Watchman Willie Martin Archive

                          THE WAR OF AGGRESSION

Caleb Cushing himself was appointed minister to China to make the arrangements! In typical political fashion, he gave several speeches to the American public before he left in which he repeated, over and over, his pro-American and anti-British beliefs.

He then bought for himself a very elaborate Major General's uniform and had prepared for him a letter of introduction written by Daniel Webster and signed by President Tyler. The letter stated: "It is proper, and according to the will of heaven, that our two governments should respect each other, and act wisely. I therefore send to you Count Caleb Cushing, one of the wise and learned men of this country. We doubt not that you will be pleased that our ministry of peace shall come to Peking and that your great officers will, by your order, make a treaty with him to regulate affairs of trade, so that nothing may happen to disturb the peace between China and America."

Note that the letter called Caleb Cushing a "Count" which was in direct violation of United States policy. Notice also that Caleb stated to the people of the United States that he was pro-American and anti-British, thus, he went to China under a total misrepresentation to the American people. He set sail for China with a sizable fleet of warships. He first stopped and exchanged views with British officials in Malta, Bombay and Colombo. He was received and saluted by the British and was given the details of the British communication systems for their entire empire. When he arrive in China, the Chinese Emperor wasn't looking forward to his arrival. He didn't want another rape of Chinese sovereignty like he had just received from the British.

So Cushing sent him a letter:  "It is neither the custom in China, nor consistent with the high character of its sovereign, to decline to receive the embassies of friendly states. To do so, indeed, would among western States be considered an act of national insult, and a just cause of war."

Nothing happened. The Chinese Emperor remained quiet. So, one week later he wrote another letter which said: "It is my duty, in the outset, not to omit any of the tokens of respect customary among western nations. If these demonstrations are not met in a correspondent manner, it will be the misfortune of China, but it will not be the fault of the United States."

Cushing then ordered an American warship to sail up to Canton Bay and fire a few warning shots into Whampoa. The Chinese still refused to reply. So, Cushing sent another letter: "I can assure your excellency that this is not the way for China to cultivate good will and maintain peace. The late war with England was caused by the conduct of authorities at Canton, in disregarding the rights of public officers who represented the British Government. If, in the face of the experience of the last five years, the Chinese government now reverts to antiquated customs, which have already brought such disaster upon her, it can be regarded in no other light than as evidence that she invites and desires war with the other great Western Powers." (Claude M. Fuess, The Life of Caleb Cushing, Harcourt, Brace & Co. New York 1923)

The Chinese government was no match for the armada of navy ships that arrived on the Chinese coast prepared for war. China capitulated and signed the treaty which gave to the United States the same freedoms and rights in China that the British had. Thus, Cushing arranged for the open opium trade with China by the Boston Brahmins, those very "dear" fellows who ruled America from behind the scenes then and just like their descendants do today. Of course, the American public didn't know about this, but nevertheless we were judged as a nation by Yahweh. Then, on his way home from China, he stopped in Mexico to create more havoc for the American reputation.

In addition to further destroying the American reputation, he was to set the stage for the development of a part of their new empire, not to be confused with the expansion of the United States. The Tyler administration was concurrently with the Cushing China debacle, planning on Annexing Texas to the Union. Texas had already revolted from Mexico and declared itself to be an independent republic.

John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay approved of annexing Texas but not if it would cause war between the U.S. and Mexico. Mexico flatly stated that if the U.S. annexed Texas, war would be declared. But war was exactly what the Boston Brahmins and the Essex Junto wanted. Such a move would create a large part of their proposed new empire. From the official biography of Cushing the following is extracted: "Caleb Cushing left the ship Perry at San Blas, Mexico, and rode on horseback to Guadelajara, at which he took a diligence (a form of stagecoach) for Mexico City, his route lying directly between two hostile revolutionary armies. What he had learned from his correspondents about American politics convinced him that a knowledge of Mexican affairs would undoubtedly be an asset during the next few years, and he seized every favorable opportunity for gathering information."

