw in the vision, and behold there came

forth from heaven beings who were like white men: and four

went forth from that place 3 and three

with them. And those three that had last come forth grasped

me by my hand and took me up, away

from the generations of the earth, and raised me up to a lofty

place, and showed me 4 a tower raised

high above the earth, and all the hills were lower. And one

said unto me: 'Remain here till thou seest

everything that befalls those elephants, camels, and asses,

and the stars and the oxen, and all of them.'

LXXXVIII. The Punishment of the Fallen Angels by the



1 And I saw one of those four who had come forth first, and he

seized that first star which had fallen

from the heaven, and bound it hand and foot and cast it into

an abyss: now that abyss was 2 narrow

and deep, and horrible and dark. And one of them drew a

sword, and gave it to those elephants and

camels and asses: then they began to smite each other, and

the whole earth quaked 3 because of

them. And as I was beholding in the vision, lo, one of those

four who had come forth stoned (them)

from heaven, and gathered and took all the great stars whose

privy members were like those of

horses, and bound them all hand and foot, and cast them in an

abyss of the earth.

LXXXIX.1‑9. The Deluge and the Deliverance of Noah.


1 And one of those four went to that white bull and instructed

him in a secret, without his being

terrified: he was born a bull and became a man, and built for

himself a great vessel and dwelt thereon;

2 and three bulls dwelt with him in that vessel and they were

covered in. And again I raised mine eyes

towards heaven and saw a lofty roof, with seven water

torrents thereon, and those torrents 3 flowed

with much water into an enclosure. And I saw again, and

behold fountains were opened on the

surface of that great enclosure, and that water began to swell

and rise upon the surface, 4 and I saw

that enclosure till all its surface was covered with water. And

the water, the darkness, and mist

increased upon it; and as I looked at the height of that water,

that water had risen above the height of

that enclosure, and was streaming over that enclosure, and it

stood upon the earth. 5 And all the cattle

of that enclosure were gathered together until I saw how they

sank and were 6 swallowed up and

perished in that water. But that vessel floated on the water,

while all the oxen and elephants and

camels and asses sank to the bottom with all the animals, so

that I could no longer 7 see them, and

they were not able to escape, (but) perished and sank into the

depths. And again I saw in the vision

till those water torrents were removed from that high roof,

and the chasms 8 of the earth were leveled

up and other abysses were opened. Then the water began to

run down into these, till the earth

became visible; but that vessel settled on the earth, and the

darkness 9 retired and light appeared. But

that white bull which had become a man came out of that

vessel, and the three bulls with him, and one

of those three was white like that bull, and one of them was

red as blood, and one black: and that

white bull departed from them.

LXXXIX.10‑27. From the Death of Noah to the Exodus.

10 And they began to bring forth beasts of the field and birds,

so that there arose different genera:

lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas, wild boars, foxes,

squirrels, swine, falcons, vultures, kites, 11

eagles, and ravens; and among them was born a white bull.

And they began to bite one another; but

that white bull which was born amongst them begat a wild ass

and a white bull with it, and the 12 wild

asses multiplied. But that bull which was born from him begat

a black wild boar and a white 13 sheep;

and the former begat many boars, but that sheep begat

twelve sheep. And when those twelve sheep

had grown, they gave up one of them to the asses, and those

asses again gave up that sheep 14 to the

wolves, and that sheep grew up among the wolves. And the

Lord brought the eleven sheep to live

with it and to pasture with it among the wolves: and they

multiplied and became many 15 flocks of

sheep. And the wolves began to fear them, and they

oppressed them until they destroyed their little

ones, and they cast their young into a river of much water:

but those sheep began to 16 cry aloud on

account of their little ones, and to complain unto their Lord.

And a sheep which had been saved from

the wolves fled and escaped to the wild asses; and I saw the

sheep how they lamented and cried, and

besought their Lord with all their might, till that Lord of the

sheep descended 17 at the voice of the

sheep from a lofty abode, and came to them and pastured

them. And He called that sheep which had

escaped the wolves, and spake with it concerning the wolves

that it should 18 admonish them not to

touch the sheep. And the sheep went to the wolves according

to the word of the Lord, and another

sheep met it and went with it, and the two went and entered

together into the assembly of those

wolves, and spake with them and admonished them not to

touch the 19 sheep from henceforth. And

thereupon I saw the wolves, and how they oppressed the

sheep 20 exceedingly with all their power;

and the sheep cried aloud. And the Lord came to the sheep

and they began to smite those wolves:

and the wolves began to make lamentation; but the sheep

became 21 quiet and forthwith ceased to cry

out. And I saw the sheep till they departed from amongst the

wolves; but the eyes of the wolves were

blinded, and those wolves departed in pursuit of the sheep 22

with all their power. And the Lord of the

sheep went with them, as their leader, and all His sheep 23

followed Him: and his face was dazzling

and glorious and terrible to behold. But the wolves 24 began

to pursue those sheep till they reached a

sea of water. And that sea was divided, and the water stood

on this side and on that before their face,

and their Lord led them and placed Himself between 25 them

and the wolves. And as those wolves

did not yet see the sheep, they proceeded into the midst of

that sea, and the wolves followed the

sheep, and [those wolves] ran after them into that sea. 26 And

when they saw the Lord of the sheep,

they turned to flee before His face, but that sea gathered itself

together, and became as it had been

created, and the water swelled and rose till it covered 27

those wolves. And I saw till all the wolves

who pursued those sheep perished and were drowned.

LXXXIX.28‑40. Israel in the Desert, the Giving of the Law, the

Entrance into Palestine.

28 But the sheep escaped from that water and went forth into

a wilderness, where there was no water

and no grass; and they began to open their eyes and to see;

and I saw the Lord of the sheep 29

pasturing them and giving them water and grass, and that

sheep going and leading them. And that 30

sheep ascended to the summit of that lofty rock, and the Lord

of the sheep sent it to them. And after

that I saw the Lord of the sheep who stood before them, and

His appearance was great and 31

terrible and majestic, and all those sheep saw Him and were

afraid before His face. And they all

feared and trembled because of Him, and they cried to that

sheep with them [which was amongst 32

them]: 'We are not able to stand before our Lord or to behold

Him.' And that sheep which led them

again ascended to the summit of that rock, but the sheep

began to be blinded and to wander 33 from

the way which he had showed them, but that sheep wot not

thereof. And the Lord of the sheep was

wrathful exceedingly against them, and that sheep

discovered it, and went down from the summit of

the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the greatest part

of them blinded and fallen 34 away. And

when they saw it they feared and trembled at its presence,

and desired to return to their 35 folds. And

that sheep took other sheep with it, and came to those sheep

which had fallen away, and began to

slay them; and the sheep feared its presence, and thus that

sheep brought back those 36 sheep that

had fallen away, and they returned to their folds. And I saw in

this vision till that sheep became a man

and built a house for the Lord of the sheep, and placed all the

sheep in that house. 37 And I saw till

this sheep which had met that sheep which led them fell

asleep: and I saw till all the great sheep

perished and little ones arose in their place, and they came to

a pasture, and 38 approached a stream

of water. Then that sheep, their leader which had become a

man, withdrew 39 from them and fell

asleep, and all the sheep sought it and cried over it with a

great crying. And I saw till they left off

crying for that sheep and crossed that stream of water, and

there arose the two sheep as leaders in

the place of those which had led them and fallen asleep (lit.

