And it happened,
after that Alexander son of Philip, the Macedonian, who came out of the land of
Chettiim, had smitten Darius king of the Persians and Medes, that he reigned in
his stead, the first over Greece,
 And made many wars, and won many strong holds, and slew the kings of
 And went through to the ends of the earth, and took spoils of many
nations, insomuch that the earth was quiet before him; whereupon he was exalted
and his heart was lifted up.
 And he gathered a mighty strong host and ruled over countries, and
nations, and kings, who became tributaries unto him.
 And after these things he fell sick, and perceived that he should
 Wherefore he called his servants, such as were honourable, and had
been brought up with him from his youth, and parted his kingdom among them,
while he was yet alive.
 So Alexander reigned twelves years, and then died.
 And his servants bare rule every one in his place.
 And after his death they all put crowns upon themselves; so did their
sons after them many years: and evils were multiplied in the earth.
 And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed
Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at Rome, and he
reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.
 In those days went there out of Israel wicked men, who persuaded
many, saying, Let us go and make a covenant with the heathen that are round
about us: for since we departed from them we have had much sorrow.
 So this device pleased them well.
 Then certain of the people were so forward herein, that they went to
the king, who gave them licence to do after the ordinances of the heathen:
 Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem according to
the customs of the heathen:
 And made themselves uncircumcised, and forsook the holy covenant,
and joined themselves to the heathen, and were sold to do mischief.
 Now when the kingdom was established before Antiochus, he thought to
reign over Egypt that he might have the dominion of two realms.
 Wherefore he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with
chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great navy,
 And made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt: but Ptolemee was afraid
of him, and fled; and many were wounded to death.
 Thus they got the strong cities in the land of Egypt and he took the
 And after that Antiochus had smitten Egypt, he returned again in the
hundred forty and third year, and went up against Israel and Jerusalem with a
 And entered proudly into the sanctuary, and took away the golden
altar, and the candlestick of light, and all the vessels thereof,
 And the table of the shewbread, and the pouring vessels, and the
vials. and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the crown, and the golden
ornaments that were before the temple, all which he pulled off.
 He took also the silver and the gold, and the precious vessels: also
he took the hidden treasures which he found.
 And when he had taken all away, he went into his own land, having
made a great massacre, and spoken very proudly.
 Therefore there was a great mourning in Israel, in every place where
 So that the princes and elders mourned, the virgins and young men
were made feeble, and the beauty of women was changed.
 Every bridegroom took up lamentation, and she that sat in the
marriage chamber was in heaviness,
 The land also was moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all the
house of Jacob was covered with confusion.
 And after two years fully expired the king sent his chief collector
of tribute unto the cities of Juda, who came unto Jerusalem with a great
 And spake peaceable words unto them, but all was deceit: for when
they had given him credence, he fell suddenly upon the city, and smote it very
sore, and destroyed much people of Israel.
 And when he had taken the spoils of the city, he set it on fire, and
pulled down the houses and walls thereof on every side.
 But the women and children took they captive, and possessed the
 Then builded they the city of David with a great and strong wall,
and with mighty towers, and made it a strong hold for them.
 And they put therein a sinful nation, wicked men, and fortified
 They stored it also with armour and victuals, and when they had
gathered together the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid them up there, and so they
became a sore snare:
 For it was a place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and an evil
adversary to Israel.
 Thus they shed innocent blood on every side of the sanctuary, and
 Insomuch that the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled because of them:
whereupon the city was made an habitation of strangers, and became strange to
those that were born in her; and her own children left her.
 Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness, her feasts were
turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach her honour into contempt.
 As had been her glory, so was her dishonour increased, and her
excellency was turned into mourning.
 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should
be one people,
 And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed
according to the commandment of the king.
 Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to his religion, and
sacrificed unto idols, and profaned the sabbath.
 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the
cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws of the land,
 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink offerings, in
the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days:
 And pollute the sanctuary and holy people:
 Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice
swine's flesh, and unclean beasts:
 That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and make
their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation:
 To the end they might forget the law, and change all the ordinances.
 And whosoever would not do according to the commandment of the king,
he said, he should die.
 In the selfsame manner wrote he to his whole kingdom, and appointed
overseers over all the people, commanding the cities of Juda to sacrifice, city
 Then many of the people were gathered unto them, to wit every one
that forsook the law; and so they committed evils in the land;
 And drove the Israelites into secret places, even wheresoever they
could flee for succour.
 Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and
fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation upon the altar, and
builded idol altars throughout the cities of Juda on every side;
 And burnt incense at the doors of their houses, and in the streets.
 And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law which they
found, they burnt them with fire.
 And whosoever was found with any the book of the testament, or if
any committed to the law, the king's commandment was, that they should put him
 Thus did they by their authority unto the Israelites every month, to
as many as were found in the cities.
 Now the five and twentieth day of the month they did sacrifice upon
the idol altar, which was upon the altar of God.
 At which time according to the commandment they put to death certain
women, that had caused their children to be circumcised.
 And they hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled their
houses, and slew them that had circumcised them.
 Howbeit many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in
themselves not to eat any unclean thing.
 Wherefore the rather to die, that they might not be defiled with
meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant: so then they died.
 And there was very great wrath upon Israel.
 In those days arose
Mattathias the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib,
from Jerusalem, and dwelt in Modin.
 And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:
 Simon; called Thassi:
 Judas, who was called Maccabeus:
 Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, whose surname was Apphus.
 And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Juda and
 He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born to see this misery of my
people, and of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it was delivered into the
hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the hand of strangers?
 Her temple is become as a man without glory.
 Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity, her infants are
slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the enemy.
 What nation hath not had a part in her kingdom and gotten of her
 All her ornaments are taken away; of a free woman she is become a
 And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is laid
waste, and the Gentiles have profaned it.
 To what end therefore shall we live any longer?
 Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on
sackcloth, and mourned very sore.
 In the mean while the king's officers, such as compelled the people
to revolt, came into the city Modin, to make them sacrifice.
 And when many of Israel came unto them, Mattathias also and his sons
 Then answered the king's officers, and said to Mattathias on this
wise, Thou art a ruler, and an honourable and great man in this city, and
strengthened with sons and brethren:
 Now therefore come thou first, and fulfil the king's commandment,
like as all the heathen have done, yea, and the men of Juda also, and such as
remain at Jerusalem: so shalt thou and thy house be in the number of the king's
friends, and thou and thy children shall be honoured with silver and gold, and
 Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though all the
nations that are under the king's dominion obey him, and fall away every one
from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to his commandments:
 Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of our
 God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.
 We will not hearken to the king's words, to go from our religion,
either on the right hand, or the left.
 Now when he had left speaking these words, there came one of the
Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at Modin, according
to the king's commandment.
 Which thing when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed with zeal, and his
reins trembled, neither could he forbear to shew his anger according to
judgment: wherefore he ran, and slew him upon the altar.
 Also the king's commissioner, who compelled men to sacrifice, he
killed at that time, and the altar he pulled down.
 Thus dealt he zealously for the law of God like as Phinees did unto
Zambri the son of Salom.
 And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice, saying,
Whosoever is zealous of the law, and maintaineth the covenant, let him follow
 So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that ever
they had in the city.
 Then many that sought after justice and judgment went down into the
wilderness, to dwell there:
 Both they, and their children, and their wives; and their cattle;
because afflictions increased sore upon them.
 Now when it was told the king's servants, and the host that was at
Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had broken the king's
commandment, were gone down into the secret places in the wilderness,
 They pursued after them a great number, and having overtaken them,
they camped against them, and made war against them on the sabbath day.
 And they said unto them, Let that which ye have done hitherto
suffice; come forth, and do according to the commandment of the king, and ye
 But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the king's
commandment, to profane the sabbath day.
 So then they gave them the battle with all speed.
 Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them,
nor stopped the places where they lay hid;
 But said, Let us die all in our innocency: heaven and earth will
testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully.
 So they rose up against them in battle on the sabbath, and they slew
them, with their wives and children and their cattle, to the number of a
 Now when Mattathias and his friends understood hereof, they mourned
for them right sore.
 And one of them said to another, If we all do as our brethren have
done, and fight not for our lives and laws against the heathen, they will now
quickly root us out of the earth.
 At that time therefore they decreed, saying, Whosoever shall come to
make battle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight against him; neither will
we die all, as our brethren that were murdered im the secret places.
 Then came there unto him a company of Assideans who were mighty men
of Israel, even all such as were voluntarily devoted unto the law.
 Also all they that fled for persecution joined themselves unto them,
and were a stay unto them.
 So they joined their forces, and smote sinful men in their anger,
and wicked men in their wrath: but the rest fled to the heathen for succour.
 Then Mattathias and his friends went round about, and pulled down
 And what children soever they found within the coast of Israel
uncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.
 They pursued also after the proud men, and the work prospered in
 So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles, and out
of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner to triumph.
 Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he said unto
his sons, Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength, and the time of
destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
 Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give your
lives for the covenant of your fathers.
 Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their time; so
shall ye receive great honour and an everlasting name.
 Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was imputed
unto him for righteousness?
 Joseph in the time of his distress kept the commandment and was made
lord of Egypt.
 Phinees our father in being zealous and fervent obtained the
covenant of an everlasting priesthood.
 Jesus for fulfilling the word was made a judge in Israel.
 Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation received the
heritage of the land.
 David for being merciful possessed the throne of an everlasting
 Elias for being zealous and fervent for the law was taken up into
 Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believing were saved out of the
 Daniel for his innocency was delivered from the mouth of lions.
 And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none that put their
trust in him shall be overcome.
 Fear not then the words of a sinful man: for his glory shall be dung
 To day he shall be lifted up and to morrow he shall not be found,
because he is returned into his dust, and his thought is come to nothing.