During this overland journey Cushing acquired a considerable knowledge of Mexican character, a knowledge which, it may be added, led him to view war with that country with approbation and even elation. What he saw of Mexican sloth, procrastination, shiftlessness, bigotry, and treachery gave him an insuperable prejudice against that nation. Cushing's report on Mexico, dated March 22, 1845, was exhaustive and authorita­tive, and was used extensively by the War Department two years later. (The Life of Caleb Cushing, by Claude M. Fuess)

President Tyler, Cushing and the Boston Brahmins wanted that war with Mexico. Mexico had already made their proclamation which stated, "Mexico would consider equivalent to a declaration of war against the Mexican Republic the passage of an act for the incorporation of Texas with the territory of the United States; the certainty of the fact being sufficient for the immediate proclamation of war." (Samuel Flagg Bemis, The Latin American Policy of the U.S.: An Historical Interpretation, Harcourt, Brace & Co. New York 1943)

The U.S. Senate tried to honor the Mexican government's declaration. The Senators, including 26 Southern Senators, voted 35 to 16 to reject President Tyler's recommendation to annex Texas. The number of Southern Senators voting against the proposal leaves no doubt as to the thoughts of most of the South.

That didn't stop the Brahmins. President Tyler was replaced at the polls by James Polk who defeated the pro-American and anti-British candidate Henry Clay. Another spoiler named John Slidell helped defeat Henry Clay and as a reward President Tyler sent Slidell to Mexico in the capacity, of all things, of peace commissioner! Again, just like in the case of Caleb Cushing and the Chinese Emperor, the Mexican government refused to receive Slidell. John Slidell sent a message to Polk and the war with Mexico was declared.

The war with Mexico was to serve several purposes. First, it was another excellent way to discredit the good name of the American's intentions of a republican form of government. Second, it was to provide the means to secure land for the empire of the oligarchies rather than that of the United States.

Third, it was to provide training for the generals who were later to fight the yet to be declared, but planned, Civil War between the states. The names of the generals who trained in the Mexican War included Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, William T. Sherman, and Jefferson Davis. The Civil War, of course, was to provide the land for the Brahmins to be the keystone for the Jews new empire. They then could have their nobility, their middle class serfs and then their slaves, both black and white.

General William Tecumseh Sherman, a general in the Norther Army during the Civil War, made a rather cryptic comment in his book Memoirs I: "...the truth is not always palatable and should not always be told." (The Hidden Face of the Civil War, by Otto Eisenhiml, p. 5)

A similar comment was made by the author of the biography of Senator Zachariah Chandler of Michigan, a Senator during the Civil War: "The secret history of these days...concealing many startling revelations, has yet been sparingly written; it is doubtful if the veil will ever be more than slightly lifted." (The Hidden Face of the Civil War, p. 5)

Those who have attempted to lift the veil have discovered that there are indeed many hidden truths about this fateful period in American history. One who only hinted at the truth about the real causes of the War was Colonel Edward Mandell House [A Jew], who wrote his book entitled "Philip Dru, Administrator," in 1912. In it, he has one of his characters make the following statement: "Cynical Europe said that the North would have it appear that a war had been fought for human freedom, whereas it was fought for money." (Philip Dru, Administrator, by Colonel Edward Mandell House, p. 119)

Is it possible that the Civil War was fought for reasons other than those traditionally offered? Is it possible that the real reasons for the war are among the secrets that some wish not to be revealed? Is it possible that slavery and states rights were not the real causes of the War?

After the demise of the Second Bank of the United States, the state banks, those chartered by the various states in the Union, operated the banking system of the United States and issued all of the money. Almost exclusively, this money was backed by gold, not by debt and paper money.

However, the financial position of the federal government had been slowly deteriorating; "At the outbreak of the war the United States Treasury was in greater shambles than Fort. Sumter. Southern banks had been quietly withdrawing large  amounts of funds on deposit in the North. When Lincoln took office, he found his Treasury almost empty." (Our Crowd, by Stephen Birmingham, p. 93)

The Civil War actually started in 1837, the year after the charter of the Second Bank had expired, when the Rothschild family sent one of their representatives to the United States. His name was August Belmont, and he arrived during the panic of 1837. He quickly made his presence felt by buying government bonds. His success and prosperity soon led him to the White House, where he became the, " advisor to the President of the United States." (Our Crowd, p. 93)

Another of the pieces of this enormous puzzle fell into place in 1854 when a secret organization known as the Knights of the Golden Circle was formed by George W.L. Bickley (Confederate Agent, A Discovery in History, by James D. Horan p. 16), who; "... declared that he had created the fateful war of 1861 with an organization that had engineered and spread secession." (Klandestine, by William H. McIlhany II, p. 12)

Another leading character in the story of the Civil War was J.P. Morgan, later to become one of America's most wealthy and influential industrialists and bankers. Mr. Morgan went to Europe in 1856 to study at the University of Gottingen in Germany. It is not inconceivable that one of the people he met while in college was Karl Marx, who was active during this time writing and publicizing his ideas about Communism, since Marx was in and out of Germany on a regular basis; and because Morgan later became an agent for the Rothschild family.