'had fallen asleep and led 40 them'). And I

saw till the sheep came to a goodly place, and a pleasant and

glorious land, and I saw till those sheep

were satisfied; and that house stood amongst them in the

pleasant land.

LXXXIX.41‑50. From the Time of the Judges to the

Building of the Temple.

41 And sometimes their eyes were opened, and sometimes

blinded, till another sheep arose and led

them and brought them all back, and their eyes were opened.

42 And the dogs and the foxes and the

wild boars began to devour those sheep till the Lord of the

sheep raised up [another sheep] a ram

from their 43 midst, which led them. And that ram began to

butt on either side those dogs, foxes, and

wild 44 boars till he had destroyed them all. And that sheep

whose eyes were opened saw that ram,

which was amongst the sheep, till it forsook its glory and

began to butt those sheep, and trampled

upon them, and behaved itself 45 unseemly. And the Lord of

the sheep sent the lamb to another lamb

and raised it to being a ram and leader of the sheep instead of

that 46 ram which had forsaken its

glory. And it went to it and spake to it alone, and raised it to

being a ram, and made it the prince and

leader of the sheep; but during all these things those dogs 47

oppressed the sheep. And the first ram

pursued that second ram, and that second ram arose and fled

before it; and I saw till those dogs

pulled 48 down the first ram. And that second ram arose 49

and led the [little] sheep. And those sheep

grew and multiplied; but all the dogs, and foxes, and wild

boars feared and fled before it, and that ram

butted and killed the wild beasts, and those wild beasts had

no longer any power among the 48b

sheep and robbed them no more of ought. And that ram begat

many sheep and fell asleep; and a little

sheep became ram in its stead, and became prince and

leader of those sheep. 50 And that house

became great and broad, and it was built for those sheep:

(and) a tower lofty and great was built on

the house for the Lord of the sheep, and that house was low,

but the tower was elevated and lofty,

and the Lord of the sheep stood on that tower and they

offered a full table before Him.

LXXXIX.51‑67. The Two Kingdoms of Israel and Judah to the

Destruction of Jerusalem.

51 And again I saw those sheep that they again erred and

went many ways, and forsook that their

house, and the Lord of the sheep called some from amongst

the sheep and sent them to the sheep, 52

but the sheep began to slay them. And one of them was

saved and was not slain, and it sped away

and cried aloud over the sheep; and they sought to slay it, but

the Lord of the sheep saved it from 53

the sheep, and brought it up to me, and caused it to dwell

there. And many other sheep He sent 54 to

those sheep to testify unto them and lament over them. And

after that I saw that when they forsook

the house of the Lord and His tower they fell away entirely,

and their eyes were blinded; and I saw

the Lord of the sheep how He wrought much slaughter

amongst them in their herds until 55 those

sheep invited that slaughter and betrayed His place. And He

gave them over into the hands of the

lions and tigers, and wolves and hyenas, and into the hand of

the foxes, and to all the wild 56 beasts,

and those wild beasts began to tear in pieces those sheep.

And I saw that He forsook that their house

and their tower and gave them all into the hand of the lions, to

tear and devour them, 57 into the hand

of all the wild beasts. And I began to cry aloud with all my

power, and to appeal to the Lord of the

sheep, and to represent to Him in regard to the sheep that

they were devoured 58 by all the wild

beasts. But He remained unmoved, though He saw it, and

rejoiced that they were devoured and

swallowed and robbed, and left them to be devoured in the

hand of all the beasts. 59 And He called

seventy shepherds, and cast those sheep to them that they

might pasture them, and He spake to the

shepherds and their companions: 'Let each individual of you

pasture the sheep 60 henceforward, and

everything that I shall command you that do ye. And I will

deliver them over unto you duly numbered,

and tell you which of them are to be destroyed‑and them

destroy ye.' And 61 He gave over unto them

those sheep. And He called another and spake unto him:

'Observe and mark everything that the

shepherds will do to those sheep; for they will destroy more

of them than 62 I have commanded them.

And every excess and the destruction which will be wrought

through the shepherds, record (namely)

how many they destroy according to my command, and how

many according to their own caprice:

record against every individual shepherd all the destruction

he 63 effects. And read out before me by

number how many they destroy, and how many they deliver

over for destruction, that I may have this

as a testimony against them, and know every deed of the

shepherds, that I may comprehend and see

what they do, whether or not they abide by my 64 command

which I have commanded them. But they

shall not know it, and thou shalt not declare it to them, nor

admonish them, but only record against

each individual all the destruction which 65 the shepherds

effect each in his time and lay it all before

me.' And I saw till those shepherds pastured in their season,

and they began to slay and to destroy

more than they were bidden, and they delivered 66 those

sheep into the hand of the lions. And the

lions and tigers eat and devoured the greater part of those

sheep, and the wild boars eat along with

them; and they burnt that tower and demolished 67 that

house. And I became exceedingly sorrowful

over that tower because that house of the sheep was

demolished, and afterwards I was unable to see

if those sheep entered that house.

LXXXIX.68‑71. First Period of the Angelic Rulers ‑from the

Destruction of Jerusalem to the

Return from Captivity.

68 And the shepherds and their associates delivered over

those sheep to all the wild beasts, to devour

them, and each one of them received in his time a definite

number: it was written by the other 69 in a

book how many each one of them destroyed of them. And

each one slew and destroyed many 70

more than was prescribed; and I began to weep and lament

on account of those sheep. And thus in

the vision I saw that one who wrote, how he wrote down

every one that was destroyed by those

shepherds, day by day, and carried up and laid down and

showed actually the whole book to the

Lord of the sheep‑(even) everything that they had done, and

all that each one of them had made 71

away with, and all that they had given over to destruction.

And the book was read before the Lord of

the sheep, and He took the book from his hand and read it and

sealed it and laid it down.

LXXXIX.72‑77. Second Period ‑from the Time of Cyrus to that

of Alexander the Great.

72 And forthwith I saw how the shepherds pastured for twelve

hours, and behold three of those sheep

turned back and came and entered and began to build up all

that had fallen down of that 73 house; but

the wild boars tried to hinder them, but they were not able.