 Wherefore, ye my sons, be valiant and shew yourselves men in the
behalf of the law; for by it shall ye obtain glory.
 And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel, give
ear unto him alway: he shall be a father unto you.
 As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been mighty and strong, even from
his youth up: let him be your captain, and fight the battle of the people.
 Take also unto you all those that observe the law, and avenge ye the
wrong of your people.
 Recompense fully the heathen, and take heed to the commandments of
 So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.
 And he died in the hundred forty and sixth year, and his sons buried
him in the sepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all Israel made great
lamentation for him.
 Then his son Judas,
called Maccabeus, rose up in his stead.
 And all his brethren helped him, and so did all they that held with
his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle of Israel.
 So he gat his people great honour, and put on a breastplate as a
giant, and girt his warlike harness about him, and he made battles, protecting
the host with his sword.
 In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp roaring for
 For He pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burnt up those
that vexed his people.
 Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the workers of
iniquity were troubled, because salvation prospered in his hand.
 He grieved also many kings, and made Jacob glad with his acts, and
his memorial is blessed for ever.
 Moreover he went through the cities of Juda, destroying the ungodly
out of them, and turning away wrath from Israel:
 So that he was renowned unto the utmost part of the earth, and he
received unto him such as were ready to perish.
 Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great host out
of Samaria, to fight against Israel.
 Which thing when Judas perceived, he went forth to meet him, and so
he smote him, and slew him: many also fell down slain, but the rest fled.
 Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and Apollonius' sword also, and
therewith he fought all his life long.
 Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say that Judas
had gathered unto him a multitude and company of the faithful to go out with him
 He said, I will get me a name and honour in the kingdom; for I will
go fight with Judas and them that are with him, who despise the king's
 So he made him ready to go up, and there went with him a mighty host
of the ungodly to help him, and to be avenged of the children of Israel.
 And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas went forth
to meet him with a small company:
 Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said unto Judas,
How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against so great a multitude and so
strong, seeing we are ready to faint with fasting all this day?
 Unto whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to be shut
up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven it is all one, to deliver
with a great multitude, or a small company:
 For the victory of battle standeth not in the multitude of an host;
but strength cometh from heaven.
 They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy us, and
our wives and children, and to spoil us:
 But we fight for our lives and our laws.
 Wherefore the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face: and
as for you, be ye not afraid of them.
 Now as soon as he had left off speaking, he leapt suddenly upon
them, and so Seron and his host was overthrown before him.
 And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron unto the
plain, where were slain about eight hundred men of them; and the residue fled
into the land of the Philistines.
 Then began the fear of Judas and his brethren, and an exceeding
great dread, to fall upon the nations round about them:
 Insomuch as his fame came unto the king, and all nations talked of
the battles of Judas.
 Now when king Antiochus heard these things, he was full of
indignation: wherefore he sent and gathered together all the forces of his
realm, even a very strong army.
 He opened also his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a year,
commanding them to be ready whensoever he should need them.
 Nevertheless, when he saw that the money of his treasures failed and
that the tributes in the country were small, because of the dissension and
plague, which he had brought upon the land in taking away the laws which had
been of old time;
 He feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any longer,
nor to have such gifts to give so liberally as he did before: for he had
abounded above the kings that were before him.
 Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined to go
into Persia, there to take the tributes of the countries, and to gather much
 So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of the blood royal, to
oversee the affairs of the king from the river Euphrates unto the borders of
 And to bring up his son Antiochus, until he came again.
 Moreover he delivered unto him the half of his forces, and the
elephants, and gave him charge of all things that he would have done, as also
concerning them that dwelt in Juda and Jerusalem:
 To wit, that he should send an army against them, to destroy and
root out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and to take away
their memorial from that place;
 And that he should place strangers in all their quarters, and divide
their land by lot.
 So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and departed
from Antioch, his royal city, the hundred forty and seventh year; and having
passed the river Euphrates, he went through the high countries.
 Then Lysias chose Ptolemee the son of Dorymenes, Nicanor, and
Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends:
 And with them he sent forty thousand footmen, and seven thousand
horsemen, to go into the land of Juda, and to destroy it, as the king commanded.
 So they went forth with all their power, and came and pitched by
Emmaus in the plain country.
 And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of them, took
silver and gold very much, with servants, and came into the camp to buy the
children of Israel for slaves: a power also of Syria and of the land of the
Philistines joined themselves unto them.
 Now when Judas and his brethren saw that miseries were multiplied,
and that the forces did encamp themselves in their borders: for they knew how
the king had given commandment to destroy the people, and utterly abolish them;
 They said one to another, Let us restore the decayed fortune of our
people, and let us fight for our people and the sanctuary.
 Then was the congregation gathered together, that they might be
ready for battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and compassion.
 Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness, there was none of her
children that went in or out: the sanctuary also was trodden down, and aliens
kept the strong hold; the heathen had their habitation in that place; and joy
was taken from Jacob, and the pipe with the harp ceased.
 Wherefore the Israelites assembled themselves together, and came to
Maspha, over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the place where they prayed
aforetime in Israel.
 Then they fasted that day, and put on sackcloth, and cast ashes upon
their heads, and rent their clothes,
 And laid open the book of the law, wherein the heathen had sought to
paint the likeness of their images.
 They brought also the priests' garments, and the firstfruits, and
the tithes: and the Nazarites they stirred up, who had accomplished their days.
 Then cried they with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, What shall
we do with these, and whither shall we carry them away?
 For thy sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and thy priests are
in heaviness, and brought low.
 And lo, the heathen are assembled together against us to destroy us:
what things they imagine against us, thou knowest.
 How shall we be able to stand against them, except thou, O God, be
 Then sounded they with trumpets, and cried with a loud voice.
 And after this Judas ordained captains over the people, even
captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
 But as for such as were building houses, or had betrothed wives, or
were planting vineyards, or were fearful, those he commanded that they should
return, every man to his own house, according to the law.
 So the camp removed, and pitched upon the south side of Emmaus.
 And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see that ye
be in readiness against the morning, that ye may fight with these nations, that
are assembled together against us to destroy us and our sanctuary:
 For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the
calamities of our people and our sanctuary.
 Nevertheless, as the will of God is in heaven, so let him do.
 Then took Gorgias
five thousand footmen, and a thousand of the best horsemen, and removed out of
the camp by night;
 To the end he might rush in upon the camp of the Jews, and smite them
suddenly. And the men of the fortress were his guides.
 Now when Judas heard thereof he himself removed, and the valiant men
with him, that he might smite the king's army which was at Emmaus,
 While as yet the forces were dispersed from the camp.
 In the mean season came Gorgias by night into the camp of Judas: and
when he found no man there, he sought them in the mountains: for said he, These
fellows flee from us
 But as soon as it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain with
three thousand men, who nevertheless had neither armour nor swords to their
 And they saw the camp of the heathen, that it was strong and well
harnessed, and compassed round about with horsemen; and these were expert of
 Then said Judas to the men that were with him, Fear ye not their
multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.
 Remember how our fathers were delivered in the Red sea, when Pharaoh
pursued them with an army.
 Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, if peradventure the Lord will
have mercy upon us, and remember the covenant of our fathers, and destroy this
host before our face this day:
 That so all the heathen may know that there is one who delivereth
and saveth Israel.
 Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming over
 Wherefore they went out of the camp to battle; but they that were
with Judas sounded their trumpets.
 So they joined battle, and the heathen being discomfited fled into
 Howbeit all the hindmost of them were slain with the sword: for they
pursued them unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea, and Azotus, and Jamnia,
so that there were slain of them upon a three thousand men.
 This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing them,
 And said to the people, Be not greedy of the spoil inasmuch as there
is a battle before us,
 And Gorgias and his host are here by us in the mountain: but stand
ye now against our enemies, and overcome them, and after this ye may boldly take
 As Judas was yet speaking these words, there appeared a part of them
looking out of the mountain:
 Who when they perceived that the Jews had put their host to flight
and were burning the tents; for the smoke that was seen declared what was done:
 When therefore they perceived these things, they were sore afraid,
and seeing also the host of Judas in the plain ready to fight,
 They fled every one into the land of strangers.
 Then Judas returned to spoil the tents, where they got much gold,
and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great riches.
 After this they went home, and sung a song of thanksgiving, and
praised the Lord in heaven: because it is good, because his mercy endureth
 Thus Israel had a great deliverance that day.
 Now all the strangers that had escaped came and told Lysias what had
 Who, when he heard thereof, was confounded and discouraged, because
neither such things as he would were done unto Israel, nor such things as the
king commanded him were come to pass.
 The next year therefore following Lysias gathered together
threescore thousand choice men of foot, and five thousand horsemen, that he
might subdue them.
 So they came into Idumea, and pitched their tents at Bethsura, and
Judas met them with ten thousand men.
 And when he saw that mighty army, he prayed and said, Blessed art
thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst quell the violence of the mighty man by the
hand of thy servant David, and gavest the host of strangers into the hands of
Jonathan the son of Saul, and his armourbearer;
 Shut up this army in the hand of thy people Israel, and let them be
confounded in their power and horsemen:
 Make them to be of no courage, and cause the boldness of their
strength to fall away, and let them quake at their destruction:
 Cast them down with the sword of them that love thee, and let all
those that know thy name praise thee with thanksgiving.
 So they joined battle; and there were slain of the host of Lysias
about five thousand men, even before them were they slain.
 Now when Lysias saw his army put to flight, and the manliness of
Judas' soldiers, and how they were ready either to live or die valiantly, he
went into Antiochia, and gathered together a company of strangers, and having
made his army greater than it was, he purposed to come again into Judea.
 Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are
discomfited: let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.
 Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and went up
into mount Sion.