At any rate, it was during this time that the European bankers began plotting the Civil War. "According to John Reeves, in an authorized biography entitled "The Rothschilds, the Financial Rulers of Nations," a pivotal meeting took place in London, in 1857. It was at this meeting that the International Banking Syndicate decided that (America) the North was to be pitted against the South under the old principle of 'divide and conquer.' This amazing agreement was corroborated by MacKenzie in his historical research entitled 'The Nineteenth Century.'" (Committee to Restore the Constitution, Fort Collins, Colorado, January, 1976 Bulletin)

The plotters realized that once again the American people would not accept a national bank without a reason for having one, and once again the plotters decided upon a war. Wars are costly, and they force governments into a position where they must borrow money to pay for them, and the decision was made once again to force the United States into a war so that it would have to deal with the issue of how to pay for its costs.

But the plotters had a difficult problem: what nation could they induce to fight against the United States Government? The United States was too powerful, and no country, or combinations of countries, could match them in a "balance of power" showdown. Canada to the north and Mexico to the south were not strong enough and couldn't raise an army adequate for the anticipated conflict, so they were discounted. England and France were 3,000 miles away and across a huge ocean that made the supplying of an invading army nearly impossible. And Russia had no central bank so the bankers had no control over that nation.

So the bankers made the decision to divide the United States into two parts, thereby creating an enemy for the government of the United States to war against. But the bankers first had to locate an issue to use in causing the Southern States to secede from the Union. The issue of slavery was ideal for that purpose.

Next the bankers had to create an organization that could promote secession amongst the southern states so that they would divide themselves away from the federal government. So the Knights of the Golden Circle was created for that purpose. Abraham Lincoln began to see the drama unfold as he was campaigning for the Presidency in 1860. He saw the war as an attempt to split the Union, not over the issue of slavery, but just for the sake of splitting the Union. He wrote: "I have never had a feeling politically that did not spring from the sentiments embodied in the Declaration of Independence. If it (the Union) cannot be saved without giving up that principle, I was about to say I would rather be assassinated on this spot than surrender it." (Abraham Lincoln, the Boy and the Man, by James P. Morgan, pp. 174‑175)

So many of his fellow Americans also saw the war as an attempt to split the Union that; " was not uncommon for men to declare that they would resign their officer's commission if the war was perverted into an attack on slavery." (High Crimes and Misdemeanors, The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson, by Gene Smith, p. 98)

The Knights of the Golden Circle were successful in spreading the message of secession amongst the various Southern States. As each state withdrew from the Union, it left independently of the others. The withdrawing states then formed a Confederation of States, as separate and independent entities. The independence of each state was written into the Southern Constitution: "We, the people of the Confederate States, each state acting for itself, and in its sovereign and independent character..." (Quest of a Hemisphere, by Donzella Cross Boyle, p. 293)

This action was significant because, should the South win the war, each state could withdraw from the Confederation, re‑establish its sovereign nature and set up its own central bank. The Southern States could then have a series of European‑Controlled Banks, the Bank of Georgia, the Bank of South Carolina, etc., and then any two could have a series of wars, such as in Europe for centuries, in a perpetual game of Balance of Power politics. It would be a successful method of insuring that large profits could be made on the loaning of money to the states involved.

President Lincoln saw the problem developing, and was fortunate that the government of Russia was willing to assist his government in the event of a war with England and France. "While still President‑elect, he (Lincoln) had been informed by the Russian minister to the United States that his country was willing to aid the Washington government should it be menaced by England and France." (The Hidden Face of the Civil War, p. 22)

Eleven Southern States seceded from the Union to form the Confederacy. But in a rather enigmatic move, the flag adopted by the Confederacy had thirteen stars on it. Some believe that this was because the number thirteen has significance to the Freemason. Others believe that because America is regathered Israel, it was because the Southern States were led, unseen and unknown, by Almighty God to raise a standard testifying of the Thirteen Tribes of Israel, just as the original thirteen states.