And they began again to build as before,

and they reared up that tower, and it was named the high

tower; and they began again to place a table

before the tower, but all the bread on it was polluted and not

pure. 74 And as touching all this the eyes

of those sheep were blinded so that they saw not, and (the

eyes of) their shepherds likewise; and they

delivered them in large numbers to their shepherds for 75

destruction, and they trampled the sheep

with their feet and devoured them. And the Lord of the sheep

remained unmoved till all the sheep

were dispersed over the field and mingled with them (i.e. the

76 beasts), and they (i.e. the shepherds)

did not save them out of the hand of the beasts. And this one

who wrote the book carried it up, and

showed it and read it before the Lord of the sheep, and

implored Him on their account, and besought

Him on their account as he showed Him all the doings 77 of

the shepherds, and gave testimony before

Him against all the shepherds. And he took the actual book

and laid it down beside Him and


XC.1‑5. Third Period ‑from Alexander the Great to the

Graeco‑Syrian Domination.


1 And I saw till that in this manner thirty‑five shepherds

undertook the pasturing (of the sheep), and

they severally completed their periods as did the first; and

others received them into their 2 hands, to

pasture them for their period, each shepherd in his own

period. And after that I saw in my vision all

the birds of heaven coming, the eagles, the vultures, the

kites, the ravens; but the eagles led all the

birds; and they began to devour those sheep, and to pick out

their eyes and to 3 devour their flesh.

And the sheep cried out because their flesh was being

devoured by the birds, 4 and as for me I

looked and lamented in my sleep over that shepherd who

pastured the sheep. And I saw until those

sheep were devoured by the dogs and eagles and kites, and

they left neither flesh nor skin nor sinew

remaining on them till only their bones stood there: and their

bones too fell 5 to the earth and the sheep

became few. And I saw until that twenty‑three had undertaken

the pasturing and completed in their

several periods fifty‑eight times.

XC.6‑12. Fourth Period ‑from the Graeco‑Syrian Domination

to the Maccabean Revolt.

6 But behold lambs were borne by those white sheep, and

they began to open their eyes and to see, 7

and to cry to the sheep. Yea, they cried to them, but they did

not hearken to what they said to 8

them, but were exceedingly deaf, and their eyes were very

exceedingly blinded. And I saw in the

vision how the ravens flew upon those lambs and took one of

those lambs, and dashed the sheep 9 in

pieces and devoured them. And I saw till horns grew upon

those lambs, and the ravens cast down

their horns; and I saw till there sprouted a great horn of one of

those sheep, and their eyes 10 were

opened. And it looked at them [and their eyes opened], and it

cried to the sheep, and the 11 rams saw

it and all ran to it. And notwithstanding all this those eagles

and vultures and ravens and kites still kept

tearing the sheep and swooping down upon them and

devouring them: still the 12 sheep remained

silent, but the rams lamented and cried out. And those ravens

fought and battled with it and sought to

lay low its horn, but they had no power over it.

XC.13‑19. The last Assault of the Gentiles on the Jews (where

vv. 13‑15 and 16‑18 are doublets).

13 And I saw till the shepherds and eagles and those vultures

and kites came, and they cried to the ravens that they should

break the horn of that ram, and they battled and fought with it,

and it battled with them and cried that its help might come.

16 All the eagles and vultures and

ravens and kites were

gathered together, and there came

with them all the sheep of

the field, yea, they all came

together, and helped each other to

break that horn of the ram.

19 And I saw till a great sword was given to the sheep, and

the sheep proceeded against all the beasts

of the field to slay them, and all the beasts and the birds of

the heaven fled before their face.

14 And I saw till that man, who wrote down the names of the

shepherds [and] carried up into the presence of the Lord of

the sheep [came and helped it and showed it everything: he

had come down for the help of that ram].

17 And I saw that man, who wrote

the book according to the

command of the Lord, till he opened

that book concerning the

destruction which those twelve last

shepherds had wrought,

and showed that they had

destroyed much more than their

predecessors, before the Lord of

the sheep.

15 And I saw till the Lord of the sheep came unto them in

wrath, and all who saw Him fled, and they all fell into His

shadow from before His face.

18 And I saw till the Lord of the

sheep came unto them and

took in His hand the staff of His

wrath, and smote the earth,

and the earth clave asunder, and all

the beasts and all the birds

of the heaven fell from among

those sheep, and were

swallowed up in the earth and it

covered them.

XC.20‑27. Judgement of the Fallen Angels, the Shepherds,

and the Apostates.

20 And I saw till a throne was erected in the pleasant land,

and the Lord of the sheep sat Himself

thereon, and the other took the sealed books and opened

those books before the Lord of the sheep.

21 And the Lord called those men the seven first white ones,

and commanded that they should bring

before Him, beginning with the first star which led the way, all

the stars whose privy members 22 were

like those of horses, and they brought them all before Him.

And He said to that man who wrote

before Him, being one of those seven white ones, and said

unto him: 'Take those seventy shepherds

to whom I delivered the sheep, and who taking them on their

own authority slew more 23 than I

commanded them.' And behold they were all bound, I saw,

and they all stood before Him. 24 And the

judgement was held first over the stars, and they were

judged and found guilty, and went to the place

of condemnation, and they were cast into an abyss, full of fire

and flaming, and full 25 of pillars of fire.

And those seventy shepherds were judged and found guilty,

and they were cast 26 into that fiery

abyss. And I saw at that time how a like abyss was opened in

the midst of the earth, full of fire, and

they brought those blinded sheep, and they were all judged

and found guilty and 27 cast into this fiery

abyss, and they burned; now this abyss was to the right of

that house. And I saw those sheep burning

and their bones burning.

XC.28‑42. The New Jerusalem, the Conversion of the surviving

Gentiles, the Resurrection of the

Righteous, the Messiah. Enoch awakes and weeps.

28 And I stood up to see till they folded up that old house; and

carried off all the pillars, and all the

beams and ornaments of the house were at the same time

folded up with it, and they carried 29 it off

and laid it in a place in the south of the land. And I saw till the

Lord of the sheep brought a new house

greater and loftier than that first, and set it up in the place of

the first which had beer folded up: all its

pillars were new, and its ornaments were new and larger than

those of the first, the old one which He

had taken away, and all the sheep were within it. 30 And I saw

all the sheep which had been left, and

all the beasts on the earth, and all the birds of the heaven,

falling down and doing homage to those

sheep and making petition to and obeying 31 them in every

thing. And thereafter those three who were

clothed in white and had seized me by my hand [who had

taken me up before], and the hand of that

ram also seizing hold of me, they 32 took me up and set me

down in the midst of those sheep before

the judgement took place. And those 33 sheep were all white,

and their wool was abundant and clean.