 And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar profaned,
and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the courts as in a forest, or in
one of the mountains, yea, and the priests' chambers pulled down;
 They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and cast ashes
upon their heads,
 And fell down flat to the ground upon their faces, and blew an alarm
with the trumpets, and cried toward heaven.
 Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those that were in
the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.
 So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had pleasure
in the law:
 Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones into an
 And when as they consulted what to do with the altar of burnt
offerings, which was profaned;
 They thought it best to pull it down, lest it should be a reproach
to them, because the heathen had defiled it: wherefore they pulled it down,
 And laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple in a convenient
place, until there should come a prophet to shew what should be done with them.
 Then they took whole stones according to the law, and built a new
altar according to the former;
 And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were within the
temple, and hallowed the courts.
 They made also new holy vessels, and into the temple they brought
the candlestick, and the altar of burnt offerings, and of incense, and the
 And upon the altar they burned incense, and the lamps that were upon
the candlestick they lighted, that they might give light in the temple.
 Furthermore they set the loaves upon the table, and spread out the
veils, and finished all the works which they had begun to make.
 Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which is
called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth year, they rose up
betimes in the morning,
 And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of
burnt offerings, which they had made.
 Look, at what time and what day the heathen had profaned it, even in
that was it dedicated with songs, and citherns, and harps, and cymbals.
 Then all the people fell upon their faces, worshipping and praising
the God of heaven, who had given them good success.
 And so they kept the dedication of the altar eight days and offered
burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the sacrifice of deliverance and
 They decked also the forefront of the temple with crowns of gold,
and with shields; and the gates and the chambers they renewed, and hanged doors
 Thus was there very great gladness among the people, for that the
reproach of the heathen was put away.
 Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole congregation of
Israel ordained, that the days of the dedication of the altar should be kept in
their season from year to year by the space of eight days, from the five and
twentieth day of the month Casleu, with mirth and gladness.
 At that time also they builded up the mount Sion with high walls and
strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should come and tread it down as
they had done before.
 And they set there a garrison to keep it, and fortified Bethsura to
preserve it; that the people might have a defence against Idumea.
 Now when the nations
round about heard that the altar was built and the sanctuary renewed as before,
it displeased them very much.
 Wherefore they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob that was
among them, and thereupon they began to slay and destroy the people.
 Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea at
Arabattine, because they besieged Gael: and he gave them a great overthrow, and
abated their courage, and took their spoils.
 Also he remembered the injury of the children of Bean, who had been a
snare and an offence unto the people, in that they lay in wait for them in the
 He shut them up therefore in the towers, and encamped against them,
and destroyed them utterly, and burned the towers of that place with fire, and
all that were therein.
 Afterward he passed over to the children of Ammon, where he found a
mighty power, and much people, with Timotheus their captain.
 So he fought many battles with them, till at length they were
discomfited before him; and he smote them.
 And when he had taken Jazar, with the towns belonging thereto, he
returned into Judea.
 Then the heathen that were at Galaad assembled themselves together
against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to destroy them; but they
fled to the fortress of Dathema.
 And sent letters unto Judas and his brethren, The heathen that are
round about us are assembled together against us to destroy us:
 And they are preparing to come and take the fortress whereunto we
are fled, Timotheus being captain of their host.
 Come now therefore, and deliver us from their hands, for many of us
 Yea, all our brethren that were in the places of Tobie are put to
death: their wives and their children also they have carried away captives, and
borne away their stuff; and they have destroyed there about a thousand men.
 While these letters were yet reading, behold, there came other
messengers from Galilee with their clothes rent, who reported on this wise,
 And said, They of Ptolemais, and of Tyrus, and Sidon, and all
Galilee of the Gentiles, are assembled together against us to consume us.
 Now when Judas and the people heard these words, there assembled a
great congregation together, to consult what they should do for their brethren,
that were in trouble, and assaulted of them.
 Then said Judas unto Simon his brother, Choose thee out men, and go
and deliver thy brethren that are in Galilee, for I and Jonathan my brother will
go into the country of Galaad.
 So he left Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the
people, with the remnant of the host in Judea to keep it.
 Unto whom he gave commandment, saying, Take ye the charge of this
people, and see that ye make not war against the heathen until the time that we
 Now unto Simon were given three thousand men to go into Galilee, and
unto Judas eight thousand men for the country of Galaad.
 Then went Simon into Galilee, where he fought many battles with the
heathen, so that the heathen were discomfited by him.
 And he pursued them unto the gate of Ptolemais; and there were slain
of the heathen about three thousand men, whose spoils he took.
 And those that were in Galilee, and in Arbattis, with their wives
and their children, and all that they had, took he away with him, and brought
them into Judea with great joy.
 Judas Maccabeus also and his brother Jonathan went over Jordan, and
travelled three days' journey in the wilderness,
 Where they met with the Nabathites, who came unto them in a
peaceable manner, and told them every thing that had happened to their brethren
in the land of Galaad:
 And how that many of them were shut up in Bosora, and Bosor, and
Alema, Casphor, Maked, and Carnaim; all these cities are strong and great:
 And that they were shut up in the rest of the cities of the country
of Galaad, and that against to morrow they had appointed to bring their host
against the forts, and to take them, and to destroy them all in one day.
 Hereupon Judas and his host turned suddenly by the way of the
wilderness unto Bosora; and when he had won the city, he slew all the males with
the edge of the sword, and took all their spoils, and burned the city with fire,
 From whence he removed by night, and went till he came to the
 And betimes in the morning they looked up, and, behold, there was an
innumerable people bearing ladders and other engines of war, to take the
fortress: for they assaulted them.
 When Judas therefore saw that the battle was begun, and that the cry
of the city went up to heaven, with trumpets, and a great sound,
 He said unto his host, Fight this day for your brethren.
 So he went forth behind them in three companies, who sounded their
trumpets, and cried with prayer.
 Then the host of Timotheus, knowing that it was Maccabeus, fled from
him: wherefore he smote them with a great slaughter; so that there were killed
of them that day about eight thousand men.
 This done, Judas turned aside to Maspha; and after he had assaulted
it he took and slew all the males therein, and received the spoils thereof and
and burnt it with fire.
 From thence went he, and took Casphon, Maged, Bosor, and the other
cities of the country of Galaad.
 After these things gathered Timotheus another host and encamped
against Raphon beyond the brook.
 So Judas sent men to espy the host, who brought him word, saying,
All the heathen that be round about us are assembled unto them, even a very
 He hath also hired the Arabians to help them and they have pitched
their tents beyond the brook, ready to come and fight against thee. Upon this
Judas went to meet them.
 Then Timotheus said unto the captains of his host, When Judas and
his host come near the brook, if he pass over first unto us, we shall not be
able to withstand him; for he will mightily prevail against us:
 But if he be afraid, and camp beyond the river, we shall go over
unto him, and prevail against him.
 Now when Judas came near the brook, he caused the scribes of the
people to remain by the brook: unto whom he gave commandment, saying, Suffer no
man to remain in the camp, but let all come to the battle.
 So he went first over unto them, and all the people after him: then
all the heathen, being discomfited before him, cast away their weapons, and fled
unto the temple that was at Carnaim.
 But they took the city, and burned the temple with all that were
therein. Thus was Carnaim subdued, neither could they stand any longer before
 Then Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were in the
country of Galaad, from the least unto the greatest, even their wives, and their
children, and their stuff, a very great host, to the end they might come into
the land of Judea.
 Now when they came unto Ephron, (this was a great city in the way as
they should go, very well fortified) they could not turn from it, either on the
right hand or the left, but must needs pass through the midst of it.
 Then they of the city shut them out, and stopped up the gates with
 Whereupon Judas sent unto them in peaceable manner, saying, Let us
pass through your land to go into our own country, and none shall do you any
hurt; we will only pass through on foot: howbeit they would not open unto him.
 Wherefore Judas commanded a proclamation to be made throughout the
host, that every man should pitch his tent in the place where he was.
 So the soldiers pitched, and assaulted the city all that day and all
that night, till at the length the city was delivered into his hands:
 Who then slew all the males with the edge of the sword, and rased
the city, and took the spoils thereof, and passed through the city over them
that were slain.
 After this went they over Jordan into the great plain before Bethsan.
 And Judas gathered together those that came behind, and exhorted the
people all the way through, till they came into the land of Judea.
 So they went up to mount Sion with joy and gladness, where they
offered burnt offerings, because not one of them were slain until they had
returned in peace.
 Now what time as Judas and Jonathan were in the land of Galaad, and
Simon his brother in Galilee before Ptolemais,
 Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the garrisons,
heard of the valiant acts and warlike deeds which they had done.
 Wherefore they said, Let us also get us a name, and go fight against
the heathen that are round about us.
 So when they had given charge unto the garrison that was with them,
they went toward Jamnia.
 Then came Gorgias and his men out of the city to fight against them.
 And so it was, that Joseph and Azaras were put to flight, and
pursued unto the borders of Judea: and there were slain that day of the people
of Israel about two thousand men.
 Thus was there a great overthrow among the children of Israel,
because they were not obedient unto Judas and his brethren, but thought to do
some valiant act.
 Moreover these men came not of the seed of those, by whose hand
deliverance was given unto Israel.
 Howbeit the man Judas and his brethren were greatly renowned in the
sight of all Israel, and of all the heathen, wheresoever their name was heard
 Insomuch as the the people assembled unto them with joyful
 Afterward went Judas forth with his brethren, and fought against the
children of Esau in the land toward the south, where he smote Hebron, and the
towns thereof, and pulled down the fortress of it, and burned the towers thereof
 From thence he removed to go into the land of the Philistines, and
passed through Samaria.
 At that time certain priests, desirous to shew their valour, were
slain in battle, for that they went out to fight unadvisedly.
 So Judas turned to Azotus in the land of the Philistines, and when
he had pulled down their altars, and burned their carved images with fire, and
spoiled their cities, he returned into the land of Judea.