The South started the Civil War on April 12, 1861, when they fired upon Ft. Sumter, a Northern fort in South Carolina. One of the members of the Knights of the Golden Circle was the well known bandit Jesse James, and it was Jesse's father, George James, a Captain in the Southern Army, who fired the first shot at the fort. (The Unseen Hand, by A. Ralph Epperson, p. 154)

Lincoln, now President of the Northern States, once again reported to the American people that the war was a result of conspiratorial forces at work in the South. He told the North that: "...combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary machinery of peacetime government had assumed control of various Southern States." (Short History of the Civil War, by Bruce Catton, p. 27) Actually the reverse was true, the Norther States and the Presidency had been taken over by the Jews, of which Lincoln was one.

Lincoln, and later the Russian Government, saw that England and France were aligning themselves against the North on the side of the South, and immediately issued orders for a sea blockade of the Southern States to prevent these two nations from using the seas to send supplies to the South.

The Russian Minister to the United States also saw this alignment and he advised his government in April, 1861, that: "England will take advantage of the first opportunity to recognize the seceded states and that France will follow her [Please keep in mind that two of the Jewish Rothschild brothers had "Central Banks in England and France!]." (Why the North Won the Civil War, by David Donald, p. 57)

The Russian foreign minister instructed his American Minister in Washington in July, 1861, " assure the American Nation that it could assume 'the most cordial sympathy on the part of our August Master (The Czar of Russia) during the serious crisis which it is passing through at the present.'" (Why the North Won the Civil War, p. 58)

It is of significant importance to note that Russia, at this time in its history, was a Christian Nation!

Lincoln was receiving great pressure from certain of the banking establishment to float interest‑bearing loans to pay the costs of the war. Salmon P. Chase, after whom the Chase Manhattan Bank, now owned by the Rockefeller interests, and who had been named Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury during the Civil War and under the control of his Jewish counterparts the Rothschilds ‑‑ to prevent the other banks in the United States from helping the Union finance the war and in his conspiratorial role to help divide the United States, "...threatened the (rest of the American Bankers) that, if they did not accept the bonds he was issuing, he would flood the country with circulating notes, even if it should take a thousand dollars of such currency to buy a breakfast." (Abraham Lincoln, the Boy and the Man, by James Morgan, p. 207)

It was at this time that Lincoln decided not to borrow money from the International Jewish Banking interests nor to create interest bearing money by creating a national bank that would loan the government the needed money by printing large quantities of paper money. Therefore, Lincoln issued the "Greenback" in February, 1862. This money was not only unbacked by gold, but was debt free.

Lincoln was playing a deadly game. He had crossed the International Jewish Bankers. The war was being fought to force the United States into a position of having to create a national bank, run independently by the European bankers, and Lincoln had turn his back on them by issuing his own Fiat Money.

However, the International Jewish Bankers, not to be undone, out‑maneuvered Lincoln, at least to a degree, when on August 5, 1861, they induced Congress, mostly through the influence of Secretary of the Treasury Chase, to pass an income tax. They imposed "a three‑percent federal income tax. this was superseded almost at once by an act of March, 1862, signed in July, while maintaining a three‑percent tax on income below $10,000, increased the rate to five percent above that level." (American Opinion, February, 1980, p. 24) It was a graduated income tax, just as proposed by Karl Marx thirteen years before.

England and France now moved to increase the pressure on Lincoln's government. On November 8, 1861, England: "...dispatched 8,000 troops to Canada as tangible proof that she meant business." (The Hidden Face of the Civil War, by Otto Eisenschiml, p. 2)

In their support of the South. France marched troops into Mexico after landing them on the coast and imposing their choice of rulers, the emperor Maximillian, as the head of Mexico. Lincoln could see that he was being flanked by the European Governments.