And all that had been destroyed and dispersed, and all the

beasts of the field, and all the birds of the

heaven, assembled in that house, and the Lord of the sheep

rejoiced with great joy because they were

all good and had returned to 34 His house. And I saw till they

laid down that sword, which had been

given to the sheep, and they brought it back into the house,

and it was sealed before the presence of

the Lord, and all the sheep 35 were invited into that house,

but it held them not. And the eyes of them

all were opened, and they 36 saw the good, and there was not

one among them that did not see. And

I saw that that house was large and broad and very full. 37

And I saw that a white bull was born, with

large horns and all the beasts of the field and all the 38 birds

of the air feared him and made petition to

him all the time. And I saw till all their generations were

transformed, and they all became white bulls;

and the first among them became a lamb, and that lamb

became a great animal and had great black

horns on its head; and the Lord of the sheep 39 rejoiced over

it and over all the oxen. And I slept in

their midst: and I awoke and saw everything. 40 This is the

vision which I saw while I slept, and I

awoke and blessed the Lord of righteousness and 41 gave

Him glory. Then I wept with a great

weeping and my tears stayed not till I could no longer endure

it: when I saw, they flowed on account

of what I had seen; for everything shall come and 42 be

fulfilled, and all the deeds of men in their order

were shown to me. On that night I remembered the first

dream, and because of it I wept and was

troubled‑because I had seen that vision.

Section V. XCI‑CIV (i.e. XCII, XCI. 1‑1O, 18‑19,

XCIII. 1‑1O, XCI. 12‑17, XCIV‑CIV.).

A Book of Exhortation and Promised Blessing for

the Righteous and of Malediction and Woe for the


XCII, XCI.1‑10, 18‑19. Enoch's Book of Admonition for his



1 The book written by Enoch ‑[Enoch indeed wrote this

complete doctrine of wisdom, (which is)

praised of all men and a judge of all the earth] for all my

children who shall dwell on the earth. And

for the future generations who shall observe uprightness and


2 Let not your spirit be troubled on account of the times;

For the Holy and Great One has appointed days for all things.

3 And the righteous one shall arise from sleep,

[Shall arise] and walk in the paths of righteousness,

And all his path and conversation shall be in eternal goodness

and grace.

4 He will be gracious to the righteous and give him eternal


And He will give him power so that he shall be (endowed)

with goodness and righteousness.

And he shall walk in eternal light.

5 And sin shall perish in darkness for ever,

And shall no more be seen from that day for evermore.

XCI.1‑10, 18‑19. Enoch's Admonition to his Children.


1 'And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all thy brothers

And gather together to me all the sons of thy mother;

For the word calls me,

And the spirit is poured out upon me,

That I may show you everything

That shall befall you for ever.'

2 And thereupon Methuselah went and summoned to him all

his brothers and assembled his relatives.

3 And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and


'Hear, ye sons of Enoch, all the words of your father,

And hearken aright to the voice of my mouth;

For I exhort you and say unto you, beloved:

4 Love uprightness and walk therein.

And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart,

And associate not with those of a double heart,

But walk in righteousness, my sons.

And it shall guide you on good paths,

And righteousness shall be your companion.

5 For I know that violence must increase on the earth,

And a great chastisement be executed on the earth,

And all unrighteousness come to an end:

Yea, it shall be cut off from its roots,

And its whole structure be destroyed.

6 And unrighteousness shall again be consummated on the


And all the deeds of unrighteousness and of violence

And transgression shall prevail in a twofold degree.

7 And when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy

And violence in all kinds of deeds increase,

And apostasy and transgression and uncleanness increase,

A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these,

And the holy Lord will come forth with wrath and


To execute judgement on earth.

8 In those days violence shall be cut off from its roots,

And the roots of unrighteousness together with deceit,

And they shall be destroyed from under heaven.

9 And all the idols of the heathen shall be abandoned,

And the temples burned with fire,

And they shall remove them from the whole earth,

And they (i.e. the heathen) shall be cast into the judgement of


And shall perish in wrath and in grievous judgement for ever.

10 And the righteous shall arise from their sleep,

And wisdom shall arise and be given unto them.

11 [And after that the roots of unrighteousness shall be cut

off, and the sinners shall be destroyed by

the sword ... shall be cut off from the blasphemers in every

place, and those who plan violence and

those who commit blasphemy shall perish by the sword.]

18 And now I tell you, my sons, and show you

The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence.

Yea, I will show them to you again

That ye may know what will come to pass.

19 And now, hearken unto me, my sons,

And walk in the paths of righteousness,

And walk not in the paths of violence;

For all who walk in the paths of unrighteousness shall perish

for ever.'

XCIII, XCI.12‑17. The Apocalypse of Weeks.


1,2 And after that Enoch both gave and began to recount from

the books. And Enoch said:

'Concerning the children of righteousness and concerning the

elect of the world,

And concerning the plant of uprightness, I will speak these


Yea, I Enoch will declare (them) unto you, my sons:

According to that which appeared to me in the heavenly


And which I have known through the word of the holy angels,

And have learnt from the heavenly tablets.'

3 And Enoch began to recount from the books and said:

'I was born the seventh in the first week,

While judgement and righteousness still endured.

4 And after me there shall arise in the second week great


And deceit shall have sprung up;

And in it there shall be the first end.

And in it a man shall be saved;

And after it is ended unrighteousness shall grow up,

And a law shall be made for the sinners.

5 And after that in the third week at its close

A man shall be elected as the plant of righteous judgement,

And his posterity shall become the plant of righteousness for


6 And after that in the fourth week, at its close,

Visions of the holy and righteous shall be seen,

And a law for all generations and an enclosure shall be made

for them.

7 And after that in the fifth week, at its close,

The house of glory and dominion shall be built for ever.

8 And after that in the sixth week all who live in it shall be


And the hearts of all of them shall godlessly forsake wisdom.

And in it a man shall ascend;

And at its close the house of dominion shall be burnt with fire,

And the whole race of the chosen root shall be dispersed.

9 And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate

generation arise,

And many shall be its deeds,

And all its deeds shall be apostate.

10 And at its close shall be elected

The elect righteous of the eternal plant of righteousness,

To receive sevenfold instruction concerning all His creation.

11 [For who is there of all the children of men that is able to

hear the voice of the Holy One without

being troubled? And who can think His thoughts? and who is

there that can behold all the works 12 of

heaven? And how should there be one who could behold the

heaven, and who is there that could

understand the things of heaven and see a soul or a spirit and

could tell thereof, or ascend and see 13

all their ends and think them or do like them? And who is

there of all men that could know what is the

breadth and the length of the earth, and to whom has been

shown the measure of all of them? 14 Or is

there any one who could discern the length of the heaven and

how great is its height, and upon what it

is founded, and how great is the number of the stars, and

where all the luminaries rest?]

XCI.12‑17. The Last Three Weeks.