 About that time king
Antiochus travelling through the high countries heard say, that Elymais in the
country of Persia was a city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;
 And that there was in it a very rich temple, wherein were coverings
of gold, and breastplates, and shields, which Alexander, son of Philip, the
Macedonian king, who reigned first among the Grecians, had left there.
 Wherefore he came and sought to take the city, and to spoil it; but
he was not able, because they of the city, having had warning thereof,
 Rose up against him in battle: so he fled, and departed thence with
great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.
 Moreover there came one who brought him tidings into Persia, that the
armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put to flight:
 And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power was driven
away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the armour, and power, and
store of spoils, which they had gotten of the armies, whom they had destroyed:
 Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which he had set up
upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed about the sanctuary
with high walls, as before, and his city Bethsura.
 Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and sore
moved: whereupon he laid him down upon his bed, and fell sick for grief, because
it had not befallen him as he looked for.
 And there he continued many days: for his grief was ever more and
more, and he made account that he should die.
 Wherefore he called for all his friends, and said unto them, The
sleep is gone from mine eyes, and my heart faileth for very care.
 And I thought with myself, Into what tribulation am I come, and how
great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I was bountiful and beloved
in my power.
 But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and that I
took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein, and sent to destroy
the inhabitants of Judea without a cause.
 I perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles are come
upon me, and, behold, I perish through great grief in a strange land.
 Then called he for Philip, one of his friends, who he made ruler
over all his realm,
 And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to the end he
should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for the kingdom.
 So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and ninth year.
 Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up Antiochus his
son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign in his stead, and his name he
 About this time they that were in the tower shut up the Israelites
round about the sanctuary, and sought always their hurt, and the strengthening
of the heathen.
 Wherefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the people
together to besiege them.
 So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred and fiftieth
year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and other engines.
 Howbeit certain of them that were besieged got forth, unto whom some
ungodly men of Israel joined themselves:
 And they went unto the king, and said, How long will it be ere thou
execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?
 We have been willing to serve thy father, and to do as he would have
us, and to obey his commandments;
 For which cause they of our nation besiege the tower, and are
alienated from us: moreover as many of us as they could light on they slew, and
spoiled our inheritance.
 Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only, but also
against their borders.
 And, behold, this day are they besieging the tower at Jerusalem, to
take it: the sanctuary also and Bethsura have they fortified.
 Wherefore if thou dost not prevent them quickly, they will do the
greater things than these, neither shalt thou be able to rule them.
 Now when the king heard this, he was angry, and gathered together
all his friends, and the captains of his army, and those that had charge of the
 There came also unto him from other kingdoms, and from isles of the
sea, bands of hired soldiers.
 So that the number of his army was an hundred thousand footmen, and
twenty thousand horsemen, and two and thirty elephants exercised in battle.
 These went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura, which they
assaulted many days, making engines of war; but they of Bethsura came out, and
burned them with fire, and fought valiantly.
 Upon this Judas removed from the tower, and pitched in Bathzacharias,
over against the king's camp.
 Then the king rising very early marched fiercely with his host
toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to battle, and sounded
 And to the end they might provoke the elephants to fight, they
shewed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.
 Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies, and for every
elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats of mail, and with
helmets of brass on their heads; and beside this, for every beast were ordained
five hundred horsemen of the best.
 These were ready at every occasion: wheresoever the beast was, and
whithersoever the beast went, they went also, neither departed they from him.
 And upon the beasts were there strong towers of wood, which covered
every one of them, and were girt fast unto them with devices: there were also
upon every one two and thirty strong men, that fought upon them, beside the
Indian that ruled him.
 As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this side and
that side at the two parts of the host giving them signs what to do, and being
harnessed all over amidst the ranks.
 Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass, the
mountains glistered therewith, and shined like lamps of fire.
 So part of the king's army being spread upon the high mountains, and
part on the valleys below, they marched on safely and in order.
 Wherefore all that heard the noise of their multitude, and the
marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness, were moved: for the
army was very great and mighty.
 Then Judas and his host drew near, and entered into battle, and
there were slain of the king's army six hundred men.
 Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiving that one of the beasts,
armed with royal harness, was higher than all the rest, and supposing that the
king was upon him,
 Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his people, and
get him a perpetual name:
 Wherefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of the
battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that they were divided
from him on both sides.
 Which done, he crept under the elephant, and thrust him under, and
slew him: whereupon the elephant fell down upon him, and there he died.
 Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the strength of the king, and
the violence of his forces, turned away from them.
 Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and the king
pitched his tents against Judea, and against mount Sion.
 But with them that were in Bethsura he made peace: for they came out
of the city, because they had no victuals there to endure the siege, it being a
year of rest to the land.
 So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison there to keep it.
 As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days: and set there
artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones, and pieces to
cast darts and slings.
 Whereupon they also made engines against their engines, and held
them battle a long season.
 Yet at the last, their vessels being without victuals, (for that it
was the seventh year, and they in Judea that were delivered from the Gentiles,
had eaten up the residue of the store;)
 There were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the famine did
so prevail against them, that they were fain to disperse themselves, every man
to his own place.
 At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus the king,
whiles he lived, had appointed to bring up his son Antiochus, that he might be
 Was returned out of Persia and Media, and the king's host also that
went with him, and that he sought to take unto him the ruling of the affairs.
 Wherefore he went in all haste, and said to the king and the
captains of the host and the company, We decay daily, and our victuals are but
small, and the place we lay siege unto is strong, and the affairs of the kingdom
lie upon us:
 Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make peace with
them, and with all their nation;
 And covenant with them, that they shall live after their laws, as
they did before: for they are therefore displeased, and have done all these
things, because we abolished their laws.
 So the king and the princes were content: wherefore he sent unto
them to make peace; and they accepted thereof.
 Also the king and the princes made an oath unto them: whereupon they
went out of the strong hold.
 Then the king entered into mount Sion; but when he saw the strength
of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and gave commandment to pull
down the wall round about.
 Afterward departed he in all haste, and returned unto Antiochia,
where he found Philip to be master of the city: so he fought against him, and
took the city by force.
 In the hundred and
one and fiftieth year Demetrius the son of Seleucus departed from Rome, and came
up with a few men unto a city of the sea coast, and reigned there.
 And as he entered into the palace of his ancestors, so it was, that
his forces had taken Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them unto him.
 Wherefore, when he knew it, he said, Let me not see their faces.
 So his host slew them. Now when Demetrius was set upon the throne of
 There came unto him all the wicked and ungodly men of Israel, having
Alcimus, who was desirous to be high priest, for their captain:
 And they accused the people to the king, saying, Judas and his
brethren have slain all thy friends, and driven us out of our own land.
 Now therefore send some man whom thou trustest, and let him go and
see what havock he hath made among us, and in the king's land, and let him
punish them with all them that aid them.
 Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who ruled beyond
the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and faithful to the king,
 And him he sent with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high priest,
and commanded that he should take vengeance of the children of Israel.
 So they departed, and came with a great power into the land of
Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren with peaceable words
 But they gave no heed to their words; for they saw that they were
come with a great power.
 Then did there assemble unto Alcimus and Bacchides a company of
scribes, to require justice.
 Now the Assideans were the first among the children of Israel that
sought peace of them:
 For said they, One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is come
with this army, and he will do us no wrong.
 So he spake unto them, peaceably, and sware unto them, saying, we
will procure the harm neither of you nor your friends.
 Whereupon they believed him: howbeit he took of them threescore men,
and slew them in one day, according to the words which he wrote,
 The flesh of thy saints have they cast out, and their blood have
they shed round about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury them.
 Wherefore the fear and dread of them fell upon all the people, who
said, There is neither truth nor righteousness in them; for they have broken the
covenant and oath that they made.
 After this, removed Bacchides from Jerusalem, and pitched his tents
in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men that had forsaken him, and
certain of the people also, and when he had slain them, he cast them into the
 Then committed he the country to Alcimus, and left with him a power
to aid him: so Bacchides went to the king.
 But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.
 And unto him resorted all such as troubled the people, who, after
they had gotten the land of Juda into their power, did much hurt in Israel.
 Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his company had
done among the Israelites, even above the heathen,
 He went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and took
vengeance of them that had revolted from him, so that they durst no more go
forth into the country.
 On the other side, when Alcimus saw that Judas and his company had
gotten the upper hand, and knew that he was not able to abide their force, he
went again to the king, and said all the worst of them that he could.
 Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his honourable princes, a man
that bare deadly hate unto Israel, with commandment to destroy the people.
 So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great force; and sent unto Judas
and his brethren deceitfully with friendly words, saying,
 Let there be no battle between me and you; I will come with a few
men, that I may see you in peace.
 He came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably.
Howbeit the enemies were prepared to take away Judas by violence.
 Which thing after it was known to Judas, to wit, that he came unto
him with deceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see his face no more.
 Nicanor also, when he saw that his counsel was discovered, went out
to fight against Judas beside Capharsalama:
 Where there were slain of Nicanor's side about five thousand men,
and the rest fled into the city of David.
 After this went Nicanor up to mount Sion, and there came out of the
sanctuary certain of the priests and certain of the elders of the people, to
salute him peaceably, and to shew him the burnt sacrifice that was offered for
 But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them shamefully,
and spake proudly,
 And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless Judas and his host be now
delivered into my hands, if ever I come again in safety, I will burn up this
house: and with that he went out in a great rage.
 Then the priests entered in, and stood before the altar and the
temple, weeping, and saying,
 Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house to be called by thy name, and
to be a house of prayer and petition for thy people:
 Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them fall by the sword:
remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to continue any longer.
 So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in Bethhoron,
where an host out of Syria met him.