In 1938, Jerry Voorhis, a Congressman from California, wrote a pamphlet entitled "Dollars and Sense," in which he shared a little bit of history with the American people about the events of the Civil War. "In July 1862, an agent of the London bankers sent the following letter to leading financiers and bankers in the United States soon after Lincoln's first issue of greenbacks: 'The great debt that capitalists will see to it is made out of the war must be used to control the volume of money. To accomplish this the bonds must be used as a banking basis. We are not waiting for the Secretary of the Treasury (Salmon P. Chase) to make this recommendation to Congress. It will not do to allow the greenback, as it is called, to circulate as money any length of time, for we cannot control them. But we can control the bonds and through them the bank issues." (Dollars and Sense, by Jerry Voorhis, p. 2)

In order to curtail the flow of the military equipment of the largely rural South needed to wage the war, Lincoln, on April 19, 1861, imposed the naval blockade previously mentioned. The Confederacy needed, " go abroad and replace privateers with powerful warships which (they were) to buy or have built to order. The first of these vessels, the Sumter, was commissioned in the spring of 1861, and was followed in 1862 by the Florida and the Alabama." (The Hidden Face of the Civil War, pp. 18‑19)

The South was purchasing these ships from England and France to break the blockade, and Secretary of State William Seward saw the importance of keeping these two nations out of the war. Therefore, he; "...warned the British government: 'If any European power provokes war, we shall not shrink from it.' Similarly Seward advised Mercier that French recognition of the Confederacy would result in war with the United States." (Why the North Won the Civil War, p. 60)

Lincoln continued to see the danger from the European bankers and the two European countries of France and England. He saw the main issue of the war as being the preservation of the union. He repeated his statement that preserving the Union was his main task: "My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union. If I could save the Union without freeing any slaves, I would do it." (The Irony of Democracy, An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics, by Thomas R. Dye and L. Harmon Zeigler, p. 73)

But even though Lincoln was not conducting the war over the issue of slavery, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves on September 22, 1862, claiming the right to do so as the Commander‑in‑Chief of the Army and Navy. There was no act of Congress, just the solitary act of the President of the United States. But his act had the force of law, and the American people accepted it as such.

In addition to the external threat from England and France, Lincoln also had an internal threat to contend with: the central bank. On February 25, 1863, Congress passed the National Banking Act. This act created a federally chartered national bank that had the power to issue U.S. Bank Notes, money created to be loaned to the government supported not by gold but by debt. The money was loaned to the government at interest, and became Legal Tender. This bill was supported and guided by the Secretary of the Treasury, Salmon P. Chase.

Lincoln, after the passage of this act, once again warned the American people. He said:

"The money power preys upon the nation in times of peace and conspires against it in times of adversity. It is more despotic than monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, more selfish than bureaucracy. I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me, and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country. Corporations have been enthroned, an era of corruption will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people, until the wealth is aggregated in a few hands, and the republic is destroyed." (The Federal Reserve Bank, by H.S. Kennan, p. 9)

A few months after the passage of the act, the Rothschild bank in England wrote a letter to a New York firm of bankers [Kuhn, Loeb and Co.]: "The few who understand the system (interest‑bearing money) will either be so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its favors that there will be no opposition from that class, while on the other hand, the great body of people, mentally incapable of comprehending the tremendous advantages that capital derives from the system, will bear its burdens without complaint, and perhaps without even suspecting the system is inimical to their interests." (National Economy and the Banking System of the United States, by Senator Robert L. Owen, pp. 99‑100)

Lincoln was betting on the blockade he had imposed around the South as a means of keeping England and France out of the war. The blockade was effectively doing this, at least on the surface, but others were using it as a means of making enormous profits. Private individuals were "running" the blockade by equipping several ships with essential provisions for the South, and then hoping that a percentage of these ships would make it through the blockade, so the blockade runner could charge exorbitant prices for the goods in Southern cities. One of these individuals was a Jew by the name of Thomas W. House, a Rothschild agent, who amassed a fortune during the Civil War. House was the father of Colonel Edward Mandell House, the key to the election of President Woodrow Wilson and the passage of the Federal Reserve bill in 1913.

Lincoln realized that the North needed an ally to keep the European countries out of the war directly, as both nations were building ships capable of running the blockade, and the entry of England and France directly into the war could spell the end of the North and the Union. He looked to other European countries for assistance and found none willing to provide the support for his government. There was one country, however, that had no central bank and therefore no internal force preventing its support of the United States. That country was Russia, who was at the time a great Christian Nation.

Russia had a large navy and had already pledged its support to Lincoln prior to the beginning of the war. It could now involve itself and keep England and France out of the war because these two nations feared a war with the Russian government.

Lincoln needed something that he could use as a means of encouraging the Russian people to send their navy to the defense of the United States. Therefore, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation to free the slaves as a gesture to the Russian people who had their Czar free the serfs with a similar proclamation in 1861. Lincoln anticipated that this one act would encourage the Russian people to support their government when it lent support to the Union.