12 And after that there shall be another, the eighth week, that

of righteousness,

And a sword shall be given to it that a righteous judgement

may be executed on the oppressors,

And sinners shall be delivered into the hands of the


13 And at its close they shall acquire houses through their


And a house shall be built for the Great King in glory for


14d And all mankind shall look to the path of uprightness.

14a And after that, in the ninth week, the righteous judgement

shall be revealed to the whole world,

b And all the works of the godless shall vanish from all the


c And the world shall be written down for destruction.

15 And after this, in the tenth week in the seventh part,

There shall be the great eternal judgement,

In which He will execute vengeance amongst the angels.

16 And the first heaven shall depart and pass away,

And a new heaven shall appear,

And all the powers of the heavens shall give sevenfold light.

17 And after that there will be many weeks without number

for ever,

And all shall be in goodness and righteousness,

And sin shall no more be mentioned for ever.

XCIV.1‑5. Admonitions to the Righteous.


1 And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and

walk therein;

For the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptation,

But the paths of unrighteousness shall suddenly be

destroyed and vanish.

2 And to certain men of a generation shall the paths of

violence and of death be revealed,

And they shall hold themselves afar from them,

And shall not follow them.

3 And now I say unto you the righteous:

Walk not in the paths of wickedness, nor in the paths of death,

And draw not nigh to them, lest ye be destroyed.

4 But seek and choose for yourselves righteousness and an

elect life,

And walk in the paths of peace,

And ye shall live and prosper.

5 And hold fast my words in the thoughts of your hearts,

And suffer them not to be effaced from your hearts;

For I know that sinners will tempt men to evilly‑entreat


So that no place may be found for her,

And no manner of temptation may minish.

XCIV.6‑11. Woes for the Sinners.

6 Woe to those who build unrighteousness and oppression

And lay deceit as a foundation;

For they shall be suddenly overthrown,

And they shall have no peace.

7 Woe to those who build their houses with sin;

For from all their foundations shall they be overthrown,

And by the sword shall they fall.

[And those who acquire gold and silver in judgement

suddenly shall perish.]

8 Woe to you, ye rich, for ye have trusted in your riches,

And from your riches shall ye depart,

Because ye have not remembered the Most High in the days

of your riches.

9 Ye have committed blasphemy and unrighteousness,

And have become ready for the day of slaughter,

And the day of darkness and the day of the great judgement.

10 Thus I speak and declare unto you:

He who hath created you will overthrow you,

And for your fall there shall be no compassion,

And your Creator will rejoice at your destruction.

11 And your righteous ones in those days shall be

A reproach to the sinners and the godless.

XCV. Enoch's Grief: fresh Woes against the Sinners.


1 Oh that mine eyes were [a cloud of] waters

That I might weep over you,

And pour down my tears as a cloud of waters:

That so I might rest from my trouble of heart!

2 Who has permitted you to practice reproaches and


And so judgement shall overtake you, sinners.

3 Fear not the sinners, ye righteous;

For again will the Lord deliver them into your hands,

That ye may execute judgement upon them according to your


4 Woe to you who fulminate anathemas which cannot be


Healing shall therefore be far from you because of your sins.

5 Woe to you who requite your neighbour with evil;

For ye shall be requited according to your works.

6 Woe to you, lying witnesses,

And to those who weigh out injustice,

For suddenly shall ye perish.

7 Woe to you, sinners, for ye persecute the righteous;

For ye shall be delivered up and persecuted because of


And heavy shall its yoke be upon you.

XCVI. Grounds of Hopefulness for the Righteous: Woes

for the Wicked.


1 Be hopeful, ye righteous; for suddenly shall the sinners

perish before you,

And ye shall have lordship over them according to your


2 [And in the day of the tribulation of the sinners,

Your children shall mount and rise as eagles,

And higher than the vultures will be your nest,

And ye shall ascend and enter the crevices of the earth,

And the clefts of the rock for ever as coneys before the


And the sirens shall sigh because of you‑and weep.]

3 Wherefore fear not, ye that have suffered;

For healing shall be your portion,

And a bright light shall enlighten you,

And the voice of rest ye shall hear from heaven.

4 Woe unto you, ye sinners, for your riches make you appear

like the righteous,

But your hearts convict you of being sinners,

And this fact shall be a testimony against you for a memorial

of (your) evil deeds.

5 Woe to you who devour the finest of the wheat,

And drink wine in large bowls,

And tread under foot the lowly with your might.

6 Woe to you who drink water from every fountain,

For suddenly shall ye be consumed and wither away,

Because ye have forsaken the fountain of life.

7 Woe to you who work unrighteousness

And deceit and blasphemy:

It shall be a memorial against you for evil.

8 Woe to you, ye mighty,

Who with might oppress the righteous;

For the day of your destruction is coming.

In those days many and good days shall come to the

righteous ‑in the day of your judgement.

XCVII. The Evils in Store for Sinners and the Possessors of

Unrighteous Wealth.


1 Believe, ye righteous, that the sinners will become a shame

And perish in the day of unrighteousness.

2 Be it known unto you (ye sinners) that the Most High is

mindful of your destruction,

And the angels of heaven rejoice over your destruction.

3 What will ye do, ye sinners,

And whither will ye flee on that day of judgement,

When ye hear the voice of the prayer of the righteous?

4 Yea, ye shall fare like unto them,

Against whom this word shall be a testimony:

"Ye have been companions of sinners."

5 And in those days the prayer of the righteous shall reach

unto the Lord,

And for you the days of your judgement shall come.

6 And all the words of your unrighteousness shall be read out

before the Great Holy One,

And your faces shall be covered with shame,

And He will reject every work which is grounded on


7 Woe to you, ye sinners, who live on the mid ocean and on

the dry land,

Whose remembrance is evil against you.

8 Woe to you who acquire silver and gold in unrighteousness

and say:

"We have become rich with riches and have possessions;

And have acquired everything we have desired.

9 And now let us do what we purposed:

For we have gathered silver,

9c And many are the husbandmen in our houses."

9d And our granaries are (brim) full as with water,

10 Yea and like water your lies shall flow away;

For your riches shall not abide

But speedily ascend from you;

For ye have acquired it all in unrighteousness,

And ye shall be given over to a great curse.

XCVIII. Self‑indulgence of Sinners: Sin originated by Man: all

Sin recorded in Heaven: Woes for

the Sinners.


1 And now I swear unto you, to the wise and to the foolish,

For ye shall have manifold experiences on the earth.

2 For ye men shall put on more adornments than a woman,

And coloured garments more than a virgin:

In royalty and in grandeur and in power,

And in silver and in gold and in purple,

And in splendour and in food they shall be poured out as


3 Therefore they shall be wanting in doctrine and wisdom,

And they shall perish thereby together with their


And with all their glory and their splendour,

And in shame and in slaughter and in great destitution,

Their spirits shall be cast into the furnace of fire.