 But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and there he
 O Lord, when they that were sent from the king of the Assyrians
blasphemed, thine angel went out, and smote an hundred fourscore and five
thousand of them.
 Even so destroy thou this host before us this day, that the rest may
know that he hath spoken blasphemously against thy sanctuary, and judge thou him
according to his wickedness.
 So the thirteenth day of the month Adar the hosts joined battle: but
Nicanor's host was discomfited, and he himself was first slain in the battle.
 Now when Nicanor's host saw that he was slain, they cast away their
weapons, and fled.
 Then they pursued after them a day's journey, from Adasa unto Gazera,
sounding an alarm after them with their trumpets.
 Whereupon they came forth out of all the towns of Judea round about,
and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon them that pursued them, were
all slain with the sword, and not one of them was left.
 Afterwards they took the spoils, and the prey, and smote off
Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so proudly, and
brought them away, and hanged them up toward Jerusalem.
 For this cause the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept that day a
day of great gladness.
 Moreover they ordained to keep yearly this day, being the thirteenth
 Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little while.
 Now Judas had heard
of the the Romans, that they were mighty and valiant men, and such as would
lovingly accept all that joined themselves unto them, and make a league of amity
with all that came unto them;
 And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also of their
wars and noble acts which they had done among the Galatians, and how they had
conquered them, and brought them under tribute;
 And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning of
the mines of the silver and gold which is there;
 And that by their policy and patience they had conquered all the
place, though it were very far from them; and the kings also that came against
them from the uttermost part of the earth, till they had discomfited them, and
given them a great overthrow, so that the rest did give them tribute every year:
 Beside this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and Perseus,
king of the Citims, with others that lifted up themselves against them, and had
 How also Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against them in
battle, having an hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and chariots, and
a very great army, was discomfited by them;
 And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such as
reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages, and that which
was agreed upon,
 And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the goodliest
countries, which they took of him, and gave to king Eumenes:
 Moreover how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy them;
 And that they, having knowledge thereof sent against them a certain
captain, and fighting with them slew many of them, and carried away captives
their wives and their children, and spoiled them, and took possession of their
lands, and pulled down their strong holds, and brought them to be their servants
unto this day:
 It was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under their
dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time resisted them;
 But with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept amity:
and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, insomuch as all that
heard of their name were afraid of them:
 Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and whom
again they would, they displace: finally, that they were greatly exalted:
 Yet for all this none of them wore a crown or was clothed in purple,
to be magnified thereby:
 Moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house, wherein
three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, consulting alway for the
people, to the end they might be well ordered:
 And that they committed their government to one man every year, who
ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient to that one, and that
there was neither envy nor emmulation among them.
 In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the son of
John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to
make a league of amity and confederacy with them,
 And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for
they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel with servitude.
 They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey, and
came into the senate, where they spake and said.
 Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have
sent us unto you, to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be
registered your confederates and friends.
 So that matter pleased the Romans well.
 And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back
again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there they might have by
them a memorial of peace and confederacy:
 Good success be to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews, by sea
and by land for ever: the sword also and enemy be far from them,
 If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their
confederates throughout all their dominion,
 The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be
appointed, with all their heart:
 Neither shall they give any thing unto them that make war upon them,
or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it hath seemed good unto
the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants without taking any thing
 In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of the
Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according as the time
shall be appointed them:
 Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part against them,
or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the Romans; but they
shall keep their covenants, and that without deceit.
 According to these articles did the Romans make a covenant with the
people of the Jews.
 Howbeit if hereafter the one party or the other shall think to meet
to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their pleasures, and whatsoever
they shall add or take away shall be ratified.
 And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews, we have
written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke heavy upon our friends
and confederates the Jews?
 If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do them
justice, and fight with thee by sea and by land.
 Furthermore, when
Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides
and Alcimus into the land of Judea the second time, and with them the chief
strength of his host:
 Who went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched their
tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew
 Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year they
encamped before Jerusalem:
 From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty thousand
footmen and two thousand horsemen.
 Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand chosen
men with him:
 Who seeing the multitude of the other army to he so great were sore
afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch as abode of
them no more but eight hundred men.
 When Judas therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that the
battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and much distressed, for
that he had no time to gather them together.
 Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise and go up
against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight with them.
 But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never be able: let us now
rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our brethren, and fight
against them: for we are but few.
 Then Judas said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee
away from them: if our time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and
let us not stain our honour.
 With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and
stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two troops, and their
slingers and archers going before the host and they that marched in the foreward
were all mighty men.
 As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing: so the host drew near on
the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.
 They also of Judas' side, even they sounded their trumpets also, so
that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle continued from
morning till night.
 Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army
were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy men,
 Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the mount
 But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right wing were
discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those that were with him hard at the
heels from behind:
 Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were slain on
 Judas also was killed, and the remnant fled.
 THen Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried him in
the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
 Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great lamentation
for him, and mourned many days, saying,
 How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel!
 As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and the noble
acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written: for they were very
 Now after the death of Judas the wicked began to put forth their
heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all such as wrought
 In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason whereof
the country revolted, and went with them.
 Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the
 And they made enquiry and search for Judas' friends, and brought
them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them despitefully.
 So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not
since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.
 For this cause all Judas' friends came together, and said unto
 Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go forth
against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of our nation that are
adversaries to us.
 Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince and
captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight our battles.
 Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time, and
rose up instead of his brother Judas.
 But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay him
 Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with him,
perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched their tents by
the water of the pool Asphar.
 Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to Jordan with all his
host upon the sabbath day.
 Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the people, to
pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave with them their carriage,
which was much.
 But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and
all that he had, and went their way with it.
 After this came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the
children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from
Nadabatha with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes
 Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and hid
themselves under the covert of the mountain:
 Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was
much ado and great carriage: and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends and
brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of musick, and many weapons.
 Then Jonathan and they that were with him rose up against them from
the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort,
as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took
all their spoils.
 Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of their
melody into lamentation.
 So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother, they
turned again to the marsh of Jordan.
 Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day unto the
banks of Jordan with a great power.
 Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight for
our lives, for it standeth not with us to day, as in time past:
 For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of
Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there
place for us to turn aside.
 Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered from the
hand of your enemies.
 With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his hand
to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.
 Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan, and
swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not over Jordan unto
 So there were slain of Bacchides' side that day about a thousand
 Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the strong
cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Bethhoron, and Bethel, and
Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon, these did he strengthen with high walls, with
gates and with bars.
 And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon
 He fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower, and
put forces in them, and provision of victuals.
 Besides, he took the chief men's sons in the country for hostages,
and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.
 Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second month,
Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be
pulled down; he pulled down also the works of the prophets
 And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus plagued,
and his enterprizes hindered: for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a
palsy, so that he could no more speak any thing, nor give order concerning his
 So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.
 Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to the
king: whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two years.
 Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold, Jonathan
and his company are at ease, and dwell without care: now therefore we will bring
Bacchides hither, who shall take them all in one night.
 So they went and consulted with him.
 Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters
privily to his adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan and those that
were with him: howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known unto
 Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were authors of
that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
 Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, got them
away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays
thereof, and made it strong.
 Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his host,
and sent word to them that were of Judea.
 Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought
against it a long season and made engines of war.
 But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth
himself into the country, and with a certain number went he forth.
 And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of
Phasiron in their tent.
 And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces, Simon
and his company went out of the city, and burned up the engines of war,
 And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they
afflicted him sore: for his counsel and travail was in vain.
 Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him counsel
to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of them, and purposed to
return into his own country.
 Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto him,
to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.
 Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and sware
unto him that he would never do him harm all the days of his life.
 When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he had
taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and went his way into his
own land, neither came he any more into their borders.
 Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas,
and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the ungodly men out of Israel.
 In the hundred and
sixtieth year Alexander, the son of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and
took Ptolemais: for the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned
 Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an
exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.
 Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathan with loving words, so
as he magnified him.
 For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join with
Alexander against us:
 Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him,
and against his brethren and his people.
 Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host, and to
provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle: he commanded also that the
hostages that were in the tower should be delivered him.
 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the audience
of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:
 Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given him
authority to gather together an host.
 Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto Jonathan,
and he delivered them unto their parents.
 This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began to build
and repair the city.
 And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the mount Sion
and about with square stones for fortification; and they did so.
 Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which Bacchides had
built, fled away;
 Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own country.
 Only at Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law and the
commandments remained still: for it was their place of refuge.
 Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent
unto Jonathan: when also it was told him of the battles and noble acts which he
and his brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured,
 He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we will make
him our friend and confederate.
 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according to
these words, saying,
 King Alexander to his brother Jonathan sendeth greeting:
 We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power, and meet
to be our friend.
 Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest of thy
nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and therewithal he sent him a
purple robe and a crown of gold:) and require thee to take our part, and keep
friendship with us.
 So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the
feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered together
forces, and provided much armour.
 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,
 What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making amity
with the Jews to strengthen himself?
 I also will write unto them words of encouragement, and promise them
dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid.
 He sent unto them therefore to this effect: King Demetrius unto the
people of the Jews sendeth greeting:
 Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, and continued in our
friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have heard hereof, and
 Wherefore now continue ye still to be faithful unto us, and we will
well recompense you for the things ye do in our behalf,
 And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.
 And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all the Jews,
from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown taxes,
 And from that which appertaineth unto me to receive for the third
part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it from this
day forth, so that they shall not be taken of the land of Judea, nor of the
three governments which are added thereunto out of the country of Samaria and
Galilee, from this day forth for evermore.
 Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders thereof, both
from tenths and tributes.
 And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up authority
over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in it such men as he shall
choose to keep it.
 Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Jews, that were
carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, and I
will that all my officers remit the tributes even of their cattle.
 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new moons,
and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and the three days after
the feast shall be all of immunity and freedom for all the Jews in my realm.
 Also no man shall have authority to meddle with or to molest any of
them in any matter.