The Czar of Russia, Alexander II, issued orders to his imperial navy to sail for the American ports of New York City and San Francisco as a sign of support for Lincoln and the United States. It also served as a dramatic means of indicating to France and England they would have to contend with the Russian Government as well should they enter the war on the side of the South. These ships began arriving in the United States in September, 1863.

It was commonly understood why these ships were entering the American waters. "The average Northerner (understood)...that the Russian Czar was taking this means of warning England and France that if they made war in support of the South, he would help the North..." (Short History of the Civil War, by Bruce Catton, p. 110)

In October, 1863, the city of Baltimore issued a proclamation inviting the: "...officers of the Russian ships of war now in or shortly to arrive at that Port (New York) to visit the city of Baltimore...and to accept of its hospitalities, as a testimonial of the high respect of the authorities and citizens of Baltimore for the Sovereign and people of Russia, who, when other powers and people strongly bound to us by ties of interest or common decent (England and France?) have lent material and support to the Rebels of the South, have honorably abstained from all attempts to assist the rebellion, and have given our government reliable assurances of their sympathy and good will." (Before the Storm, by Baron C. Wrangell‑Rokassowsky)

The Czar issued orders to his Admirals that they were to be ready to fight any power and to take their orders only from President Abraham Lincoln. And in the event of war, the Russian Navy was ordered to, "...attack the enemy's commercial shipping and their colonies, so as to cause them the greatest possible damage." (Before the Storm, p. 57)

In addition to all of the problems, Lincoln faced one more: the machinations of an internal conspiracy. Lincoln had anticipated such a conspiracy in 1837 when he stated:

"At what point then is the approach of danger to be expected? I answer, if it ever reaches us it must spring up amongst us; it cannot come from abroad. If destruction be our lot, we must ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of free men, we must live through all time, or die by suicide." (Speech given at Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1837) So Lincoln feared that the ultimate death of his nation would be caused by her own sons, his fellow Americans.

Early in 1863, Lincoln wrote a letter to Major General Joseph Hooker, in which he said:

"I have placed you at the head of the Army of the Potomac. I have heard, in such a way as to believe it, of your recently saying that both the army and the government needed a dictator." (Abraham Lincoln: Complete Works, by John G. Nicoley and John Hay, Vol. II, pp. 306, 354 and 355)

Apparently what Lincoln had heard about General Hooker was true, as Hooker had,

"...once been feared as the potential leader of a Radical coup d'etat." (High Crimes and Misdemeanors, The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson, by Gene Smith, p. 61)

The Radicals referred to in Lincoln's letter to General Hooker were a group of Republicans, amongst others, who saw that the North would ultimately win the war with the South, and they wanted Lincoln to make the South pay for its rebellion after the victory. Lincoln favored the softer approach of allowing the Southern States to return to the Union after the war ended, without reprisals against them or their fighting men. The Radicals were frequently called the "Jacobins" after the group that fomented the French Revolution of 1789. As mentioned earlier, they were an offshoot of the Illuminati. And they made the South pay indeed, White Men were murdered by the Union Army and their lands and businesses were given to blacks and Jews. This continued until the formation of the KKK.

On April 14, 1865, the conspiracy that Lincoln both feared and had knowledge of assassinated him. Eight people were tried for the crime, and four were later hung. In addition to the conspiracy's successful attempt on Lincoln's life, the plan was to also assassinate Andrew Johnson, Lincoln's Vice President, and Secretary of State Seward. Both of these other attempts failed, but if they had been successful, there is little doubt who would have been the one to reap all of the benefits: the Jewish Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.

In fact, after the successful assassination of Lincoln, Stanton "became in that moment the functioning government of the United States, when he assumed control of the city of Washington D.C. in an attempt to capture Lincoln's killer."

The man who killed Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth, had several links with societies of the day, one of which was the Carbonari of Italy, an Illuminati‑like secret organization active in Italian intrigue.

One of the many evidences of Stanton's complicity in the assassination attempts is the fact that he failed to block off the road that Booth took as he left Washington D.C. after the assassination, even though Stanton had ordered military blockades on all of the other roads.

It is now believed that Stanton also arranged for another man, similar in build and appearance to Booth, to be captured and then murdered by troops under the command of Stanton. It is further believed that Stanton certified that the murdered man was Booth, thereby allowing Booth to escape.