4 I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, as a mountain has not

become a slave,

And a hill does not become the handmaid of a woman,

Even so sin has not been sent upon the earth,

But man of himself has created it,

And under a great curse shall they fall who commit it.

5 And barrenness has not been given to the woman,

But on account of the deeds of her own hands she dies

without children.

6 I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, by the Holy Great One,

That all your evil deeds are revealed in the heavens,

And that none of your deeds of oppression are covered and


7 And do not think in your spirit nor say in your heart that ye

do not know and that ye do not see 8

that every sin is every day recorded in heaven in the

presence of the Most High. From henceforthye

know that all your oppression wherewith ye oppress is

written down every day till the day of your


9 Woe to you, ye fools, for through your folly shall ye perish:

and ye transgress against the wise, 10

and so good hap shall not be your portion. And now, know ye

that ye are prepared for the day of

destruction: wherefore do not hope to live, ye sinners, but ye

shall depart and die; for ye know no

ransom; for ye are prepared for the day of the great

judgement, for the day of tribulation and great

shame for your spirits.

11 Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart, who work wickedness

and eat blood: Whence have ye good

things to eat and to drink and to be filled? From all the good

things which the Lord the Most High has

placed in abundance on the earth; therefore ye shall have no

peace. 12 Woe to you who love the

deeds of unrighteousness: wherefore do ye hope for good

hap unto yourselves? know that ye shall be

delivered into the hands of the righteous, and they shall cut

13 off your necks and slay you, and have

no mercy upon you. Woe to you who rejoice in the tribulation

14 of the righteous; for no grave shall be

dug for you. Woe to you who set at nought the words of 15

the righteous; for ye shall have no hope of

life. Woe to you who write down lying and godless words; for

they write down their lies that men may

hear them and act godlessly towards (their) 16 neighbour.

Therefore they shall have no peace but die a

sudden death.

XCIX. Woes pronounced on the Godless, the Lawbreakers:

evil Plight of Sinners in The Last

Days: further Woes.


1 Woe to you who work godlessness,

And glory in lying and extol them:

Ye shall perish, and no happy life shall be yours.

2 Woe to them who pervert the words of uprightness,

And transgress the eternal law,

And transform themselves into what they were not [into


They shall be trodden under foot upon the earth.

3 In those days make ready, ye righteous, to raise your

prayers as a memorial,

And place them as a testimony before the angels,

That they may place the sin of the sinners for a memorial

before the Most High.

4 In those days the nations shall be stirred up,

And the families of the nations shall arise on the day of


5 And in those days the destitute shall go forth and carry off

their children,

And they shall abandon them, so that their children shall

perish through them:

Yea, they shall abandon their children (that are still)

sucklings, and not return to them,

And shall have no pity on their beloved ones.

6,7 And again I swear to you, ye sinners, that sin is prepared

for a day of unceasing bloodshed. And

they who worship stones, and grave images of gold and

silver and wood (and stone) and clay, and

those who worship impure spirits and demons, and all kinds

of idols not according to knowledge,

shall get no manner of help from them.

8 And they shall become godless by reason of the folly of

their hearts,

And their eyes shall be blinded through the fear of their


And through visions in their dreams.

9 Through these they shall become godless and fearful;

For they shall have wrought all their work in a lie,

And shall have worshiped a stone:

Therefore in an instant shall they perish.

10 But in those days blessed are all they who accept the

words of wisdom, and understand them,

And observe the paths of the Most High, and walk in the path

of His righteousness,

And become not godless with the godless;

For they shall be saved.

11 Woe to you who spread evil to your neighbours;

For you shall be slain in Sheol.

12 Woe to you who make deceitful and false measures,

And (to them) who cause bitterness on the earth;

For they shall thereby be utterly consumed.

13 Woe to you who build your houses through the grievous

toil of others,

And all their building materials are the bricks and stones of


I tell you ye shall have no peace.

14 Woe to them who reject the measure and eternal heritage

of their fathers

And whose souls follow after idols;

For they shall have no rest.

15 Woe to them who work unrighteousness and help


And slay their neighbours until the day of the great


16 For He shall cast down your glory,

And bring affliction on your hearts,

And shall arouse His fierce indignation

And destroy you all with the sword;

And all the holy and righteous shall remember your sins.

C. The Sinners destroy each other: Judgement of the Fallen

Angels: the Safety of the Righteous:

further Woes for the Sinners.


1 And in those days in one place the fathers together with

their sons shall be smitten

And brothers one with another shall fall in death

Till the streams flow with their blood.

2 For a man shall not withhold his hand from slaying his sons

and his sons' sons,

And the sinner shall not withhold his hand from his honoured


From dawn till sunset they shall slay one another.

3 And the horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of


And the chariot shall be submerged to its height.

4 In those days the angels shall descend into the secret


And gather together into one place all those who brought

down sin

And the Most High will arise on that day of judgement

To execute great judgement amongst sinners.

5 And over all the righteous and holy He will appoint

guardians from amongst the holy angels

To guard them as the apple of an eye,

Until He makes an end of all wickedness and all sin,

And though the righteous sleep a long sleep, they have

nought to fear.

6 And (then) the children of the earth shall see the wise in


And shall understand all the words of this book,

And recognize that their riches shall not be able to save them

In the overthrow of their sins.

7 Woe to you, Sinners, on the day of strong anguish,

Ye who afflict the righteous and burn them with fire:

Ye shall be requited according to your works.

8 Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart,

Who watch in order to devise wickedness:

Therefore shall fear come upon you

And there shall be none to help you.

9 Woe to you, ye sinners, on account of the words of your


And on account of the deeds of your hands which your

godlessness as wrought,

In blazing flames burning worse than fire shall ye burn.

10 And now, know ye that from the angels He will inquire as

to your deeds in heaven, from the sun

and from the moon and from the stars in reference to your

sins because upon the earth ye execute 11

judgement on the righteous. And He will summon to testify

against you every cloud and mist and dew

and rain; for they shall all be withheld because of you from

descending upon you, and they 12 shall be

mindful of your sins. And now give presents to the rain that it

be not withheld from descending upon

you, nor yet the dew, when it has received gold and silver

from you that it may descend. 13 When the

hoar‑frost and snow with their chilliness, and all the

snow‑storms with all their plagues fall upon you,

in those days ye shall not be able to stand before them.

CI. Exhortation to the fear of God: all Nature fears Him but

not the Sinners.