 I will further, that there be enrolled among the king's forces about
thirty thousand men of the Jews, unto whom pay shall be given, as belongeth to
all king's forces.
 And of them some shall be placed in the king's strong holds, of whom
also some shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are of trust: and
I will that their overseers and governors be of themselves, and that they live
after their own laws, even as the king hath commanded in the land of Judea.
 And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea from
the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that they may be reckoned
to be under one, nor bound to obey other authority than the high priest's.
 As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it as a
free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expences of the
 Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand shekels of silver out of
the king's accounts from the places appertaining.
 And all the overplus, which the officers payed not in as in former
time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of the temple.
 And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which they
took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by year, even those
things shall be released, because they appertain to the priests that minister.
 And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Jerusalem, or be
within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king, or for any other
matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in my realm.
 For the building also and repairing of the works of the sanctuary
expences shall be given of the king's accounts.
 Yea, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the
fortifying thereof round about, expences shall be given out of the king's
accounts, as also for the building of the walls in Judea.
 Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no
credit unto them, nor received them, because they remembered the great evil that
he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted them very sore.
 But with Alexander they were well pleased, because he was the first
that entreated of true peace with them, and they were confederate with him
 Then gathered king Alexander great forces, and camped over against
 And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host fled: but
Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against them.
 And he continued the battle very sore until the sun went down: and
that day was Demetrius slain.
 Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of Egypt with
a message to this effect:
 Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the throne
of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and overthrown Demetrius, and
recovered our country;
 For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host was
discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom:
 Now therefore let us make a league of amity together, and give me
now thy daughter to wife: and I will be thy son in law, and will give both thee
and her as according to thy dignity.
 Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day wherein
thou didst return into the land of thy fathers, and satest in the throne of
 And now will I do to thee, as thou hast written: meet me therefore
at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will marry my daughter to thee
according to thy desire.
 So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra, and they
came unto Ptolemais in the hundred threescore and second year:
 Where king Alexander meeting him, he gave unto him his daughter
Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great glory, as the
manner of kings is.
 Now king Alexander had written unto Jonathan, that he should come
and meet him.
 Who thereupon went honourably to Ptolemais, where he met the two
kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and many presents, and
found favour in their sight.
 At that time certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a wicked
life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him: but the king would not
 Yea more than that, the king commanded to take off his garments, and
clothe him in purple: and they did so.
 And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, Go with
him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that no man complain
against him of any matter, and that no man trouble him for any manner of cause.
 Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to the
proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.
 So the king honoured him, and wrote him among his chief friends, and
made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.
 Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and gladness.
 Furthermore in the; hundred threescore and fifth year came Demetrius
son of Demetrius out of Crete into the land of his fathers:
 Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry, and
returned into Antioch.
 Then Demetrius made Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his
general, who gathered together a great host, and camped in Jamnia, and sent unto
Jonathan the high priest, saying,
 Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, and I am laughed to scorn
for thy sake, and reproached: and why dost thou vaunt thy power against us in
 Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine own strength, come down to
us into the plain field, and there let us try the matter together: for with me
is the power of the cities.
 Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and they
shall tell thee that thy foot is not able to to flight in their own land.
 Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to abide the horsemen and so
great a power in the plain, where is neither stone nor flint, nor place to flee
 So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was moved in
his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of Jerusalem, where Simon
his brother met him for to help him.
 And he pitched his tents against Joppa: but; they of Joppa shut him
out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison there.
 Then Jonathan laid siege unto it: whereupon they of the city let him
in for fear: and so Jonathan won Joppa.
 Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand horsemen, with
a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one that journeyed, and
therewithal drew him forth into the plain. because he had a great number of
horsemen, in whom he put his trust.
 Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies joined
 Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.
 And Jonathan knew that there was an ambushment behind him; for they
had compassed in his host, and cast darts at the people, from morning till
 But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them: and so
the enemies' horses were tired.
 Then brought Simon forth his host, and set them against the footmen,
(for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by him, and fled.
 The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus, and
went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for safety.
 But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and
took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were fled into it, he
burned with fire.
 Thus there were burned and slain with the sword well nigh eight
 And from thence Jonathan removed his host, and camped against
Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with great pomp.
 After this returned Jonathan and his host unto Jerusalem, having any
 Now when king ALexander heard these things, he honoured Jonathan yet
 And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to such as
are of the king's blood: he gave him also Accaron with the borders thereof in
 And the king of Egypt
gathered together a great host, like the sand that lieth upon the sea shore, and
many ships, and went about through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join
it to his own.
 Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in peaceable manner, so as
they of the cities opened unto him, and met him: for king Alexander had
commanded them so to do, because he was his brother in law.
 Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, he set in every one of them
a garrison of soldiers to keep it.
 And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple of Dagon
that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the
bodies that were cast abroad and them that he had burnt in the battle; for they
had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.
 Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done, to the intent
he might blame him: but the king held his peace.
 Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where they
saluted one another, and lodged.
 Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river
called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
 King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by
the sea unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked counsels against
 Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius, saying, Come, let
us make a league betwixt us, and I will give thee my daughter whom Alexander
hath, and thou shalt reign in thy father's kingdom:
 For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought to slay
 Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.
 Wherefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to Demetrius,
and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was openly known.
 Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his
head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.
 In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because those that
dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.
 But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him:
whereupon king Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met him with a mighty power,
and put him to flight.
 So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king
Ptolemee was exalted:
 For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent it unto
 King Ptolemee also died the third day after, and they that were in
the strong holds were slain one of another.
 By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and
 At the same time Jonathan gathered together them that were in Judea
to take the tower that was in Jerusalem: and he made many engines of war against
 Then came ungodly persons, who hated their own people, went unto the
king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,
 Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately removing, he
came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he should not lay siege to the
tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais in great haste.
 Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to besiege it
still: and he chose certain of the elders of Israel and the priests, and put
himself in peril;
 And took silver and gold, and raiment, and divers presents besides,
and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found favour in his sight.
 And though certain ungodly men of the people had made complaints
 Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done before, and
promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
 And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the honours
that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief friends.
 Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free from
tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of Samaria; and he
promised him three hundred talents.
 So the king consented, and wrote letters unto Jonathan of all these
things after this manner:
 King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan, and unto the nation of the
Jews, sendeth greeting:
 We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto our
cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye might see it.
 King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth greeting:
 We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who are our
friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good will toward us.
 Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Judea, with the
three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, that are added unto Judea
from the country of Samaria, and all things appertaining unto them, for all such
as do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of
them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.
 And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes and
customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes, which are
due unto us, we discharge them of them all for their relief.
 And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for ever.
 Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things, and let it
be delivered unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a conspicuous place.
 After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet before
him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces,
every one to his own place, except certain bands of strangers, whom he had
gathered from the isles of the heathen: wherefore all the forces of his fathers
 Moreover there was one Tryphon, that had been of Alexander's part
afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against Demetrius, went to
Simalcue the Arabian that brought up Antiochus the young son of Alexander,
 And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that he
might reign in his father's stead: he told him therefore all that Demetrius had
done, and how his men of war were at enmity with him, and there he remained a
 In the mean time Jonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he would
cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in the fortresses: for
they fought against Israel.
 So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only do this for
thee and thy people, but I will greatly honour thee and thy nation, if
 Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou send me men to help me;
for all my forces are gone from me.
 Upon this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto Antioch:
and when they came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.
 Howbeit they that were of the city gathered themselves together into
the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred and twenty thousand men, and
would have slain the king.
 Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city kept
the passages of the city, and began to fight.
 Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him all at
once, and dispersing themselves through the city slew that day in the city to
the number of an hundred thousand.
 Also they set fire on the city, and gat many spoils that day, and
delivered the king.
 So when they of the city saw that the Jews had got the city as they
would, their courage was abated: wherefore they made supplication to the king,
and cried, saying,
 Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the
 With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and the Jews
were honoured in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all that were in his
realm; and they returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils.
 So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land was
quiet before him.
 Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spake, and estranged
himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him according to the benefits which
he had received of him, but troubled him very sore.
 After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child Antiochus,
who reigned, and was crowned.
 Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom Demetrius had
put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.
 Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.
 At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I confirm
thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over the four governments,
and to be one of the king's friends.
 Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him
leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a golden
 His brother Simon also he made captain from the place called The
ladder of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt.
 Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond the
water, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves unto him for to help him:
and when he came to Ascalon, they of the city met him honourably.
 From whence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out;
wherefore he laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs thereof with fire, and
 Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan, he
made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men for hostages, and
sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the country unto Damascus.
 Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes were come to Cades,
which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the
 He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the country.
 Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it a long
season, and shut it up:
 But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and
then put them out from thence, and took the city, and set a garrison in it.
 As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of Gennesar,
from whence betimes in the morning they gat them to the plain of Nasor.
 And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain, who,
having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves over against
 So when they that lay in ambush rose out of their places and joined
battle, all that were of Jonathan's side fled;
 Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except Mattathias the
son of Absalom, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of the host.
 Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head, and
 Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them to flight, and so
they ran away.
 Now when his own men that were fled saw this, they turned again unto
him, and with him pursued them to Cades, even unto their own tents, and there
 So there were slain of the heathen that day about three thousand
men: but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.
 Now when Jonathan saw
that time served him, he chose certain men, and sent them to Rome, for to
confirm and renew the friendship that they had with them.
 He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, and to other places, for
the same purpose.
 So they went unto Rome, and entered into the senate, and said,
Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us unto you, to the
end ye should renew the friendship, which ye had with them, and league, as in
 Upon this the Romans gave them letters unto the governors of every
place that they should bring them into the land of Judea peaceably.
 And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the
 Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and the
priests, and the other of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians their brethren send
 There were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high priest from
Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that ye are our brethren, as the
copy here underwritten doth specify.