But perhaps the most incriminating evidence that Stanton was involved in the assassination of Lincoln lies in the missing pages of the diary kept by Mr. Booth. Stanton testified before Congressional investigating committees, "...that the pages were missing when the diary was given to him in April of 1865. The missing pages contain the names of some seventy high government officials and prominent businessmen who were involved in a conspiracy to eliminate Lincoln. The purported eighteen missing pages were recently discovered in the attic of Stanton's descendants." (The Lincoln Conspiracy, by David Balsiger and Charles E. Sellier, Jr., Los Angeles: Shick Sunn Classic Books, 1977, caption under the photograph between pages 160 and 161)

And Booth was even linked to those involved with the conspiracy in the South: "A coded message was found in the trunk of Booth, the key to which was discovered in Judah P. Benjamin's possession. Benjamin...was the Civil War campaign strategist of the House of Rothschild." (The Federal Reserve, by H.S. Kennan, p. 246) Judah P. Benjamin held many key positions in the Confederacy during the Civil War.

So, it appears that Lincoln was the subject of a major conspiracy to assassinate him, a conspiracy so important that even the European bankers were involved. Lincoln had to be eliminated because he dared to oppose the attempt to force a central bank onto the American people, and as an example to those who would later oppose such machinations in high places.

One of the early books on the subject of this conspiracy was published just months after the assassination of President Lincoln. It was entitled "The Assassination and History of the Conspiracy," and it clearly identified the Knights of the Golden Circle as the fountainhead of the assassination plot. The back cover of the book carried an advertisement for another book that offered the reader, " inside view of the modus of the infamous organization, its connection with the rebellion and the Copperhead movement in the North." The second book was written by Edmund Wright, who claimed to be a member of the Knights.

After the attempt on his life failed, and after Lincoln's death, Vice‑President Johnson became the President of the United States. He continued Lincoln's policy of amnesty to the defeated South after the war was over. He issued an Amnesty Proclamation on May 29, 1865, welcoming the South back into the Union with only a few requirement:

    1). The South must repudiate the debt of the war;

    2). Repeal all secession ordinances and laws; and

    3). Abolish slavery forever.

The first requirement did not endear President Johnson to those who wished the South to redeem its contractual obligations to those who had loaned it the money it needed to fight the war. One of these debtors was the Rothschild family, who had heavily funded the South's efforts in the war. But Johnson also had to face another problem.

The Czar of Russia, for his part in saving the United States during the war by sending his fleet to American waters, and apparently because of an agreement he made with Lincoln, asked to be paid for the use of his fleet. Johnson had no constitutional authority to give American dollars to the head of a foreign government. And the cost of the fleet was rather high: $7.2 million.

So Johnson had Secretary of State William Seward arrange for the purchase of Alaska from the Russians in April, 1867. This act has unfairly been called "Seward's folly" by those historians unfamiliar with the actual reasons for Alaska's purchase, and to this day, Secretary of State Seward has been criticized for the purchase of what was then a piece of worthless land. But Seward was only purchasing the land as a method by which he could pay the Czar of Russia for the use of his fleet, an action that probably saved America from a more serious war with both England and France.

However, the most serious problem Johnson was to have during his tenure as President of the United States was still to occur. He asked for the resignation of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, and Stanton refused. The Radical Republicans, also called the Jacobins, in the Senate started impeachment proceedings against President Johnson. These efforts failed by the slim margin of only one vote, and Johnson continued in office. In an interesting quirk of fate, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the time was Salmon P. Chase, and it was his task to preside over the impeachment trial of President Johnson. Chase had resigned as Secretary of the Treasury to become the Chief Justice. It was almost as if the conspiracy had anticipated the impeachment proceedings and had wanted a man they felt they could trust in that key position.

Jewish Senator Benjamin F. Wade, President Pro‑Tempore of the Senate and next in line of succession to the Chief Executive's position, had been so confident that Johnson would be found guilty of the charges against him and removed from office that he had already informally named his new cabinet. To show their power the conspirators had Stanton appointed the Secretary of the Treasury (The Lincoln Conspiracy, by David Balsiger and Charles E. Sellier, Jr., p. 294)

Chief Justice Chase's role in these events would be recognized years later by John Thompson, founder of the Chase National Bank [Later to be called the Chase Manhattan Bank, after its merger with the Manhattan Bank owned by the Warburgs] who named his bank after him. In addition, other honors came to the Chief Justice. His picture is found on the $10,000 bill printed by the U.S. Treasury. This bill is believed to be the highest existing denomination currency in the Unites States today].