1 Observe the heaven, ye children of heaven, and every work

of the Most High, and fear ye Him 2

and work no evil in His presence. If He closes the windows of

heaven, and withholds the rain and 3

the dew from descending on the earth on your account, what

will ye do then? And if He sends His

anger upon you because of your deeds, ye cannot petition

Him; for ye spake proud and insolent 4

words against His righteousness: therefore ye shall have no

peace. And see ye not the sailors of the

ships, how their ships are tossed to and fro by the waves, and

are shaken by the winds, and are 5 in

sore trouble? And therefore do they fear because all their

goodly possessions go upon the sea with

them, and they have evil forebodings of heart that the sea will

swallow them and they will 6 perish

therein. Are not the entire sea and all its waters, and all its

movements, the work of the Most 7 High,

and has He not set limits to its doings, and confined it

throughout by the sand? And at His reproof it is

afraid and dries up, and all its fish die and all that is in it; But

ye sinners that are 8 on the earth fear Him

not. Has He not made the heaven and the earth, and all that is

therein? Who has given understanding

and wisdom to everything that moves on the earth and in the

sea. 9 Do not the sailors of the ships fear

the sea? Yet sinners fear not the Most High.

CII. Terrors of the Day of Judgement: the adverse Fortunes of

the Righteous on the Earth.


1 In those days when He hath brought a grievous fire upon


Whither will ye flee, and where will ye find deliverance?

And when He launches forth His Word against you Will you

not be affrighted and fear?

2 And all the luminaries shall be affrighted with great fear,

And all the earth shall be affrighted and tremble and be


3 And all the angels shall execute their commands

And shall seek to hide themselves from the presence of the

Great Glory,

And the children of earth shall tremble and quake;

And ye sinners shall be cursed for ever,

And ye shall have no peace.

4 Fear ye not, ye souls of the righteous,

And be hopeful ye that have died in righteousness.

5 And grieve not if your soul into Sheol has descended in


And that in your life your body fared not according to your


But wait for the day of the judgement of sinners

And for the day of cursing and chastisement.

6 And yet when ye die the sinners speak over you:

"As we die, so die the righteous,

And what benefit do they reap for their deeds?

7 Behold, even as we, so do they die in grief and darkness,

And what have they more than we?

From henceforth we are equal.

8 And what will they receive and what will they see for ever?

Behold, they too have died,

And henceforth for ever shall they see no light."

9 I tell you, ye sinners, ye are content to eat and drink, and

rob and sin, and strip men naked, and 10

acquire wealth and see good days. Have ye seen the

righteous how their end falls out, that no manner

11 of violence is found in them till their death? "Nevertheless

they perished and became as though they

had not been, and their spirits descended into Sheol in


CIII. Different Destinies of the Righteous and the Sinners:

fresh Objections of the Sinners.


1 Now, therefore, I swear to you, the righteous, by the glory of

the Great and Honoured and 2 Mighty

One in dominion, and by His greatness I swear to you.

I know a mystery

And have read the heavenly tablets,

And have seen the holy books,

And have found written therein and inscribed regarding them:

3 That all goodness and joy and glory are prepared for them,

And written down for the spirits of those who have died in


And that manifold good shall be given to you in recompense

for your labours,

And that your lot is abundantly beyond the lot of the living.

4 And the spirits of you who have died in righteousness shall

live and rejoice,

And their spirits shall not perish, nor their memorial from

before the face of the Great One

Unto all the generations of the world: wherefore no longer

fear their contumely.

5 Woe to you, ye sinners, when ye have died,

If ye die in the wealth of your sins,

And those who are like you say regarding you:

"Blessed are the sinners: they have seen all their days.

6 And how they have died in prosperity and in wealth,

And have not seen tribulation or murder in their life;

And they have died in honour,

And judgement has not been executed on them during their


7 Know ye, that their souls will be made to descend into


And they shall be wretched in their great tribulation.

8 And into darkness and chains and a burning flame where

there is grievous judgement shall your

spirits enter;

And the great judgement shall be for all the generations of the


Woe to you, for ye shall have no peace.

9 Say not in regard to the righteous and good who are in life:

"In our troubled days we have toiled laboriously and

experienced every trouble,

And met with much evil and been consumed,

And have become few and our spirit small.

10 And we have been destroyed and have not found any to

help us even with a word:

We have been tortured [and destroyed], and not hoped to see

life from day to day.

11 We hoped to be the head and have become the tail:

We have toiled laboriously and had no satisfaction in our toil;

And we have become the food of the sinners and the


And they have laid their yoke heavily upon us.

12 They have had dominion over us that hated us and smote


And to those that hated us we have bowed our necks

But they pitied us not.

13 We desired to get away from them that we might escape

and be at rest,

But found no place whereunto we should flee and be safe

from them.

14 And are complained to the rulers in our tribulation,

And cried out against those who devoured us,

But they did not attend to our cries

And would not hearken to our voice.

15 And they helped those who robbed us and devoured us

and those who made us few; and they

concealed their oppression, and they did not remove from us

the yoke of those that devoured us and

dispersed us and murdered us, and they concealed their

murder, and remembered not that they had

lifted up their hands against us.

CIV. Assurances given to the Righteous: Admonitions to

Sinners and the Falsifiers of the Words

of Uprightness.


1 I swear unto you, that in heaven the angelsremember you

for good before the glory of the Great 2

One: and your names are written before the glory of the Great

One. Be hopeful; for aforetime ye

were put to shame through ill and affliction; but now ye shall

shine as the lights of heaven, 3 ye shall

shine and ye shall be seen, and the portals of heaven shall be

opened to you. And in your cry, cry for

judgement, and it shall appear to you; for all your tribulation

shall be visited on the 4 rulers, and on all

who helped those who plundered you. Be hopeful, and cast

not away your hope; 5 for ye shall have

great joy as the angels of heaven. What shall ye be obliged to

do? Ye shall not have to hide on the

day of the great judgement and ye shall not be found as

sinners, and the eternal 6 judgement shall be

far from you for all the generations of the world. And now fear

not, ye righteous, when ye see the

sinners growing strong and prospering in their ways: be not

companions with them, 7 but keep afar

from their violence; for ye shall become companions of the

hosts of heaven. And, although ye sinners

say: "All our sins shall not be searched out and be written

down," nevertheless 8 they shall write down

all your sins every day. And now I show unto you that light

and darkness, 9 day and night, see all your

sins. Be not godless in your hearts, and lie not and alter not

the words of uprightness, nor charge with

lying the words of the Holy Great One, nor take account of

your 10 idols; for all your lying and all your

godlessness issue not in righteousness but in great sin. And

now I know this mystery, that sinners will

alter and pervert the words of righteousness in many ways,

and will speak wicked words, and lie, and

practice great deceits, and write books concerning 11 their

words. But when they write down truthfully

all my words in their languages, and do not change or minish

ought from my words but write them all

down truthfully ‑all that I first testified 12 concerning them.

Then, I know another mystery, that books

will be given to the righteous and the 13 wise to become a

cause of joy and uprightness and much

wisdom. And to them shall the books be given, and they shall

believe in them and rejoice over them,

and then shall all the righteous who have learnt therefrom all

the paths of uprightness be


CV. God and the Messiah to dwell with Man.


1 In those days the Lord bade (them) to summon and testify

to the children of earth concerning their

wisdom: Show (it) unto them; for ye are their guides, and a

recompense over the whole earth. 2 For I

and My son will be united with them for ever in the paths of

uprightness in their lives; and ye shall

have peace: rejoice, ye children of uprightness. Amen.