 At which time Onias entreated the ambassador that was sent honourably,
and received the letters, wherein declaration was made of the league and
 Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have
the holy books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,
 Have nevertheless attempted to send unto you for the renewing of
brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers unto you altogether:
for there is a long time passed since ye sent unto us.
 We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our feasts, and
other convenient days, do remember you in the sacrifices which we offer, and in
our prayers, as reason is, and as it becometh us to think upon our brethren:
 And we are right glad of your honour.
 As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on every side,
forsomuch as the kings that are round about us have fought against us.
 Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others of our
confederates and friends, in these wars:
 For we have help from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are
delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under foot.
 For this cause we chose Numenius the son of Antiochus, and Antipater
he son of Jason, and sent them unto the Romans, to renew the amity that we had
with them, and the former league.
 We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and to deliver
you our letters concerning the renewing of our brotherhood.
 Wherefore now ye shall do well to give us an answer thereto.
 And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.
 Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest, greeting:
 It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are
brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:
 Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall do well
to write unto us of your prosperity.
 We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are our's,
and our's are your's We do command therefore our ambassadors to make report unto
you on this wise.
 Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes were come to fight
against him with a greater host than afore,
 He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of Amathis: for
he gave them no respite to enter his country.
 He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and told him
that they were appointed to come upon them in the night season.
 Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Jonathan commanded his men to
watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they might be ready to fight:
also he sent forth centinels round about the host.
 But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were ready
for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and they kindled fires in
 Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew it not till the morning: for
they saw the lights burning.
 Then Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for they
were gone over the river Eleutherus.
 Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called Zabadeans,
and smote them, and took their spoils.
 And removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed through all
 Simon also went forth, and passed through the country unto Ascalon,
and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned aside to Joppa, and won it.
 For he had heard that they would deliver the hold unto them that
took Demetrius' part; wherefore he set a garrison there to keep it.
 After this came Jonathan home again, and calling the elders of the
people together, he consulted with them about building strong holds in Judea,
 And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great mount
between the tower and the city, for to separate it from the city, that so it
might be alone, that men might neither sell nor buy in it.
 Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as part
of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen down, and they repaired
that which was called Caphenatha.
 Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates
 Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill
Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his own head.
 Howbeit he was afraid that Jonathan would not suffer him, and that
he would fight against him; wherefore he sought a way how to take Jonathan, that
he might kill him. So he removed, and came to Bethsan.
 Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen
for the battle, and came to Bethsan.
 Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came with so great a force, he durst
not stretch his hand against him;
 But received him honourably, and commended him unto all his friends,
and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be as obedient unto him, as
 Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all this people to
so great trouble, seeing there is no war betwixt us?
 Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to wait on
thee, and come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it thee, and the rest
of the strong holds and forces, and all that have any charge: as for me, I will
return and depart: for this is the cause of my coming.
 So Jonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away his
host, who went into the land of Judea.
 And with himself he retained but three thousand men, of whom he sent
two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with him.
 Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais
shut the gates and took him, and all them that came with him they slew with the
 Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen into Galilee, and
into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's company.
 But when they knew that Jonathan and they that were with him were
taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close together, prepared
 They therefore that followed upon them, perceiving that they were
ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.
 Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and there
they bewailed Jonathan, and them that were with him, and they were sore afraid;
wherefore all Israel made great lamentation.
 Then all the heathen that were round about then sought to destroy
them: for said they, They have no captain, nor any to help them: now therefore
let us make war upon them, and take away their memorial from among men.
 Now when Simon heard
that Tryphon had gathered together a great host to invade the land of Judea, and
 And saw that the people was in great trembling and fear, he went up
to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,
 And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves know what great
things I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have done for the laws and the
sanctuary, the battles also and troubles which we have seen.
 By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's sake, and I
am left alone.
 Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare mine own life in
any time of trouble: for I am no better than my brethren.
 Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our wives,
and our children: for all the heathen are gathered to destroy us of very malice.
 Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit revived.
 And they answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be our leader
instead of Judas and Jonathan thy brother.
 Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever, thou commandest us, that will
 So then he gathered together all the men of war, and made haste to
finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round about.
 Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absolom, and with him a great
power, to Joppa: who casting out them that were therein remained there in it.
 So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to invade the
land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.
 But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.
 Now when Tryphon knew that Simon was risen up instead of his brother
Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent messengers unto him,
 Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is for money that
he is owing unto the king's treasure, concerning the business that was committed
 Wherefore now send an hundred talents of silver, and two of his sons
for hostages, that when he is at liberty he may not revolt from us, and we will
let him go.
 Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spake deceitfully unto
him yet sent he the money and the children, lest peradventure he should procure
to himself great hatred of the people:
 Who might have said, Because I sent him not the money and the
children, therefore is Jonathan dead.
 So he sent them the children and the hundred talents: howbeit
Tryphon dissembled neither would he let Jonathan go.
 And after this came Tryphon to invade the land, and destroy it,
going round about by the way that leadeth unto Adora: but Simon and his host
marched against him in every place, wheresoever he went.
 Now they that were in the tower sent messengers unto Tryphon, to the
end that he should hasten his coming unto them by the wilderness, and send them
 Wherefore Tryphon made ready all his horsemen to come that night:
but there fell a very great snow, by reason whereof he came not. So he departed,
and came into the country of Galaad.
 And when he came near to Bascama he slew Jonathan, who was buried
 Afterward Tryphon returned and went into his own land.
 Then sent Simon, and took the bones of Jonathan his brother, and
buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
 And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed him many
 Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father and his
brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone behind and before.
 Moreover he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for his
father, and his mother, and his four brethren.
 And in these he made cunning devices, about the which he set great
pillars, and upon the pillars he made all their armour for a perpetual memory,
and by the armour ships carved, that they might be seen of all that sail on the
 This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it standeth yet
unto this day.
 Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus, and
 And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of Asia, and
brought a great calamity upon the land.
 Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced them about
with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up victuals
 Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the end he
should give the land an immunity, because all that Tryphon did was to spoil.
 Unto whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this manner:
 King Demetrius unto Simon the high priest, and friend of kings, as
also unto the elders and nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting:
 The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which ye sent unto us, we
have received: and we are ready to make a stedfast peace with you, yea, and to
write unto our officers, to confirm the immunities which we have granted.
 And whatsoever covenants we have made with you shall stand; and the
strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your own.
 As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we forgive
it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if there were any other tribute
paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more be paid.
 And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then be
enrolled, and let there be peace betwixt us.
 Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in the
hundred and seventieth year.
 Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments and
contracts, In the first year of Simon the high priest, the governor and leader
of the Jews.
 In those days Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round about;
he made also an engine of war, and set it by the city, and battered a certain
tower, and took it.
 And they that were in the engine leaped into the city; whereupon
there was a great uproar in the city:
 Insomuch as the people of the city rent their clothes, and climbed
upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried with a loud voice,
beseeching Simon to grant them peace.
 And they said, Deal not with us according to our wickedness, but
according to thy mercy.
 So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against them,
but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses wherein the idols were,
and so entered into it with songs and thanksgiving.
 Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men there as
would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was before, and built therein a
dwellingplace for himself.
 They also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that they
could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, nor sell: wherefore
they were in great distress for want of victuals, and a great number of them
perished through famine.
 Then cried they to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with them:
which thing he granted them; and when he had put them out from thence, he
cleansed the tower from pollutions:
 And entered into it the three and twentieth day of the second month
in the hundred seventy and first year, with thanksgiving, and branches of palm
trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs:
because there was destroyed a great enemy out of Israel.
 He ordained also that that day should be kept every year with
gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by the tower he made stronger
than it was, and there he dwelt himself with his company.
 And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he made him
captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.
 Now in the hundred
threescore and twelfth year king Demetrius gathered his forces together, and
went into Media to get him help to fight against Tryphone.
 But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that Demetrius
was entered within his borders, he sent one of his princes to take him alive:
 Who went and smote the host of Demetrius, and took him, and brought
him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.
 As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of Simon; for
he sought the good of his nation in such wise, as that evermore his authority
and honour pleased them well.
 And as he was honourable in all his acts, so in this, that he took
Joppa for an haven, and made an entrance to the isles of the sea,
 And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and recovered the country,
 And gathered together a great number of captives, and had the
dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the which he took all
uncleaness, neither was there any that resisted him.
 Then did they till their ground in peace, and the earth gave her
increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.
 The ancient men sat all in the streets, communing together of good
things, and the young men put on glorious and warlike apparel.
 He provided victuals for the cities, and set in them all manner of
munition, so that his honourable name was renowned unto the end of the world.
 He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy:
 For every man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there was
none to fray them:
 Neither was there any left in the land to fight against them: yea,
the kings themselves were overthrown in those days.
 Moreover he strengthened all those of his people that were brought
low: the law he searched out; and every contemner of the law and wicked person
he took away.
 He beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the temple.
 Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that Jonathan
was dead, they were very sorry.
 But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made high
priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities therein:
 They wrote unto him in tables of brass, to renew the friendship and
league which they had made with Judas and Jonathan his brethren:
 Which writings were read before the congregation at Jerusalem.
 And this is the copy of the letters that the Lacedemonians sent; The
rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon the high priest, and the
elders, and priests, and residue of the people of the Jews, our brethren, send
 The ambassadors that were sent unto our people certified us of your
glory and honour: wherefore we were glad of their coming,
 And did register the things that they spake in the council of the
people in this manner; Numenius son of Antiochus, and Antipater son of Jason,
the Jews' ambassadors, came unto us to renew the friendship they had with us.
 And it pleased the people to entertain the men honourably, and to
put the copy of their ambassage in publick records, to the end the people of the
Lacedemonians might have a memorial thereof: furthermore we have written a copy
thereof unto Simon the high priest.
 After this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of gold
of a thousand pound weight to confirm the league with them.