After the Civil War ended, President Johnson, "...had no doubt there was a conspiracy afoot among the Radicals [The Jacobeans] to incite another revolution." (High Crimes and Misdemeanors, The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, by Gene Smith, p. 185)

It was the intent of the Jacobins to stir up the newly freed slaves and then use this dissatisfaction as the reason for starting another Civil War. And in fact there was a large riot in Memphis, Tennessee, in April, 1866, where a group of whites, were incited by Jews, to attack Negroes and forty‑six of the Negroes were killed. Later, in July, 1866, there was a riot in New Orleans where a group of marching Negroes were fired upon and many of them were killed. By this one can see how long the Jews have been using the blacks in America to further their own purposes. They use the ignorance of the blacks and the incapability of them to see who their real enemies are.

The Radicals blamed Johnson for these killings, but some knew that the rioting was the work of others. Gideon Wells, the Secretary of the Navy, was one and he wrote in his diary: "There is little doubt that the New Orleans riots had their origin with the Radical members of Congress in Washington. It is part of a deliberate conspiracy and was to be the commencement of a series of bloody affrays through the States lately in the rebellion (The South). There is a determination to involve the country in civil war, if necessary, to secure Negro suffrage in the States and Radical ascendancy in the general government." (Quoted in Dan Smoot's Report, July 8, 1963, Vol. 9, No. 27, p. 212)

Even President Johnson was aware of the attempts to incite another Civil War as he once, "...told Orville Browning that 'he had no doubt that there was a conspiracy afoot among the Radicals to incite another revolution, and especially to arm and exasperate the Negroes.' The President himself was coming to believe that Stevens and Sumner (The leaders of the Radicals, also known as the Jacobins) and their followers intended to take the government into their own hands.

It was an 'unmistakable design,' he once told Welles. They would declare Tennessee out of the Union and so get rid of him, and then set up a Directory based on the French Revolution's model." (High Crimes and Misdemeanors, The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, p. 157 and 185)

One of the groups acting to incite the riots was the Knights of the Golden Circle, whose war‑time members included John Wilkes Booth and Jefferson Davis, the head of the Confederacy. Another member, Jesse James, was secretly hoarding large quantities of gold stolen from banks and mining companies in an attempt to buy a second Civil War. It has been estimated that Jesse and the other members of the Knights had buried over $7 billion in gold all over the western states.

Jesse James, a 33rd degree Mason, lived to be 107 years old. He claimed that his secret to his long life was that he changed his name frequently after first locating a cowboy with approximately his same physical characteristics. He then would kill or have him killed by shooting him in the face. He would then plant some items known to be his on the body, such as jewelry or clothing. His next step would be to have a known relative or a close friend identify the body as being that of Jesse James. Since there were no other means of identifying the body such as pictures or fingerprints, the public assumed that the relative or friend knew what they were saying when they identified the body. Grateful townspeople were happy to think that the notorious bank robber, or any of his dangerous aliases, was dead, so they tended to believe that the identification was correct. Jesse claimed that it was by this method that he assumed the identities or aliases of some seventy‑three individuals. In fact, he claimed that one of the aliases he used in later years was that of William A. Clark, the copper king and later a U.S. Senator from the Las Vegas area of Nevada. It is after Senator Clark that Clark County, Nevada is named (Jesse James was One of His Names, by Del Schrader with Jesse James III, p. 187).

The Knights of the Golden Circle, was, " to those secret organizations made up of other victims of despotism: the Confrereries of medieval France, the Carbonari of Italy, the Vehmgerict of Germany, (and) the Nihilists of Russia." (High Crimes and Misdemeanors, The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, p. 194)

It was the Nihilists who were credited with the assassination of the Czar of Russia, Alexander II, in 1881. This was the same Czar who sent the fleet to America during the Civil War. So he, like Lincoln, had to pay the price for outwitting the Jewish International Bankers who had caused the Civil War.

The final important act of the Civil War came in 1875, when Congress passed the Specie Redemption Act, declaring it the policy of the government to redeem President Lincoln's "Greenbacks" on January 1, 1879.

Thus history records that:

1). President Abraham Lincoln had outwitted the Jewish International Bankers.

2). The United States still did not have a central bank.

3). It was time for the conspiracy to change it's strategy.


Reference Materials