Fragment of the Book of Noah


1 And after some days my son Methuselah took a wife for his

son Lamech, and she became 2

pregnant by him and bore a son. And his body was white as

snow and red as the blooming of a rose,

and the hair of his head and his long locks were white as

wool, and his eyes beautiful. And when he

opened his eyes, he lighted up the whole house like the sun,

and the whole house 3 was very bright.

And thereupon he arose in the hands of the midwife, opened

his mouth, and conversed with the Lord

of righteousness. 4 And his father Lamech was afraid of him

and 5 fled, and came to his father

Methuselah. And he said unto him: 'I have begotten a strange

son, diverse from and unlike man, and

resembling the sons of the God of heaven; and his nature is

different and he is not like us, and his eyes

are as the rays of the sun, and his 6 countenance is glorious.

And it seems to me that he is not sprung

from me but from the angels, and I fear that in his days a

wonder may be 7 wrought on the earth. And

now, my father, I am here to petition thee and implore thee

that thou mayest go to Enoch, our father,

and learn from him the truth, for his dwelling‑place is 8

amongst the angels.' And when Methuselah

heard the words of his son, he came to me to the ends of the

earth; for he had heard that I was there,

and he cried aloud, and I heard his voice and I came to him.

And I said unto him: 'Behold, here am I,

my son, wherefore hast 9 thou come to me?' And he

answered and said: 'Because of a great cause of

anxiety have I come to thee, and because of a disturbing

vision 10 have I approached. And now, my

father, hear me: unto Lamech my son there hath been born a

son, the like of whom there is none, and

his nature is not like man's nature, and the colour of his body

is whiter than snow and redder than the

bloom of a rose, and the hair of his head is whiter than white

wool, and his eyes are like the rays of

the sun, and he opened his eyes and 11 thereupon lighted up

the whole house. And he arose in the

hands of the midwife, and opened 12 his mouth and blessed

the Lord of heaven. And his father

Lamech became afraid and fled to me, and did not believe

that he was sprung from him, but that he

was in the likeness of the angels of heaven; and behold I

have come to thee that thou mayest make

known to me the truth.' 13 And I, Enoch, answered and said

unto him: 'The Lord will do a new thing

on the earth, and this I have already seen in a vision, and

make known to thee that in the generation of

my father Jared some of the angels of heaven 14

transgressed the word of the Lord. And behold they

commit sin and transgress the law, and have united

themselves with women and commit sin with them,

and have married some of them, 17 and have begot children

by them. And they shall produce on the

earth giants not according to the spirit, but according to the

flesh, and there shall be a great

punishment on the earth, and the 15 earth shall be cleansed

from all impurity. Yea, there shall come a

great destruction over the whole earth, and there shall be a

deluge and 16 a great destruction for one

year. And this son who has been born unto you shall be left

on the earth, and his three children shall

be saved with him: when all mankind that are on the earth 18

shall die [he and his sons shall be saved].

And now make known to thy son Lamech that he who has

been born is in truth his son, and call his

name Noah; for he shall be left to you, and he and his sons

shall be saved from the destruction, which

shall come upon the earth on account of all the sin and all the

unrighteousness, which shall be

consummated on the earth in his days. 19 And after that there

shall be still more unrighteousness than

that which was first consummated on the earth; for I know the

mysteries of the holy ones; for He, the

Lord, has showed me and informed me, and I have read

(them) in the heavenly tablets.


1 And I saw written on them that generation upon generation

shall transgress, till a generation of

righteousness arises, and transgression is destroyed and sin

passes away from the earth, and all 2

manner of good comes upon it. And now, my son, go and

make known to thy son Lamech that this 3

son, which has been born, is in truth his son, and that (this) is

no lie.' And when Methuselah had heard

the words of his father Enoch ‑‑for he had shown to him

everything in secret‑‑ he returned and

showed (them) to him and called the name of that son Noah;

for he will comfort the earth after all the



1 Another book which Enoch wrote for his son Methuselah

and for those who will come after him, 2

and keep the law in the last days. Ye who have done good

shall wait for those days till an end is 3

made of those who work evil; and an end of the might of the

transgressors. And wait ye indeed till sin

has passed away, for their names shall be blotted out of the

book of life and out of the holy books,

and their seed shall be destroyed for ever, and their spirits

shall be slain, and they shall cry and make

lamentation in a place that is a chaotic wilderness, and in the

fire shall they 4 burn; for there is no earth

there. And I saw there something like an invisible cloud; for

by reason of its depth I could not look

over, and I saw a flame of fire blazing brightly, and things like

shining 5 mountains circling and

sweeping to and fro. And I asked one of the holy angels who

was with me and said unto him: 'What is

this shining thing? for it is not a heaven but only the flame of

a blazing 6 fire, and the voice of weeping

and crying and lamentation and strong pain.' And he said unto

me: 'This place which thou seest‑here

are cast the spirits of sinners and blasphemers, and of those

who work wickedness, and of those who

pervert everything that the Lord hath spoken through the

mouth 7 of the prophets ‑(even) the things

that shall be. For some of them are written and inscribed

above in the heaven, in order that the angels

may read them and know that which shall befall the sinners,

and the spirits of the humble, and of those

who have afflicted their bodies, and been recompensed 8 by

God; and of those who have been put to

shame by wicked men: Who love God and loved neither gold

nor silver nor any of the good things

which are in the world, but gave over their bodies to 9 torture.

Who, since they came into being,

longed not after earthly food, but regarded everything as a

passing breath, and lived accordingly, and

the Lord tried them much, and their spirits were 10 found

pure so that they should bless His name.

And all the blessings destined for them I have recounted in

the books. And he hath assigned them

their recompense, because they have been found to be such

as loved heaven more than their life in the

world, and though they were trodden under foot of wicked

men, and experienced abuse and reviling

from them and were put to shame, 11 yet they blessed Me.

And now I will summon the spirits of the

good who belong to the generation of light, and I will

transform those who were born in darkness,

who in the flesh were not recompensed 12 with such honour

as their faithfulness deserved. And I will

bring forth in shining light those who 13 have loved My holy

name, and I will seat each on the throne of

his honour. And they shall be resplendent for times without

number; for righteousness is the judgement

of God; for to the faithful 14 He will give faithfulness in the

habitation of upright paths. And they shall

see those who were 15 born in darkness led into darkness,

while the righteous shall be resplendent.

And the sinners shall cry aloud and see them resplendent,

and they indeed will go where days and

seasons are prescribed for them.'

Reference Materials