 Whereof when the people heard, they said, What thanks shall we give
to Simon and his sons?
 For he and his brethren and the house of his father have established
Israel, and chased away in fight their enemies from them, and confirmed their
 So then they wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon
pillars in mount Sion: and this is the copy of the writing; The eighteenth day
of the month Elul, in the hundred threescore and twelfth year, being the third
year of Simon the high priest,
 At Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and people, and
rulers of the nation, and elders of the country, were these things notified unto
 Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country, wherein
for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law, Simon the son of
Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together with his brethren, put
themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the enemies of their nation did their
nation great honour:
 (For after that Jonathan, having gathered his nation together, and
been their high priest, was added to his people,
 Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they might
destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary:
 At which time Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and spent
much of his own substance, and armed the valiant men of his nation and gave them
 And fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura, that
lieth upon the borders of Judea, where the armour of the enemies had been
before; but he set a garrison of Jews there:
 Moreover he fortified Joppa, which lieth upon the sea, and Gazera,
that bordereth upon Azotus, where the enemies had dwelt before: but he placed
Jews there, and furnished them with all things convenient for the reparation
 The people therefore sang the acts of Simon, and unto what glory he
thought to bring his nation, made him their governor and chief priest, because
he had done all these things, and for the justice and faith which he kept to his
nation, and for that he sought by all means to exalt his people.
 For in his time things prospered in his hands, so that the heathen
were taken out of their country, and they also that were in the city of David in
Jerusalem, who had made themselves a tower, out of which they issued, and
polluted all about the sanctuary, and did much hurt in the holy place:
 But he placed Jews therein. and fortified it for the safety of the
country and the city, and raised up the walls of Jerusalem.
 King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high priesthood according
to those things,
 And made him one of his friends, and honoured him with great honour.
 For he had heard say, that the Romans had called the Jews their
friends and confederates and brethren; and that they had entertained the
ambassadors of Simon honourably;
 Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that Simon should
be their governor and high priest for ever, until there should arise a faithful
 Moreover that he should be their captain, and should take charge of
the sanctuary, to set them over their works, and over the country, and over the
armour, and over the fortresses, that, I say, he should take charge of the
 Beside this, that he should be obeyed of every man, and that all the
writings in the country should be made in his name, and that he should be
clothed in purple, and wear gold:
 Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or priests to
break any of these things, or to gainsay his words, or to gather an assembly in
the country without him, or to be clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of gold;
 And whosoever should do otherwise, or break any of these things, he
should be punished.
 Thus it liked all the people to deal with Simon, and to do as hath
 Then Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high priest,
and captain and governor of the Jews and priests, and to defend them all.
 So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables of
brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of the sanctuary in a
 Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the treasury, to
the end that Simon and his sons might have them.
 Moreover Antiochus
son of Demetrius the king sent letters from the isles of the sea unto Simon the
priest and prince of the Jews, and to all the people;
 The contents whereof were these: King Antiochus to Simon the high
priest and prince of his nation, and to the people of the Jews, greeting:
 Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom of our
fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again, that I may restore it to the
old estate, and to that end have gathered a multitude of foreign soldiers
together, and prepared ships of war;
 My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may be
avenged of them that have destroyed it, and made many cities in the kingdom
 Now therefore I confirm unto thee all the oblations which the kings
before me granted thee, and whatsoever gifts besides they granted.
 I give thee leave also to coin money for thy country with thine own
 And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary, let them be free; and
all the armour that thou hast made, and fortresses that thou hast built, and
keepest in thine hands, let them remain unto thee.
 And if anything be, or shall be, owing to the king, let it be
forgiven thee from this time forth for evermore.
 Furthermore, when we have obtained our kingdom, we will honour thee,
and thy nation, and thy temple, with great honour, so that your honour shall be
known throughout the world.
 In the hundred threescore and fourteenth year went Antiochus into
the land of his fathers: at which time all the forces came together unto him, so
that few were left with Tryphon.
 Wherefore being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled unto Dora, which
lieth by the sea side:
 For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and that his
forces had forsaken him.
 Then camped Antiochus against Dora, having with him an hundred and
twenty thousand men of war, and eight thousand horsemen.
 And when he had compassed the city round about, and joined ships
close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by land and by sea, neither
suffered he any to go out or in.
 In the mean season came Numenius and his company from Rome, having
letters to the kings and countries; wherein were written these things:
 Lucius, consul of the Romans unto king Ptolemee, greeting:
 The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came unto us to
renew the old friendship and league, being sent from Simon the high priest, and
from the people of the Jews:
 And they brought a shield of gold of a thousand pound.
 We thought it good therefore to write unto the kings and countries,
that they should do them no harm, nor fight against them, their cities, or
countries, nor yet aid their enemies against them.
 It seemed also good to us to receive the shield of them.
 If therefore there be any pestilent fellows, that have fled from
their country unto you, deliver them unto Simon the high priest, that he may
punish them according to their own law.
 The same things wrote he likewise unto Demetrius the king, and
Attalus, to Ariarathes, and Arsaces,
 And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the Lacedemonians,
and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and Samos, and Pamphylia, and
Lycia, and Halicarnassus, and Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus,
and Gortyna, and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.
 And the copy hereof they wrote to Simon the high priest.
 So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day, assaulting
it continually, and making engines, by which means he shut up Tryphon, that he
could neither go out nor in.
 At that time Simon sent him two thousand chosen men to aid him;
silver also, and gold, and much armour.
 Nevertheless he would not receive them, but brake all the covenants
which he had made with him afore, and became strange unto him.
 Furthermore he sent unto him Athenobius, one of his friends, to
commune with him, and say, Ye withhold Joppa and Gazera; with the tower that is
in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.
 The borders thereof ye have wasted, and done great hurt in the land,
and got the dominion of many places within my kingdom.
 Now therefore deliver the cities which ye have taken, and the
tributes of the places, whereof ye have gotten dominion without the borders of
 Or else give me for them five hundred talents of silver; and for the
harm that ye have done, and the tributes of the cities, other five hundred
talents: if not, we will come and fight against you
 So Athenobius the king's friend came to Jerusalem: and when he saw
the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silver plate, and his great
attendance, he was astonished, and told him the king's message.
 Then answered Simon, and said unto him, We have neither taken other
men's land, nor holden that which appertaineth to others, but the inheritance of
our fathers, which our enemies had wrongfully in possession a certain time.
 Wherefore we, having opportunity, hold the inheritance of our
 And whereas thou demandest Joppa and Gazera, albeit they did great
harm unto the people in our country, yet will we give thee an hundred talents
for them. Hereunto Athenobius answered him not a word;
 But returned in a rage to the king, and made report unto him of
these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had seen:
whereupon the king was exceeding wroth.
 In the mean time fled Tryphon by ship unto Orthosias.
 Then the king made Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and gave him
an host of footmen and horsemen,
 And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; also he commanded
him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and to war against the people;
but as for the king himself, he pursued Tryphon.
 So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the people and to
invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay them.
 And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and an host
of footmen, to the end that issuing out they might make outroads upon the ways
of Judea, as the king had commanded him.
 Then came up John
from Gazera, and told Simon his father what Cendebeus had done.
 Wherefore Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John, and said
unto them, I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have ever from my youth
unto this day fought against the enemies of Israel; and things have prospered so
well in our hands, that we have delivered Israel oftentimes.
 But now I am old, and ye, by God's mercy, are of a sufficient age: be
ye instead of me and my brother, and go and fight for our nation, and the help
from heaven be with you.
 So he chose out of the country twenty thousand men of war with
horsemen, who went out against Cendebeus, and rested that night at Modin.
 And when as they rose in the morning, and went into the plain,
behold, a mighty great host both of footmen and horsemen came against them:
howbeit there was a water brook betwixt them.
 So he and his people pitched over against them: and when he saw that
the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he went first over himself,
and then the men seeing him passed through after him.
 That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the midst of
the footmen: for the enemies' horsemen were very many.
 Then sounded they with the holy trumpets: whereupon Cendebeus and his
host were put to flight, so that many of them were slain, and the remnant gat
them to the strong hold.
 At that time was Judas John's brother wounded; but John still
followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus had built.
 So they fled even unto the towers in the fields of Azotus; wherefore
he burned it with fire: so that there were slain of them about two thousand men.
Afterward he returned into the land of Judea in peace.
 Moreover in the plain of Jericho was Ptolemeus the son of Abubus
made captain, and he had abundance of silver and gold:
 For he was the high priest's son in law.
 Wherefore his heart being lifted up, he thought to get the country
to himself, and thereupon consulted deceitfully against Simon and his sons to
 Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country, and
taking care for the good ordering of them; at which time he came down himself to
Jericho with his sons, Mattathias and Judas, in the hundred threescore and
seventeenth year, in the eleventh month, called Sabat:
 Where the son of Abubus receiving them deceitfully into a little
hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them a great banquet: howbeit he
had hid men there.
 So when Simon and his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemee and his men
rose up, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon into the banqueting place,
and slew him, and his two sons, and certain of his servants.
 In which doing he committed a great treachery, and recompensed evil
 Then Ptolemee wrote these things, and sent to the king, that he
should send him an host to aid him, and he would deliver him the country and
 He sent others also to Gazera to kill John: and unto the tribunes he
sent letters to come unto him, that he might give them silver, and gold, and
 And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and the mountain of the
 Now one had run afore to Gazera and told John that his father and
brethren were slain, and, quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent to slay thee also.
 Hereof when he heard, he was sore astonished: so he laid hands on
them that were come to destroy him, and slew them; for he knew that they sought
to make him away.
 As concerning the rest of the acts of John, and his wars, and worthy
deeds which he did, and the building of the walls which he made, and his doings,
 Behold, these are written in the chronicles of his priesthood, from
the time he was made high priest after his father.